Qxx30xHx, Qxx35xx,xHx Series Datasheet by Littelfuse Inc.

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© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Qxx30xHx & Qxx35xHx Series
Description
The 30 Amp / 35 Amp bi-directional solid state switch series
is designed for AC switching and phase control applications
such as motor speed and temperature modulation controls,
lighting controls, and static switching relays.
Standard type components normally operate in Quadrants I
& III triggered from AC line.
Standard alternistor triac components operate with in-phase
signals in Quadrants I or III and ONLY unipolar negative gate
pulses for Quadrant II or III. The alternistor triac will not
operate in Quadrant IV. These are used in circuit applications
requiring a high dv/dt capability.
Features & Benefits
RoHS Compliant
Glass – passivated
junctions
Voltage capability up
to 800V
Surge capability up to
350A at 60 Hz half cycle
L-Package isolation rating
of 2500V rms
Applications
Excellent for AC switching and phase control applications
such as heating, lighting, and motor speed controls.
Typical applications are AC solid-state switches, industrial
power tools, exercise equipment, white goods and
commercial appliances.
Alternistor Triacs (no snubber required) are used in
applications with extremely inductive loads requiring
highest commutation performance.
Internally constructed isolated packages are offered for
ease of heat sinking with highest isolation voltage.
Main Features
Symbol Value Unit
IT(RMS) 30 or 35 A
VDRM/VRRM 400 or 600 V
IGT (Q1) 25 or 50 mA
Schematic Symbol
MT1
G
MT2
Agency Approval
Agency Agency File Number
E71639*
* - L Package and 30A only.
RoHS
Additional Information
Datasheet Samples
Resources
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Absolute Maximum Ratings Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
IT(RMS) RMS on-state current (full sine wave) Qxx35RH5/Qxx35NH5 TC = 90°C 35 A
Qxx30LH5/Qxx30LH3 TC = 50°C 30
ITSM
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
f = 50 Hz t = 20 ms 290 A
f = 60 Hz t = 16.7 ms 350
I2t I2t Value for fusing tp = 8.3 ms 508 A2s
di/dt Critical rate of rise of on-state current
(IG = 200mA with 0.1µs rise time) f = 120 Hz TJ = 125°C 100 A/μs
IGTM Peak gate trigger current tp=20μs TJ = 125°C 4 A
PG(AV) Average gate power dissipation TJ = 125°C 0.5 W
Tstg Storage temperature range -40 to 125 °C
TJOperating junction temperature range -25 to 125 °C
Symbol Test Conditions Quadrant Qxx35RH5
Qxx35NH5
Qxx30LH5 Qxx30LH3 Unit
IGT VD = 12V RL = 30 ΩI – II – III MAX. 50 25 mA
VGT VD = 12V RL = 30 ΩI – II – III MAX. 2 2 V
VGD VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 125°C I – II – III MIN. 0.2 0.2 V
IHIT = 400mA MAX. 75 40 mA
dv/dt VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 125°C 400V MIN. 475 350 V/μs
600V 400 250
(dv/dt)c (di/dt)c = 18.9 A/ms TJ = 125°C MIN. 20 10 V/µs
tgt
35A device
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15µs IT = 49.5A(pk) TYP. 3 3 µs
30A device
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15µs IT = 42.4A(pk)
Note: xx = voltage/10
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) Alternistor Triac (3 Quadrants)
% Litleltuse“ ExpemxaADnllzd \ Anxwux Damn ALL POLARmES ARE REFERENCE) m M"
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Figure 1: Definition of Quadrants Figure 2: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Current for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
+125
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
-40 -15 10 35 60 85 11 0
Junction Temperature - °C
Ratio of I
GT
/I
GT
(T
J
= 25°C)
MT2 POSITIVE
(Positive Half Cycle)
MT2 NEGATIVE
(Negative Half Cycle)
NOTE: Alternistors will not operate in QIV
MT1
MT2
+ I
GT
REF QII
MT1
IGT
GATE
MT2
REF
MT1
MT2
REF
MT1
MT2
REF
QI
QIV
QIII
ALL POLARITIES ARE REFERENCED TO MT1
(-)
IGT
GATE
(+)
I
GT -
IGT
GATE
(-)
IGT
GATE
(+)
+
-
Note: Alternistors will not operate in QIV
Static Characteristics
Symbol Test Conditions Value Unit
VTM
35A device ITM = 49.5A tp = 380 µs MAX. 1.5 V
30A device ITM = 42.4A tp = 380 µs 1.4
IDRM
IRRM
VD = VDRM / VRRM
Qxx35R/NH5
Qxx30LH5
Qxx30LH3
TJ = 25°C 400 - 600V MAX. 10 μA
TJ = 125°C 400 - 600V 2 mA
Thermal Resistances
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
Rθ(J-C) Junction to case (AC) Qxx35RH5 / Qxx35NH5 0.85
Qxx30LH5 / Qxx30LH3 2.30
Rθ(J-A) Junction to ambient Qxx35RH5 45 °C/W
Qxx30LH5 / Qxx30LH3 50
Note: xx = voltage/10
% Littelfuse’ Wampum \ Answusmllumd
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
RMS On-State Current [IT(RMS)] - AMPS
Average On-State Power Dissipation
[PD (AV)] - Watts
Figure 5: Power Dissipation (Typical)
vs. RMS On-State Current
Figure 6: Maximum Allowable Case Temperature
vs. On-State Current
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
0
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
RMS On-State Current [I
T(RMS)
] - AMPS
Max Allowable Case Temperature
(T
C
) - °C
Qxx35P5
Qxx30LH5
Qxx35RH5
Qxx35NH5
Qxx30LH3
Figure 3: Normalized DC Holding Current
vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 4: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Voltage for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
+ 125
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
-40 -15 10 35 60 85 11 0
Junction Temperature - °C
Ratio of IIH/IIH (Tj=25°C)
+125
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
-40 -15 10 35 60 85 110
Junction Temperature - °C
Ratio of VGT/VGT(Tj=25°C)
Figure 7: On-State Current vs. On-State Voltage
(Typical)
T
C
= 25°C
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
Positive or Negative Instantaneous On-State Voltage
(V
T
) - Volts
Positive or Negative Instantaneous
On-State Current (I
T
) - AMPS
Note: xx = voltage
% Litleltuse“ ExpemxaADnllzd \ Anxwux Damn
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
110 100 1000
10
Surge Current Duration – Full Cycles
1
Peak Surge (Non-repetitive) On-State Current
(I
TSM
) – Amps
100
1000
Qxx35RH5
Qxx35NH5
Qxx35P5
Qxx30LH5
Qxx30LH3
Figure 8: Surge Peak On-State Current vs. Number of Cycles
Supply Frequency: 60Hz Sinusoidal
Load: Resistive
RMS On-State [IT(RMS)]: Max Rated Value at
Specific Case Temperature
Notes:
1) Gate control may be lost during and
immediately following surge current interval.
2) Overload may not be repeated until junction
temperature has returned to steady-state
rated value.
Soldering Parameters
Reflow Condition Pb – Free assembly
Pre Heat
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)60 – 180 secs
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus Temp)
(TL) to peak 5°C/second max
TS(max) to TL - Ramp-up Rate 5°C/second max
Reflow - Temperature (TL) (Liquidus) 217°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)60 – 150 seconds
Peak Temperature (TP)260+0/-5 °C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)20 – 40 seconds
Ramp-down Rate 5°C/second max
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)8 minutes Max.
Do not exceed 280°C
Note: xx = voltage
Time
Temperature
TP
TL
TS(max)
TS(min)
25
tP
tL
tS
time to peak temperature
Preheat
P
r
e
h
eat
Ramp-upRamp-up
Ramp-down
R
am
p
-
do
% Littelfuse’
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Physical Specifications Environmental Specifications
Test Specifications and Conditions
AC Blocking MIL-STD-750, M-1040, Cond A Applied
Peak AC voltage @ 125°C for 1008 hours
Temperature Cycling
MIL-STD-750, M-1051,
100 cycles; -40°C to +150°C; 15-min
dwell-time
Temperature/
Humidity
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A101
1008 hours; 320V - DC: 85°C; 85%
rel humidity
High Temp Storage MIL-STD-750, M-1031,
1008 hours; 150°C
Low-Temp Storage 1008 hours; -40°C
Thermal Shock
MIL-STD-750, M-1056
10 cycles; 0°C to 100°C; 5-min dwell-
time at each temperature; 10 sec (max)
transfer time between temperature
Autoclave
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A102
168 hours (121°C at 2 ATMs) and
100% R/H
Resistance to
Solder Heat MIL-STD-750 Method 2031
Solderability ANSI/J-STD-002, category 3, Test A
Lead Bend MIL-STD-750, M-2036 Cond E
Terminal Finish 100% Matte Tin-plated.
Body Material UL Recognized compound meeting
flammability rating V-0
Terminal Material Copper Alloy
Design Considerations
Careful selection of the correct component for the
applications operating parameters and environment will
go a long way toward extending the operating life of the
Thyristor. Good design practice should limit the maximum
continuous current through the main terminals to 75% of
the component rating. Other ways to ensure long life for
a power discrete semiconductor are proper heat sinking
and selection of voltage ratings for worst case conditions.
Overheating, overvoltage (including dv/dt), and surge
currents are the main killers of semiconductors. Correct
mounting, soldering, and forming of the leads also help
protect against component damage.
Dimensions — TO-220AB (R-Package) — Non-Isolated Mounting Tab Common with Center Lead
Dimension Inches Millimeters
Min Max Min Max
A 0.380 0.420 9.65 10.67
B 0.105 0.115 2.67 2.92
C 0.230 0.250 5.84 6.35
D 0.590 0.620 14.99 15.75
E 0.142 0.147 3.61 3.73
F 0.110 0.130 2.79 3.30
G 0.540 0.575 13.72 14.61
H 0.025 0.035 0.64 0.89
J 0.195 0.205 4.95 5.21
K 0.095 0.105 2.41 2.67
L 0.060 0.075 1.52 1.91
M 0.085 0.095 2.16 2.41
N 0.018 0.024 0.46 0.61
O 0.178 0.188 4.52 4.78
P 0.045 0.060 1. 14 1.52
R 0.038 0.048 0.97 1.22
K
J
A
H
G
B
F
E
C
D
L
R
T
C
MEASURING POINT
MT2
MT2
O
P
N
M
MT1
.276
7. 01
.526
13.36
.320
8.13
GATE
AREA (REF.) 0.17 in
2
NOTCH IN
GATE LEAD
TO ID.
NON-ISOLATED
TAB
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
M Litleltuse“
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Dimensions — TO-220AB (L-Package) — Isolated Mounting Tab
Dimension Inches Millimeters
Min Max Min Max
A 0.380 0.420 9.65 10.67
B 0.105 0.115 2.67 2.92
C 0.230 0.250 5.84 6.35
D 0.590 0.620 14.99 15.75
E 0.142 0.147 3.61 3.73
F 0.110 0.130 2.79 3.30
G 0.540 0.575 13.72 14.61
H 0.025 0.035 0.64 0.89
J 0.195 0.205 4.95 5.21
K 0.095 0.105 2.41 2.67
L 0.060 0.075 1.52 1.91
M 0.085 0.095 2.16 2.41
N 0.018 0.024 0.46 0.61
O 0.178 0.188 4.52 4.78
P 0.045 0.060 1. 14 1.52
R 0.038 0.048 0.97 1.22
K
J
A
H
G
B
F
E
C
D
L
R
T
C
MEASURING POINT AREA (REF.) 0.17 in2
MT2
O
P
N
M
MT1 GATE
.320
8.13
.526
13.36
.276
7. 01
Dimension Inches Millimeters
Min Max Min Max
A 0.360 0.370 9.14 9.40
B 0.380 0.420 9.65 10.67
C 0.178 0.188 4.52 4.78
D 0.025 0.035 0.64 0.89
E 0.045 0.060 1. 14 1.52
F 0.060 0.075 1.52 1.91
G 0.095 0.105 2.41 2.67
H 0.092 0.102 2.34 2.59
J 0.018 0.024 0.46 0.61
K 0.090 0.110 2.29 2.79
S 0.590 0.625 14.99 15.88
V 0.035 0.045 0.89 1.14
U 0.002 0.010 0.05 0.25
W 0.040 0.070 1.016 1.78
G
B
A
W
V
S
MT1
MT2
T
C
MEASURING POINT
C
E
K
H
J
U
.320
8.13
.276
7. 01 .331
8.41
GATE
.460
11.68
.665
16.89
.260
6.60
.150
3.81
.080
2.03
.085
2.16
.055
1.40
.350
8.89
.276
7. 01
.276
7. 01
AREA: 0.11 IN2
D
F
Dimensions — TO-263 (N-Package) — D2 Pak Surface Mount
Note: Maximum torque to
be applied to mounting tab
is 8 in-lbs. (0.904 Nm).
% Littelfuse’ Wampum \ Answusmllumd mznAB- (L and n Magi) Tum AB , m meme) SENSITIVITY a 1va Allemlnav “In: .31.“. CT AH
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Product Selector
Part Number Voltage Gate Sensitivity Quadrants IT(RMS) Type Package
400V 600V 800V I – II – III IV
Qxx35RH5 X X 50 mA 35A Alternistor Triac TO-220R
Qxx35NH5 X X 50 mA 35A Alternistor Triac TO-263 D2-PAK
Qxx30LH5 X X 50 mA 30A Alternistor Triac TO-220L
Qxx30LH3 X X 25 mA 30A Alternistor Triac TO-220L
Note: xx = Voltage/10
Packing Options
Part Number Marking Weight Packing Mode Base Quantity
Qxx35RH5TP Qxx35RH5 2.20 g Tube 500 (50 per tube)
Qxx35NH5TP Qxx35NH5 1.60 g Tube 500 (50 per tube)
Qxx35NH5RP Qxx35NH5 1.60 g Embossed Carrier 500
Qxx30LH5TP Qxx30LH5 2.20 g Tube 500 (50 per tube)
Qxx30LH3TP Qxx30LH3 2.20 g Tube 500 (50 per tube)
xx = voltage/10
DEVICE TYPE
Q :
Triac or Alternistor Triac
CURRENT
30 : 30A
35 : 35A
PACKAGE TYPE
L : TO-220 Isolated
R : TO-220 Non-Isolated
N : TO-263 (D2-PAK)
P : FASTPAK
VOLTAGE
40 : 400V
60 : 600V
SENSITIVITY & TYPE
Standard Triac
5 : 50mA (QI, II, III)
Alternistor Triac
H5 : 50mA (QI, II, III)
H3 : 25mA (QI, II, III)
Q 60 35 P 5
Part Numbering System Part Marking System
Q 60 35 R H5
COMPONENT TYPE
© 2018 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 11/29/18
Thyristors
30 / 35 Amp Alternistor (High Commutation) Triacs
Gate
MT1
MT2
0.512 (13.0) Arbor
Hole Dia.
0.945
(24.0)
0.63
(16.0)
1.01
(25.7)
12.99
(330.0)
0.827
(21.0)
0.157
(4.0)
Direction of Feed
Dimensions
are in inches
(and millimeters).
*
*Co ver tape
0.059 DIA
(1.5)
TO-263 Embossed Carrier Reel Pack (RP) Specifications
Meets all EIA-481-2 Standards

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