DC2391A Demo Manual Datasheet by Analog Devices Inc.

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dc2391af
DEMO MANUAL DC2391A
DESCRIPTION
LTC5589
700MHz to 6000MHz LOW
POWER I/Q MODULATOR
Demonstration circuit 2391A is optimized for evaluation
of the LT C
®
5589 low power I/Q modulator up to 4.5GHz.
For frequencies above 4.5GHz, LO matching circuit on
the DC2391A demo board can be easily modified for
improved image rejection performance. Refer to data
sheet for additional information. The four balanced I- and
Q-baseband input ports can be either AC-coupled with
internal bias supplied, or DC-coupled from a source with
a common-mode voltage level of about +1.4V. The SPI
interface is used to set internal registers which control
the gain, optimum center frequency, I-offset, Q-offset and
sideband suppression. In addition to the digital gain control
with 1dB steps, there is an analog gain control, VCTRL. An
on-chip thermometer can be used to compensate for the
gain vs temperature variations using a digital gain control
change. The update can either be automatically triggered,
or entirely switched off.
L, LT, LTC, LTM, Linear Technology , the Linear logo and Linduino are registered trademarks
and QuikEval is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation. All other trademarks are the
property of their respective owners.
Design files for this circuit board are available at
http://www.linear.com/demo/DC2391A
Figure 1: Test Setup for RF Performance Measurements
TEST SETUP
SPECTRUM
ANALYZER
OR VSA
IQ BASEBAND
GENERATOR
LO SIGNAL
GENERATOR
DVM
+
POWER SUPPLY
+3.3V
IQ INPUTS
LTC5589
ON
DC2391A
RF LO
GND SPI EN
+3.3V
2560MHz, 0dBm NOM.
+
Linduino® ONE
DC2026C
USB SERIAL
CONTROLLER
USB SPI
PC
USB RIBBON CABLE
DC2391A F01
ABSOLUTE MAX INPUT RATINGS
Supply Voltage: ..................................................... +3.8V
Common Mode Level of
BBPI, BBMI, BBPQ, and BBMQ: ........................... +2V
LOL, LOC DC Voltage: .........................................±50mV
LOL, LOC Input Power: .....................................+20dBm
TEMP, SDO Current Sink ....................................... 10mA
Voltage on Any Pin Not
to Exceed ..................................0.3V to (VCC +0.3V)
TJMAX ....................................................................150°C
Operating Temperature Range .............. 40°C to 105°C
Storage Temperature Range ................. 65°C to 150°C
CAUTION: This part is sensitive to electrostatic discharge
(ESD). Observe proper ESD precautions when handling
the LTC5589.
L7LJCUEN2
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dc2391af
DEMO MANUAL DC2391A
NOTES ON TEST EQUIPMENT AND SETUP
QUICK START PROCEDURE
Use a high performance baseband signal genera-
tor with differential outputs, such as the Rohde &
Schwarz SMJ100A vector signal generator or
equivalent.
The LO harmonics can degrade image rejection
severely. Third harmonic should be kept at least 6dB
lower than the desired image rejection, or it should
be compensated by adjusting the quadrature phase
balance, register 0x05. In the extreme case of nearly
square wave LO drive, large offset values may be
required for registers 0x04 and 0x05.
Use narrow resolution bandwidth (RBW) and engage
video averaging on the spectrum analyzer to lower
the displayed average noise level (DANL). The trade-
off is increased sweep time.
Spectrum analyzers can produce significant internal
distortion products if overdriven. Generally, spectrum
analyzers are designed to operate their best with
about 30 to –40dBm at their 1st mixer. Sufficient
spectrum analyzer input attenuation should be used
to avoid overdrive, but too much attenuation reduces
sensitivity and dynamic range.
Before taking measurements, the system performance
should be evaluated to ensure that: 1) clean baseband
signals can be produced, 2) the LO harmonics and
phase noise are minimized for CW LO drive, 3) the
spectrum analyzer’s internal distortion is minimized,
and noise floor is satisfactory.
1. Remove the DC2391A from its protective packaging in
an ESD-safe working area (see Figure 1). Make sure
jumper JP1 is installed (VCTRL = VCC).
2. Set the baseband signal generator output DC common-
mode voltage to +1.4VDC, set the amplitude (Vemf) = 1V
diff, but do not yet connect the 4 cables to the DC2391A.
3. Connect the DC power supply and increase voltage
to +3.3V. Using a voltmeter, verify the voltage at the
LTC5589 VCC pin or JP1 is +3.3V. Adjust if necessary.
4. Apply 3.3V to DC2391A’s enable input (EN).The enable
voltage must never exceed the LTC5589’s VCC supply
voltage by 0.3V or drop below –0.3V.
5. Verify the total VCC supply current is approximately
29mA.
6. Connect the RF output to the spectrum analyzer.
7. Connect the LO source to the LO input and apply a
2560MHz, 0dBm CW LO signal.
8. Configure the baseband signal source to provide a
single CW carrier with 100kHz offset. I- and Q-channels
should be in phase-quadrature and set for lower side-
band selection.
9. Observe the modulator’s RF output on the spectrum
analyzer at 2559.9MHz. Also observe the sideband
suppression (aka Image Rejection) at 2560.1MHz,
and the LO Leakage at 2560MHz.
10. Up to this point, the I/Q Modulator has been at default
center frequency and gain, with no trims. To change
modulator center frequency, gain, etc., connect the
Linduino to the DC2391A with the ribbon cable pro-
vided. Make sure jumper JP3 on the DC2026C is set
to 3.3V.
11. Run QuikEval
to start the GUI associated with the I/Q
modulator.
12. Be sure to update the QuikEval to get latest software
version that supports the LTC5589. LTC5589 GUI will
automatically be installed on the computer for the
first time when DC2391A is connected to Linduino
DC2026C.
13. The turn off procedure is the reverse of the turn on
procedure: Make sure VEN is removed before VCC.
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3
dc2391af
DEMO MANUAL DC2391A
Figure 2: QuikEval Screen
QuikEval SOFTWARE
QuikEval Usage Notes
1. The LTC5589 QuikEval is a modified version of the
LTC5599 QuikEval program. The Windows Start Menu
for LTC5589 will say LTC5599 LTC5589. That’s OK.
The correct form will be automatically loaded.
2. The status box at the right shows activity, and should
show Connected. Begin by clicking “Reset”. Red font
notification occurs if anything wrong. If SPI connection
is lost, simply click “Connect” near top right corner.
3. When a new LO frequency is entered in the top left
corner of the form, followed by Enter key, the software
calculates a new register 0x00 value, shows it, loads
it, and reads back to verify.
4. Gain is easily modified here. DC current consumption
automatically scales with gain changes (lower RF
output power permits lower DC current).
5. If desired, I and Q DC offsets can be trimmed out, as
can SSB suppression, via the controls on left side of
form.
6. In end applications, Linduino C code is available to
help user get from engineering units (MHz, dB gain,
mV, dB and degrees imbalance) to register values, and
vice versa.
7. The LTC5589 registers reset to default while starting
QuikEval GUI, which defaults CLOEN bit (bit 4, register
0x06) to 1. This allows for the automatic adjustment
of the LO match. For large phase adjustments, the I/Q
phase extension bits are changed from default, and it
is recommended to let GUI find the best C_LO values
(check box in GUI) in order to avoid phase discontinui-
ties during I/Q phase extension bits changes. In that
case, the CLOEN bit is cleared and CLOO override bits
in register 0x06 are used to keep the LO match the
same while the polyphase filter center frequency is
adjusted in order to maintain a smooth phase adjust-
ment during the I/Q phase extension bits changes. For
more information, refer to the LTC5589 data sheet.
L7LJCUEN2
4
dc2391af
DEMO MANUAL DC2391A
ITEM QTY REFERENCE PART DESCRIPTION MANUFACTURER/PART NUMBER
1 1 C1 CAP., X5R, 4.7µF, 10%, 16V, 0603 MURATA, GRM188R61C475KAAJD
2 2 C2, C14 CAP., C0G, 1000pF, 5%, 50V, 0402 MURATA, GRM1555C1H102JA01D
3 3 C3, C15, C16 CAP., X7R, 0.1µF, 10%, 16V, 0402 MURATA, GRM155R71C104KA88D
4 1 C4 CAP., C0G, 100pF, 5%, 25V, 0402 MURATA, GRM1555C1E101JA01D
5 1 C5 CAP, C0G, 2pF, ±0.05pF, 50V, 0402 MURATA, GJM1555C1H2R0WB01D
6 0 R2, C6, C7, R8, C8, R9, C9, R10,
R11, R12, R24, R25, R26, R27
OPT, OPT
7 4 C10, C11, C12, C13 CAP., COG, 2.2pF, ±0.1pF, 25V, 0402 MURATA, GRM1555C1E2R2BZ01D
8 2 C17, C18 CAP, C0G, 0.2pF, ±0.05pF, 50V, 0402 MURATA, GRM1555C1HR20WA01D
9 5 E1, E2, E3, E7, E9 TESTPOINT, TURRET, 0.094" MILL-MAX, 2501-2-00-80-00-00-07-0
10 4 E4, E5, E6, E10 TESTPOINT, TURRET, 0.063" MILL-MAX, 2308-2-00-80-00-00-07-0
11 1 FB1 FERRITE BEAD, 330Ω @100MHz TDK, MPZ1608S331AT00
12 1 JP1 HEADER, 2-PIN 0.079 SINGLE ROW SULLINS, NRPN021PAEN-RC
13 1 XJP5 SHUNT, 2mm CTRS. SAMTEC, 2SN-BK-G
14 6 J1-J6 CONN., SMA, 50Ω, EDGE-LANCH E. F. JOHNSON, 142-0701-851
15 0 J7, J8 CON., OPT
16 1 L1 IND.,4.7nH, 0402HP COILCRAFT, 0402HP-4N7XJLU
17 1 P1 HEADER, 2X7PIN, 0.079CC MOLEX, 87831-1420
18 1 R1 RES., CHIP, 1, 1%, 0402 VISHAY, CRCW04021R00FKED
19 6 R7, R16, R17, R18, R19, R22 RES., CHIP, 1k, 1%, 0402 VISHAY, CRCW04021K00FKED
20 3 R13, R14, R15 RES., CHIP, 4.99k, 1%, 0402 VISHAY, CRCW04024K99FKED
21 1 R20 RES., CHIP, 0Ω, 0402 VISHAY, CRCW04020000Z0ED
22 1 R21 RES., CHIP, 10Ω, 1%, 0402 VISHAY, CRCW040210R0FKED
23 1 R23 RES., CHIP, 200k, 1%, 0402 VISHAY, CRCW0402200KFKED
24 1 R28 RES., CHIP, 100k, 1%, 0402 VISHAY, CRCW0402100KFKED
25 1 FAB, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD DEMO CIRCUIT 2391A
26 1 U1 IC., LOW POWER DIRECT QUADRATURE
MODULATOR, QFN-24-4X4
LINEAR TECH., LTC5589IUF#PBF
27 1 U2 IC, EEPROM 2-KBIT 400kHz 8TSSOP MICROCHIP TECH., 24LC025-I/ST
28 2 STENCIL (TOP AND BOTTOM) STENCIL DC2391A
29 1 CABLE ASSY., 8 STRIP LINEAR RIBBON CABLE ;
PARTS LIST
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dc2391af
DEMO MANUAL DC2391A
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representa-
tion that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
D D
C C
B B
A A
1. ALL RESISTORS ARE IN OHMS, 0402
2. ALL CAPACITORS ARE 0402
NOTE: UNLESS
OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
EE_GND
VCC
SIZE
DATE:
IC NO. REV.
SHEET OF
TITLE:
APPROVALS
PCB DES.
APP ENG.
TECHNOLOGY Fax: (408)434-0507
Milpitas, CA 95035
Phone: (408)432-1900
1630 McCarthy Blvd.
LTC Confidential-For Customer Use Only
CUSTOMER NOTICE
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY HAS MADE A BEST EFFORT TO DESIGN A
CIRCUIT THAT MEETS CUSTOMER-SUPPLIED SPECIFICATIONS;
HOWEVER, IT REMAINS THE CUSTOMER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO
VERIFY PROPER AND RELIABLE OPERATION IN THE ACTUAL
APPLICATION. COMPONENT SUBSTITUTION AND PRINTED
CIRCUIT BOARD LAYOUT MAY SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT CIRCUIT
PERFORMANCE OR RELIABILITY. CONTACT LINEAR
TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ENGINEERING FOR ASSISTANCE.
THIS CIRCUIT IS PROPRIETARY TO LINEAR TECHNOLOGY AND
SCHEMATIC
SUPPLIED FOR USE WITH LINEAR TECHNOLOGY PARTS.
SCALE = NONE
www.linear.com
3
Thursday, January 07, 2016
11
LOW POWER I/Q MODULATOR 0.7GHz - 3.8GHz
AK
ANDY M.
N/A
LTC5589IUF
DEMO CIRCUIT 2391A
SIZE
DATE:
IC NO. REV.
SHEET OF
TITLE:
APPROVALS
PCB DES.
APP ENG.
TECHNOLOGY Fax: (408)434-0507
Milpitas, CA 95035
Phone: (408)432-1900
1630 McCarthy Blvd.
LTC Confidential-For Customer Use Only
CUSTOMER NOTICE
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY HAS MADE A BEST EFFORT TO DESIGN A
CIRCUIT THAT MEETS CUSTOMER-SUPPLIED SPECIFICATIONS;
HOWEVER, IT REMAINS THE CUSTOMER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO
VERIFY PROPER AND RELIABLE OPERATION IN THE ACTUAL
APPLICATION. COMPONENT SUBSTITUTION AND PRINTED
CIRCUIT BOARD LAYOUT MAY SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT CIRCUIT
PERFORMANCE OR RELIABILITY. CONTACT LINEAR
TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ENGINEERING FOR ASSISTANCE.
THIS CIRCUIT IS PROPRIETARY TO LINEAR TECHNOLOGY AND
SCHEMATIC
SUPPLIED FOR USE WITH LINEAR TECHNOLOGY PARTS.
SCALE = NONE
www.linear.com
3
Thursday, January 07, 2016
11
LOW POWER I/Q MODULATOR 0.7GHz - 3.8GHz
AK
ANDY M.
N/A
LTC5589IUF
DEMO CIRCUIT 2391A
SIZE
DATE:
IC NO. REV.
SHEET OF
TITLE:
APPROVALS
PCB DES.
APP ENG.
TECHNOLOGY Fax: (408)434-0507
Milpitas, CA 95035
Phone: (408)432-1900
1630 McCarthy Blvd.
LTC Confidential-For Customer Use Only
CUSTOMER NOTICE
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY HAS MADE A BEST EFFORT TO DESIGN A
CIRCUIT THAT MEETS CUSTOMER-SUPPLIED SPECIFICATIONS;
HOWEVER, IT REMAINS THE CUSTOMER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO
VERIFY PROPER AND RELIABLE OPERATION IN THE ACTUAL
APPLICATION. COMPONENT SUBSTITUTION AND PRINTED
CIRCUIT BOARD LAYOUT MAY SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT CIRCUIT
PERFORMANCE OR RELIABILITY. CONTACT LINEAR
TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS ENGINEERING FOR ASSISTANCE.
THIS CIRCUIT IS PROPRIETARY TO LINEAR TECHNOLOGY AND
SCHEMATIC
SUPPLIED FOR USE WITH LINEAR TECHNOLOGY PARTS.
SCALE = NONE
www.linear.com
3
Thursday, January 07, 2016
11
LOW POWER I/Q MODULATOR 0.7GHz - 3.8GHz
AK
ANDY M.
N/A
LTC5589IUF
DEMO CIRCUIT 2391A
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION DATEAPPROVEDECO REV
ANDY M.3RD PROTO
301-07-16
__
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION DATEAPPROVEDECO REV
ANDY M.3RD PROTO
301-07-16
__
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION DATEAPPROVEDECO REV
ANDY M.3RD PROTO
301-07-16
__
C17
0.2pF
C2 1nF
J1
LO
C12
2.2pF P1
HD-2X7.0.79
ISO_7V_UNREG
1
ISO_5V_3p3v_REG
2
ISO_CSb
6
EE_GND
12
EE_SCL
11
EE_SDA
9
ISO_SCK_SCL
4
ISO_SDA_MOSI
7
GPIO1
14
ISO_GND
3
ISO_MISO
5
ISO_GND
8
EE_VCC
10
ISO_GND
13
R21 10
C8
OPT
TP6
SDA
R18 1K
C3
100nF
C5 2pF
E4
VCTRL
R24 OPT
J6 BBMQ
FB1
330 Ohm @100 MHz
R16 1K
TP4
SCLK
R7 1K
TP2
SDO
R13
4.99K
C7
OPT
R28
100K
J7
TEST
R1 1
J2 RF
J5 BBPQ
R27 OPT
R14
4.99K
L1 4.7nH
J8
TEST
R11
OPT
C6
OPT
R26 OPT
R9
OPT
E9
GND
J4
BBMI
R12 OPT
E5
TTCK
R20 0
C16 0.1uF
C15
100nF
E6
TEMP
TP7
SCL
TP5
CSB
C11
2.2pF
R23
200K
R2 OPT
U2
24LC025
A0
1
A1
2
A2
3
VSS
4SDA 5
SCL 6
WP 7
VCC 8
E10
ISO-3.3V
E3
EN
R8
OPT
R17 1K
C13
2.2pF
C1
4.7uF
R19 1K
E2
GND
J3
BBPI
C9
OPT
JP1
12
TP3
SDI
E1
VCC
2.7V - 3.6V
R15
4.99K
R22 1K
R25
OPT
E7
GND
C10
2.2pF
U1
LTC5589IUF
VCTRL
1
GND
2
LOL
3
LOC
4
GND
5
TTCK
6
TEMP
7
BBPI
8
BBMI
9
BBPQ
10
BBMQ
11
GND
12
GNDRF 13
GNDRF 14
GNDRF 15
RF 16
GNDRF 17
GNDRF 18
CSB 19
SCLK 20
SDI 21
SD0 22
EN 23
VCC 24
GND 25
R10
OPT
C4 100pF
C14
1nF
C18
0.2pF
6
dc2391af
DEMO MANUAL DC2391A
Linear Technology Corporation
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900 FAX: (408) 434-0507 www.linear.com
© LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2016
LT 0616 • PRINTED IN USA
DEMONSTRATION BOARD IMPORTANT NOTICE
Linear Technology Corporation (LTC) provides the enclosed product(s) under the following AS IS conditions:
This demonstration board (DEMO BOARD) kit being sold or provided by Linear Technology is intended for use for ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT
OR EVALUATION PURPOSES ONLY and is not provided by LTC for commercial use. As such, the DEMO BOARD herein may not be complete
in terms of required design-, marketing-, and/or manufacturing-related protective considerations, including but not limited to product safety
measures typically found in finished commercial goods. As a prototype, this product does not fall within the scope of the European Union
directive on electromagnetic compatibility and therefore may or may not meet the technical requirements of the directive, or other regulations.
If this evaluation kit does not meet the specifications recited in the DEMO BOARD manual the kit may be returned within 30 days from the date
of delivery for a full refund. THE FOREGOING WARRANTY IS THE EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY MADE BY THE SELLER TO BUYER AND IS IN LIEU
OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT OF THIS INDEMNITY, NEITHER PARTY SHALL BE LIABLE TO THE OTHER FOR
ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
The user assumes all responsibility and liability for proper and safe handling of the goods. Further, the user releases LTC from all claims
arising from the handling or use of the goods. Due to the open construction of the product, it is the user’s responsibility to take any and all
appropriate precautions with regard to electrostatic discharge. Also be aware that the products herein may not be regulatory compliant or
agency certified (FCC, UL, CE, etc.).
No License is granted under any patent right or other intellectual property whatsoever. LTC assumes no liability for applications assistance,
customer product design, software performance, or infringement of patents or any other intellectual property rights of any kind.
LTC currently services a variety of customers for products around the world, and therefore this transaction is not exclusive.
Please read the DEMO BOARD manual prior to handling the product. Persons handling this product must have electronics training and
observe good laboratory practice standards. Common sense is encouraged.
This notice contains important safety information about temperatures and voltages. For further safety concerns, please contact a LTC application
engineer.
Mailing Address:
Linear Technology
1630 McCarthy Blvd.
Milpitas, CA 95035
Copyright © 2004, Linear Technology Corporation

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