MAX4999 Datasheet by Analog Devices Inc./Maxim Integrated

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maxim Integrated
19-4127; Rev 2; 3/15
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
General Description
The MAX4999 differential Hi-Speed USB analog multi-
plexer features low on-capacitance (CON) switching,
making it an ideal solution for the USB server/mass
storage market. The MAX4999 is designed for USB 2.0
low-/full-/Hi-Speed applications with capability of sup-
porting data rates up to 480Mbps.
The MAX4999 is a differential 8:1 multiplexer. The
MAX4999 features three digital inputs to control the sig-
nal path. Typical applications include switching a USB
connector between eight USB hosts and a USB device.
An enable input (EN) is provided to disable all channels
and place the device into a high-impedance state
(standby mode), shutting off the charge pump for mini-
mum power consumption.
The MAX4999 operates from a +3.0V to +3.6V power-
supply voltage and is specified over the -40°C to +85°C
extended temperature range. The MAX4999 is available
in a 5mm x 5mm, 32-pin TQFN package.
Applications
Keyboard, Video, Mouse (KVM)
Servers/RAID
Mass Storage
Workstations
Benefits and Features
Increased Flexibility and Performance
Multiplexer Supports USB 2.0 Standard
-3dB Bandwidth: 1200MHz (typ)
Low On-Resistance and Power Management
Features Minimize System Losses
6.5Ω(typ) On-Resistance (RON)
Single +3.0V to +3.6V Power-Supply Voltage
Enable Input Puts All Channels in High-Impedance
State (Standby Mode)
Low Operating Current (1µA) and Ultra-Low
Quiescent Current (30nA) in Standby Mode
Reduce Component Count and Design Complexity
Low Threshold Eliminates the Need for Translators
in 1.8V Low-Voltage Systems
Saves Board Space
32-Pin, 5mm x 5mm, TQFN Package
Ordering Information
+
Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package.
*
EP = Exposed pad.
PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
MAX4999ETJ+ -40°C to +85°C 32 TQFN-EP*
Pin Configuration
MAX4999
TQFN
5mm x 5mm
TOP VIEW
29
30
28
27
12
11
13
VCC
COM0
COM1
C0
C1
14
GND
D4_0
GND
VCC
GND
D3_1
D3_0
12
D6_1
4567
2324 22 20 19 18
D6_0
GND
GND
D1_1
D1_0
GND
EN D4_1
3
21
31 10
D7_1 D0_1
32 9
D7_0 D0_0
GND
26 15 D2_0
D5_0
25 16 D2_1
C2 GND
8
17
D5_1
*CONNECT EXPOSED PAD TO GND.
*EP
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MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 2www.maximintegrated.com
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Package Thermal Characteristics (Note 2)
Electrical Characteristics
(VCC = +3.0V to +3.6V, TA= -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +3.3V and TA= +25°C.) (Note 3)
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
(All voltages referenced to GND.)
VCC ...........................................................................-0.3V to +4V
All Other Pins (Note 1)..............................................-0.3V to +4V
Continuous Current (COM_ to any switch) .......................±60mA
Peak Current (COM_ to any switch) (pulsed at 1ms,
10% duty cycle)..........................................................±120mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA= +70°C)
32-Lead TQFN (derate 34.5mW/°C above +70°C) ....2759mW
Operating Temperature Range ...........................-40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
Soldering Temperature (reflow) .......................................+260°C
TQFN
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance (θJA) ............29°C/W
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance (θJC) ...............2.0°C/W
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
POWER SUPPLY
Supply Voltage VCC 3.0 3.6 V
Charge pump on 5
Quiescent Supply Current IOCharge pump off 1 µA
ANALOG SWITCH
On-Resistance RON ICOM_ = ±10mA 6.5 12 Ω
On-Resistance Match ΔRONSC VCOM_ = 1V, TA = +25°C 0.8 Ω
On-Resistance Match Between
Channels ΔRONBC VCOM_ = 1V, TA = +25°C 1 Ω
Leakage Current COM_, D_ _0,
D_ _1 ILVCC = +3.6V -1 +1 µA
SWITCH AC PERFORMANCE (Note 4)
Crosstalk VDCT1 Any switch to non-paired switch at 500MHz
(Figure 3) -30 dB
Off-Isolation VOFF Any switch to non-paired switch at 240MHz
(Figure 3) -27 dB
Bandwidth -3dB BW RL = 45Ω unbalanced (Figure 3) 1200 MHz
f = 1MHz 6
On-Capacitance CON Taken from S11 parameters at f = 240MHz 3.0 pF
f = 1MHz, COM_ 5
Off-Capacitance COFF Taken from S11 parameters at f = 240MHz 3.0 pF
Propagation Delay tPD RL = RS = 50Ω (Figure 2) 300 ps
Turn-On Time tON VD_ _0 or VD_ _1 = +1.5V, RL = 300Ω,
CL = 35pF, VIH = VCC, VIL = 0V (Figure 1) 10 µs
Note 1: Signals exceeding GND are clamped by internal diodes. Limit forward-diode current to maximum current rating.
Note 2: Package thermal resistances were obtained using the method described in JEDEC specification JESD51-7, using a
four-layer board. For detailed information on package thermal considerations, refer to www.maximintegrated.com/thermal-tutorial.
WI—l FA www maxmvmlegraled com
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 3www.maximintegrated.com
Note 3: All units are 100% production tested at TA= +85°C. Limits over the operating temperature range are guaranteed by design
and not production tested.
Note 4: Guaranteed by design.
Electrical Characteristics (continued)
(VCC = +3.0V to +3.6V, TA= -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +3.3V and TA= +25°C.) (Note 3)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Turn-Off Time tOFF VD_ _0 or VD_ _1 = +1.5V, RL = 300Ω, CL =
35pF, VIH = VCC, VIL = 0V (Figure 1) 10 µs
Output Skew Same Port tPD
Skew between any D_ _0, D_ _1 line, same
port 45Ω unbalanced I/O, f = 240MHz
(Figure 2)
30 ps
SWITCH LOGIC
Input Logic Low VIL VCC = +3.0V 0.6 V
Input Logic High VIH VCC = +3.6V 1.7 V
Input Logic Hysteresis VHYST 200 mV
Input Leakage Current ILEAK VCC = +3.6V, VCOM_ = 0V or VCC -1 +1 µA
ESD PROTECTION
All Pins Human Body Model ±2 kV
Test Circuits/Timing Diagrams
tR < 5ns
tF < 5ns
50%
VIL
LOGIC
INPUT
RL
COM_
GND
CL INCLUDES FIXTURE AND STRAY CAPACITANCE.
V OUT = VIN ( RL )
RL + RON
VIN
VIH
tOFF
0V
D_ _0
OR D_ _1
0.9 x V0UT 0.9 x VOUT
tON
VOUT
SWITCH
OUTPUT
LOGIC
INPUT
IN DEPENDS ON SWITCH CONFIGURATION;
INPUT POLARITY DETERMINED BY SENSE OF SWITCH.
CL
VOUT
MAX4999
C_
VCC
Figure 1. Switching Time
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 4www.maximintegrated.com
Electrical Characteristicsest Circuits/Timing Diagrams (continued)
IN+
IN-
OUT+
OUT-
VIN+
VIN-
VOUT+
VOUT-
D0_1
D0_0
COM1
COM0
0V
VCC
0V
V+
0V
VCC
0V
VCC
tPLH tPHL
tRtF
RISE-TIME PROPAGATION DELAY = tPLH.
FALL-TIME PROPAGATION DELAY = tPHL.
tSK = |tPLH - tPHL|.
RS = RL = 50Ω.
50%
50%
50%
50%
90%
10% 10%
RL
RL
50%
50%
50%
50%
90%
tPHL tPLH
RS
RS
MAX4999
C0C1C2
Figure 2. Propagation Delay and Skew
:2 us; MEASUREMENTS ARE STANDARDTzED ACATNST SHuRT AT SOCKET TERMTNALS uEETSULATTuN TS MEASURED EETWEEN CUMJAND 'DFF' USE, TERMTNAL ON EACH SWTTCH uNrLuSS TS MEASURED EETWEEN EUMJAMD 'UM‘ USBJERMWAL uN EACH SWTTCH UROSSTALK TS MEASURED ERUM DRE USE, CHANNEL TD ANuTHER USE, CHANNEL STGNAL DTRECTTON THROUGH SWTTCH TS REVERSED WORST VALUES ARE RECDRDED www mameInlegraled.com
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 5www.maximintegrated.com
Electrical CharacteristicsTest Circuits/Timing Diagrams (continued)
MEASUREMENTS ARE STANDARDIZED AGAINST SHORT AT SOCKET TERMINALS.
OFF-ISOLATION IS MEASURED BETWEEN COM_ AND "OFF" USB_ TERMINAL ON EACH SWITCH.
ON-LOSS IS MEASURED BETWEEN COM_ AND "ON" USB_ TERMINAL ON EACH SWITCH.
CROSSTALK IS MEASURED FROM ONE USB_ CHANNEL TO ANOTHER USB_ CHANNEL.
SIGNAL DIRECTION THROUGH SWITCH IS REVERSED; WORST VALUES ARE RECORDED.
VCC
VOUT
VIN
GND
V+ VIN
VOUT MEAS.
NETWORK
ANALYZER
50Ω50Ω
50ΩOFF-ISOLATION = 20log
ON-LOSS = 20log
CROSSTALK = 20log
50Ω
REF.
C1
VOUT
VIN
VOUT
VIN
C0
CHANNEL
SELECT
EN
HIGH
D_ _ _
COM_
0.1μF
MAX4999
C2
Figure 3. Off-Isolation, On-Loss, and Crosstalk
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 6www.maximintegrated.com
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VCC = +3.3V, TA= +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
4.6
5.0
4.8
5.4
5.2
5.8
5.6
6.0
0 1.2 1.80.6 2.4 3.0 3.6
ON-RESISTANCE
vs. VCOM_
MAX4999 toc01
VCOM_ (V)
RON (Ω)
VCC = +3.0V VCC = +3.3V
VCC = +3.6V
4.0
5.0
4.5
6.0
5.5
6.5
7.0
01.1 2.2 3.3
ON-RESISTANCE
vs. VCOM_
MAX4999 toc02
VCOM_ (V)
RON (Ω)
VCC = +3.3V TA = +85°C
TA = +25°C
TA = -40°C
0
40
20
80
60
100
120
-40 85
LEAKAGE CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX4999 toc03
TEMPERATURE (°C)
LEAKAGE CURRENT (nA)
10-15 35 60
VCC = +3.6V
COM_ ON-LEAKAGE
COM_ OFF-LEAKAGE
0.50
0.75
0.63
1.00
0.88
1.13
1.25
-40 85
QUIESCENT SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX4999 toc04
TEMPERATURE (°C)
QUIESCENT SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
10-15 35 60
VCC = +3.3V
VCC = +3.0V
VCC = +3.6V
0.70
0.80
0.75
0.90
0.85
0.95
1.00
3.0 3.33.2 3.5 3.6
LOGIC THRESHOLD
vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX4999 toc05
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
LOGIC THRESHOLD (V)
VIH
VIL
0
-100
1 10 100 1000 10,000
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
-80
MAX4999 toc06
FREQUENCY (MHz)
MAGNITUDE (dB)
-60
-40
-20
-30
-50
-70
-90
-10
OFF-ISOLATION
ON-RESPONSE
CROSSTALK
EYE DIAGRAM - SINGLE
MAX4999 toc07
EYE DIAGRAM - DOUBLE
MAX4999 toc08
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 7www.maximintegrated.com
Detailed Description
The MAX4999 differential Hi-Speed USB analog multi-
plexer features low on-capacitance (CON) and low on-
resistance (RON) necessary for high-performance
switching applications. The low CON is designed for
USB server/mass storage devices. This device is ideal
for USB 2.0 Hi-Speed applications at 480Mbps, while
also meeting the requirements for USB low-/full-speed
applications.
Digital Control Inputs (C0, C1, C2)
The MAX4999 provides three digital control inputs (C0,
C1, C2) to select the analog signal path between the
COM_ and D-/D+ channels. The truth table for the
MAX4999 is shown in the
Functional Diagram/Truth
Table.
Driving the control inputs rail-to-rail minimizes
power consumption.
Enable Input (EN)
The MAX4999 features an enable input that when driven
low, places the device in standby mode. In standby
mode, all channels are high impedance and the internal
charge pump is disabled, thus minimizing the quiescent
supply current. For normal operation, drive EN high.
Analog Signal Levels
Signals applied to COM1 are routed to D_ _1 terminals.
Signals applied to COM0 are routed to D_ _0 terminals.
This multiplexer is bidirectional, allowing COM_ and
D-/D+ terminals to be configured as either inputs or
outputs. Additionally, the MAX4999 can be used for
non-USB signals if the signals fall within the normal
operating range.
The MAX4999 features an internal charge pump that
allows signal levels greater than the supply voltage.
Limit the analog input/output signal level to no more
than the
Absolute Maximum Ratings
.
Pin Description
PIN NAME FUNCTION
1, 11, 14, 17,
21, 24, 27, 30 GND Ground
2, 20 VCC Power-Supply Input. Bypass VCC to GND with a 0.1µF capacitor placed as close to VCC as possible.
3 EN Enable Input
4 COM0 Analog Switch Common D- Terminal
5 COM1 Analog Switch Common D+ Terminal
6 C0 Control Input 0
7 C1 Control Input 1
8 C2 Control Input 2
9 D0_0 Analog Switch 0 D- Terminal
10 D0_1 Analog Switch 0 D+ Terminal
12 D1_0 Analog Switch 1 D- Terminal
13 D1_1 Analog Switch 1 D+ Terminal
15 D2_0 Analog Switch 2 D- Terminal
16 D2_1 Analog Switch 2 D+ Terminal
18 D3_0 Analog Switch 3 D- Terminal
19 D3_1 Analog Switch 3 D+ Terminal
22 D4_1 Analog Switch 4 D+ Terminal
23 D4_0 Analog Switch 4 D- Terminal
25 D5_1 Analog Switch 5 D+ Terminal
26 D5_0 Analog Switch 5 D- Terminal
28 D6_1 Analog Switch 6 D+ Terminal
29 D6_0 Analog Switch 6 D- Terminal
31 D7_1 Analog Switch 7 D+ Terminal
32 D7_0 Analog Switch 7 D- Terminal
EP Exposed Pad. Connect EP to GND or leave unconnected.
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MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 8www.maximintegrated.com
Applications Information
Increasing USB Channels
The MAX4999 features an enable input that allows two
MAX4999s to be connected, allowing multiplexing
between 16 USB channels. Figure 4 shows the typical
application with a single USB common terminal multi-
plexed to eight channels (8:1). See the Eye Diagram -
Single graph in the
Typical Operating Characteristics
.
Figure 5 shows two MAX4999 devices configured with
the USB common terminal multiplexed to 16 USB chan-
nels (16:1). See the Eye Diagram - Double graph in the
Typical Operating Characteristics
. The MAX4999 was
designed to be symmetrical so that the two common
ports may be wired in parallel with very short wiring to
create a 16:1 configuration. When operating in 16:1 con-
figuration, interchange COM0 and COM1 on the second
device to reverse the D+ and D- pins. This minimizes
vias and crossovers (Figure 5).
USB Switching
The MAX4999 analog multiplexers are fully compliant
with the USB 2.0 specification. The low on-resistance
and low on-capacitance of the MAX4999 make it ideal
for high-performance switching applications.
Board Layout
Hi-Speed switches require proper layout and design pro-
cedures for optimum performance. Keep design-con-
trolled impedance PCB traces as short as possible.
Ensure that high-quality bypass ceramic capacitors
(X7R, X5R or better) are placed as close to the device as
possible and use large ground planes where possible.
VCC
GND
C0
EN
C1
C2
CONTROL
LOGIC
CHARGE
PUMP
MAX4999
COM1 MUX
D0 _1
D1 _1
D2 _1
D3 _1
D4 _1
D5 _1
D6 _1
D7 _1
COM0 MUX
D0 _0
D1 _0
D2 _0
D3 _0
D4 _0
D5 _0
D6 _0
D7 _0
Functional Diagram/Truth Table
X = DON’T CARE
MAX4999
EN C2 C1 C0 FUNCTION
1 0 0 0 COM_D0_ _
1 0 0 1 COM_D1_ _
1 0 1 0 COM_D2_ _
1 0 1 1 COM_D3_ _
1 1 0 0 COM_D4_ _
1 1 0 1 COM_D5_ _
1 1 1 0 COM_D6_ _
1 1 1 1 COM_D7_ _
0XXX
STANDBY MODE.
ALL SWITCHES IN HIGH-
IMPEDANCE STATE.
CHARGE PUMP IS OFF.
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MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 9www.maximintegrated.com
GND
VCC
+3.3V
USB7 +
-
D7_1
D7_0
USB6 +
-
D6_1
D6_0
USB5 +
-
D5_1
D5_0
25
26
28
29
31
32 USB0
+
-
D0_1
D0_0
USB1
+
-
D1_1
D1_0
USB2
+
-
D2_1
D2_0
16
15
13
12
10
9
USB3
+
-
D3_1
D3_0
USB4
-+
D4_0
D4_1
23 22 19 18
COMMON
-
+
453678
EN C0 C1 C2
1, 11, 14, 17,
21, 24, 27, 30
MAX4999
2, 20
Figure 4. The MAX4999 Multiplexes Between Eight Differential Channels (8:1)
USB D+, D- MUST BE REVERSED IF DEVICES ARE CONNECTED AS SHOWN,
THIS IS TRUE OF D0_ _ TO D7_ _. C0, C1, C2 ARE CONNECTED IN PARALLEL.
EN0 AND EN1 ARE USED TO SELECT BETWEEN DEVICE 0 AND DEVICE 1.
ONE PAIR SHOWN
+
-
16 15
D20
+
-
15 16
D20
4
5
1
8
5
4
1
+
+
C2 C1 C0 EN0 EN1
6
7
8
USB TYPE A
COMMON
7
6
3
3
MAX4999
DEVICE 0
MAX4999
DEVICE 1
Figure 5. Combining Two MAX4999 Devices for 16:1 USB Connections
www.maxlmlnhflrahedlmmlgackages mm
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
Maxim Integrated | 10www.maximintegrated.com
Chip Information
PROCESS: CMOS
PACKAGE
TYPE
PACKAGE
CODE OUTLINE NO. LAND
PATTERN NO.
32 TQFN T3255+4 21-0140 90-0012
Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (foot-
prints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note that a
“+”, “#”, or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only.
Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the
drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.
Maxim Integrated cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim Integrated product. No circuit patent
licenses are implied. Maxim Integrated reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and
max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.
Maxim Integrated and the Maxim Integrated logo are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. © 2015 Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. | 11
MAX4999 USB 2.0 Hi-Speed Differential
8:1 Multiplexer
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim Integrated’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.
Revision History
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE DESCRIPTION PAGES
CHANGED
0 5/08 Initial release
1 6/11
Added Package Thermal Characteristics; renamed pins in Figure 4; changed pin
references in Electrical Characteristics, Figures 3 and 5, TOCs, and Functional
Diagram.
2, 5, 6, 8, 9
2 3/15 Updated Benefits and Features section 1

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