FS Series Datasheet by KEMET

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1© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
One world. One KEMET
Benefits
• Widerangeoftemperaturefrom−25°Cto+70°C
Maintenance free
5.5 VDC, 11.0 VDC, and 12.0 VDC
Highly reliable against liquid leakage
Lead-free and RoHS Compliant
Overview
FS Series Supercapacitors, also known as Electric Double-
Layer Capacitors (EDLCs), are intended for high energy
storage applications.
Applications
Supercapacitors have characteristics ranging from
traditional capacitors and batteries. As a result,
supercapacitors can be used like a secondary battery
when applied in a DC circuit. These devices are best suited
for use in low voltage DC hold-up applications such as
embeddedmicroprocessorsystemswithflashmemory.
Supercapacitors
FS Series
Part Number System
FS 0H 104 Z F
Series Maximum Operating Voltage Capacitance Code (F) Capacitance
Tolerance Environmental
FS 0H = 5.5 VDC
1A = 11.0 VDC
1B = 12.0 VDC
First two digits represent
significantfigures.Thirddigit
specifiesnumberofzeros.
Z=−20/+80% F = Lead-free
EHARGED! rV—W M
2© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Dimensions – Millimeters
d
1
± 0.1
P ± 0.5
Sleeve
ø D ± 0.5
0.3 Minimum
H Maximum
Minimum
d
2
± 0.1
(Terminal)
Part Number ø D H P d1d2
FS0H223ZF
11.5
8.5
5.08
2.7
0.4
1.2
FS0H473ZF 13.0 8.5 5.08 2.2 0.4 1.2
FS0H104ZF
16.5
8.5
5.08
2.7
0.4
1.2
FS0H224ZF 16.5 13.0 5.08 2.7 0.4 1.2
FS0H474ZF
21.5
13.0
7.62
3.0
0.6
1.2
FS0H105ZF 28.5 14.0 10.16 6.1 0.6 1.4
FS1A474ZF
28.5
25.5
10.16
6.1
0.6
1.4
FS1A105ZF 28.5 31.5 10.16 6.1 0.6 1.4
FS1B105ZF
28.5
38.0
10.16
6.1
0.6
1.4
FS1B505ZF
44.8
60.0
20.00
9.5
1.0
1.4
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3© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Performance Characteristics
Supercapacitors should not be used for applications such as ripple absorption because of their high internal resistance
(severalhundredmΩtoahundredΩ)comparedtoaluminumelectrolyticcapacitors.Thus,itsmainusewouldbe
similar to that of secondary battery such as power back-up in DC circuit. The following list shows the characteristics of
supercapacitors as compared to aluminum electrolytic capacitors for power back-up and secondary batteries.
Secondary Battery Capacitor
NiCd Lithium Ion Aluminum Electrolytic Supercapacitor
Back-up ability – – – –
Eco-hazard Cd – –
Operating Temperature Range 20to+60°C 20to+50°C −55to+105°C −40to+85°C(FR,FT)
Charge Time few hours few hours few seconds few seconds
Charge/Discharge Life Time approximately 500 times
approximately 500 to 1,000
times
limitless (*1) limitless (*1)
Restrictions on
Charge/Discharge yes yes none none
Flow Soldering not applicable not applicable applicable applicable
Automatic Mounting not applicable not applicable applicable applicable
(FM and FC series)
Safety Risks leakage, explosion leakage, combustion,
explosion, ignition heat-up, explosion gas emission (*2)
(*1) Aluminum electrolytic capacitors and supercapacitors have limited lifetime. However, when used under proper conditions, both can operate within a
predetermined lifetime.
(*2) There is no harm as it is a mere leak of water vapor which transitioned from water contained in the electrolyte (diluted sulfuric acid). However,
application of abnormal voltage surge exceeding maximum operating voltage may result in leakage and explosion.
Typical Applications
Intended Use (Guideline) Power Supply (Guideline) Application Examples of Equipment Series
Back-up for 1 hour or less 50 mA and below
Embedded memory
backup
DVD player, television,
game console, set-top box
FS series
Motor driver DVD player, printer,
projector, camera
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4© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors FS Series
Environmental Compliance
All KEMET supercapacitors are RoHS Compliant.
RoHS Compliant
Table 1 – Ratings & Part Number Reference
Part Number
Maximum
Operating Voltage
(VDC)
Nominal Capacitance Maximum ESR
at 1 kHz (Ω)
Maximum
Current at 30
Minutes (mA)
Weight (g)
Charge
System (F)
Discharge
System (F)
FS0H223ZF 5.5 0.022 0.03360.0
0.033
1.6
5.5
0.047
0.072
40.0
0.071
2.6
5.5
0.10
0.15
25.0
0.15
4.1
FS0H224ZF 5.5 0.22 0.33 25.0
0.33
5.3
FS0H474ZF 5.5 0.47 0.75 13.0
0.71
10
FS0H105ZF 5.5 1.0 1.3 7.0
1.5
18
11.0
0.47
0.60
7.0
1.41
32
11.0
1.0
1.3
7.0
3.0
35
FS1B105ZF 12.0 1.0 1.3 7.5
3.6
40
12.0
5.0
6.5
4.0
18.0
160
Part numbers in bold type represent popularly purchased components.
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5© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Specifications
Item FS Type Test Conditions
(conforming to JIS C 5160-1)
Category Temperature Range −25°Cto+70°C
Maximum Operating Voltage 5.5 VDC, 11 VDC, 12 VDC
Capacitance Refer to Table 1 Refer to “Measurement Conditions
Capacitance Allowance +80%,−20% Refer to “Measurement Conditions”
ESR Refer to Table 1 Measuredat1kHz,10mA;Seealso
“Measurement Conditions”
Current (30 minutes value) Refer to Table 1 Refer to “Measurement Conditions
Surge
Capacitance >90%ofinitialratings
Surge voltage:
Charge:
Discharge:
Number of cycles:
Series resistance:
Discharge
resistance:
Temperature:
6.3 V (5.5 V type)
12.6 V (11 V type)
13.6 V (12 V type)
30 seconds
9 minutes 30 seconds
1,000
0.022F 560Ω
0.047F 300Ω
0.10F 150Ω
0.22F 56Ω
0.47F 30Ω
1.0F 15Ω
5.0F 10Ω
0Ω
70±2°C
ESR ≤120%ofinitialratings
Current (30 minutes value) ≤120%ofinitialratings
Appearance No obvious abnormality
Characteristics in
Different Temperature
Capacitance Phase 2 ≥50%ofinitialvalue Conforms to 4.17
Phase 1:
Phase 2:
Phase 4:
Phase 5:
Phase 6:
+25±2°C
−25±2°C
+25±2°C
+70±2°C
+25±2°C
ESR ≤400%ofinitialvalue
Capacitance Phase 3
ESR
Capacitance
Phase 5
≤150%ofinitialvalue
ESR Satisfy initial ratings
Current (30 minutes value) ≤1.5CV(mA)
Capacitance
Phase 6
Within±20%ofinitialvalue
ESR Satisfy initial ratings
Current (30 minutes value) Satisfy initial ratings
Lead Strength (tensile) No terminal damage Conforms to 4.9
Vibration Resistance
Capacitance
Satisfy initial ratings
Conforms to 4.13
Frequency:
Testing Time:
10to55Hz
6 hours
ESR
Current (30 minutes value)
Appearance No obvious abnormality
Solderability Over 3/4 of the terminal should be covered by the new
solder
Conforms to 4.11
Solder temp:
Dipping time:
+245±5°C
5±0.5 seconds
1.6 mm from the bottom should be dipped.
Solder Heat Resistance
Capacitance
Satisfy initial ratings
Conforms to 4.10
Solder temp:
Dipping time:
+260±10°C
10±1 seconds
ESR
Current (30 minutes value)
Appearance No obvious abnormality 1.6 mm from the bottom should be dipped.
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6© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Specifications cont’d
Marking
A1
001
A1
FS FS5.5 V 5.5 V
0.22 F 0.22 F
Negative polarity
identification mark
Maximum
operating voltage
Nominal
capacitance
Date
code
Serial
number
Item FS Type Test Conditions
(conforming to JIS C 5160-1)
Temperature Cycle
Capacitance
Satisfy initial ratings
Conforms to 4.12
Temperature
Condition:
Number of cycles:
−25
°C
» Room
temperature»+70
°C
»
Room temperature
5 cycles
ESR
Current (30 minutes value)
Appearance No obvious abnormality
High Temperature and
High Humidity Resistance
Capacitance Within±20%ofinitialvalue Conforms to 4.14
Temperature:
Relative humidity:
Testing time:
+40±2°C
90to95%RH
240±8 hours
ESR ≤120%ofinitialratings
Current (30 minutes value) ≤120%ofinitialratings
Appearance No obvious abnormality
High Temperature Load
Capacitance Within±30%ofinitialvalue Conforms to 4.15
Temperature:
Voltage applied:
Series protection
resistance:
Testing time:
+70±2°C
Maximum operating
voltage
0Ω
1,000+48(+48/−0)
hours
ESR <200%ofinitialratings
Current (30 minutes value) <200%ofinitialratings
Appearance No obvious abnormality
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7© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Packaging Quantities
Part Number Bulk Quantity per Box
FS0H223ZF
1,000 pieces
FS0H473ZF
800 pieces
FS0H104ZF
600 pieces
FS0H224ZF
400 pieces
FS0H474ZF
90 pieces
FS0H105ZF
50 pieces
FS1A474ZF
50 pieces
FS1A105ZF
50 pieces
FS1B105ZF
50 pieces
FS1B505ZF
20 pieces
List of Plating & Sleeve Type
By changing the solder plating from leaded solder to lead-free solder and the outer tube material of can-cased conventional
supercapacitor from polyvinyl chloride to polyethylene terephthalate (PET), our supercapacitor is now even friendlier to the
environment.
a.Iron+copperbase+lead-freesolderplating(Sn-1Cu)
b.SUSnickelbase+copperbase+reflowlead-freesolderplating(100%Sn,reflowprocessed)
Series Part Number Plating Sleeve
FS All FS Types a PET (Blue)
Recommended Pb-free solder : Sn / 3.5Ag / 0.75Cu
Sn / 3.0Ag / 0.5Cu
Sn / 0.7Cu
Sn / 2.5Ag / 1.0Bi / 0.5Cu
Ei-cunmc Companm; KEIVIEI' CHARGED! Rc char Resistor Selection Guide UH: Discharge DV: 1000 (I
8© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Measurement Conditions
Capacitance (Charge System)
Capacitanceiscalculatedfromexpression(9)bymeasuringthechargetimeconstant(τ)ofthecapacitor(C).Priorto
measurement, the capacitor is discharged by shorting both pins of the device for at least 30 minutes. In addition, use the polarity
indicator on the device to determine correct orientation of capacitor for charging.
Eo: 3.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 3.5 V
5.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 5.5 V
6.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 6.5 V
10.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 11 V
12.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 12 V
τ: TimefromstartofcharginguntilVcbecomes0.632Eo(V)
(seconds)
Rc: Seetablebelow(Ω).
Charge Resistor Selection Guide
Cap FA FE FS FY FR FM, FME
FMR, FML FMC FG
FGR FGH FT FC, FCS HV
FYD FYH FYL
0.010 F
5000Ω
5000Ω
5000Ω
0.022 F
1000Ω
1000Ω
2000Ω
2000Ω
2000Ω
2000Ω
2000Ω
2000Ω
Discharge
0.033 F
Discharge
0.047 F
1000Ω
1000Ω
1000Ω
2000Ω
1000Ω
2000Ω
1000Ω
2000Ω
1000Ω
2000Ω
0.10 F
510Ω
510Ω
510Ω
1000Ω
510Ω
1000Ω
1000Ω
1000Ω
1000Ω
Discharge
510Ω
Discharge
0.22 F 200Ω 200Ω 200Ω 510Ω 510Ω 510Ω
0H: Discharge
0V:1000Ω
1000Ω Discharge 200Ω Discharge
0.33 F
Discharge
0.47 F
100Ω
100Ω
100Ω
200Ω
200Ω
200Ω
1000Ω
Discharge
100Ω
Discharge
1.0 F
51Ω
51Ω
100Ω
100Ω
100Ω
100Ω
510Ω
Discharge
100Ω
Discharge
Discharge
1.4 F
200Ω
1.5 F
51Ω
510Ω
2.2 F
100Ω
200Ω
51Ω
2.7 F
Discharge
3.3 F
51Ω
4.7 F
100Ω
Discharge
5.0 F
100Ω
5.6 F
20Ω
10.0 F
Discharge
22.0 F
Discharge
50.0 F
Discharge
100.0 F
Discharge
200.0 F
Discharge
*Capacitance values according to the constant current discharge method.
*HV Series capacitance is measured by discharge system
Vc
Rc
Switch
C+
Eo
Capacitance:
C =
τ
(F) (9)
Rc
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9© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Measurement Conditions cont’d
Capacitance (Discharge System)
As shown in the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes once the voltage of the capacitor
terminal reaches 5.5 V. Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop
from 3.0 to 2.5 V upon discharge at 0.22 mA per 0.22 F, for example, and calculate the static capacitance according to the
equation shown below.
Note: The current value is 1 mA discharged per 1 F.
Capacitance (Discharge System – 3.5 V)
As shown in the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes once the voltage of the capacitor
terminal reaches 3.5 V. Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from
1.8 to 1.5 V upon discharge at 1.0 mA per 1.0 F, for example, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation
shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System – HV Series)
As shown in the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes once the voltage of the capacitor
terminal reaches maximum operating voltage. Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the
terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5 V upon discharge at 1.0 mA per 1.0 F, and calculate the static capacitance according
to the equation shown below.
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T
2
T
1
)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T
2
T
1
)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
36 Super Capacitors Vol.13
9. Measurement Conditions
V
C
R
C
E
O
Swich
C
+
EO: 3.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
3.5 V
5.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
5.5 V
6.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
6.5 V
10.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
11 V
12.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
12 V
τ: Time from start of charging until Vc becomes
0.632E0 (V) (sec)
RC: See table below ().
Capacitance: C = (F) (9)
τ
RC
Capacitance (Discharge System)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the condensor terminal
reaches 5.5 V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 3.0 to 2.5 V upon
discharge at 0.22 mA for 0.22 F, for example, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Note: The current value is 1 mA discharged per 1F.
A
VC R
5.5V
SW 0.22mA(I)
30 min. T1 T2
V1 : 2.5V
V1 : 3.0V
5.5V
V1
V2
Voltage
Duration (sec.)
Table 3 Capacitance measurement
CapactanceC (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
(1) Capacitance ( Charge System )
Capacitance is calculated from expression (9) by measuring the charge time constant (τ) of the capacitor (C). Prior to
measurement, short between both pins of the capacitor for 30 minutes or more to let it discharge. In addition, follow the indication
of the product when determining the polarity of the capacitor during charging.
FA FE FS FY FR FM, FME
FMR, FML FMC FG
FGR FGH FT FC,
FCS
FYD FYH FYL
0.010F 5000 5000 5000 –––
0.022F 1000 1000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000
Discharge
0.033F Discharge
0.047F 1000 1000 1000 2000 1000 2000 1000 2000 1000 2000 –––
0.10F 510 510 510 1000 510 1000 1000 1000 1000
Discharge
510
Discharge
0.22F 200 200 200 510 510 510
0H: Discharge
0V: 1000
1000
Discharge
200
Discharge
0.33F
Discharge
––––
0.47F 100 100 100 200 200 200 1000
Discharge
100
Discharge
1.0F 51 51 100 100 100 100 510
Discharge
100
Discharge
1.4F 200 ––– –––––
1.5F 51 510 –––
2.2F 100 200 51
3.3F 51
4.7F 100 –––
5.0F 100 –––– –––––
5.6F 20
*Capacitance values according to the constant current discharge method.
*HV series capacitance is measured by discharge system.
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T
2
T
1
)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
ammm Compancnls KEIl/IEI' EHARGED! 0.01
10© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Measurement Conditions cont’d
Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below. Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for
a minimum of 30 minutes. The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power
supply.
Eo: 2.5 VDC (HV Series 50 F)
2.7 VDC (HV Series except 50 F)
3.0 VDC (3.5 V type)
5.0 VDC (5.5 V type)
Rc: 1000Ω(0.010F,0.022F,0.047F)
 100Ω(0.10F,0.22F,0.47F)
 10Ω(1.0F,1.5F,2.2F,4.7F)
 2.2Ω(HVSeries)
Self-Discharge Characteristic (0H – 5.5 V Products)
Theself-dischargecharacteristicismeasuredbychargingavoltageof5.0VDC(chargeprotectionresistance:0Ω)
according to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-
pinvoltage.Thetestshouldbecarriedoutinanenvironmentwithanambienttemperatureof25°Corbelowandrelative
humidityof70%RHorbelow.
the soldering is checked.
4. Dismantling
There is a small amount of electrolyte stored within the capacitor. Do not attempt to dismantle as direct skin contact with
theelectrolytewillcauseburning.Thisproductshouldbetreatedasindustrialwasteandnotisnottobedisposedofbyfire.
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
V
R
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
ammm Compancnls KEIVIEI' cumin:
11© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Notes on Using Supercapacitors or Electric Double-Layer Capacitors (EDLCs)
1. Circuitry Design
1.1 Useful life
The FC Series Supercapacitor (EDLC) uses an electrolyte in a sealed container. Water in the electrolyte can evaporate
while in use over long periods of time at high temperatures, thus reducing electrostatic capacity which in turn will create
greater internal resistance. The characteristics of the supercapacitor can vary greatly depending on the environment in
which it is used. Basic breakdown mode is an open mode due to increased internal resistance.
1.2Failrateinthefield
Basedonfielddata,thefailrateiscalculatedatapproximately0.006Fit.Weestimatethatunreportedfailuresareten
times this amount. Therefore, we assume that the fail rate is below 0.06 Fit.
1.3 Exceeding maximum usable voltage
Performance may be compromised and in some cases leakage or damage may occur if applied voltage exceeds
maximum working voltage.
1.4 Use of capacitor as a smoothing capacitor (ripple absorption)
As supercapacitors contain a high level of internal resistance, they are not recommended for use as smoothing
capacitors in electrical circuits. Performance may be compromised and, in some cases, leakage or damage may occur if
a supercapacitor is used in ripple absorption.
1.5 Series connections
As applied voltage balance to each supercapacitor is lost when used in series connection, excess voltage may be
applied to some supercapacitors, which will not only negatively affect its performance but may also cause leakage
and/or damage. Allow ample margin for maximum voltage or attach a circuit for applying equal voltage to each
supercapacitor (partial pressure resistor/voltage divider) when using supercapacitors in series connection. Also,
arrange supercapacitors so that the temperature between each capacitor will not vary.
1.6 Case Polarity
The supercapacitor is manufactured so that the terminal on the outer case is negative (-). Align the (-) symbol during
use. Even though discharging has been carried out prior to shipping, any residual electrical charge may negatively affect
other parts.
1.7 Use next to heat emitters
Usefullifeofthesupercapacitorwillbesignificantlyaffectedifusednearheatemittingitems(coils,powertransistors
and posistors, etc.) where the supercapacitor itself may become heated.
1.8 Usage environment
This device cannot be used in any acidic, alkaline or similar type of environment.
ammm Compancnls KEIVIEI' cumin:
12© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
Notes on Using Supercapacitors or Electric Double-Layer Capacitors (EDLCs) contd
2. Mounting
2.1Mountingontoareflowfurnace
ExceptfortheFCseries,itisnotpossibletomountthiscapacitorontoanIR/VPSreflowfurnace.Donotimmersethe
capacitor into a soldering dip tank.
2.2 Flow soldering conditions
SeeRecommendedReflowCurvesinSection–PrecautionsforUse
2.3 Installation using a soldering iron
Care must be taken to prevent the soldering iron from touching other parts when soldering. Keep the tip of the soldering
iron under 400ºC and soldering time to within 3 seconds. Always make sure that the temperature of the tip is controlled.
Internal capacitor resistance is likely to increase if the terminals are overheated.
2.4 Lead terminal processing
Do not attempt to bend or polish the capacitor terminals with sand paper, etc. Soldering may not be possible if the
metallic plating is removed from the top of the terminals.
2.5 Cleaning, Coating, and Potting
Except for the FM series, cleaning, coating and potting must not be carried out. Consult KEMET if this type of procedure
is necessary. Terminals should be dried at less than the maximum operating temperature after cleaning.
3. Storage
3.1 Temperature and humidity
Make sure that the supercapacitor is stored according to the following conditions: Temperature: 5 – 35ºC (Standard
25ºC),Humidity:20–70%(Standard:50%).Donotallowthebuildupofcondensationthroughsuddentemperature
change.
3.2 Environment conditions
Make sure there are no corrosive gasses such as sulfur dioxide, as penetration of the lead terminals is possible. Always
store this item in an area with low dust and dirt levels. Make sure that the packaging will not be deformed through heavy
loading, movement and/or knocks. Keep out of direct sunlight and away from radiation, static electricity and magnetic
fields.
3.3 Maximum storage period
This item may be stored up to one year from the date of delivery if stored at the conditions stated above.
ammm Compancnls KEIVIEI' cumin:
13© KEMET Electronics Corporation • P.O. Box 5928 • Greenville, SC 29606 • 864-963-6300 • www.kemet.com S6017_FS • 4/7/2017
Supercapacitors – FS Series
KEMET Electronic Corporation Sales Offi ces
Foracompletelistofourglobalsalesoffices,pleasevisitwww.kemet.com/sales.
Disclaimer
This product has been made available through a Private Label Agreement and a Development and Cross-Licensing Agreement between KEMET and NEC TOKIN to
expand market and product offerings for both companies and their respective customers. For more information, please visit http://www.kemet.com/nectokin.
Allproductspecifications,statements,informationanddata(collectively,the“Information”)inthisdatasheetaresubjecttochange.Thecustomerisresponsiblefor
checking and verifying the extent to which the Information contained in this publication is applicable to an order at the time the order is placed.
All Information given herein is believed to be accurate and reliable, but it is presented without guarantee, warranty, or responsibility of any kind, expressed or implied.
Statements of suitability for certain applications are based on KEMET Electronics Corporation’s (“KEMET) knowledge of typical operating conditions for such
applications,butarenotintendedtoconstitute–andKEMETspecificallydisclaims–anywarrantyconcerningsuitabilityforaspecificcustomerapplicationoruse.
The Information is intended for use only by customers who have the requisite experience and capability to determine the correct products for their application. Any
technical advice inferred from this Information or otherwise provided by KEMET with reference to the use of KEMET’s products is given gratis, and KEMET assumes no
obligation or liability for the advice given or results obtained.
Although KEMET designs and manufactures its products to the most stringent quality and safety standards, given the current state of the art, isolated component
failures may still occur. Accordingly, customer applications which require a high degree of reliability or safety should employ suitable designs or other safeguards
(such as installation of protective circuitry or redundancies) in order to ensure that the failure of an electrical component does not result in a risk of personal injury or
property damage.
Although all product–related warnings, cautions and notes must be observed, the customer should not assume that all safety measures are indicted or that other
measures may not be required.
KEMET is a registered trademark of KEMET Electronics Corporation.

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