CS5381 Datasheet by Cirrus Logic Inc.

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_—. # CIRRUS LOGIC" \ \ § CIRRUS LOGIC httg.//www.c:rrus.cam
Copyright © Cirrus Logic, Inc. 2005
(All Rights Reserved)
http://www.cirrus.com
120 dB, 192 kHz, Multi-Bit Audio A/D Converter
Features
!Advanced Multi-bit Delta-Sigma Architecture
!24-bit Conversion
!120 dB Dynamic Range
!-110 dB THD+N
!Supports All Audio Sample Rates Including
192 kHz
!260 mW Power Consumption
!High-Pass Filter or DC Offset Calibration
!Supports Logic Levels between 5 and 2.5 V
!Differential Analog Architecture
!Low-Latency Digital Filtering
!Overflow Detection
!Pin-Compatible with the CS5361
General Description
The CS5381 is a complete analog-to-digital converter
for digital audio systems. It performs sampling, analog-
to-digital conversion, and anti-alias filtering - generating
24-bit values for both left and right inputs in serial form
at sample rates up to 216 kHz per channel.
The CS5381 uses a 5th-order, multi-bit delta-sigma
modulator followed by digital filtering and decimation,
which removes the need for an external anti-alias filter.
The ADC uses a differential architecture which provides
excellent noise rejection.
The CS5381 is available in 24-pin TSSOP and SOIC
packages for Commercial grade (-10° to +70° C). The
CDB5381 Customer Demonstration board is also avail-
able for device evaluation and implementation
suggestions. Please refer to the “Ordering Information”
on page 22.
The CS5381 is ideal for audio systems requiring wide
dynamic range, negligible distortion, and low noise -
such as A/V receivers, DVD-R, CD-R, digital mixing
consoles, and effects processors.
Interface Supply
2.5 V to 5 V
Internal Voltage
Reference
Level Translator
Digital Supply
3.3 V to 5 V
Mode
Configuration
Analog Supply
5 V
Switch-Cap
ADC
Differential
Inputs
Digital
Filters
PCM Serial
Audio Output
Switch-Cap
ADC
Differential
Inputs Digital
Filters
OVFL
HPF
Reset
JULY '05
DS563F2
CS5381
CIRRUS LOGIC“ 3.:
2DS563F2
CS5381
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. PIN DESCRIPTIONS ............................................................................................................................... 4
2. CHARACTERISTICS AND SPECIFICATIONS....................................................................................... 5
SPECIFIED OPERATING CONDITIONS .................................................................................................... 5
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS............................................................................................................... 5
ANALOG CHARACTERISTICS (CS5381-KSZ/-KZZ).................................................................................. 6
DIGITAL FILTER CHARACTERISTICS....................................................................................................... 7
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS - SERIAL AUDIO PORT .................................................................... 10
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................................................... 13
DIGITAL CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................................................. 13
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS .............................................................................................................. 13
TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM ......................................................................................................... 14
3. APPLICATIONS .................................................................................................................................... 15
3.1 Operational Mode/Sample Rate Range Select.............................................................................. 15
3.2 System Clocking............................................................................................................................ 15
3.2.1 Master Mode ........................................................................................................................ 15
3.2.2 Slave Mode .......................................................................................................................... 16
3.3 Power-Up Sequence ..................................................................................................................... 16
3.4 Analog Connections ...................................................................................................................... 16
3.5 High-Pass Filter and DC Offset Calibration .................................................................................. 17
3.6 Overflow Detection ........................................................................................................................ 18
3.6.1 OVFL Configuration ............................................................................................................. 18
3.6.2 OVFL Output Timing ............................................................................................................ 18
3.7 Grounding and Power Supply Decoupling..................................................................................... 18
3.8 Synchronization of Multiple Devices.............................................................................................. 18
3.9 Capacitor Size on the Reference Pin (FILT+)................................................................................ 19
4. PACKAGE DIMENSIONS ..................................................................................................................... 20
5. ORDERING INFORMATION ................................................................................................................. 22
7. REVISION HISTORY............................................................................................................................. 24
CIRRUS LOGIC“ 3.:
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CS5381
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Single-Speed Mode Stopband Rejection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 2. Single-Speed Mode Transition Band . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 3. Single-Speed Mode Transition Band (Detail). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 4. Single-Speed Mode Passband Ripple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 5. Double-Speed Mode Stopband Rejection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 6. Double-Speed Mode Transition Band . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Figure 7. Double-Speed Mode Transition Band (Detail) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 8. Double-Speed Mode Passband Ripple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 9. Quad-Speed Mode Stopband Rejection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 10. Quad-Speed Mode Transition Band . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 11. Quad-Speed Mode Transition Band (Detail) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 12. Quad-Speed Mode Passband Ripple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Figure 13. Master Mode, Left-Justified SAI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Figure 14. Slave Mode, Left-Justified SAI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Figure 15. Master Mode, I²S SAI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Figure 16. Slave Mode, I²S SAI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Figure 17. OVFL Output Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Figure 18. Left-Justified Serial Audio Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 19. I²S Serial Audio Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 20. OVFL Output Timing, I²S Format. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 21. OVFL Output Timing, Left-Justified Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 22. Typical Connection Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 23. CS5381 Master Mode Clocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Figure 24. Recommended Analog Input Buffer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Figure 25. CS5381 THD + N versus Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1. CS5381 Mode Control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Table 2. CS5381 Common Master Clock Frequencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Table 3. CS5381 Slave Mode Clock Ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
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CS5381
1. PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Pin Name # Pin Description
RST 1Reset (Input) - The device enters a low power mode when low.
M/S 2Master/Slave Mode (Input) - Selects operation as either clock master or slave.
LRCK 3Left Right Clock (Input/Output) - Determines which channel, Left or Right, is currently active on the
serial audio data line.
SCLK 4Serial Clock (Input/Output) - Serial clock for the serial audio interface.
MCLK 5Master Clock (Input) - Clock source for the delta-sigma modulator and digital filters.
VD 6Digital Power (Input) - Positive power supply for the digital section.
GND 7,18 Ground (Input) - Ground reference. Must be connected to analog ground.
VL 8Logic Power (Input) - Positive power for the digital input/output.
SDOUT 9Serial Audio Data Output (Output) - Output for two’s complement serial audio data.
MDIV 10 MCLK Divider (Input) - Enables a master clock divide by two function.
HPF 11 High-Pass Filter Enable (Input) - Enables the Digital High-Pass Filter.
I²S/LJ 12 Serial Audio Interface Format Select (Input) -Selects either the left-justified or I²S format for the SAI.
M0
M1 13,14 Mode Selection (Input) - Determines the operational mode of the device.
OVFL 15 Overflow (Output, open drain) - Detects an overflow condition on both left and right channels.
AINL+
AINL- 16, 17 Differential Left Channel Analog Input (Input) - Signals are presented differentially to the delta-sigma
modulators via the AINL+/- pins.
VA 19 Analog Power (Input) - Positive power supply for the analog section.
AINR-
AINR+ 20, 21 Differential Right Channel Analog Input (Input) -Signals are presented differentially to the delta-
sigma modulators via the AINR+/- pins.
VQ 22 Quiescent Voltage (Output) - Filter connection for the internal quiescent reference voltage.
REF_GND 23 Reference Ground (Input) - Ground reference for the internal sampling circuits.
FILT+ 24 Positive Voltage Reference (Output) - Positive reference voltage for the internal sampling circuits.
RST 124FILT+
M/S 223REFGND
LRCK 322VQ
SCLK 421AINR+
MCLK 520AINR-
VD 619VA
GND 718GND
VL 817AINL-
SDOUT 916AINL+
MDIV 10 15 OVFL
HPF 11 14 M1
I²S/LJ 12 13 M0
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CS5381
2. CHARACTERISTICS AND SPECIFICATIONS
All Min/Max characteristics and specifications are guaranteed over the Specified Operating Conditions. Typical per-
formance characteristics and specifications are derived from measurements taken at VA = 5.0 V, VD = VL = 3.3 V,
and TA = 25°C.
SPECIFIED OPERATING CONDITIONS
(GND = 0 V; all voltages with respect to 0 V.)
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
(GND = 0 V, All voltages with respect to ground.) (Note 1)
Notes:
1. Operation beyond these limits may result in permanent damage to the device. Normal operation is not
guaranteed at these extremes.
2. Any pin except supplies. Transient currents of up to ±100 mA on the analog input pins will not cause
SRC latch-up.
3. The maximum over/under voltage is limited by the input current.
Parameters Symbol Min Typ Max Units
DC Power Supply
DC Power Supplies: Positive Analog
Positive Digital
Positive Logic
VA
VD
VL
4.75
3.1
2.37
5.0
-
-
5.25
5.25
5.25
V
V
V
Ambient Operating Temperature (Power Applied) TA-10 - +70 °C
Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Units
DC Power Supplies: Analog
Logic
Digital
VA
VL
VD
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
-
-
-
+6.0
+6.0
+6.0
V
V
V
Input Current (Note 2) Iin -10 - +10 mA
Analog Input Voltage (Note 3) VIN GND-0.7 - VA+0.7 V
Digital Input Voltage (Note 3) VIND -0.7 - VL+0.7 V
Ambient Operating Temperature (Power Applied) TA-50 - +95 °C
Storage Temperature Tstg -65 - +150 °C
__. :CIRRUS LOGIC
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CS5381
ANALOG CHARACTERISTICS (CS5381-KSZ/-KZZ)
Test conditions (unless otherwise specified): Input test signal is a 1 kHz sine wave; measurement bandwidth is
10 Hz to 20 kHz.
4. Referred to the typical full-scale input voltage.
5. Measured between AIN+ and AIN-.
Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
Single-Speed Mode Fs = 48 kHz
Dynamic Range A-weighted
unweighted 114
111 120
117 -
-dB
dB
Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise (Note 4)
-1 dB
-20 dB
-60 dB
THD+N -
-
-
-110
-97
-57
-104
-
-
dB
dB
dB
Double-Speed Mode Fs = 96 kHz
Dynamic Range A-weighted
unweighted
40 kHz bandwidth unweighted
114
111
-
120
117
114
-
-
-
dB
dB
dB
Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise (Note 4)
-1 dB
-20 dB
-60 dB
40 kHz bandwidth -1 dB
THD+N
-
-
-
-
-110
-97
-57
-107
-104
-
-
-
dB
dB
dB
dB
Quad-Speed Mode Fs = 192 kHz
Dynamic Range A-weighted
unweighted
40 kHz bandwidth unweighted
114
111
-
120
117
114
-
-
-
dB
dB
dB
Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise (Note 4)
-1 dB
-20 dB
-60 dB
40 kHz bandwidth -1 dB
THD+N
-
-
-
-
-110
-97
-57
-107
-104
-
-
-
dB
dB
dB
dB
Dynamic Performance for All Modes
Interchannel Isolation -110-dB
DC Accuracy
Interchannel Gain Mismatch -0.1-dB
Gain Error -5 - 5 %
Gain Drift -±100 - ppm/°C
Offset Error HPF enabled
HPF disabled -
-0
100 -
-LSB
LSB
Analog Input Characteristics
Full-scale Input Voltage 1.07*VA 1.13*VA 1.18*VA Vpp
Input Impedance (Differential) (Note 5) -2.5-k
Common Mode Rejection Ratio CMRR - 100 - dB
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CS5381
DIGITAL FILTER CHARACTERISTICS
6. The filter frequency response scales precisely with Fs.
7. Response shown is for Fs equal to 48 kHz. Filter characteristics scale with Fs.
Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
Single-Speed Mode (2 kHz to 54 kHz sample rates)
Passband (-0.1 dB) (Note 6) 0 - 0.47 Fs
Passband Ripple -0.1 - 0.035 dB
Stopband (Note 6) 0.58 - - Fs
Stopband Attenuation -95 - - dB
Total Group Delay (Fs = Output Sample Rate) tgd -12/Fs - s
Double-Speed Mode (50 kHz to 108 kHz sample rates)
Passband (-0.1 dB) (Note 6) 0 - 0.45 Fs
Passband Ripple -0.1 - 0.035 dB
Stopband (Note 6) 0.68 - - Fs
Stopband Attenuation -92 - - dB
Total Group Delay (Fs = Output Sample Rate) tgd -9/Fs - s
Quad-Speed Mode (100 kHz to 216 kHz sample rates)
Passband (-0.1 dB) (Note 6) 0 - 0.24 Fs
Passband Ripple -0.1 - 0.035 dB
Stopband (Note 6) 0.78 - - Fs
Stopband Attenuation -97 - - dB
Total Group Delay (Fs = Output Sample Rate) tgd -5/Fs - s
High-Pass Filter Characteristics
Frequency Response -3.0 dB
-0.13 dB (Note 7) -1
20 -
-Hz
Hz
Phase Deviation @ 20 Hz (Note 7) -10 -Deg
Passband Ripple --0dB
Filter Setting Time 105/Fs s
___- :CIRRUS LOGIC “
8DS563F2
CS5381
Figure 1. Single-Speed Mode Stopband Rejection Figure 2. Single-Speed Mode Transition Band
-140
-130
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0.00.10.20.30.40.50.60.70.80.91.0
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
-140
-130
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0.40 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.48 0.50 0.52 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.60
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
Figure 3. Single-Speed Mode Transition Band (Detail) Figure 4. Single-Speed Mode Passband Ripple
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
0.45 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54 0.55
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
-0.10
-0.08
-0.05
-0.03
0.00
0.03
0.05
0.08
0.10
0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.50
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
Figure 5. Double-Speed Mode Stopband Rejection Figure 6. Double-Speed Mode Transition Band
-140
-130
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
-140
-130
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0.40 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.53 0.55 0.58 0.60 0.63 0.65 0.68 0.70
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
__- __ CIRRUS LOGIC” MN H v ‘1
DS563F2 9
CS5381
Figure 7. Double-Speed Mode Transition Band (Detail) Figure 8. Double-Speed Mode Passband Ripple
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
0.40 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.53 0.55
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
-0.10
-0.08
-0.05
-0.03
0.00
0.03
0.05
0.08
0.10
0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.50
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
Figure 9. Quad-Speed Mode Stopband Rejection Figure 10. Quad-Speed Mode Transition Band
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
-130
-120
-110
-100
-90
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
Figure 11. Quad-Speed Mode Transition Band (Detail) Figure 12. Quad-Speed Mode Passband Ripple
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
0.10.150.20.250.30.350.40.450.50.550.6
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
-0.10
-0.08
-0.06
-0.04
-0.02
0.00
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.10
0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25
Frequency (normalized to Fs)
Amplitude (dB)
_‘ :CIRRUS LOGIC
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CS5381
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS - SERIAL AUDIO PORT
(Logic “0” = GND = 0 V; Logic “1” = VL, CL = 20 pF)
Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
Output Sample Rate Single-Speed Mode
Double-Speed Mode
Quad-Speed Mode
Fs
Fs
Fs
2
50
100
-
-
-
54
108
216
kHz
kHz
kHz
OVFL to LRCK Edge Setup Time tsetup 16/fsclk --s
OVFL to LRCK Edge Hold Time thold 1/fsclk --s
OVFL time-out on overrange condition
Fs = 44.1, 88.2, 176.4 kHz
Fs = 48, 96, 192 kHz -
-740
680 -
-ms
ms
MCLK Specifications
MCLK Period tclkw 36 - 1953 ns
MCLK Duty Cycle 40 - 60 %
Master Mode
SCLK falling to LRCK transition tmslr -20 - 20 ns
SCLK falling to SDOUT valid tsdo - - 32 ns
SCLK Duty Cycle -50-%
Slave Mode
Single-Speed
Output Sample Rate Fs 2 - 54 kHz
LRCK Duty Cycle 40 50 60 %
SCLK Period tsclkw 145 - - ns
SCLK Duty Cycle 45 50 55 %
SDOUT valid before SCLK rising tstp 10 - - ns
SDOUT valid after SCLK rising thld 5--ns
SCLK falling to LRCK transition tslrd -20 - 20 ns
Double-Speed
Output Sample Rate Fs 50 - 108 kHz
LRCK Duty Cycle 40 50 60 %
SCLK Period tsclkw 145 - - ns
SCLK Duty Cycle 45 50 55 %
SDOUT valid before SCLK rising tstp 10 - - ns
SDOUT valid after SCLK rising thld 5--ns
SCLK falling to LRCK transition tslrd -20 - 20 ns
Quad-Speed
Output Sample Rate Fs 100 - 216 kHz
LRCK Duty Cycle 40 50 60 %
SCLK Period tsclkw 72 - - ns
SCLK Duty Cycle 45 50 55 %
SDOUT valid before SCLK rising tstp 10 - - ns
SDOUT valid after SCLK rising thld 5--ns
SCLK falling to LRCK transition tslrd -8 - 8 ns
mu __ CIRRUS LOGIC“ JL— JL :1: J , #fiLiefJflpiLi I ‘ ¥:-L'—4
DS563F2 11
CS5381
Figure 13. Master Mode, Left-Justified SAI Figure 14. Slave Mode, Left-Justified SAI
SCLK output
SDOUT
LRCK output
MSB MSB-1 MSB-2 MSB-3
tmslr
tsdo
LRCK input
SCLK input
SDOUT MSB
tstp thld
tsclkl
tsclkh
MSB-1
tslrd
Figure 15. Master Mode, I²S SAI Figure 16. Slave Mode, I²S SAI
SCLK output
SDOUT
LRCK output
MSB MSB-1 MSB-2 MSB-3
tsdo
tmslr
LRCK input
SCLK input
SDOUT
tstp thld
tsclkl
tsclkh
MSB
tslrd
OVFL
tsetup
LRCK
thold
Figure 17. OVFL Output Timing
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12 DS563F2
CS5381
Figure 18. Left-Justified Serial Audio Interface
SDATA 23 22 7 623 22
SCLK
LRCK
23 2254321087654321089 9
Left Channel Right Channel
Figure 19. I²S Serial Audio Interface
SDATA 23 22 8 723 22
SCLK
LRCK
23 22
65432108765432109 9
Left Channel Right Channel
LRCK
OVFL
SCLK
OVFL on Left Chan OVFL on Right Chan
Right Channel Frame
Left Channel Frame
Figure 20. OVFL Output Timing, I²S Format
Figure 21. OVFL Output Timing, Left-Justified Format
LRCK
OVFL
SCLK
OVFL on Right Chan
Right Channel Frame
Left Channel Frame
OVFL on Left
Chan
__. :CIRRUS LOGIC
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CS5381
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(GND = 0 V, all voltages with respect to ground. MCLK=12.288 MHz; Master Mode)
8. Power-Down Mode is defined as RST = Low with all clocks and data lines held static.
9. Valid with the recommended capacitor values on FILT+ and VQ as shown in the Typical Connection
Diagram.
DIGITAL CHARACTERISTICS
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
Power Supply Current VA = 5 V
(Normal Operation) VL,VD = 5 V
VL,VD = 3.3 V
IA
ID
ID
-
-
-
36
36
24
43
46
28
mA
mA
mA
Power Supply Current VA = 5 V
(Power-Down Mode) (Note 8) VL,VD = 5 V IA
ID
-
-100
100 -
-uA
uA
Power Consumption
(Normal Operation) VA, VL, VD = 5 V
VA = 5 V; VL, VD = 3.3 V
(Power-Down Mode)
-
-
-
-
-
-
360
260
1
445
307
-
mW
mW
mW
Power Supply Rejection Ratio (1 kHz) (Note 9) PSRR - 65 - dB
VQ Nominal Voltage Output Impedance
Maximum allowable DC current source/sink
-
-
-
2.5
25
0.01
-
-
-
V
k
mA
Filt+ Nominal Voltage Output Impedance
Maximum allowable DC current source/sink
-
-
-
5
4.5
0.01
-
-
-
V
k
mA
Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Units
High-Level Input Voltage (% of VL) VIH 70% - - V
Low-Level Input Voltage (% of VL) VIL --30%V
High-Level Output Voltage at Io = 100 µA (% of VL) VOH 70% - - V
Low-Level Output Voltage at Io = 100 µA (% of VL) VOL --15%V
OVFL Current Sink Iovfl --4.0mA
Input Leakage Current Iin -10 - 10 µA
Parameter Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
Allowable Junction Temperature --135°C
Junction to Ambient Thermal Impedance
(Multi-layer PCB) TSSOP
(Multi-layer PCB) SOIC
(Single-layer PCB) TSSOP
(Single-layer PCB) SOIC
θJA-TM
θJA-SM
θJA-TS
θJA-SS
-
-
-
-
70
60
105
80
-
-
-
-
°C/W
°C/W
°C/W
°C/W
__- __ CIRRUS LOGIC” +5 v to 3.3 v) --------------- i 5 <7>
14 DS563F2
CS5381
TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM
FILT+
AINL+
AINL-
V
D
0.01µ
F
A/D CONVERTER
SCLK
CS5381
M/S
MCLK
AINR+
AINR-
VQ
**47 µF+
RST
VA V L
+5V
1µF+5Vto 2.5 V
5.1
1µF
+
+ +
SDOUT
GND
I2S/LJ
LRCK
GND
Power Down
and Mode
Settings
Audio Data
Processor
Timing Logic
and Clock
0.01 µF
0.01 µF0.01 µF
HPF
M0
M1
REFGND
MDIV
+5 V to 3.3 V 1µF0.01µF
1µF
+
Analog
Input
Buffer
(Figure 24)
Analog
Input
Buffer
(Figure 24)
OVFL
10 k
VL
*
0.01µF
** Capacitor value
affects low frequency
distortion. See
Section 3.9.
* Resistor may only
be used if VD is
derived from VA. If
used, do not drive any
other logic from VD.
Figure 22. Typical Connection Diagram
mu _— CIRRUS LOGIC " 4* I
DS563F2 15
CS5381
3. APPLICATIONS
3.1 Operational Mode/Sample Rate Range Select
The output sample rate, Fs, can be adjusted from 2 kHz to 216 kHz. The CS5381 must be set to the proper
speed mode via the mode pins, M1 and M0. Refer to Table 1.
3.2 System Clocking
The device supports operation in either Master Mode, where the left/right and serial clocks are synchronous-
ly generated on-chip, or Slave Mode, which requires external generation of the left/right and serial clocks.
The device also includes a master clock divider in Master Mode where the master clock will be internally
divided prior to any other internal circuitry when MDIV is enabled, set to logic 1. In Slave Mode, the MDIV
pin needs to be disabled, set to logic 0.
3.2.1 Master Mode
In Master mode, LRCK and SCLK operate as outputs. The left/right and serial clocks are internally derived
from the master clock with the left/right clock equal to Fs and the serial clock equal to 64x Fs, as shown
in Figure 23. Refer to Table 2 for common master clock frequencies.
M1 (Pin 14) M0 (Pin 13) MODE Output Sample Rate (Fs)
00
Single-Speed Mode 2 kHz - 54 kHz
01
Double-Speed Mode 50 kHz - 108 kHz
10
Quad-Speed Mode 100 kHz - 216 kHz
11
Reserved
Table 1. CS5381 Mode Control
÷ 128
÷ 256
÷ 64
M0M1
LRCK Output
(Equal to Fs)
Single
Speed
Quad
Speed
Double
Speed
00
01
10
÷ 2
÷ 4
÷ 1
SCLK Output
Single
Speed
Quad
Speed
Double
Speed
00
01
10
÷ 2
÷ 1 0
1
MCLK
MDIV
Figure 23. CS5381 Master Mode Clocking
__- :CIRRUS LOGIC "
16 DS563F2
CS5381
3.2.2 Slave Mode
LRCK and SCLK operate as inputs in Slave mode. It is recommended that the left/right clock be synchro-
nously derived from the master clock and must be equal to Fs. It is also recommended that the serial clock
be synchronously derived from the master clock and be equal to 64x Fs to maximize system performance.
Refer to Table 3 for required clock ratios.
Table 3. CS5381 Slave Mode Clock Ratios
3.3 Power-Up Sequence
Reliable power-up can be accomplished by keeping the device in reset until the power supplies, clocks and
configuration pins are stable. It is also recommended that reset be enabled if the analog or digital supplies
drop below the minimum specified operating voltages to prevent power glitch related issues.
The internal reference voltage must be stable for the device to produce valid data. Therefore, there is a de-
lay between the release of reset and the generation of valid output, due to the finite output impedance of
FILT+ and the presence of the external capacitance. This duration of this delay is less than 2500 LRCK cy-
cles.
3.4 Analog Connections
The analog modulator samples the input at 6.144 MHz. The digital filter will reject signals within the stop-
band of the filter. However, there is no rejection for input signals which are (n ×6.144 MHz) the digital pass-
band frequency, where n=0,1,2,... Refer to Figure 24, which shows the suggested filter that will attenuate
any noise energy at 6.144 MHz in addition to providing the optimum source impedance for the modulators.
The use of capacitors which have a large voltage coefficient (such as general purpose ceramics) must be
avoided since these can degrade signal linearity. C0G capacitors are recommended for this application.
SAMPLE RATE (kHz) MDIV = 0
MCLK (MHz) MDIV = 1
MCLK (MHz)
32 8.192 16.384
44.1 11.2896 22.5792
48 12.288 24.576
64 8.192 16.384
88.2 11.2896 22.5792
96 12.288 24.576
176.4 11.2896 22.5792
192 12.288 24.576
Table 2. CS5381 Common Master Clock Frequencies
Single-Speed Mode
Fs = 2 kHz to 54 kHz Double-Speed Mode
Fs = 50 kHz to 108 kHz Quad-Speed Mode
Fs = 100kHz to 216kHz
MCLK/LRCK Ratio 256x, 512x 128x, 256x 64x*, 128x
SCLK/LRCK Ratio 64x, 128x 64x 64x
* Only available in Master mode.
a: CIRRUS LOGIC " ,
DS563F2 17
CS5381
3.5 High-Pass Filter and DC Offset Calibration
The operational amplifiers in the input circuitry driving the CS5381 may generate a small DC offset into the
A/D converter. The CS5381 includes a high-pass filter after the decimator to remove any DC offset which
could result in recording a DC level, possibly yielding “clicks” when switching between devices in a multi-
channel system.
The high-pass filter continuously subtracts a measure of the DC offset from the output of the decimation
filter. If the HPF pin is taken high during normal operation, the current value of the DC offset register is frozen
and this DC offset will continue to be subtracted from the conversion result. This feature makes it possible
to perform a system DC offset calibration by:
1. Running the CS5381 with the high-pass filter enabled until the filter settles. See the Digital Filter Char-
acteristics for filter settling time.
2. Disabling the high-pass filter and freezing the stored DC offset.
A system calibration performed in this way will eliminate offsets anywhere in the signal path between the
calibration point and the CS5381.
VQ
+
634
634
91
91
+
-
-
2700 pF
470 pF
470 pF
COG
COG
10 uF
10 uF
ADC AIN+
ADC AIN-
AIN+
AIN-
COG
100k
10 k
10 k
100k
Figure 24. Recommended Analog Input Buffer
CIRRUS LOGIC“ 3.:
18 DS563F2
CS5381
3.6 Overflow Detection
The CS5381 includes overflow detection on both the left and right channels. This time multiplexed informa-
tion is presented as open drain, active low on pin 15, OVFL. The OVFL_L and OVFL_R data will go to a
logical low as soon as an overrange condition in the opposite channel is detected. The data will remain low
as specified in the “Switching Characteristics - Serial Audio Port” section on page 10. This ensures sufficient
time to detect an overrange condition regardless of the speed mode. After the timeout, the OVFL_L and
OVFL_R data will return to a logical high if there has not been any other overrange condition detected.
Please note that an overrange condition on either channel will restart the timeout period for both channels.
3.6.1 OVFL Configuration
If the system does not require overflow detection, the user may leave the OVFL pin disconnected. When
using the overflow detection capability of the CS5381, a 10 k pull-up resistor must be inserted between
the OVFL pin and VL because the OVFL output is open drain, active low. This means that the OVFL pin
is high impedance for the case of no overflow condition, but the pull-up resistor will pull the node to VL.
When an overflow condition occurs, the OVFL pin can drive the node to GND thus indicating the presence
of the overflow condition. In effect, the user can use the OVFL pin to illuminate an LED, or mute the chan-
nel with an external circuit or a DSP. Furthermore, because the OVFL output is open-drain, the OVFL pins
of multiple CS5381 devices can be tied together such that an overflow condition on a single device will
drive the line low. When connecting OVFL pins of multiple devices, only a single 10k pull-up resistor is
necessary.
3.6.2 OVFL Output Timing
In left-justified format, the OVFL pin is updated one SCLK period after an LRCK transition. In I²S format,
the OVFL pin is updated two SCLK periods after an LRCK transition. Refer to Figures 20 and 21. In both
cases, the OVFL data can be easily demultiplexed by using the LRCK to latch the data. In left-justified
format, the rising edge of LRCK would latch the right channel overflow status, and the falling edge of
LRCK would latch the left channel overflow status. In I²S format, the falling edge of LRCK would latch the
right channel overflow status and the rising edge of LRCK would latch the left channel overflow status.
3.7 Grounding and Power Supply Decoupling
As with any high resolution converter, the CS5381 requires careful attention to power supply and grounding
arrangements if its potential performance is to be realized. Figure 22 shows the recommended power ar-
rangements, with VA and VL connected to clean supplies. VD, which powers the digital filter, may be run
from the system logic supply or may be powered from the analog supply via a resistor. In this case, no ad-
ditional devices should be powered from VD. Decoupling capacitors should be as near to the ADC as pos-
sible, with the low value ceramic capacitor being the nearest. All signals, especially clocks, should be kept
away from the FILT+ and VQ pins in order to avoid unwanted coupling into the modulators. The FILT+ and
VQ decoupling capacitors, particularly the 0.01 µF, must be positioned to minimize the electrical path from
FILT+ and REFGND. The CDB5381 evaluation board demonstrates the optimum layout and power supply
arrangements. To minimize digital noise, connect the ADC digital outputs only to CMOS inputs.
3.8 Synchronization of Multiple Devices
In systems where multiple ADCs are required, care must be taken to achieve simultaneous sampling. To
ensure synchronous sampling, the MCLK and LRCK must be the same for all of the CS5381’s in the system.
If only one master clock source is needed, one solution is to place one CS5381 in Master mode, and slave
all of the other CS5381’s to the one master. If multiple master clock sources are needed, a possible solution
would be to supply all clocks from the same external source and time the CS5381 reset with the falling edge
of MCLK. This will ensure that all converters begin sampling on the same clock edge.
mu m-nwa. ,105 410 _— CIRRUS LOGIC“ ED ml: 200 Hz SDI] 1k 2k
DS563F2 19
CS5381
3.9 Capacitor Size on the Reference Pin (FILT+)
The CS5381 requires an external capacitance on the internal reference voltage pin, FILT+. The size of this
decoupling capacitor will affect the low frequency distortion performance as shown in Figure 25, with larger
capacitor values used to optimize low frequency distortion performance. The THD+N curves in Figure 25
were measured with VA=VD=VL=5 V in Single-Speed Master Mode with a full-scale sinewave input.
Figure 25. CS5381 THD + N versus Frequency
220 uF
100 uF
47 uF
22 uF
10 uF
1 uF
11 _— HHHHHHHHHHHH CIRRUS LOGIC " A 0.093 0.104 2.35 2.65 A1 0.004 0.012 0.10 0.30 B 0.013 0.020 0.33 0.51 C 0.009 0.013 0.23 0.32 D 0.598 0.614 15.20 15.60 E 0.291 0.299 7.40 7.60 e 0.040 0.060 1.02 1.52 H 0.394 0.419 10.00 10.65 L 0.016 0.050 0.40 1.27 cc r 1 x.’ ‘4/
20 DS563F2
CS5381
4. PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
INCHES MILLIMETERS
DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
A 0.093 0.104 2.35 2.65
A1 0.004 0.012 0.10 0.30
B 0.013 0.020 0.33 0.51
C 0.009 0.013 0.23 0.32
D 0.598 0.614 15.20 15.60
E 0.291 0.299 7.40 7.60
e 0.040 0.060 1.02 1.52
H 0.394 0.419 10.00 10.65
L 0.016 0.050 0.40 1.27
0° 8° 0°
24L SOIC (300 MIL BODY) PACKAGE DRAWING
D
HE
b
A1
A
c
L
SEATING
PLANE
1
e
11 _— CIRRUS LOGIC " [—7 4» 17+ 4 +71 * . 1- JLfix , 4 4 O A W W 0.043 W . 1 .10 A1 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.05 W 0.15 A2 0.03346 0.0354 0.037 0.85 0.90 0.95 b 0.00748 0.0096 0.012 0.19 0.245 0.30 2 3 D 0.303 0.307 0.311 7.70 7.80 7.90 1 E 0.248 0.2519 0.256 6.30 6.40 6.50 E1 0.169 0.1732 0.177 4.30 4.40 4.50 1 e W 0.026 BSC W W 0.65 BSC W L 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.50 0.60 0.70
DS563F2 21
CS5381
Notes:
1. “D” and “E1” are reference datums and do not included mold flash or protrusions, but do include mold
mismatch and are measured at the parting line, mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.20 mm per
side.
2. Dimension “b” does not include dambar protrusion/intrusion. Allowable dambar protrusion shall be
0.13 mm total in excess of “b” dimension at maximum material condition. Dambar intrusion shall not re-
duce dimension “b” by more than 0.07 mm at least material condition.
3. These dimensions apply to the flat section of the lead between 0.10 and 0.25 mm from lead tips.
INCHES MILLIMETERS NOTE
DIM MIN NOM MAX MIN NOM MAX
A -- -- 0.043 -- -- 1.10
A1 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.05 -- 0.15
A2 0.03346 0.0354 0.037 0.85 0.90 0.95
b 0.00748 0.0096 0.012 0.19 0.245 0.30 2,3
D 0.303 0.307 0.311 7.70 7.80 7.90 1
E 0.248 0.2519 0.256 6.30 6.40 6.50
E1 0.169 0.1732 0.177 4.30 4.40 4.50 1
e -- 0.026 BSC -- -- 0.65 BSC --
L 0.020 0.024 0.028 0.50 0.60 0.70
µ0° 4° 8° 0° 4° 8°
JEDEC #: MO-153
Controlling Dimension is Millimeters.
24L TSSOP (4.4 mm BODY) PACKAGE DRAWING
E
N
123
eb2A1
A2 A
D
SEATING
PLANE
E11
L
SIDE VIEW
END VIEW
TOP VIEW
CIRRUS LOGIC " é:
22 DS563F2
CS5381
5. ORDERING INFORMATION
Product Description Package Pb-Free Grade Temp
Range Container Order #
CS5381 120 dB, 192 kHz, Multi-Bit
Audio A/D Converter 24-TSSOP Yes Commercial -10° to +70° C Bulk CS5381-KZZ
Tape & Reel CS5381-KZZR
CS5381 120 dB, 192 kHz, Multi-Bit
Audio A/D Converter 24-SOIC Yes Commercial -10° to +70° C Bulk CS5381-KSZ
Tape & Reel CS5381-KSZR
CDB5381 CS5381 Evaluation Board - - - - - CDB5381
CIRRUS LOGIC“ 3.:
DS563F2 23
CS5381
6 PARAMETER DEFINITIONS
Dynamic Range
The ratio of the rms value of the signal to the rms sum of all other spectral components over the specified
bandwidth. Dynamic Range is a signal-to-noise ratio measurement over the specified bandwidth made with
a -60 dBFS signal. 60 dB is added to resulting measurement to refer the measurement to full-scale. This
technique ensures that the distortion components are below the noise level and do not affect the measure-
ment. This measurement technique has been accepted by the Audio Engineering Society, AES17-1991,
and the Electronic Industries Association of Japan, EIAJ CP-307. Expressed in decibels.
Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise
The ratio of the rms value of the signal to the rms sum of all other spectral components over the specified
bandwidth (typically 10 Hz to 20 kHz), including distortion components. Expressed in decibels. Measured
at -1 and -20 dBFS as suggested in AES17-1991 Annex A.
Frequency Response
A measure of the amplitude response variation from 10 Hz to 20 kHz relative to the amplitude response at
1 kHz. Units in decibels.
Interchannel Isolation
A measure of crosstalk between the left and right channels. Measured for each channel at the converter's
output with no signal to the input under test and a full-scale signal applied to the other channel. Units in deci-
bels.
Interchannel Gain Mismatch
The gain difference between left and right channels. Units in decibels.
Gain Error
The deviation from the nominal full-scale analog input for a full-scale digital output.
Gain Drift
The change in gain value with temperature. Units in ppm/°C.
Offset Error
The deviation of the mid-scale transition (111...111 to 000...000) from the ideal. Units in mV.
CIRRUS LOGIC " é:
24 DS563F2
CS5381
7. REVISION HISTORY
Release Date Changes
A1 December 2002 Initial Release
A2 October 2003
Changed front page description of digital filter
Improved distortion specification from -105 dB to -110 dB
Modified serial port timing specifications for slave mode operation
Added pull-down resistors to recommended input buffer
A3 May 2004
Changed full-scale voltage specification to reflect VA supply voltage
Added Applications section about capacitor value on FILT+ pin
Changed input impedance specification from 37 to 2.5 k
Changed impedance specification on FILT+ from 35 to 4.5 k
A4 August 2004 Add Lead free part number
F1 July 2005 Replaced diagrams showing OVFL functionality (see Figures 20 and 21)
Replaced Figures 13, 15, 18 and 19 to demonstrate pre-emption of the MSB.
Increased maximum digital current (ID) specification at 5 V from 43 mA to 46 mA. .
F2 July 2005 Updated Ordering Information.
Contacting Cirrus Logic Support
For all product questions and inquiries contact a Cirrus Logic Sales Representative.
To find the one nearest to you go to www.cirrus.com
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Cirrus Logic, Inc. and its subsidiaries ("Cirrus") believe that the information contained in this document is accurate and reliable. However, the information is subject
to change without notice and is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind (express or implied). Customers are advised to obtain the latest version of relevant
information to verify, before placing orders, that information being relied on is current and complete. All products are sold subject to the terms and conditions of sale
supplied at the time of order acknowledgment, including those pertaining to warranty, indemnification, and limitation of liability. No responsibility is assumed by Cirrus
for the use of this information, including use of this information as the basis for manufacture or sale of any items, or for infringement of patents or other rights of third
parties. This document is the property of Cirrus and by furnishing this information, Cirrus grants no license, express or implied under any patents, mask work rights,
copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets or other intellectual property rights. Cirrus owns the copyrights associated with the information contained herein and gives con-
sent for copies to be made of the information only for use within your organization with respect to Cirrus integrated circuits or other products of Cirrus. This consent
does not extend to other copying such as copying for general distribution, advertising or promotional purposes, or for creating any work for resale.
CERTAIN APPLICATIONS USING SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS MAY INVOLVE POTENTIAL RISKS OF DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY, OR SEVERE PROP-
ERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE (“CRITICAL APPLICATIONS”). CIRRUS PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED, AUTHORIZED OR WARRANTED FOR USE
IN AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS, MILITARY APPLICATIONS, PRODUCTS SURGICALLY IMPLANTED INTO THE BODY, AUTOMOTIVE SAFETY OR SECURITY DE-
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TO BE FULLY AT THE CUSTOMER’S RISK AND CIRRUS DISCLAIMS AND MAKES NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS, STATUTORY OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH REGARD TO ANY CIRRUS PRODUCT THAT IS USED
IN SUCH A MANNER. IF THE CUSTOMER OR CUSTOMER’S CUSTOMER USES OR PERMITS THE USE OF CIRRUS PRODUCTS IN CRITICAL APPLICA-
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or service marks of their respective owners.

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