Data Acquisition - Analog to Digital Converters (ADC)

Analog-to-digital converters (ADC, A/D, or A-to-D) sample an analog signal, such as a sound picked up by a microphone or the output of a sensor, into a digital signal. Typically, the digital output is a two's complement binary number that is proportional to the input. Input types may be differential, pseudo differential or single-ended. ADCs are selected by number of bits, sampling rate, number of inputs, interface, number of converters, and the architecture such as adaptive delta, dual slope, folding, pipelined, SAR, Sigma-Delta or two-step.