90E32A Datasheet by Microchip Technology

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Atmet
Poly-Phase High-Performance
Wide-Span Energy Metering IC
90E32A
Version 1.0
April 2, 2013
AtmeL ‘ Enabling Unlimited Possibilities“ :1 I111
X
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AtmeE
Table of Contents 3 April 2, 2013
FEATURES.............................................................................................................................................................................. 7
APPLICATION......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
GENERAL DESCRIPTION ...................................................................................................................................................... 7
BLOCK DIAGRAM .................................................................................................................................................................. 8
1 PIN ASSIGNMENT ............................................................................................................................................................. 9
2 PIN DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................................................................................... 10
3 FUNCTION DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................................................................. 12
3.1 POWER SUPPLY .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.2 CLOCK .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.3 RESET ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.3.1 RESET Pin ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.3.2 Power On Reset (POR) .................................................................................................................................................................. 12
3.3.3 Software Reset ............................................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.4 METERING FUNCTION ................................................................................................................................................................................ 13
3.4.1 Theory of Energy Registers .......................................................................................................................................................... 13
3.4.2 Energy Registers ............................................................................................................................................................................ 15
3.4.3 Energy Pulse Output ...................................................................................................................................................................... 15
3.4.4 Startup and No-load Power ........................................................................................................................................................... 15
3.5 MEASUREMENT FUNCTION ....................................................................................................................................................................... 17
3.5.1 Active/ Reactive/ Apparent Power ................................................................................................................................................ 17
3.5.2 Fundamental / Harmonic Active Power ........................................................................................................................................ 17
3.5.3 Mean Power Factor (PF) ................................................................................................................................................................ 17
3.5.4 Voltage / Current RMS ................................................................................................................................................................... 17
3.5.5 Phase Angle .................................................................................................................................................................................... 18
3.5.6 Frequency ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 18
3.5.7 Temperature ................................................................................................................................................................................... 18
3.5.8 THD+N for Voltage and Current .................................................................................................................................................... 18
3.6 POWER MODE .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 19
3.6.1 Normal Mode (N Mode) .................................................................................................................................................................. 19
3.6.2 Idle Mode (I Mode) .......................................................................................................................................................................... 20
3.6.3 Detection Mode (D Mode) .............................................................................................................................................................. 22
3.6.4 Partial Measurement mode (M Mode) ........................................................................................................................................... 23
3.6.5 Transition of Power Modes ........................................................................................................................................................... 24
3.7 EVENT DETECTION ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 25
3.7.1 Zero-Crossing Detection ............................................................................................................................................................... 25
3.7.2 Sag Detection ................................................................................................................................................................................. 25
3.7.3 Phase Loss Detection .................................................................................................................................................................... 25
3.7.4 Computed Neutral Line Overcurrent Detection ........................................................................................................................... 25
3.7.5 Phase Sequence Error Detection ................................................................................................................................................. 25
3.8 DC AND CURRENT RMS ESTIMATION ...................................................................................................................................................... 25
4 SPI INTERFACE ............................................................................................................................................................... 26
4.1 INTERFACE DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................................................................................... 26
4.2 SPI INTERFACE ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 27
4.2.1 SPI Slave Interface Format ............................................................................................................................................................ 27
4.2.2 Reliability Enhancement Feature .................................................................................................................................................. 27
5 CALIBRATION METHOD ................................................................................................................................................. 28
5.1 NORMAL MODE OPERATION CALIBRATION ........................................................................................................................................... 28
Table of Contents
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
4 April 2, 2013
5.2 PARTIAL MEASUREMENT MODE CALIBRATION ..................................................................................................................................... 28
6 REGISTER ........................................................................................................................................................................ 29
6.1 REGISTER LIST ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 29
6.2 SPECIAL REGISTERS .................................................................................................................................................................................. 36
6.2.1 Soft Reset Register ........................................................................................................................................................................ 36
6.2.2 IRQ and WarnOut Signal Generation ............................................................................................................................................ 37
6.2.3 Special Configuration Registers ................................................................................................................................................... 41
6.2.4 Last SPI Data Register ................................................................................................................................................................... 43
6.3 LOW-POWER MODES REGISTERS ............................................................................................................................................................ 44
6.3.1 Detection Mode Registers ............................................................................................................................................................. 44
6.3.2 Partial Measurement mode Registers .......................................................................................................................................... 46
6.4 CONFIGURATION AND CALIBRATION REGISTERS ................................................................................................................................ 49
6.4.1 Start Registers and Associated Checksum Operation Scheme ................................................................................................ 49
6.4.2 Configuration Registers ................................................................................................................................................................ 49
6.4.3 Energy Calibration Registers ........................................................................................................................................................ 53
6.4.4 Fundamental/Harmonic Energy Calibration registers ................................................................................................................ 55
6.4.5 Measurement Calibration .............................................................................................................................................................. 55
6.5 ENERGY REGISTER .................................................................................................................................................................................... 56
6.5.1 Regular Energy Registers ............................................................................................................................................................. 56
6.5.2 Fundamental / Harmonic Energy Register ................................................................................................................................... 57
6.6 MEASUREMENT REGISTERS ..................................................................................................................................................................... 57
6.6.1 Power and Power Factor Registers .............................................................................................................................................. 57
6.6.2 Fundamental/ Harmonic Power and Voltage/ Current RMS Registers ...................................................................................... 58
6.6.3 THD+N, Frequency, Angle and Temperature Registers ............................................................................................................. 59
7 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION ....................................................................................................................................... 61
7.1 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION ................................................................................................................................................................... 61
7.2 METERING/ MEASUREMENT ACCURACY ................................................................................................................................................ 63
7.2.1 Metering Accuracy ......................................................................................................................................................................... 63
7.2.2 Measurement Accuracy ................................................................................................................................................................. 64
7.3 INTERFACE TIMING ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 65
7.3.1 SPI Interface Timing (Slave Mode) ................................................................................................................................................ 65
7.4 POWER ON RESET TIMING ........................................................................................................................................................................ 66
7.5 ZERO-CROSSING TIMING ........................................................................................................................................................................... 67
7.6 VOLTAGE SAG AND PHASE LOSS TIMING .............................................................................................................................................. 68
7.7 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATING .................................................................................................................................................................. 69
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS...................................................................................................................................................... 70
ORDERING INFORMATION.................................................................................................................................................. 71
DATASHEET DOCUMENT HISTORY................................................................................................................................... 71
AtmeE
List of Tables 5 April 2, 2013
Table-1 Pin Description ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 10
Table-2 Power Mode Mapping .................................................................................................................................................................................. 19
Table-3 Digital I/O and Power Pin States in Idle Mode ............................................................................................................................................. 20
Table-4 Register List ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 29
Table-5 Configuration Registers ............................................................................................................................................................................... 49
Table-6 Calibration Registers .................................................................................................................................................................................... 53
Table-7 Fundamental/Harmonic Energy Calibration Registers ................................................................................................................................. 55
Table-8 Measurement Calibration Registers ............................................................................................................................................................. 55
Table-9 Regular Energy Registers ............................................................................................................................................................................ 56
Table-10 Fundamental / Harmonic Energy Register ................................................................................................................................................... 57
Table-11 Power and Power Factor Register ............................................................................................................................................................... 57
Table-12 Fundamental/ Harmonic Power and Voltage/ Current RMS Registers ........................................................................................................ 58
Table-13 THD+N, Frequency, Angle and Temperature Registers .............................................................................................................................. 59
Table-14 Metering Accuracy for Different Energy within the Dynamic Range ............................................................................................................ 63
Table-15 Measurement Parameter Range and Format .............................................................................................................................................. 64
Table-16 SPI Timing Specification .............................................................................................................................................................................. 65
Table-17 Power On Reset Specification ..................................................................................................................................................................... 66
Table-18 Zero-Crossing Specification ......................................................................................................................................................................... 67
List of Tables
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List of Figures 6 April 2, 2013
Figure-1 90E32A Block Diagram .................................................................................................................................................................................. 8
Figure-2 Pin Assignment (Top View) ............................................................................................................................................................................ 9
Figure-3 Energy Register Operation Diagram ............................................................................................................................................................ 14
Figure-4 CFx Pulse Output Regulation ...................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Figure-5 Metering Startup Handling ........................................................................................................................................................................... 16
Figure-6 Block Diagram in Normal Mode ................................................................................................................................................................... 19
Figure-7 Block Diagram in Idle Mode ......................................................................................................................................................................... 20
Figure-8 Block Diagram in Detection Mode ................................................................................................................................................................ 22
Figure-9 Block Diagram in Partial Measurement mode .............................................................................................................................................. 23
Figure-10 Power Mode Transition ............................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Figure-11 Slave Mode ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26
Figure-12 Read Sequence ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 27
Figure-13 Write Sequence ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 27
Figure-14 IRQ and WarnOut Generation ..................................................................................................................................................................... 37
Figure-15 Current Detection Register Latching Scheme ............................................................................................................................................. 44
Figure-16 Start and Checksum Register Operation Scheme ...................................................................................................................................... 49
Figure-17 SPI Timing Diagram .................................................................................................................................................................................... 65
Figure-18 Power On Reset Timing (90E32A and MCU are Powered on Simultaneously) .......................................................................................... 66
Figure-19 Power On Reset Timing in Normal & Partial Measurement Mode .............................................................................................................. 66
Figure-20 Zero-Crossing Timing Diagram (per phase) ................................................................................................................................................ 67
Figure-21 Voltage Sag and Phase Loss Timing Diagram ............................................................................................................................................ 68
List of Figures
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7 April 2, 2013
90E32A
Preliminary Information*
*Notice: The information in this document is subject to change without notice
Poly-Phase High-Performance
Wide-Span Energy Metering IC
FEATURES
Metering Features
Metering features fully in compliance with the requirements of
IEC62052-11, IEC62053-22 and IEC62053-23, ANSI C12.1 and
ANSI C12.20; applicable in class 0.5S or class 1 poly-phase
watt-hour meter or class 2 poly-phase var-hour meter.
Accuracy of ±0.1% for active energy and ±0.2% for reactive
energy over the dynamic range of 5000:1.
Temperature coefficient is 6 ppm/ (typical) for on-chip refer-
ence voltage.
Single-point calibration on each phase over the whole dynamic
range for active energy; no calibration needed for reactive/
apparent energy.
±1 (typical) temperature sensor accuracy.
Electrical parameters measurement: less than ±0.5% fiducial
error for Vrms, Irms, mean active/ reactive/ apparent power, fre-
quency, power factor and phase angle.
Active (forward/reverse), reactive (forward/reverse), apparent
energy with independent energy registers. Active/ reactive/
apparent energy can be output by pulse or read through energy
registers to adapt to different applications.
Programmable startup and no-load power threshold, special
designed of startup and no-load circuits to eliminate crosstalk
among phases achieving better accuracy especially at low
power conditions.
Dedicated ADC and different gains for phase A/B/C current sam-
pling circuits. Current sampled over current transformer (CT) or
Rogowski coil (di/dt coil); phase A/B/C voltage sampled over
resistor divider network or potential transformer (PT).
Programmable power modes: Normal mode (N mode), Idle
mode (I mode), Detection mode (D mode) and Partial Measure-
ment mode (M mode).
Fundamental (CF3, 0.2%) and harmonic (CF4, 1%) active
energy with dedicated energy and power registers.
Event detection: sag, phase loss, reverse voltage/ current phase
sequence, reverse flow, calculated neutral line current INC over-
current and THD+N over-threshold.
Other Features
3.3V single power supply. Operating voltage range: 2.8V~3.6V.
Metering accuracy guaranteed within 3.0V~3.6V.
Four-wire SPI interface.
Parameter diagnosis function and programmable interrupt output
of the IRQ interrupt signals and the WarnOut signal.
Programmable voltage sag detection and zero-crossing output.
CF1/CF2/CF3/CF4 output active/ reactive/ apparent energy
pulses and fundamental/ harmonic energy pulses respectively.
Crystal oscillator frequency: 16.384 MHz. On-chip two capacitors
and no need of external capacitors.
TQFP48 package.
Operating temperature: -40 ~ +85 .
APPLICATION
Poly-phase energy meters of class 0.5S and class 1 which are
used in three-phase four-wire (3P4W, Y0) or three-phase three-
wire (3P3W, Y or Δ) systems.
Power monitoring instruments which need to measure voltage,
current, mean power, etc.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The 90E32A is a poly-phase high performance wide-dynamic range
metering IC. The 90E32A incorporates 6 independent 2nd order sigma-
delta ADCs, which could be employed in three voltage channels (phase
A, B and C) and three current channels (phase A, B, C) in a typical
three-phase four-wire system.
The 90E32A has an embedded DSP which executes calculation of
active energy, reactive energy, apparent energy, fundamental and har-
monic active energy over ADC signal and on-chip reference voltage.
The DSP also calculates measurement parameters such as voltage and
current RMS value as well as mean active/reactive/apparent power.
A four-wire SPI interface is provided between the 90E32A and the
external microcontroller.
The 90E32A is suitable for poly-phase multi-function meters which
could measure active/reactive/apparent energy and fundamental/har-
monic energy either through four independent energy pulse outputs
CF1/CF2/CF3/CF4 or through the corresponding registers.
The ADC and auto-temperature compensation technology for refer-
ence voltage ensure the 90E32A's long-term stability over variations in
grid and ambient environment conditions.
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Block Diagram 8 April 2, 2013
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Figure-1 90E32A Block Diagram
VDD18 Regulator
Temperature Sensor
Current Detector
ADC-V1
ADC-V2
ADC-V3
ADC-I1
ADC-I2
ADC-I3
SPI Interface
DSP
Energy Metering
(Forward/Reverse
Active/Reactive/CF Generator)
Measure and Monitoring
(V/I/rms / SAG / Phase /
Frequency)
Control Logic
Zero
Crossing
CF Out
Power On Reset Crystal Oscillator
Reference Voltage Vref
I1P / I1N
V1P / V1N
CS
SCLK
SDO
SDI
OSCI OSCO
RESET
CF1
ZX0
I2P / I2N
I3P / I3N
V2P / V2N
V3P / V3N
CF2
CF3
CF4
ZX1
ZX2
Power Mode
Configuration
PM1
PM0
IRQ
WarnOut
IRQ0
IRQ1
Warn
Out
METERING IC | ‘8 flflflflflI—IflflI—Iflflfl O flflflflflflflflflflflfl ULIIJUULIUUULIUU UULIUUIJLIUULILIU
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Pin Assignment 9 April 2, 2013
1 PIN ASSIGNMENT
Figure-2 Pin Assignment (Top View)
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
11
13
25
AVDD
AGND
I1P
I1N
I2P
I2N
V1P
V1N
Vref
AGND
WarnOut
CS
TEST
NC
IC
PM0
SCLK
CF1
CF2
ZX0
IRQ0
7
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
I3P
I3N
IC
IC
V2P
V2N
V3P
V3N
DGND
OSCI
OSCO
ZX1
ZX2
CF3
CF4
IRQ1
PM1
SDO
SDI
RESET
VDD18
VDD18
DGND
NC
NC
DGND
DVDD
METERING IC AVDD: Analog Power Supply DVDD: Digital Power Supply voma: Digital Power Supply (1.3 V) DGND 19‘ 44. 47 I Power DGND: Digital Ground AGND 2‘ 12 I Power AGND: Analog Ground ltP: Positive Input for Phase A Current l2P: Positive Input for Phase B Current ICIP: Positive Input for Phase C Current Vret: Output Pin Ior Relerence Voltage V1P: Positive Inputtor PhaseAVoltage VZP: Positive Input for Phase B Voltage V3P: Positive Input for Phase C Voltage OSCI 20 | 03C OSCI: External Crystal Input ZXO 22 ZXZIZX1IZXO:Zero-Crossing Output CFI 25 o LVTTL CF12 [all-phasesum totallActive Energy Pulse Output CF22 [all-phaseasuni total) Reactivel Apparent Energy Pulse Output
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Pin Description 10 April 2, 2013
2 PIN DESCRIPTION
Table-1 Pin Description
Name Pin No. I/O Type Description
Reset 41 ILVTTL
Reset: Reset Pin (active low)
This pin should connect to ground through a 0.1 μF filter capacitor and a 10kΩ resistor to
VDD. In application it can also directly connect to one output pin from microcontroller (MCU).
AVDD 1 I Power
AVDD: Analog Power Supply
This pin provides power supply to the analog part. This pin should connect to DVDD and be
decoupled with a 0.1μF capacitor.
DVDD 48 I Power
DVDD: Digital Power Supply
This pin provides power supply to the digital part. It should be decoupled with a 10μF capac-
itor and a 0.1μF capacitor.
VDD18 42, 43 P Power
VDD18: Digital Power Supply (1.8 V)
These two pins should be connected together and connected to ground through a 10μF
capacitor.
DGND 19, 44, 47 I Power DGND: Digital Ground
AGND 2, 12 I Power AGND: Analog Ground
I1P
I1N
3
4I Analog
I1P: Positive Input for Phase A Current
I1N: Negative Input for Phase A Current
These pins are differential inputs for phase A current.
Note: I1 to phase A and I3 to phase C mapping can be swapped by configuring the I1I3Swap
bit (b13, MMode0).
I2P
I2N
5
6I Analog
I2P: Positive Input for Phase B Current
I2N: Negative Input for Phase B Current
These pins are differential inputs for phase B current.
I3P
I3N
7
8I Analog
I3P: Positive Input for Phase C Current
I3N: Negative Input for Phase C Current
These pins are differential inputs for phase C current.
Note: I1 to phase A and I3 to phase C mapping can be swapped by configuring the I1I3Swap
bit (b13, MMode0).
Vref 11 O Analog
Vref: Output Pin for Reference Voltage
This pin should be decoupled with a 10μF capacitor, possibly a 0.1μF ceramic capacitor and
a 1nF ceramic capacitor.
V1P
V1N
13
14 I Analog
V1P: Positive Input for Phase A Voltage
V1N: Negative Input for Phase A Voltage
These pins are differential inputs for phase A voltage.
V2P
V2N
15
16 I Analog
V2P: Positive Input for Phase B Voltage
V2N: Negative Input for Phase B Voltage
These pins are differential inputs for phase B voltage.
V3P
V3N
17
18 I Analog
V3P: Positive Input for Phase C Voltage
V3N: Negative Input for Phase C Voltage
These pins are differential inputs for phase C voltage.
OSCI 20 I OSC OSCI: External Crystal Input
OSCO: External Crystal Output
A 16.384 MHz crystal is connected between OSCI and OSCO. There are two on-chip capac-
itor, therefore no need of external capacitors.
OSCO 21 O OSC
ZX0
ZX1
ZX2
22
23
24
O LVTTL
ZX2/ZX1/ZX0:Zero-Crossing Output
These pins are asserted when voltage or current crosses zero. Zero-crossing mode can be
configured by the ZXConfig register (07H).
CF1 25 O LVTTL CF1: (all-phase-sum total) Active Energy Pulse Output
CF2 26 O LVTTL
CF2: (all-phase-sum total) Reactive/ Apparent Energy Pulse Output
The output of this pin is determined by the CF2varh bit (b7, MMode0) and the CF2ESV bit
(b8, MMode0).
METERING IC CFB 27 O LVTTL CF3: (all-phaseasum Mal) Active Fundamental Energy Pulse Output CFA 25 O LVTTL CFI: (all-phaseasum Mal) Active Harmonic Energy Pulse Output WamOut: Fatal Error Warning IRGO: Intermpt Output 0 IRGI: Intermpt Output 1 PMU 33 PMtII]: Power Mode Configuration SCLK: Serial Clock SDO: Serial Data Output SDI: Serial Data Input TEST 32 | LVTTL This pin shouid he always connected to DGND in system appiicalian. IC 9‘ 10. 36 LVTTL These pins should be aiways connected to DGND in system application. NC 35‘ 45. 46 NC: These pins should be left open.
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Pin Description 11 April 2, 2013
CF3 27 O LVTTL CF3: (all-phase-sum total) Active Fundamental Energy Pulse Output
CF4 28 O LVTTL CF4: (all-phase-sum total) Active Harmonic Energy Pulse Output
WarnOut 29 O LVTTL
WarnOut: Fatal Error Warning
This pin is asserted high when there is metering related parameter checksum error. Other-
wise this pin stays low. Refer to 6.2.2 IRQ and WarnOut Signal Generation.
IRQ0 30 O LVTTL
IRQ0: Interrupt Output 0
This pin is asserted when one or more events in the SysStatus0 register (01H) occur. It is
deasserted when there is no bit set in the SysStatus0 register (01H).
In Detection mode, the IRQ0 is used to indicate the output of current detector. The IRQ0
state is cleared when entering or exiting Detection mode.
IRQ1 31 O LVTTL
IRQ1: Interrupt Output 1
This pin is asserted when one or more events in the SysStatus1 register (02H) occur. It is
deasserted when there is no bit set in the SysStatus1 register (02H).
In Detection mode, the IRQ1 is used to indicate the output of current detector. The IRQ1
state is cleared when entering or exiting Detection mode.
PM0
PM1
33
34 I LVTTL PM1/0: Power Mode Configuration
These two pins define the power mode of 90E32A. Refer to Table-2.
CS 37 I LVTTL
CS: Chip Select (Active Low)
In SPI mode, this pin must be driven from high to low for each read/ write operation, and
maintain low for the entire operation.
SCLK 38 I LVTTL SCLK: Serial Clock
This pin is used as the clock for the SPI interface. Refer to 4 SPI Interface.
SDO 39 O LVTTL SDO: Serial Data Output
This pin is used as the data output for the SPI mode. Refer to 4 SPI Interface.
SDI 40 I LVTTL SDI: Serial Data Input
This pin is used as the data input for the SPI mode. Refer to 4 SPI Interface.
TEST 32 I LVTTL This pin should be always connected to DGND in system application.
IC 9, 10, 36 LVTTL These pins should be always connected to DGND in system application.
NC 35, 45, 46 NC: These pins should be left open.
Table-1 Pin Description (Continued)
Name Pin No. I/O Type Description
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 12 April 2, 2013
3 FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
3.1 POWER SUPPLY
The 90E32A works with single power rail 3.3V. An on-chip voltage
regulator regulates the 1.8V voltage for the digital logic.
The regulated 1.8V power is connected to the VDD18 pin. It needs to
be bypassed by an external capacitor.
The 90E32A has multiple power modes, in Idle and Detection modes
the 1.8V power regulator is not turned on and the digital logic is not pow-
ered. When the logic is not powered, all the configured register values
are not kept (all context lost) except for Detection mode related registers
(10H~13H) for Detection mode configuration.
User has to re-configure the registers in Partial Measurement mode
or Normal mode when transiting from Idle or Detection mode. Refer to
3.6 Power Mode for power mode details.
3.2 CLOCK
The 90E32A has an on-chip oscillator and can directly connect to an
external crystal.
The OSCI pin can also be driven with a clock source.
The oscillator will be powered down in Idle and Detection power
modes, as described in 3.6 Power Mode.
3.3 RESET
There are three reset sources for the 90E32A:
-RESET pin
-On-chip Power On Reset circuit
-Software Reset generated by the Software Reset register
3.3.1 RESET PIN
The RESET pin can be asserted to reset the 90E32A. The RESET
pin has RC filter with typical time constant of 2μs in the I/O, as well as a
2μs (typical) de-glitch filter.
Any reset pulse that is shorter than 2μs can not reset the 90E32A.
3.3.2 POWER ON RESET (POR)
The POR circuit resets the 90E32A at power up.
POR circuit triggers reset when:
-DVDD power up, crossing the power-up threshold. Refer to Fig-
ure-19.
-VDD18 regulator changing from disable to enable, i.e. from Idle or
Detection mode to Partial Measurement mode or Normal mode.
Refer to Figure-18.
3.3.3 SOFTWARE RESET
Chip reset can be triggered by writing to the SoftReset register in
Normal mode. The software reset is the same as the reset scope gener-
ated from the RESET pin or POR.
These three reset sources have the same reset scope.
All digital logics and registers, except for the Harmonic Ratio regis-
ters will be subject to reset.
Interface logic: clock dividers
Digital core/ logic: All registers except for some other special
registers, refer to 6.3.1 Detection Mode Registers.
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 13 April 2, 2013
3.4 METERING FUNCTION
The accumulated energy is converted to pulse frequency on the CF
pins and stored in the corresponding energy registers. The 90E32A pro-
vides energy accumulation registers with 0.1 or 0.01 CF resolution.
0.01CF / 0.1CF setting is defined by the 001LSB bit (b9, MMode0).
3.4.1 THEORY OF ENERGY REGISTERS
The energy accumulation runs at 1 MHz clock rate, by accumulating
the power value calculated by the DSP processor.
The power accumulation process is equivalent to digitally integrating
the instantaneous power with a delta-time of about 1us. The accumu-
lated energy is used to calculate the CF pulses and the corresponding
internal energy registers.
The accumulated energy is converted to frequency of the CF pulses.
One CF usually corresponds to 1KWh / MC (MC is Meter Constant, e.g.
3200 imp/kWh), and is usually referenced as an energy unit in this data-
sheet. The internal energy resolution for accumulation and conversion is
0.01 CF.
The 0.01 CF pulse energy constant is referenced as 'PL_constant'.
Within 0.01 CF, forward and reverse energy are counteracted. When
energy exceeds 0.01 pulse, the respective forward/ reverse energy is
increased.
Take the example of active energy, suppose:
T0: Forward energy register is 12.34 pulses and reverse energy reg-
ister is 1.23 pulses.
From t0 to t1: 0.005 forward pulses appeared.
From t1 to t2: 0.004 reverse pulses appeared.
From t2 to t3: 0.005 reverse pulses appeared.
From t3 to t4: 0.007 reverse pulses appeared.
The following table illustrates the process of energy accumulation
process:
When forward/reverse energy reaches 0.1/0.01 pulse, the respective
register is updated. When forward or reverse energy reaches 1 pulse,
CFx pins output pulse and the REVP/REVQ bits (b7~0, SysStatus1) are
updated. Refer to Figure-3.
t0 t1 t2 t3 t4
Input energy + 0.005 -0.004 -0.005 -0.007
Bidirectional energy accumulator 0.005 0.001 -0.004 -0.001
Forward 0.01 CF 0000
Reverse 0.01CF 0001
Forward energy register 12.34 12.34 12.34 12.34 12.34
Reverse energy register 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.24
Phase-B Pha -C METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 14 April 2, 2013
Figure-3 Energy Register Operation Diagram
For all-phase-sum total of active, reactive and (arithmetic sum)
apparent energy, the associated power is obtained by summing the
power of the three phases. The accumulation method of all-phase-sum
energy is determined by the EnPC/EnPB/EnPA/ABSEnP/ABSEnQ bits
(b0~b4, MMode0).
Note that the direction of all-phase-sum power and single-phase
power might be different.
CF Gen
Logic CF pulse
Bi-directional Energy
accumulator, roll over
positive/negative @
0.01CF
Forward
energy register
accumulator
reverse energy
register
accumulator
Energy accumulator
@ 1Mhz
(-)0.01
CF
(+)0.01
CF
+
ENA
ABS or Arithmetic
ENB ENC
Phase-A
Phase-B
Phase-C
Power
All-phase
sum
Positive CF
Accumulator
Negative 0-CF
Accumulator
CF[P/Q]RevFlag
Forward
energy
accumulator
Backward
energy
accumulator
Energy
accumulator @
1Mhz
(-)0.01
CF
(+)0.01
CF
Bi-directional
Energy
accumulator,
roll over
positive/nega
tive @
0.01CF
Forward
energy
accumulator
Backward
energy
accumulator
Energy
accumulator @
1Mhz
(-)0.01
CF
(+)0.01
CF
Bi-directional Energy
accumulator, roll over
positive/negative @
0.01CF
Forward energy
register
accumulator
Reverse energy
register
accumulator
Energy accumulator @
1Mhz
(-)0.01
CF
(+)0.01
CF Rev[P/Q]chg[A/BC}
Rev[P/Q]chgT
A/B/C
METERING IC +1 k 4 l+ j ()8 fl ()8 mm ()9 mm 1+ # +| 1+ AP
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 15 April 2, 2013
3.4.2 ENERGY REGISTERS
The 90E32A meters non-decomposed total active, reactive and
apparent energy, as well as decomposed active fundamental and har-
monic energy. The registers are listed as below.
3.4.2.1 Total Energy Registers
Each phase and all-phase-sum has the following registers:
- Active forward/ reverse
- Reactive forward/ reverse
- Apparent energy
Altogether there are 20 energy registers. Those registers are defined
in 6.5.1 Regular Energy Registers.
3.4.2.2 Fundamental and Harmonic Energy Registers
The 90E32A counts decomposed active fundamental and harmonic
energy. Reactive energy is not decomposed to fundamental and har-
monic.
The fundamental/harmonic energy is accumulated in the same way
as active energy accumulation method described above.
Registers:
- Fundamental / harmonic
- all-phase-sum / phase A / phase B / phase C
- Forward / reverse
Altogether there are 16 energy registers. Refer to 3.4.2.2 Fundamen-
tal and Harmonic Energy Registers.
3.4.3 ENERGY PULSE OUTPUT
CF1 is fixed to be total active energy output (all-phase-sum). Both
forward and reverse energy registers can generate the CF pulse
(change of forward/ reverse direction can generate an interrupt if
enabled).
CF2 is reactive energy output (all-phase-sum) by default. It can also
be configured to be arithmetic sum apparent energy output (all-phase-
sum).
CF3 is fixed to be active fundamental energy output (all-phase-sum).
CF4 is fixed to be active harmonic energy output (all-phase-sum).
Figure-4 CFx Pulse Output Regulation
For CFx pulse width regulation, refer to Figure-4.
Case1 T>=160ms, Tp=80ms
Case 2 10ms<=T<160ms, Tp=T/2
Case 3 If Calculated T < 10ms, force T=10ms, Tp=5ms
3.4.4 STARTUP AND NO-LOAD POWER
There are startup power threshold registers (e.g. PStartTh(35H)).
Refer to 6.4 Configuration and Calibration Registers. The power thresh-
old registers are defined for all-phase-sum active, reactive and apparent
power. The 90E32A starts metering when the corresponding all-phase-
sum power is greater than the startup threshold. When the power value
is lower than the startup threshold, energy is not accumulated and it is
assumed as in no-load status. Refer to Figure-5.
There are also no-load Current Threshold registers for Active, Reac-
tive and Apparent energy metering participation for each of the 3
phases. If |P|+|Q| is lower than the corresponding power threshold, that
particular phase will not be accumulated. Refer to the PStartTh register
and other threshold registers.
There are also no-load status bits (the TPnoload/TQnoload bits
(b14~15, EnStatus0)) defined to reflect the no-load status. The 90E32A
does not output any pulse in no-load status. The power-on state is of no-
load status.
CFx
Tp=80ms
Tp=0.5T
T160ms 10msT<160ms
Tp=5ms
if T<10ms,
force T=10ms
EEEEEEEEEE
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 16 April 2, 2013
Figure-5 Metering Startup Handling
METERING IC Neutral Line Current RMS:
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 17 April 2, 2013
3.5 MEASUREMENT FUNCTION
Measured parameters can be divided to 7 types as follows:
-Active/ Reactive/ Apparent Power
-Fundamental/ Harmonic Power
-RMS for Voltage and Current
-Power Factor
-Phase Angle
-Frequency
-Temperature
Measured parameters are average values that are averaged among
16 phase-voltage cycles (about 320ms at 50Hz) except for the tempera-
ture. The measured parameter update frequency is approximately 3Hz.
Refer to Table-15.
3.5.1 ACTIVE/ REACTIVE/ APPARENT POWER
Active/ Reactive/ Apparent Power measurement registers can be
divided as below:
-active, reactive, apparent power
-all-phase-sum / phase A / phase B / phase C
Altogether there are 12 power registers. Refer to 6.6.1 Power and
Power Factor Registers and the SVmeanT register (98H).
Per-phase apparent power is defined as the product of measured
Vrms and Irms of that phase.
All-phase-sum power is measured by arithmetically summing the
per-phase measured power. The summing of phases can be configured
by the MMode0 register.
3.5.2 FUNDAMENTAL / HARMONIC ACTIVE POWER
Fundamental / harmonic active power measurement registers can be
divided as below:
-fundamental and harmonic power
-all-phase-sum / phase A / phase B / phase C
Altogether there are 8 power registers. Refer to 6.6.2 Fundamental/
Harmonic Power and Voltage/ Current RMS Registers.
3.5.3 MEAN POWER FACTOR (PF)
Power Factor is defined for those cases: all-phase-sum / phase A /
phase B / phase C.
Altogether there are 4 power factor registers. Refer to 6.6.1 Power
and Power Factor Registers.
For all-phase:
For each of the phase::
3.5.4 VOLTAGE / CURRENT RMS
Voltage/current RMS registers can be divided as follows:
Per-phase: Phase A / Phase B / Phase C
Voltage / Current
Altogether there are 6 RMS registers.
Neutral Line Current RMS:
Neutral line current can be calculated by instantaneous value
.
Refer to 6.6.2 Fundamental/ Harmonic Power and Voltage/ Current
RMS Registers.
owerapparent_p sumAll_phase_
eractive_pow sumAll_phase_
= PF_all
owerapparent_p
eractive_pow
= PF_phase
CBAN iiii ++=
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 18 April 2, 2013
3.5.5 PHASE ANGLE
Phase Angle measurement registers can be divided as below:
-phase A / phase B / phase C
-voltage / current
Altogether there are 6 phase angle registers. Refer to 6.6.3 THD+N,
Frequency, Angle and Temperature Registers.
Note: Calculation of phase angle is based on zero-crossing interval
and frequency. There might be big error when voltage/current at low
value.
3.5.6 FREQUENCY
Frequency is measured using phase A voltage by default. When
phase A has voltage sag, phase C is used, and phase B is used when
both phase A and C have voltage sag.
Refer to 6.6.3 THD+N, Frequency, Angle and Temperature Regis-
ters.
3.5.7 TEMPERATURE
Chip Junction-Temperature is measured roughly every 100 ms by on-
chip temperature sensor.
Refer to 6.6.3 THD+N, Frequency, Angle and Temperature Regis-
ters.
3.5.8 THD+N FOR VOLTAGE AND CURRENT
Voltage THD+N is defined as:
Current THD+N's definition is similar to that of voltage.
Registers:
-voltage and current
-phase A / phase B / phase C
Altogether there are 6 THD+N registers. Refer to 6.6.3 THD+N, Fre-
quency, Angle and Temperature Registers.
The THD+N measurement is mainly used to monitor the percentage
of harmonics in the system. Accuracy is not guaranteed when THD+N is
lower than 10%.
entalrms_fundam
entalrms_fundamrms_total
V
V-(V
22 )
METERING IC PM1:PMO Value Power Mode suremen
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 19 April 2, 2013
3.6 POWER MODE
The 90E32A has four power modes. The power mode is solely
defined by the PM1 and PM0 pins.
3.6.1 NORMAL MODE (N MODE)
In Normal mode, all function blocks are active except for current
detector block. Refer to Figure-6.
Figure-6 Block Diagram in Normal Mode
Table-2 Power Mode Mapping
PM1:PM0 Value Power Mode
11 Normal (N mode)
10 Partial Measurement (M mode)
01 Detection (D mode)
00 Idle (I mode)
VDD18 Regulator
Temperature Sensor
Current Detector
ADC-V1
ADC-V2
ADC-V3
ADC-I1
ADC-I2
ADC-I3
SPI Interface
DSP
Energy Metering
(Forward/Reverse
Active/Reactive/CF Generator)
Measure and Monitoring
(V/I/rms, SAG, Phase, Freq)
Control Logic
Zero
Crossing
CF Out
Power On Reset Crystal Oscillator
Reference Voltage
OSCI OSCO
Power Mode
Configuration
Disabled
IRQ
Warn
Out
METERING IC ‘IJ‘ Tame»2
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 20 April 2, 2013
3.6.2 IDLE MODE (I MODE)
In Idle mode, all functions are shut off.
The analog blocks' power supply is powered but circuits are set into
power-down mode, i.e, power supply applied but all current paths are
shut off. There is very low current since only very low device leakage
could exist in this mode.
The digital I/Os' supply is powered.
In I/O and analog interface, the input signals from digital core (which
is not powered) will be set to known state as described in Table-3. The
PM1 and PM0 pins which are controlled by external MCU are active and
can configure the 90E32A to other modes.
Figure-7 Block Diagram in Idle Mode
Please note that since the digital I/O is not shut off, the I/O circuit is
active in the Idle mode. The application shall make sure that valid logic
levels are applied to the I/O.
Table-3 lists digital I/O and power pins’ states in Idle mode. It lists the
requirements for inputs and the output level for output.
VDD18 Regulator
Temperature Sensor
Current Detector
ADC-V1
ADC-V2
ADC-V3
ADC-I1
ADC-I2
ADC-I3
SPI Interface
DSP
Energy Metering
(Forward/Reverse
Active/Reactive/CF Generator)
Measure and Monitoring
(V/I/rms, SAG, Phase, Freq)
Control Logic
Zero
Crossing
CF Out
Power On Reset Crystal Oscillator
Reference Voltage
OSCI OSCO
Power Mode
Configuration
IRQ
Warn
Out
Table-3 Digital I/O and Power Pin States in Idle Mode
Name I/O type Type Pin State in Idle Mode
Reset I LVTTL Input level shall be VDD33.
CS ILVTTL
I/O set in input mode.
Input level shall be VDD33 or VSS.
SCLK I LVTTL I/O set in input mode.
Input level shall be VDD33 or VSS.
SDO O LVTTL I/O set in input mode.
Input level shall be VDD33 or VSS.
SDI I LVTTL I/O set in input mode.
Input level shall be VDD33 or VSS.
PM1
PM0 ILVTTL
As defined in Table-2
OSCI
OSCO
I
OOSC Oscillator powered down.
OSCO stays at fixed (low) level.
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 21 April 2, 2013
ZX0
ZX1
ZX2
OLVTTL0
CF1
CF2
CF3
CF4
OLVTTL0
WarnOut O LVTTL 0
IRQ0
IRQ1 OLVTTL0
VDD18 I Power Regulated 1.8V: high impedance
DVDD I Power Digital Power Supply: powered by system
AVDD I Power Analog Power Supply: powered by system
Test I Input Always tie to ground in system application
Table-3 Digital I/O and Power Pin States in Idle Mode
Name I/O type Type Pin State in Idle Mode
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 22 April 2, 2013
3.6.3 DETECTION MODE (D MODE)
In Detection mode, the current detector is active. The current detec-
tor compares whether any phase current exceeds the configured thresh-
old using low-power comparators.
When the current of one phase or multiple phases exceeds the con-
figured threshold, the 90E32A asserts the IRQ0 pin to high and hold it
until power mode change. The IRQ0 state is cleared when entering or
exiting Detection mode.
When the current of all three current channels exceed the configured
threshold, the 90E32A asserts the IRQ1 pin to high and hold it until
power mode change. The IRQ1 state is cleared when entering or exiting
Detection mode.
The threshold registers need to be programmed in Normal mode
before entering Detection mode.
The digital I/O state is the same as that in Idle state (except for IRQ0/
IRQ1 and PM1/PM0).
The 90E32A has two comparators for detecting each phase’s posi-
tive and negative current. Each comparators threshold can be set indi-
vidually. The two comparators are both active by default, which called
‘double-side detection’. User also can enable one comparator only to
save power consumption, which called ‘single-side detection’.
Double-side detection has faster response and can detect ‘half-wave’
current. But it consumes nearly twice as much power as single-side
detection.
Comparators can be power-down by configuring the DetectCtrl regis-
ter.
Figure-8 Block Diagram in Detection Mode
VDD18 Regulator
Temperature Sensor
Current Detector
ADC-V1
ADC-V2
ADC-V3
ADC-I1
ADC-I2
ADC-I3
SPI Interface
DSP
Energy Metering
(Forward/Reverse
Active/Reactive/CF generator)
Measure and Monitoring
(V/I/rms, SAG, Phase, Freq)
Control Logic
Zero
Crossing
CF Out
Power On Reset Crystal Oscillator
Reference Voltage
OSCI OSCO
Power Mode
Configuration
IRQ
Warn
Out
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 23 April 2, 2013
3.6.4 PARTIAL MEASUREMENT MODE (M MODE)
In this mode, Voltage ADCs and digital circuits are inactive.
The 90E32A measures the current RMS of one line cycle.
When the measurement is done, the 90E32A asserts the IRQ0 pin
high until the Partial Measurement mode exits.
In this mode, the user needs to program the related registers (includ-
ing PGA gain, channel gain, offset, etc.) to make the current RMS mea-
surement accurate. Refer to 5.2 Partial Measurement mode Calibration.
Please note that not all registers in this mode is accessible. Only the
Partial Measurement related registers (14H~1DH) and some special
registers (00H, 01H, 03H, 07H,0EH, 0FH) can be accessed.
Figure-9 Block Diagram in Partial Measurement mode
VDD18 Regulator
Temperature Sensor
Current Detector
ADC-V1
ADC-V2
ADC-V3
ADC-I1
ADC-I2
ADC-I3
ADC-IN
SPI Interface
DSP
Energy Metering
(Forward/Reverse
Active/Reactive/CF
generator)
Measure and Monitoring
(V/I/rms, SAG, Phase, Freq)
Control Logic
Zero
Crossing
CF Out
Power On Reset Crystal Oscillator
Reference Voltage
OSCI OSCO
Power Mode
Configuration
Disabled
IRQ
Warn
Out
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 24 April 2, 2013
3.6.5 TRANSITION OF POWER MODES
The above power modes are controlled by the PM0 and PM1 pins. In
application, the PM0 and PM1 pins are connected to external MCU. The
PM0 and PM1 pins have internal RC- filters.
Generally, the 90E32A stays in Idle mode most of the time while out-
age. It enters Detection mode at a certain interval (for example 5s) as
controlled by the MCU. It informs the MCU if the current exceeds the
configured threshold. The MCU then commands the 90E32A to enter
Partial Measurement mode at a certain interval (e.g. 60s) to read related
current. After current reading, the 90E32A gets back to the Idle mode.
The measured current may be used to count energy according to
some metering model (like current RMS multiplying the rated voltage to
compute the power).
Any power mode transition goes through the Idle mode, as shown in
Figure-10.
Figure-10 Power Mode Transition
Normal Mode
Idle Mode
Detection Mode Partial
Measurement Mode
METERING IC 3F4W case: 3F3W case:
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Function Description 25 April 2, 2013
3.7 EVENT DETECTION
3.7.1 ZERO-CROSSING DETECTION
Zero-crossing detector detects the zero-crossing point of the funda-
mental component of voltage and current for each of the 3 phases.
Zero-crossing signal can be independently configured and output.
Refer to the definition of the ZXConfig register.
3.7.2 SAG DETECTION
Usually in the application the Sag threshold is set to be 78% of the
reference voltage. The 90E32A generates Sag event when there are
less than three 8KHz samples (absolute value) greater than the sag
threshold during two continuous 11ms time-window.
For the computation of Sag threshold register value, refer to AN-644.
The Sag event is captured by the SagWarn bit (b3, SysStatus0). If
the corresponding IRQ enable bit the SagWnEn bit (b3, FuncEn0) is set,
IRQ can be generated. Refer to Figure-21.
3.7.3 PHASE LOSS DETECTION
The phase loss detection detects if there is one or more phases’ volt-
age is less than the phase-loss threshold voltage.
The processing and handling is similar to sag detection, only the
threshold is different. The threshold computation flow is also similar. The
typical threshold setting could be 10% Un or less.
If any phase line is detected as in phase-loss mode, that phase’s
zero-crossing detection function (both voltage and current) is disabled.
3.7.4 COMPUTED NEUTRAL LINE OVERCURRENT DETEC-
TION
The neutral line computed current (calculated) RMS is checked with
the threshold defined in the INWarnTh0 register. If the N Line current is
greater than the threshold, the INOv0 bit (b14, SysStatus1) bit is set.
IRQ1 is generated if the corresponding Enable bit the INOv0En bit (b14,
FuncEn1) is set.
3.7.5 PHASE SEQUENCE ERROR DETECTION
The phase sequence is detected in two cases: 3P4W and 3P3W,
which is defined by the 3P3W bit (b8, MMode0).
3P4W case:
Correct sequence: Voltage/current zero-crossing sequence: phase-
A, phase-B and phase-C.
3P3W case:
Correct sequence: Voltage/current zero-crossing between phase-A
and phase-C is greater than 180 degree.
If the above mentioned criteria are violated, it is assumed as a phase
sequence error.
3.8 DC AND CURRENT RMS ESTIMATION
The 90E32A has a module named ‘PMS’ which can estimate current
channel RMS or current channel arithmetic average (DC component).
The measurement type is defined in the PMConfig register. It can be
used to estimate current RMS in Partial Measurement mode. Since the
PMS block only consume very small power, it can be also used to esti-
mate current RMS in Normal mode. The PMS module is turned on in
both Partial Measurement mode and Normal mode.
The result is in different format and different scale for the RMS and
average respectively. The RMS result is unsigned; while current average
is signed.
Refer to 6.3.2 Partial Measurement mode Registers for associated
register definition.
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
SPI Interface 26 April 2, 2013
4 SPI INTERFACE
4.1 INTERFACE DESCRIPTION
Four pins are associated with the interface as below:
SDI – Data pin, input.
SDO – Data pin, output.
SCLK – Clock input pin.
CS – Chip select pin Input.
Figure-11 Slave Mode
SPI Interface logic
(As slave)
MISO
MOSI
SCK
CS
Host controller in
master mode
SCK
GPIO1
MOSI
MISO
SCLK
CS
SDI
SDO
METERING IC lnsmmllon Descrlpllon Instructlan Format Read read 1mm registers 1 Wm wme Io regwsters 0 Address: Access 9: Read/Write data: Read Sequence: a? /’ HHHHHHWHHHHHHW 4, GMT/XXV? YKFRWWW/WWVOOC Wrile Seguence:
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
SPI Interface 27 April 2, 2013
4.2 SPI INTERFACE
The interface works in slave mode as shown in Figure-11.
4.2.1 SPI SLAVE INTERFACE FORMAT
In the SPI mode, data on SDI is shifted into the chip on the rising
edge of SCLK while data on SDO is shifted out of the chip on the falling
edge of SCLK.
Refer to Figure-12 and Figure-13 below for the timing diagram.
Access type:
The first bit on SDI defines the access type as below:
Address:
Fixed 15-bit, following the access type bits. The lower 10-bit is
decoded as address; the higher 5 bits are ‘Don't Care’.
Read/Write data:
Fixed as 16 bits.
Read Sequence:
Figure-12 Read Sequence
Write Sequence:
Figure-13 Write Sequence
4.2.2 RELIABILITY ENHANCEMENT FEATURE
The SPI read/write transaction is CS-low defined. Each transaction
can only access one register.
Within each CS-low defined transaction:
Write: access occurs only when CS goes from low to high and there
are exactly 32 SCLK cycles received during CS low period.
Read: if SCLK>=16 (full address received), data is read out from
internal registers and gets to the SDO pin; and the LastSPIData register
is updated. The R/C registers can only be cleared after the LastSPIData
register is updated.
Instruction Description Instruction Format
Read read from registers 1
Write write to registers 0
CS
SCLK
SDI
SDO
101 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 111213141516171819202122 24
A3A6 A5 A4
Register Address
High Impedance D15
Don't care
D0
16-bit data
23
D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
25 26
A2 A1 A0
27 28 29 30 31 32
A8
XXXXX A7
A9
CS
SCLK
SDI
SDO
10123456789 11121314151617181920212223
A3A7 A6 A5 A4
16-bit data
High Impedance
D0D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1
Register Address
D15
24
D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8
A0A1A2
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
A8
XXXXX A9
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Calibration Method 28 April 2, 2013
5 CALIBRATION METHOD
5.1 NORMAL MODE OPERATION CALIBRATION
Calibration is done per phase and there is no need to calibrate for the
all-phase-sum (total) parameters. The calibration method is as follows:
Step-1: Register configuration for calibration
-Start to configure the System configuration Registers by writing
5678H to the ConfigStart register.
-The 90E32A automatically reset the configuration registers to their
default value.
-Program all the system configuration registers.
-Calculate and write the checksum to the CS0 register.
-Write 8765H to the ConfigStart register (enable checksum check-
ing).
-System may check the WarnOut pin to see if there is a checksum
error.
The start register and checksum handling scheme is the same
throughout the calibration process, so the following section does not
describe the start and checksum operation.
Step-2: Measurement calibration (per-phase)
-First calibrate offset at I = 0, U = 0 for current or/and voltage;
Configure calculated channel Gain (The user needs to program
the PGA gain and DPGA gain properly in order to get the calcu-
lated gain within 0 to 2 in step-1).
Read Irms/ Urms value.
Calculate the compensation value.
Write the calculated value to the offset register.
-Then calibrate gain at I = In (Ib), U = Un for current and voltage;
Read Irms/ Urms value.
Calculate the compensation value.
Write the calculated value to the Gain register.
Step-3: Metering calibration (per phase)
-First calibrate the Power/ Energy offset.
U = Un, I = 0.
Read full 32 bits (or lower 16 bits) Active and Reactive Power
Calculate the compensation values
Write the calculated values to the offset registers respectively.
-Then calibrate Energy gain at unity power factor:
PF=1.0, U = Un, I = In (Ib).
Connect CF1 to the calibration bench;
User/ PC calculate the energy gain according to the data got
from calibration bench
Write the calculated value to the Energy Gain register.
-Then calibrate the phase angle compensation at 0.5 inductive
power factor.
PF=0.5L, U = Un, I = In (Ib), Rated frequency = 50Hz, or 60Hz
according to the application;
CF1 connected to the calibration bench;
User/ PC calculate the phase angle according to the data got
from calibration bench;
Write the calculated value to the Phase angle register.
5.2 PARTIAL MEASUREMENT MODE CALIBRA-
TION
The calibration method is as follows:
Step-1: Set the input current to zero and measure the current mean
value (set MeasureType = 1, write 1 to the ReMeasure bit (b14, PMCon-
fig) to trigger the measurement. Refer to the PMIrmsA register). Negate
the result register (the PMIrmsA/PMIrmsB/PMIrmsC registers) reading
(16-bit) and then write the result to the offset register.
Step-2: The output of Partial Measurement result =
ADC_input_voltage *PGA_gain*DPGA_gain*65536 / 1.2. For instance,
a 150 mVrms signal (from CT) with PGA = 1 gets 8192 in the RMS result
register.
Step-3: The user needs to do its own conversion to get meaningful
result. The scaling factor in user's software could be calibrated device
per device.
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 29 April 2, 2013
6 REGISTER
6.1 REGISTER LIST
Table-4 Register List
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment Page
Status and Special Register
00H SoftReset W Software Reset P36
01H SysStatus0 R/C System Status 0 P38
02H SysStatus1 R/C System Status 1 P38
03H FuncEn0 R/W Function Enable 0 P40
04H FuncEn1 R/W Function Enable 1 P40
07H ZXConfig R/W Zero-Crossing Configuration Configuration of ZX0/1/2 pins’ source P41
08H SagTh R/W Voltage Sag Threshold P42
09H PhaseLossTh R/W Voltage Phase Losing Threshold Similar to Voltage Sag Threshold register P42
0AH INWarnTh0 R/W Threshold for calculated (Ia + Ib +Ic) N line rms
current Check SysStatus0/1 register. P42
0CH THDNUTh R/W Voltage THD Warning Threshold Check SysStatus0/1 register. P42
0DH THDNITh R/W Current THD Warning Threshold Check SysStatus0/1 register. P42
0FH LastSPIData R Last Read/ Write SPI Value Refer to 4.2.2 Reliability Enhancement Fea-
ture P43
Low Power Mode Register
10H DetectCtrl R/W Current Detect Control P44
11H DetectTh1 R/W Channel 1 current threshold in Detection mode P45
12H DetectTh2 R/W Channel 2 current threshold in Detection mode P45
13H DetectTh3 R/W Channel 3 current threshold in Detection mode P46
14H PMOffsetA R/W Ioffset for phase A in Partial Measurement
mode P46
15H PMOffsetB R/W Ioffset for phase B in Partial Measurement
mode P46
16H PMOffsetC R/W Ioffset for phase C in Partial Measurement
mode P46
17H PMPGA R/W PGAgain Configuration in Partial Measurement
mode P47
18H PMIrmsA R Irms for phase A in Partial Measurement mode P47
19H PMIrmsB R Irms for phase B in Partial Measurement mode P47
1AH PMIrmsC R Irms for phase C in Partial Measurement mode P47
1BH PMConfig R/W Measure configuration in Partial Measurement
mode P48
1CH PMAvgSamples R/W Number of 8K samples to be averaged in RMS/
mean computation P48
1DH PMIrmsLSB R LSB bits of PMRrms[A/B/C] It returns MSB of the mean measurement
data in Mean value test P48
Configuration Registers
30H ConfigStart R/W Calibration Start Command P50
31H PLconstH R/W High Word of PL_Constant P50
32H PLconstL R/W Low Word of PL_Constant P50
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 30 April 2, 2013
33H MMode0 R/W Metering method configuration P51
34H MMode1 R/W PGA gain configuration P52
35H PStartTh R/W Active Startup Power Threshold.
Refer to Table- 5.
36H QStartTh R/W Reactive Startup Power Threshold.
37H SStartTh R/W Apparent Startup Power Threshold.
38H PPhaseTh R/W Startup Power Threshold (Active Energy Accu-
mulation)
39H QPhaseTh R/W Startup Power Threshold (ReActive Energy
Accumulation)
3AH SPhaseTh R/W Startup Power Threshold (Apparent Energy
Accumulation)
3BH CS0 R/W Checksum 0 P53
Calibration Registers
40H CalStart R/W Calibration Start Command
Refer to Table- 6.
41H PoffsetA R/W Phase A Active Power Offset P54
42H QoffsetA R/W Phase A Reactive Power Offset P54
43H POffsetB R/W Phase B Active Power Offset
44H QOffsetB R/W Phase B Reactive Power Offset
45H POffsetC R/W Phase C Active Power Offset
46H QOffsetC R/W Phase C Reactive Power Offset
47H GainA R/W Phase A calibration gain P54
48H PhiA R/W Phase A calibration phase angle P54
49H GainB R/W Phase B calibration gain
4AH PhiB R/W Phase B calibration phase angle
4BH GainC R/W Phase C calibration gain
4CH PhiC R/W Phase C calibration phase angle
4DH CS1 R/W Checksum 1
Fundamental/ Harmonic Energy Calibration registers
50H HarmStart R/W Harmonic Calibration Startup Command
Refer to Table- 7.
51H POffsetAF R/W Phase A Fundamental Active Power Offset
52H POffsetBF R/W Phase B Fundamental Active Power Offset
53H POffsetCF R/W Phase C Fundamental Active Power Offset
54H PGainAF R/W Phase A Fundamental Active Power Gain
55H PGainBF R/W Phase B Fundamental Active Power Gain
56H PGainCF R/W Phase C Fundamental Active Power Gain
57H CS2 R/W Checksum 2
Table-4 Register List (Continued)
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment Page
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 31 April 2, 2013
Measurement Calibration
60H AdjStart R/W Measurement Calibration Startup Command
Refer to Table- 8.
61H UgainA R/W Phase A Voltage RMS Gain
62H IgainA R/W Phase A Current RMS Gain
63H UoffsetA R/W Phase A Voltage RMS Offset
64H IoffsetA R/W Phase A Current RMS Offset
65H UgainB R/W Phase B Voltage RMS Gain
66H IgainB R/W Phase B Current RMS Gain
67H UoffsetB R/W Phase B Voltage RMS Offset
68H IoffsetB R/W Phase B Current RMS Offset
69H UgainC R/W Phase C Voltage RMS Gain
6AH IgainC R/W Phase C Current RMS Gain
6BH UoffsetC R/W Phase C Voltage RMS Offset
6CH IoffsetC R/W Phase C Current RMS Offset
6FH CS3 R/W Checksum 3
Energy Register
80H APenergyT R/C Total Forward Active Energy
Refer to Table- 9.
81H APenergyA R/C Phase A Forward Active Energy
82H APenergyB R/C Phase B Forward Active Energy
83H APenergyC R/C Phase C Forward Active Energy
84H ANenergyT R/C Total Reverse Active Energy
85H ANenergyA R/C Phase A Reverse Active Energy
86H ANenergyB R/C Phase B Reverse Active Energy
87H ANenergyC R/C Phase C Reverse Active Energy
88H RPenergyT R/C Total Forward Reactive Energy
89H RPenergyA R/C Phase A Forward Reactive Energy
8AH RPenergyB R/C Phase B Forward Reactive Energy
8BH RPenergyC R/C Phase C Forward Reactive Energy
8CH RNenergyT R/C Total Reverse Reactive Energy
8DH RNenergyA R/C Phase A Reverse Reactive Energy
8EH RNenergyB R/C Phase B Reverse Reactive Energy
8FH RNenergyC R/C Phase C Reverse Reactive Energy
90H SAenergyT R/C Total (Arithmetic Sum) Apparent Energy
91H SenergyA R/C Phase A Apparent Energy
92H SenergyB R/C Phase B Apparent Energy
93H SenergyC R/C Phase C Apparent Energy
95H EnStatus0 R Metering Status 0 P56
96H EnStatus1 R Metering Status 1 P57
Table-4 Register List (Continued)
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment Page
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 32 April 2, 2013
Fundamental / Harmonic Energy Register
A0H APenergyTF R/C Total Forward Active Fundamental Energy
Refer to Table-10.
P57
A1H APenergyAF R/C Phase A Forward Active Fundamental Energy
A2H APenergyBF R/C Phase B Forward Active Fundamental Energy
A3H APenergyCF R/C Phase C Forward Active Fundamental Energy
A4H ANenergyTF R/C Total Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A5H ANenergyAF R/C Phase A Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A6H ANenergyBF R/C Phase B Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A7H ANenergyCF R/C Phase C Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A8H APenergyTH R/C Total Forward Active Harmonic Energy
A9H APenergyAH R/C Phase A Forward Active Harmonic Energy
AAH APenergyBH R/C Phase B Forward Active Harmonic Energy
ABH APenergyCH R/C Phase C Forward Active Harmonic Energy
ACH ANenergyTH R/C Total Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
ADH ANenergyAH R/C Phase A Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
AEH ANenergyBH R/C Phase B Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
AFH ANenergyCH R/C Phase C Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
Table-4 Register List (Continued)
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment Page
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 33 April 2, 2013
Power and Power Factor Registers
B0H PmeanT R Total (all-phase-sum) Active Power
Refer to Table- 11.
P57
B1H PmeanA R Phase A Active Power
B2H PmeanB R Phase B Active Power
B3H PmeanC R Phase C Active Power
B4H QmeanT R Total (all-phase-sum) Reactive Power
B5H QmeanA R Phase A Reactive Power
B6H QmeanB R Phase B Reactive Power
B7H QmeanC R Phase C Reactive Power
B8H SAmeanT R Total (Arithmetic Sum) apparent power
B9H SmeanA R phase A apparent power
BAH SmeanB R phase B apparent power
BBH SmeanC R phase C apparent power
BCH PFmeanT R Total power factor
BDH PFmeanA R phase A power factor
BEH PFmeanB R phase B power factor
BFH PFmeanC R phase C power factor
C0H PmeanTLSB R Lower word of Total (all-phase-sum) Active
Power
C1H PmeanALSB R Lower word of Phase A Active Power
C2H PmeanBLSB R Lower word of Phase B Active Power
C3H PmeanCLSB R Lower word of Phase C Active Power
C4H QmeanTLSB R Lower word of Total (all-phase-sum) Reactive
Power
C5H QmeanALSB R Lower word of Phase A Reactive Power
C6H QmeanBLSB R Lower word of Phase B Reactive Power
C7H QmeanCLSB R Lower word of Phase C Reactive Power
C8H SAmeanTLSB R Lower word of Total (Arithmetic Sum) apparent
power
C9H SmeanALSB R Lower word of phase A apparent power
CAH SmeanBLSB R Lower word of phase B apparent power
CBH SmeanCLSB R Lower word of phase C apparent power
Table-4 Register List (Continued)
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment Page
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 34 April 2, 2013
Fundamental / Harmonic Power and Voltage / Current RMS Registers
D0H PmeanTF R Total active fundamental power
Refer to Table-12.
P58
D1H PmeanAF R phase A active fundamental power
D2H PmeanBF R phase B active fundamental power
D3H PmeanCF R phase C active fundamental power
D4H PmeanTH R Total active harmonic power
D5H PmeanAH R phase A active harmonic power
D6H PmeanBH R phase B active harmonic power
D7H PmeanCH R phase C active harmonic power
D9H UrmsA R phase A voltage RMS
DAH UrmsB R phase B voltage RMS
DBH UrmsC R phase C voltage RMS
DCH IrmsN0 R N Line calculated current RMS
DDH IrmsA R phase A current RMS
DEH IrmsB R phase B current RMS
DFH IrmsC R phase C current RMS
E0H PmeanTFLSB R Lower word of Total active fundamental Power
E1H PmeanAFLSB R Lower word of phase A active fundamental
Power
E2H PmeanBFLSB R Lower word of phase B active fundamental
Power
E3H PmeanCFLSB R Lower word of phase C active fundamental
Power
E9H UrmsALSB R Lower word of phase A voltage RMS
EAH UrmsBLSB R Lower word of phase B voltage RMS
EBH UrmsCLSB R Lower word of phase C voltage RMS
EDH IrmsALSB R Lower word of phase A current RMS
EEH IrmsBLSB R Lower word of phase B current RMS
EFH IrmsCLSB R Lower word of phase C current RMS
Table-4 Register List (Continued)
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment Page
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 35 April 2, 2013
THD+N, Frequency, Angle and Temperature Registers
F1H THDNUA R phase A voltage THD+N
Refer to Table-13.
P59
F2H THDNUB R phase B voltage THD+N
F3H THDNUC R phase C voltage THD+N
F5H THDNIA R phase A current THD+N
F6H THDNIB R phase B current THD+N
F7H THDNIC R phase C current THD+N
F8H Freq R Frequency
F9H PAngleA R phase A mean phase angle
FAH PAngleB R phase B mean phase angle
FBH PAngleC R phase C mean phase angle
FCH Temp R Measured temperature
FDH UangleA R phase A voltage phase angle
FEH UangleB R phase B voltage phase angle
FFH UangleC R phase C voltage phase angle
Table-4 Register List (Continued)
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment Page
METERING IC Address: 00H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 36 April 2, 2013
6.2 SPECIAL REGISTERS
6.2.1 SOFT RESET REGISTER
SoftReset
Software Reset
Address: 00H
Type: Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 - 0 SoftReset[15:0] Software reset register. The 90E32A resets only if 789AH is written to this register. The reset domain is the same as the RESET
pin or Power On Reset. Reading this register always return 0.
EEEEEEEEEE L) w
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 37 April 2, 2013
6.2.2 IRQ AND WARNOUT SIGNAL GENERATION
Status bits in the SysStatus0 register generate an interrupt and get
the IRQ0 pin to be asserted if the corresponding enable bits are set in
the FuncEn0 register.
Status bits in the SysStatus1 register generate an interrupt and get
the IRQ1 pin to be asserted, if the corresponding enable bits are set in
the FuncEn1 register.
Some of the status signals can also assert the WarnOut pin.
The following diagram illustrates how the status bits, enable bits and
IRQ/ WarnOut pins work together.
Figure-14 IRQ and WarnOut Generation
Status 1
Status 2
Status n
Enable 2
Enable n
Register bits in
SysStatus0/1
Register bits in
FuncEn0/1
IRQ0/1
WarnOut
event capture
event capture
EN
Status without
enable
Status with enable
Read clearRead clear
Read clearRead clear
Read clearRead clear
METERING IC Address: 01H 5-4 - 1-0 -
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 38 April 2, 2013
SysStatus0
System Status 0
Address: 01H
Type: Read/Clear
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 - Reserved.
*
14 CS0Err
This bit indicates CS0 (3BH) checksum status.
0: CS0 checksum correct (default)
1: CS0 checksum error. The WarnOut pin is asserted at the same time.
13 - Reserved.
12 CS1Err
This bit indicates CS1 (4DH) checksum status.
0: CS1 checksum correct (default)
1: CS1 checksum error. The WarnOut pin is asserted at the same time.
11 - Reserved.
10 CS2Err
This bit indicates CS2 (57H) checksum status.
0: CS2 checksum correct (default)
1: CS2 checksum error. The WarnOut pin is asserted at the same time.
9-
Reserved.
8 CS3Err
This bit indicates CS3 (6FH) checksum status.
0: CS3 checksum correct (default)
1: CS3 checksum error. The WarnOut pin is asserted at the same time.
7URevWn
This bit indicates whether there is any error with the voltage phase sequence.
0: No error with the voltage phase sequence (default)
1: Error with the voltage phase sequence.
6IRevWn
This bit indicates whether there is any error with the current phase sequence.
0: No error with the current phase sequence (default)
1: Error with the current phase sequence.
5 - 4 - Reserved.
3 SagWarn
This bit indicates whether there is any voltage sag (voltage lower than threshold) in one phase or more.
0: No voltage sag (default)
1: Voltage sag.
2 PhaseLoseWn
This bit indicates whether there is any voltage phase losing in one phase or more.
0: No voltage phase losing (default)
1: Voltage phase losing.
1-0 - Reserved.
Note: All reserved bits of any register should be ignored when reading and should be written with zero.
METERING IC Address: 02H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 39 April 2, 2013
SysStatus1
System Status 1
Address: 02H
Type: Read/Clear
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 -Reserved.
14 INOv0
This bit indicates whether the calculated N line current is greater than the threshold set by the INWarnTh0 register.
0: Not greater than the threshold (default)
1: Greater than the threshold.
13-12 -Reserved.
11 THDUOv
This bit indicates whether one or more voltage THDUx (THDUA/ THDUB/ THDUC) is greater than the threshold set by the THD-
NUTh register.
0: Not greater than the threshold (default)
1: Greater than the threshold.
10 THDIOv
This bit indicates whether one or more current THDIx (THDIA/ THDIB/ THDIC) is greater than the threshold set by the THDNITh
register.
0: Not greater than the threshold (default)
1: Greater than the threshold.
9-8 - Reserved.
7RevQchgT
When there is any direction change of active/reactive energy for all-phase-sum or individual phase (from forward to reverse, or
from reverse to forward), the corresponding status bit is set. The judgment of direction change is solely based on the energy reg-
ister (not related to the CF pulses), and dependent on the energy register resolution (0.01CF / 0.1CF setting set by the 001LSB
bit (b9, MMode0)).
0: direction of active/reactive energy no change (default)
1: direction of active/reactive energy changed
The status bits are RevQchgT/ RevPchgT are status bits for all-phase-sum and RevQchgA/ RevQchgB/ RevQchgC/ RevPchgA/
RevPchgB/ RevPchgC are for individual phase.
6RevQchgA
5RevQchgB
4 RevQchgC
3 RevPchgT
2 RevPchgA
1 RevPchgB
0 RevPchgC
METERING IC Address: 03H 15-11 - Address: 04H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 40 April 2, 2013
FuncEn0
Function Enable 0
FuncEn1
Function Enable 1
Address: 03H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-11 - Reserved.
10 CS2ErrEn
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the CS2Err bit (b10, SysStatus0) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
9-8 - Reserved.
7URevWnEn
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the URevWn bit (b7, SysStatus0) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
6IRevWnEn
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the IRevWn bit (b6, SysStatus0) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
5-4 - Reserved.
3SagWnEn
This bit determines whether to enable the voltage sag interrupt when the SagWarn bit (b3, SysStatus0) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
2 PhaseLoseWnEn
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the PhaseLoseWn bit (b2, SysStatus0) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
1-0 - Reserved.
Address: 04H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 INOv1En
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the INOv1 bit (b15, SysStatus1) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
14 INOv0En
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the INOv0 bit (b14, SysStatus1) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
METERING IC Address: 07H Code Source 011 F1xed~0 000 Ua 001 Uh 010 UK: 111 F1xed~0 100 1a 101 1b 110 la Code Zero-Crossing Configuration 00 positwe zemcmssing 01 negative zerocmssing 10 an lam-crossmg 11 no zenmmssmg oulpu:
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 41 April 2, 2013
6.2.3 SPECIAL CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
ZXConfig
Zero-Crossing Configuration
13-12 - Reserved.
11 THDUOvEn
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the THDUOv bit (b11, SysStatus1) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
10 THDIOvEn
This bit determines whether to enable the interrupt when the THDIOv bit (b10, SysStatus1) is set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
9-8 - Reserved.
7RevQchgTEn
These bits determine whether to enable the corresponding interrupt when any of the direction change bits (b7~b0, SysStatus1) is
set.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
6 RevQchgAEn
5 RevQchgBEn
4RevQchgCEn
3 RevPchgTEn
2 RevPchgAEn
1 RevPchgBEn
0 RevPchgCEn
Address: 07H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0001H
Bit Name Description
15:13 ZX2Src[2:0] These bits select the signal source for the ZX2, ZX1 or ZX0 pins.
12:10 ZX1Src[2:0]
9:7 ZX0Src[2:0]
6:5 ZX2Con[1:0] These bits configure zero-crossing mode for the ZX2, ZX1 and ZX0 pins.
4:3 ZX1Con[1:0]
2:1 ZX0Con[1:0]
0ZXdis
This bit determines whether to disable the ZX signals:
0: enable
1: disable all the ZX signals to ‘0’ (default).
Code Source
011 Fixed-0
000 Ua
001 Ub
010 Uc
111 Fixed-0
100 Ia
101 Ib
110 Ic
Code Zero-Crossing Configuration
00 positive zero-crossing
01 negative zero-crossing
10 all zero-crossing
11 no zero-crossing output
METERING IC Address: 08H Address: 09H Address: OAH Address: OCH Address: ODH
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 42 April 2, 2013
SagTh
Voltage Sag Threshold
PhaseLossTh
Voltage Phase Losing Threshold
INWarnTh0
Neutral Current (Calculated) Warning Threshold
THDNUTh
Voltage THD Warning Threshold
THDNITh
Current THD Warning Threshold
Address: 08H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:0 SagTh Unsigned 16-bit integer with unit related to PGA and voltage sense circuits. Refer to 3.7.2 Sag Detection.
Address: 09H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:0 PhaseLossTh Unsigned 16-bit integer with unit related to PGA and voltage sense circuits. Refer to 3.7.3 Phase Loss Detection.
Address: 0AH
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: FFFFH
Bit Name Description
15:0 INWarnTh0
Neutral current (calculated) warning threshold.
Threshold for calculated (Ia + Ib +Ic) N line rms current. Unsigned 16 bit, unit 1mA.
If N line rms current is greater than the threshold, The INOv0 bit (b14, SysStatus1) will be asserted if enabled. Refer to 3.7.4
Computed Neutral Line Overcurrent Detection.Computed N-Line
Address: 0CH
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: FFFFH
Bit Name Description
15:0 THDNUTh
Voltage THD Warning threshold.
Voltage THD+N Threshold. Unsigned 16 bit, unit 0.01%.
Exceeding the threshold will assert the THDUOv bit (b11, SysStatus1) if enabled.
Address: 0DH
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: FFFFH
Bit Name Description
15:0 THDNITh
Current THD Warning threshold.
Current THD+N Threshold. Unsigned 16-bit, unit 0.01%.
Exceeding the threshold will assert the THDIOv bit (b10, SysStatus1) if enabled.
METERING IC Address: OFH
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 43 April 2, 2013
6.2.4 LAST SPI DATA REGISTER
LastSPIData
Last Read/Write SPI Value
Address: 0FH
Type: Read
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:0 LastSPIData15 -
LastSPIData0
This register is a special register which logs data of the previous SPI Read or Write access especially for Read/Clear registers.
This register is useful when the user wants to check the integrity of the last SPI access.
METERING IC MN MW Address: 10H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 44 April 2, 2013
6.3 LOW-POWER MODES REGISTERS
6.3.1 DETECTION MODE REGISTERS
Current Detection register latching scheme is:
When any of the 4 current detection registers (0x10 - 0x13) were programmed, all the 4 current detection registers (including the registers that not
being programmed) will be automatically latched into the current detector's internal configuration latches at the same time. Those latched configura-
tion values are not subject to digital reset signals and will be kept in all the 4 power modes. The power up value of those latches is not deterministic,
so user needs to program the current detection registers to update.
Figure-15 Current Detection Register Latching Scheme
DetectCtrl
Current Detect Control
Address: 10H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:6 - Reserved.
5:0 DetectCtrl
Detector power-down, active high:
[5:3]: Power-down for negative detector of channel 3/2/1;
[2:0]: Power-down for positive detector of channel 3/2/1.
0x10
0x11
0x12
0x13
latch
latch
latch
latch
Current detector
register Write
update
registers Current Detector block
METERING IC Address: 11H Address: 12H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 45 April 2, 2013
DetectTh1
Channel 1 Current Threshold in Detection Mode
DetectTh2
Channel 2 Current Threshold in Detection Mode
Address: 11H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 - Reserved.
14:8 CalCodeN
Channel 1 current negative detector calculation code.
Code mapping:
7'b000-0000, Vc=-4.28mV=-3.03mVrms (Vc is the threshold of low power computation)
7'b111-1111, Vc=12.91mV=9.14mVrms
DAC typical resolution is [12.91-(-4.28)]/127=135.4μV=95.7μVrms
7-Reserved.
6:0 CalCodeP
Channel 1 current positive detector calculation code.
Code mapping:
7'b000-0000, Vc=-4.28mV=-3.03mVrms (Vc is the threshold of low power computation)
7'b111-1111, Vc=12.91mV=9.14mVrms
DAC typical resolution is [12.91-(-4.28)]/127=135.4μV=95.7μVrms
Address: 12H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 - Reserved.
14:8 CalCodeN
Channel 2 current negative detector calculation code.
Code mapping:
7'b000-0000, Vc=-4.28mV=-3.03mVrms (Vc is the threshold of low power computation)
7'b111-1111, Vc=12.91mV=9.14mVrms
DAC typical resolution is [12.91-(-4.28)]/127=135.4μV=95.7μVrms
7-Reserved.
6:0 CalCodeP
Channel 2 current positive detector calculation code.
Code mapping:
7'b000-0000, Vc=-4.28mV=-3.03mVrms (Vc is the threshold of low power computation)
7'b111-1111, Vc=12.91mV=9.14mVrms
DAC typical resolution is [12.91-(-4.28)]/127=135.4μV=95.7μVrms
METERING IC Address: 13H Address: 14H Address: 15H Address: 16H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 46 April 2, 2013
DetectTh3
Channel 3 Current Threshold in Detection Mode
The calibration method is that, the user program the detection threshold and test with the standard input signal until the output trips.
6.3.2 PARTIAL MEASUREMENT MODE REGISTERS
PMOffsetA
Ioffset for phase A in Partial Measurement mode
PMOffsetB
Ioffset for phase B in Partial Measurement mode
PMOffsetC
Ioffset for phase C in Partial Measurement mode
Address: 13H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 - Reserved.
14:8 CalCodeN
Channel 3 current negative detector calculation code.
Code mapping:
7'b000-0000, Vc=-4.28mV=-3.03mVrms (Vc is the threshold of low power computation)
7'b111-1111, Vc=12.91mV=9.14mVrms
DAC typical resolution is [12.91-(-4.28)]/127=135.4μV=95.7μVrms
7-Reserved.
6:0 CalCodeP
Channel 3 current positive detector calculation code.
Code mapping:
7'b000-0000, Vc=-4.28mV=-3.03mVrms (Vc is the threshold of low power computation)
7'b111-1111, Vc=12.91mV=9.14mVrms
DAC typical resolution is [12.91-(-4.28)]/127=135.4μV=95.7μVrms
Address: 14H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-14 - Reserved.
13:0 PMOffsetA Phase A current offset in Partial Measurement mode.
Address: 15H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-14 - Reserved.
13:0 PMOffsetB Phase B current offset in Partial Measurement mode.
Address: 16H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-14 - Reserved.
13:0 PMOffsetC Phase C current offset in Partial Measurement mode.
METERING IC Address: 17H Address: 18H Nule Forcurrerd measunng m Partial easuremem mane: currerd gem rs suggesm m realized by external MCU and mam RMS vzrue shall um exceed 40A. Address: 19H Nule Forcurrerd measunng m Partial easuremem Mane: currerd gem rs suggesm m realized by external MCU and mam RMS vzrue shall um exceed 40A. Address: 1AH Nule Forcurrerd measunng m szal Measurement Mode: currerd gem rs suggesm m realized by external mad and mnenl RMS vzrue shall rm exceed 40A,
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 47 April 2, 2013
PMPGA
PGAgain Configuration in Partial Measurement mode
PMIrmsA
Irms for phase A in Partial Measurement mode
PMIrmsB
Irms for phase B in Partial Measurement mode
PMIrmsC
Irms for phase C in Partial Measurement mode
Address: 17H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-14 DPGA DPGA in Partial Measurement mode.
13:0 PGAGain PGAGain in Partial Measurement mode
Refer to the MMode1 register for encoding and mapping.
Address: 18H
Type: Read
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:0 PMIrmsA
*
Current RMS/mean result in Partial Measurement mode.
Format: It is unsigned for RMS while signed for mean value.
Note: For current measuring in Partial Measurement mode, current gain is suggested to realized by external MCU and current RMS value shall not exceed 40A.
Address: 19H
Type: Read
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:0 PMIrmsB
*
Current RMS/mean result in Partial Measurement mode.
Format: It is unsigned for RMS while signed for mean value.
Note: For current measuring in Partial Measurement Mode, current gain is suggested to realized by external MCU and current RMS value shall not exceed 40A.
Address: 1AH
Type: Read
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:0 PMIrmsC
*
Current RMS/mean result in Partial Measurement mode.
Format: It is unsigned for RMS while signed for mean value.
Note: For current measuring in Partial Measurement Mode, current gain is suggested to realized by external MCU and current RMS value shall not exceed 40A.
METERING IC Address: 1EH Address: 10H Address: 1DH
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 48 April 2, 2013
PMConfig
Measure Configuration in Partial Measurement mode
PMAvgSamples
Number of 8K Samples to be Averaged
PMIrmsLSB
LSB bits of PMRrms[A/B/C]
Address: 1BH
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 - Reserved.
14 ReMeasure This bit is ‘1’-write-only. Write ‘1’ to this bit will trigger another measurement cycle.
13 MeasureStartZX
This bit configures start of measurement whether starts from zero crossing point.
0: Measurement start immediately (default)
1: Measurement start from zero-crossing point
12 MeasureType
This bit indicates the measurement type.
0: RMS measurement (default)
1: Mean Value (DC Average) measurement
11-1 - Reserved.
0PMBusy
This bit indicates the measure status. This bit is read-only.
0: Measurement done (default)
1: Measurement in progress
Address: 1CH
Type: Read
Default Value: 00A0H
Bit Name Description
15:0 - Number of 8K samples to be averaged in RMS/mean computation.
Address: 1DH
Type: Read
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15:12 - Reserved.
11:8 IrmsCLSB
These bits indicate LSB of the corresponding phase RMS measurement result if the MeasureType bit (b12, PMConfig) =0.
These bits indicate MSB of the corresponding phase mean measurement result if the MeasureType bit (b12, PMConfig) =1.
7:4 IrmsBLSB
3:0 IrmsALSB
METERING IC Stan Register Value Usage Operation SBBGH Power up slate \t \S the vatue alter reset. Tms s13te blacks checksum cneckrng error generatton Sirmlar \ike GEESH. This stale blocks checksum cheokmg error generation. Wrrling wrlh this vatue Irrgger a reset to the assomated registers, 8765H Operation Checksum checkmg is enabled and it error detected, IRQIWarn rs asserted and Metering stopped. Other Error Force checksum error generatron and system stop.
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 49 April 2, 2013
6.4 CONFIGURATION AND CALIBRATION REGISTERS
6.4.1 START REGISTERS AND ASSOCIATED CHECKSUM OPERATION SCHEME
The Start Registers (ConfigStart (30H), CalStart (40H), HarmStart (50H) and AdjStart (60H)) and associated registers / checksum have a special
operation scheme to protect important configuration data, illustrated below in the diagram. Start registers have multiple valid settings for different
operation modes.
Figure-16 Start and Checksum Register Operation Scheme
6.4.2 CONFIGURATION REGISTERS
Start Register Value Usage Operation
6886H Power up state It is the value after reset. This state blocks checksum checking error generation
5678H Calibration Similar like 6886H, This state blocks checksum checking error generation. Writing with this value trigger a reset
to the associated registers.
8765H Operation Checksum checking is enabled and if error detected, IRQ/Warn is asserted and Metering stopped.
Other Error Force checksum error generation and system stop.
Table-5 Configuration Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Power-on Value and Comments
Configuration Registers
*
30H ConfigStart R/W Calibration Start Command 6886H
31H PLconstH R/W High Word of PL_Constant 0861H
32H PLconstL R/W Low Word of PL_Constant C468H
33H MMode0 R/W HPF/Integrator On/off, CF and all-phase energy
computation configuration 0087H
34H MMode1 R/W PGA gain configuration 0000H
35H PStartTh R/W Active Startup Power Threshold.
16 bit unsigned integer, Unit: 0.00032 Watt 0000H.
36H QStartTh R/W Reactive Startup Power Threshold.
16 bit unsigned integer, Unit: 0.00032 var 0000H
37H SStartTh R/W Apparent Startup Power Threshold.
16 bit unsigned integer, Unit: 0.00032 VA 0000H
xxxStart register
Start Associated
Regisers
CheckSum
(computed)
Checksum
Computation
0
1
IRQ/WarnOut
Generation
Metering
Enable
0
1
Checksum
Error
Error
xxxStart = 5678H
xxxStart =
8765H
0
1
CheckSum
(programmed)
Compare Error?
User Write
User Read
xxxStart refers to ConfigStart, CalStart, HarmStart and
AdjStart. Those registers and their assoicated checksum
computation has similar behavior.
xxxStart registers reset value is 6886H.
Writing 5678H to xxxStart register will trigger a reset to its
associated register. Register can be accessed after reset.
xxxStart associated register is the register between
xxxStart and associated checksum
0
1
xxxStart =
6886H
0
METERING IC Address: 30H 154) Carscannsn] Address: 31H Address: 32H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 50 April 2, 2013
ConfigStart
Configure Start Command
PLconstH
High Word of PL_Constant
PLconstL
Low Word of PL_Constant
38H PPhaseTh R/W
Startup power threshold (for |P|+|Q| of a phase) for
any phase participating Active Energy Accumula-
tion. Common for phase A/B/C.
0000H
16 bit unsigned integer,
Unit: 0.00032 Watt/var
39H QPhaseTh R/W
Startup power threshold (for |P|+|Q| of a phase) for
any phase participating ReActive Energy Accumula-
tion. Common for phase A/B/C.
0000H
16bit unsigned integer,
Unit: 0.00032 Watt/var
3AH SPhaseTh RW
Startup power threshold (for |P|+|Q| of a phase) for
any phase participating Apparent Energy Accumula-
tion. Common for phase A/B/C.
0000H
16 bit unsigned integer,
Unit: 0.00032 Watt/var
3BH CS0 R/W Checksum 0 Checksum register. 421CH
(calculated value after reset)
Note: For details, please refer to application note AN-644.
Address: 30H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 6886H
Bit Name Description
15 - 0 CalStart[15:0] Refer to 6.4.1 Start Registers and Associated Checksum Operation Scheme.
Address: 31H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0861H
Bit Name Description
15 - 0 PLconstH[15:0]
The PLconstH[15:0] and PLconstL[15:0] bits are high word and low word of PL_Constant respectively.
PL_Constant is a constant which is proportional to the sampling ratios of voltage and current, and inversely proportional to the
Meter Constant. PL_Constant is a threshold for energy calculated inside the chip, i.e., energy larger than PL_Constant will be
accumulated as 0.01CFx in the corresponding energy registers and then output on CFx if one CF reaches.
It is suggested to set PL_constant as a multiple of 4 so as to double or redouble Meter Constant in low current state to save ver-
ification time.
Address: 32H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: C468H
Bit Name Description
15 - 0 PLconstL[15:0] The PLconstH[15:0] and PLconstL[15:0] bits are high word and low word of PL_Constant respectively.
It is suggested to set PL_constant as a multiple of 4.
Table-5 Configuration Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Power-on Value and Comments
METERING IC Address: 33H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 51 April 2, 2013
MMode0
Metering method configuration
Address: 33H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0087H
Bit Name Description
15-14 - Reserved.
13 I1I3Swap
This bit defines phase mapping for I1 and I3:
0: I1 maps to phase A, I3 maps to phase C (default)
1: I1 maps to phase C, I3 maps to phase A
Note: I2 always maps to phase B.
12 Freq60Hz
Current Grid operating line frequency.
0: 50Hz (default)
1: 60Hz
11 HPFOff Disable HPF in the signal processing path.
10 didtEn
Enable Integrator for didt current sensor.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
9 001LSB
Energy register LSB configuration for all energy registers:
0: 0.1CF (default)
1: 0.01CF
83P3W
This bit defines the voltage/current phase sequence detection mode:
0: 3P4W (default)
1: 3P3W (Ua is Uab, Uc is Ucb, Ub is not used)
7CF2varh
CF2 pin source:
0: apparent energy
1: reactive energy (default)
6-Reserved.
5-Reserved.
4 ABSEnQ
These bits configure the calculation method of total (all-phase-sum) reactive/active energy and power:
0: Arithmetic sum: (default)
ET=EA*EnPA+ EB*EnPB+ EC*EnPC
PT= PA*EnPA+ PB*EnPB+ PC*EnPC
1: Absolute sum:
ET=|EA|*EnPA+ |EB|*EnPB+ |EC|*EnPC
PT=|PA|*EnPA+ |PB|*EnPB+ |PC|*EnPC
Note: ET is the total (all-phase-sum) energy, EA/EB/EC are the signed phase A/B/C energy respectively. Reverse energy is neg-
ative. PT is the total (all-phase-sum) power, PA/PB/PC are the signed phase A/B/C power respectively. Reverse power is nega-
tive.
3 ABSEnP
2EnPA
These bits configure whether Phase A/B/C are counted into the all-phase sum energy/power (P/Q/S).
1: Corresponding Phase A/B/C to be counted into the all-phase sum energy/power (P/Q/S) (default)
0: Corresponding Phase A/B/C not counted into the all-phase sum energy/power (P/Q/S)
1EnPB
0EnPC
METERING IC Address: 34H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 52 April 2, 2013
MMode1
PGA Gain Configuration
Address: 34H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-14 DPGA_GAIN
Digital PGA gain for the 4 current channels. This gain is implemented at the end of decimation filter.
00: Gain = 1 (default)
01: Gain = 2
10: Gain = 4
11: Gain = 8
13-0 PGA_GAIN
PGA gain for all ADC channels.
Mapping:
[13:12]: V3
[11:10]: V2
[9:8]: V1
[7:6]: -
[5:4]: I3
[3:2]: I2
[1:0]: I1
Encoding:
00: 1X (default)
01: 2X
10: 4X
11: N/A
METERING IC Address: SEH RegisIerAddress High Byte Low Byte 31H H3 L 32H H3 L 33H H3 L 34H H3 L 35H H3 L 36H H3 L 37H H3 L 38H H3 L 39H H L BAH H L
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 53 April 2, 2013
CS0
Checksum 0
There are multiple Start register and Checksum (CS0/CS1/CS2/CS3) registers for different crucial register blocks. Those registers are handled in
the similar way.
6.4.3 ENERGY CALIBRATION REGISTERS
Address: 3BH
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 421CH
Bit Name Description
15 - 0 CS0[15:0]
This register should be written after the 31H-3AH registers are written. Suppose the high byte and the low byte of the 31H-3AH
registers are shown in the below table.
The calculation of the CS0 register is as follows:
The low byte of 3BH register is: L3B=MOD(H31+H32+...+H3A+L31+L32+...+L3A, 2^8)
The high byte of 3BH register is: H3B=H31 XOR H32 XOR... XOR H3A XOR L31 XOR L32 XOR... XOR L3A
The 90E32A calculates CS0 regularly. If the value of the CS0 register and the calculation by the 90E32A is different when Con-
figStart=8765H, the CS0Err bit (b14, SysStatus0) is set and the WarnOut and IRQ pins are asserted.
Note: The readout value of the CS0 register is the calculation by the 90E32A, which is different from what is written.
Table-6 Calibration Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Power-on Value
Calibration Registers
40H CalStart R/W Calibration Start Command 6886H
41H POffsetA R/W Phase A Active Power Offset 0000H
42H QOffsetA R/W Phase A Reactive Power Offset 0000H
43H POffsetB R/W Phase B Active Power Offset 0000H
44H QOffsetB R/W Phase B Reactive Power Offset 0000H
45H POffsetC R/W Phase C Active Power Offset 0000H
46H QOffsetC R/W Phase C Reactive Power Offset 0000H
47H GainA R/W Phase A Active/Reactive Energy calibration
gain 0000H
48H PhiA R/W Phase A calibration phase angle 0000H
49H GainB R/W Phase B Active/Reactive Energy calibration
gain 0000H
Register Address High Byte Low Byte
31H H31 L31
32H H32 L32
33H H33 L33
34H H34 L34
35H H35 L35
36H H36 L36
37H H37 L37
38H H38 L38
39H H39 L39
3AH H3A L3A
METERING IC Address: 41H Address: 42H Address: 47H Address: 48H
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 54 April 2, 2013
PoffsetA
Phase A Active Power Offset
QoffsetA
Phase A Reactive Power Offset
GainA
Phase A Active/Reactive Energy calibration gain
PhiA
Phase A calibration phase angle
The phase B and phase C’s calibration registers are similar as phase A.
4AH PhiB R/W Phase B calibration phase angle 0000H
4BH GainC R/W Phase C Active/Reactive Energy calibration
gain 0000H
4CH PhiC R/W Phase C calibration phase angle 0000H
4DH CS1
*
R/W Checksum 1 0000H
Note: The calculation of the CS1 register is similar as the CS0 register by calculating the 41H-4CH registers. For details, please refer to application note AN-644.
Address: 41H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-0 Offset Power offset. Signed 16-bit integer.
Address: 42H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-0 Offset Power offset. Signed 16-bit integer.
Address: 47H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-0 Gain
Energy calibration gain.
Signed integer.
Actual power gain = (1+ Gain)
Address: 48H
Type: Read/Write
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15 DelayV 0: Delay Cycles are applied to current channel. (default)
1: Delay Cycles are applied to voltage channel.
14:10 - Reserved.
9:0 DelayCycles Unit is 2.048MHz cycle. It is an unsigned 10 bit integer.
Table-6 Calibration Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Power-on Value
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 55 April 2, 2013
6.4.4 FUNDAMENTAL/HARMONIC ENERGY CALIBRATION REGISTERS
6.4.5 MEASUREMENT CALIBRATION
Table-7 Fundamental/Harmonic Energy Calibration Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Power-on Value
50H HarmStart R/W Harmonic Calibration Startup Command 6886H
51H POffsetAF R/W Phase A Fundamental Active Power Offset 0000H
52H POffsetBF R/W Phase B Fundamental Active Power Offset 0000H
53H POffsetCF R/W Phase C Fundamental Active Power Offset 0000H
54H PGainAF R/W Phase A Fundamental Active Power Gain 0000H
55H PGainBF R/W Phase B Fundamental Active Power Gain 0000H
56H PGainCF R/W Phase C Fundamental Active Power Gain 0000H
57H CS2
*
R/W Checksum 2 0000H
Note: The calculation of the CS2 register is similar as the CS0 register by calculating the 51H-56H registers. For details, please refer to application note AN-644.
Table-8 Measurement Calibration Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Power-on Value
60H AdjStart R/W Measurement Calibration Startup Command 6886H
61H UgainA R/W Phase A Voltage RMS Gain CE40H
62H IgainA R/W Phase A Current RMS Gain 7530H
63H UoffsetA R/W Phase A Voltage RMS Offset 0000H
64H IoffsetA R/W Phase A Current RMS Offset 0000H
65H UgainB R/W Phase B Voltage RMS Gain CE40H
66H IgainB R/W Phase B Current RMS Gain 7530H
67H UoffsetB R/W Phase B Voltage RMS Offset 0000H
68H IoffsetB R/W Phase B Current RMS Offset 0000H
69H UgainC R/W Phase C Voltage RMS Gain CE40H
6AH IgainC R/W Phase C Current RMS Gain 7530H
6BH UoffsetC R/W Phase C Voltage RMS Offset 0000H
6CH IoffsetC R/W Phase C Current RMS Offset 0000H
6FH CS3
*
R/W Checksum 3 8EBEH
Note: The calculation of the CS3 register is similar as the CS0 register by calculating the 61H-6EH registers. Here the value of 6DH and 6EH registers can only be
read, VALUE6DH=7530H and VALUE6EH=0000H.
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 56 April 2, 2013
6.5 ENERGY REGISTER
6.5.1 REGULAR ENERGY REGISTERS
EnStatus0
Metering Status 0
Table-9 Regular Energy Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
80H APenergyT R/C Total Forward Active Energy
Resolution is 0.1CF/0.01CF. 0.01CF / 0.1CF set-
ting is defined by the 001LSB bit (b9, MMode0).
Cleared after read.
81H APenergyA R/C Phase A Forward Active Energy
82H APenergyB R/C Phase B Forward Active Energy
83H APenergyC R/C Phase C Forward Active Energy
84H ANenergyT R/C Total Reverse Active Energy
85H ANenergyA R/C Phase A Reverse Active Energy
86H ANenergyB R/C Phase B Reverse Active Energy
87H ANenergyC R/C Phase C Reverse Active Energy
88H RPenergyT R/C Total Forward Reactive Energy
89H RPenergyA R/C Phase A Forward Reactive Energy
8AH RPenergyB R/C Phase B Forward Reactive Energy
8BH RPenergyC R/C Phase C Forward Reactive Energy
8CH RNenergyT R/C Total Reverse Reactive Energy
8DH RNenergyA R/C Phase A Reverse Reactive Energy
8EH RNenergyB R/C Phase B Reverse Reactive Energy
8FH RNenergyC R/C Phase C Reverse Reactive Energy
90H SAenergyT R/C Total (Arithmetic Sum) Apparent Energy
91H SenergyA R/C Phase A Apparent Energy
92H SenergyB R/C Phase B Apparent Energy
93H SenergyC R/C Phase C Apparent Energy
95H EnStatus0 R Metering Status 0
96H EnStatus1 R Metering Status 1
Address: 95H
Type: Read
Default Value: F000H
Bit Name Description
15 TQNoload all-phase-sum reactive power no-load condition detected.
14 TPNoload all-phase-sum active power no-load condition detected.
13 TASNoload all-phase-sum apparent power no-load condition detected.
12-4 - Reserved.
3CF4RevFlag
CF4/CF3/CF2/CF1 Forward/Reverse Flag – reflect the direction of the current CF pulse.
0: Forward (default)
1: Reverse
2CF3RevFlag
1CF2RevFlag
0CF1RevFlag
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 57 April 2, 2013
EnStatus1
Metering Status 1
6.5.2 FUNDAMENTAL / HARMONIC ENERGY REGISTER
6.6 MEASUREMENT REGISTERS
6.6.1 POWER AND POWER FACTOR REGISTERS
Address: 96H
Type: Read
Default Value: 0000H
Bit Name Description
15-7 - Reserved.
6 SagPhaseA These bits indicate whether there is voltage sag on phase A, B or C respectively.
0: no voltage sag (default)
1: voltage sag
5 SagPhaseB
4 SagPhaseC
3-Reserved.
2 PhaseLossA These bits indicate whether there is a phase loss in Phase A/B/C.
0: no phase loss (default)
1: phase loss.
1 PhaseLossB
0 PhaseLossC
Table-10 Fundamental / Harmonic Energy Register
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
A0H APenergyTF R/C Total Forward Active Fundamental Energy
Resolution is 0.1CF / 0.01CF. 0.01CF / 0.1CF
setting is defined by the 001LSB bit (b9,
MMode0). Cleared after read.
A1H APenergyAF R/C Phase A Forward Active Fundamental Energy
A2H APenergyBF R/C Phase B Forward Active Fundamental Energy
A3H APenergyCF R/C Phase C Forward Active Fundamental Energy
A4H ANenergyTF R/C Total Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A5H ANenergyAF R/C Phase A Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A6H ANenergyBF R/C Phase B Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A7H ANenergyCF R/C Phase C Reverse Active Fundamental Energy
A8H APenergyTH R/C Total Forward Active Harmonic Energy
A9H APenergyAH R/C Phase A Forward Active Harmonic Energy
AAH APenergyBH R/C Phase B Forward Active Harmonic Energy
ABH APenergyCH R/C Phase C Forward Active Harmonic Energy
ACH ANenergyTH R/C Total Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
ADH ANenergyAH R/C Phase A Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
AEH ANenergyBH R/C Phase B Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
AFH ANenergyCH R/C Phase C Reverse Active Harmonic Energy
Table-11 Power and Power Factor Register
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
B0H PmeanT R Total (all-phase-sum) Active Power Complement, MSB as the sign bit
XX.XXX kW
1LSB corresponds to 1Watt for phase A/B/C, and
4Watt for Total (all-phase-sum)
B1H PmeanA R Phase A Active Power
B2H PmeanB R Phase B Active Power
B3H PmeanC R Phase C Active Power
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 58 April 2, 2013
6.6.2 FUNDAMENTAL/ HARMONIC POWER AND VOLTAGE/ CURRENT RMS REGISTERS
B4H QmeanT R Total (all-phase-sum) Reactive Power Complement, MSB as the sign bit
XX.XXX kvar
1LSB corresponds to 1var for phase A/B/C, and
4var for Total (all-phase-sum)
B5H QmeanA R Phase A Reactive Power
B6H QmeanB R Phase B Reactive Power
B7H QmeanC R Phase C Reactive Power
B8H SAmeanT R Total (Arithmetic Sum) apparent power Complement, MSB always '0'
XX.XXX kVA
1LSB corresponds to 1va for phase A/B/C, and
4va for Total (all-phase-sum)
B9H SmeanA R phase A apparent power
BAH SmeanB R phase B apparent power
BBH SmeanC R phase C apparent power
BCH PFmeanT R Total power factor
Signed, MSB as the sign bit
X.XXX
LSB is 0.001. Range from -1000 to +1000
BDH PFmeanA R phase A power factor
BEH PFmeanB R phase B power factor
BFH PFmeanC R phase C power factor
C0H PmeanTLSB R Lower word of Total (all-phase-sum) Active
Power
Lower word of Active Powers.
1LLSB
*
corresponds to 4/256 Watt
C1H PmeanALSB R Lower word of Phase A Active Power
Lower word of Active Powers.
1LLSB corresponds to 1/256 Watt
C2H PmeanBLSB R Lower word of Phase B Active Power
C3H PmeanCLSB R Lower word of Phase C Active Power
C4H QmeanTLSB R Lower word of Total (all-phase-sum) Reactive
Power
Lower word of ReActive Powers.
1LLSB corresponds to 4/256 var
C5H QmeanALSB R Lower word of Phase A Reactive Power
Lower word of ReActive Powers.
1LLSB corresponds to 1/256 var
C6H QmeanBLSB R Lower word of Phase B Reactive Power
C7H QmeanCLSB R Lower word of Phase C Reactive Power
C8H SAmeanTLSB R Lower word of Total (Arithmetic Sum) apparent
power
Lower word of Apparent Powers.
1LLSB corresponds to 4/256 VA
C9H SmeanALSB R Lower word of phase A apparent power
Lower word of Apparent Powers.
1LLSB corresponds to 1/256 VA
CAH SmeanBLSB R Lower word of phase B apparent power
CBH SmeanCLSB R Lower word of phase C apparent power
Note: All the lower 8 bits of C0H-CBH registers and E0H-EFH registers are always zero. Only the higher 8 bits of these registers are valid.
In this document, LLSB means bit 8 of the lower registers as below:
Table-12 Fundamental/ Harmonic Power and Voltage/ Current RMS Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
D0H PmeanTF R Total active fundamental power Complement, 16-bit integer with unit of 4Watt.
1LSB corresponds to 4Watt
D1H PmeanAF R phase A active fundamental power
Complement, 16-bit integer with unit of 1Watt.
1LSB corresponds to 1Watt
D2H PmeanBF R phase B active fundamental power
D3H PmeanCF R phase C active fundamental power
D4H PmeanTH R Total active harmonic power Complement, 16-bit integer with unit of 4Watt.
1LSB corresponds to 4Watt
Table-11 Power and Power Factor Register
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8
(LLSB) b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 59 April 2, 2013
6.6.3 THD+N, FREQUENCY, ANGLE AND TEMPERATURE REGISTERS
D5H PmeanAH R phase A active harmonic power
Complement, 16-bit integer with unit of 1Watt.
1LSB corresponds to 1Watt
D6H PmeanBH R phase B active harmonic power
D7H PmeanCH R phase C active harmonic power
D9H UrmsA R phase A voltage RMS
1LSB corresponds to 0.01 VDAH UrmsB R phase B voltage RMS
DBH UrmsC R phase C voltage RMS
DCH IrmsN0 R N Line calculated current RMS
unsigned 16-bit integer with unit of 0.001A
1LSB corresponds to 0.001 A
DDH IrmsA R phase A current RMS
DEH IrmsB R phase B current RMS
DFH IrmsC R phase C current RMS
E0H PmeanTFLSB R Lower word of Total active fundamental Power Lower word of D0H register.
1LLSB
*
corresponds to 4/256 Watt
E1H PmeanAFLSB R Lower word of phase A active fundamental
Power
Lower word of registers from D1H to D3H.
1LLSB corresponds to 1/256 Watt
E2H PmeanBFLSB R Lower word of phase B active fundamental
Power
E3H PmeanCFLSB R Lower word of phase C active fundamental
Power
E9H UrmsALSB R Lower word of phase A voltage RMS
Lower word of registers from D9H to DBH.
1LLSB corresponds to 0.01/256V
EAH UrmsBLSB R Lower word of phase B voltage RMS
EBH UrmsCLSB R Lower word of phase C voltage RMS
EDH IrmsALSB R Lower word of phase A current RMS
Lower word of registers from DDH to DFH.
1LLSB corresponds to 0.001/256A
EEH IrmsBLSB R Lower word of phase B current RMS
EFH IrmsCLSB R Lower word of phase C current RMS
Note: All the lower 8 bits of C0H-CBH registers and E0H-EFH registers are always zero. Only the higher 8 bits of these registers are valid.
In this document, LLSB means bit 8 of the lower registers as below:
Table-13 THD+N, Frequency, Angle and Temperature Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
F1H THDNUA R phase A voltage THD+N
1LSB corresponds to 0.01%F2H THDNUB R phase B voltage THD+N
F3H THDNUC R phase C voltage THD+N
F5H THDNIA R phase A current THD+N
1LSB corresponds to 0.01%F6H THDNIB R phase B current THD+N
F7H THDNIC R phase C current THD+N
F8H Freq R Frequency 1LSB corresponds to 0.01% Hz
F9H PAngleA R phase A mean phase angle Signed, MSB as the sign bit
1LSB corresponds to 0.1-degree,
-180.0°~+180.
FAH PAngleB R phase B mean phase angle
FBH PAngleC R phase C mean phase angle
Table-12 Fundamental/ Harmonic Power and Voltage/ Current RMS Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
b15 b14 b13 b12 b11 b10 b9 b8
(LLSB) b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
METERING IC
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Register 60 April 2, 2013
FCH Temp R Measured temperature 1LSB corresponds to 1 °C
Signed, MSB as the sign bit
FDH UangleA R phase A voltage phase angle Always ‘0’
FEH UangleB R phase B voltage phase angle Signed, MSB as the sign bit
Take phase A voltage as base voltage
1LSB corresponds to 0.1 degree,
-180.0°~+180.
FFH UangleC R phase C voltage phase angle
Table-13 THD+N, Frequency, Angle and Temperature Registers
Register
Address Register Name
Read/Write
Type Functional Description Comment
METERING IC Parameter 1 Min 1 Typ i Max 1 Unit 1 Test Conditicnl Comments Accuracy (2 VDD=3.3V superimposes AOOmVrrns, l=5A. V=220V. 5). Active Energy Enor(Dynam1c Range 500021) 0.1 % CT 100021. sampling reelstcr4.8£l ADC Channel 0.12 600 PGA=1 VDD» 120 PGA=1 Channel Sampling Frequency 8 kHz Channel Sampling Bandwidth 2 kHz Temperature Sensor and Reference Temperature Sensor Accuracy 1 r’C Reference voltage 1.2 3 3 V. 25 “C 9va Current detectors Current Detectcrtnreshpld range 2 3 A mVrms 3.3 V. 25 “C Current Detector threshold setting step/ resolution 0 096 mVrms a 3 V. 25 “C Current Detector detection time (Single-side) 32 ms Current Detector detection time (double-Side) 17 ms Crystal Oscillator The Accuracy of crystal or external clock is 1:20 ppm. Power Supply AVDD 2 B 3.3 3.6 DVDD 2 B 3.3 3.6 VDD18 1.8 V Operating Currents Normal made operating current (l-Nonnal) 23 mA 3 3 V. 25 “C Idle mode operating current (Hole) 0 1 4 pA 180 250 Double-side detection (at a 3 V. 25 “0) Partial Measurement mode operating current SPI l 1 £le 1 1 Machine Model (MM) 400 V JESDZZ-A115 Charged Device Model (CDM) 1000 V JESD22»C101 Human Body Model (HEM) 6000 V JESDZZ-MM Latch Up 100 mA JESD78A Latch Up 5.4 V JESD78A DC Characteristics Digital Input High Level (all digital pins except OSCl) l 2 4 l l VDD l V l VDD=3.3V
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 61 April 2, 2013
7 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION
7.1 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Test Condition/ Comments
Accuracy
DC Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) ±0.1 %
VDD=3.3V±0.3V, I=5A, V=220V, CT 1000:1, sam-
pling resistor 4.8Ω
AC Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) ±0.1 %
VDD=3.3V superimposes 400mVrms, I=5A, V=220V,
CT 1000:1, sampling resistor 4.8Ω
Active Energy Error (Dynamic Range 5000:1) ±0.1 % CT 1000:1, sampling resistor 4.8Ω
ADC Channel
Differential Input Voltage
0.12
0.07
0.04
600
300
160
mVrms
PGA=1
PGA=2
PGA=4
Analog Input Pin Absolute Voltage Range GND-300 VDD-
1200 mV
Channel Input Impedance
120
80
50
KΩ
PGA=1
PGA=2
PGA=4
Channel Sampling Frequency 8 kHz
Channel Sampling Bandwidth 2 kHz
Temperature Sensor and Reference
Temperature Sensor Accuracy 1 °C
Reference voltage 1.2 3.3 V, 25 °C
Reference voltage temperature coefficient 6 15 ppm/
°C From -40 to 85 °C
Current detectors
Current Detector threshold range 2 3 4 mVrms 3.3 V, 25 °C
Current Detector threshold setting step/ resolution 0.096 mVrms 3.3 V, 25 °C
Current Detector detection time (single-side) 32 ms
Current Detector detection time (double-side) 17 ms
Crystal Oscillator
Oscillator Frequency (fsys_clk) 16.384 MHz The Accuracy of crystal or external clock is ±20 ppm,
10pF ~ 20pF crystal load capacitor integrated.
Power Supply
AVDD 2.8 3.3 3.6
DVDD 2.8 3.3 3.6
VDD18 1.8 V
Operating Currents
Normal mode operating current (I-Normal) 23 mA 3.3 V, 25 °C
Idle mode operating current (I-Idle) 0.1 4 μA
Detection mode operating current (I-Detection) 180
100
250
140 μADouble-side detection (at 3.3 V, 25 °C)
Single-side detection (at 3.3 V, 25 °C)
Partial Measurement mode operating current
(I-Measurement) 6.8 mA 3.3 V, 25°C
SPI
Slave mode (SPI) bit rate 100 1200k
note 1
bps
ESD
Machine Model (MM) 400 V JESD22-A115
Charged Device Model (CDM) 1000 V JESD22-C101
Human Body Model (HBM) 6000 V JESD22-A114
Latch Up ±100 mA JESD78A
Latch Up 5.4 V JESD78A
DC Characteristics
Digital Input High Level (all digital pins except OSCI) 2.4 VDD V VDD=3.3V
METERING IC Paramemr Mln Typ Max Unlt Test Condltlanl Comments Digwal Input Low Level (an dwgita‘ pins except oscn 0.8 V VDD 3V Digwal Input Leakage Current 1 uA 6V. VI=VDD or GND Digwlal Output Law Level (CF1,CF2, CFS, CFA) 0.4 V -3V.| =3VV‘A Dlgwal Output Low Leve‘ (IROO, IRO1, WamOut, 0, Digwlal Output ngh Level (CF1, CFZ, CFa, CF4) 2.3 V VDD=3-3V. low-8M by separate‘y Dlgwal Output ngh Level (moo, IRO1, WamOut, o. Nate 1: The maximum SPI hwl rate dunng current detector calmration is 900k bps.
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 62 April 2, 2013
Digital Input Low Level (all digital pins except OSCI) 0.8 V VDD=3.3V
Digital Input Leakage Current ±1μA VDD=3.6V, VI=VDD or GND
Digital Output Low Level (CF1, CF2, CF3, CF4) 0.4 V VDD=3.3V, IOL=8mA
Digital Output Low Level (IRQ0, IRQ1, WarnOut, ZX0,
ZX1, ZX2, SDO) 0.4 V VDD=3.3V, IOL=5mA
Digital Output High Level (CF1, CF2, CF3, CF4) 2.8 V VDD=3.3V, IOH=-8mA, by separately
Digital Output High Level (IRQ0, IRQ1, WarnOut, ZX0,
ZX1, ZX2, SDO) 2.8 V VDD=3.3V, IOH=-5mA, by separately
Note 1: The maximum SPI bit rate during current detector calibration is 900k bps.
Parameter Min Typ Max Unit Test Condition/ Comments
METERING IC FF 1,0120pV-600mV F 0,5L.180pV—600mV PF=0.8C, 150pV—600mV 5WD .0 now-500m 5m 5L,180pV—600mv sin - .80,150pV-600mV FF=1,0 1ZUpV-600mV FF=0,5L. 180pV—600mV P 0.8!), 150pV—600mV F 0 1ZUpV-600mV F ,5L. 180pV—600mV PF=0.8C, 150pV—600mV Nate 1: All me parameters m thws tame Is (med on Nmel s (25: platform.
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 63 April 2, 2013
7.2 METERING/ MEASUREMENT ACCURACY
7.2.1 METERING ACCURACY
Metering accuracy or energy accuracy is calculated with relative
error:
Where Emea is the energy measured by the meter, Ereal is the actual
energy measured by a high accurate normative meter.
%100×
=
real
realmea
E
EE
γ
Table-14 Metering Accuracy for Different Energy within the Dynamic Range
Energy Type Energy Pulse
ADC Range
When Gain=1 Metering Accuracy
note 1
Active energy
(Per phase and all-phase-sum) CF1
PF=1.0 120μV-600mV
0.1%PF=0.5L, 180μV-600mV
PF=0.8C, 150μV-600mV
Reactive energy
(Per phase and all-phase-sum) CF2
sinФ=1.0 120μV-600mV
0.2%sinФ=0.5L, 180μV-600mV
sinФ=0.8C, 150μV-600mV
Apparent energy
(Per phase and arithmetic all-phase-sum) CF2 600μV-600mV
note 2
0.2%
Fundamental active energy
(Per phase and all-phase-sum) CF3
PF=1.0 120μV-600mV
0.2%PF=0.5L, 180μV-600mV
PF=0.8C, 150μV-600mV
Harmonic active energy
(Per phase and all-phase-sum) CF4
PF=1.0 120μV-600mV
0.5%PF=0.5L, 180μV-600mV
PF=0.8C, 150μV-600mV
Note 1: All the parameters in this table is tested on Atmel’s test platform.
Note 2: Apparent energy is tested using active energy with unity power factor since there’s no standard for apparent energy. Signal below 600 μV is not tested.
METERING IC SOESZA reference voltage Un maxrmum current Imax Reference Frequency 50 Rerative ermr rs Nate 1:
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 64 April 2, 2013
7.2.2 MEASUREMENT ACCURACY
The measurements are all calculated with fiducial error except for
frequency and THD.
Fiducial error is calculated as follows:
Where Umea means the measured data of one measurement
parameter, and Ureal means the real/actual data of the parameter,
UFV means the fiducial value of this measurement parameter, which
can be defined as Table-15.
For the above mentioned parameters, the measurement accuracy
requirement is 0.5% maximum.
For frequency, temperature, THD+N:
Parameter Accuracy
Frequency: 0.01Hz
Temperature: 1 °C
Accuracy of all orders of harmonics: 5% relative error
Harmonic component% =
Where
means the measuring value of the h
th
harmonic voltage/
current;
means the given or actual value of the h
th
harmonic voltage/
current.
100%*
U
U-U
rrorFiducial_E
FV
realmea
=
Table-15 Measurement Parameter Range and Format
Measurement Fiducial Value (FV)
90E32A
Defined
Format Range Comment
Voltage reference voltage Un XXX.XX 0 ~ 655.35V Unsigned integer with unit of 0.01V
Current maximum current Imax
(4×In is recommended) XX.XXX 0 ~ 65.535A Unsigned integer with unit of 0.001A
Voltage rms Un XXX.XX 0 ~ 655.35V Unsigned integer with unit of 0.01V
Current rms
note 1
Ib/In XX.XXX 0 ~ 65.535A Unsigned integer with unit of 0.001A
Active/ Reactive Power
note 1
Un×4Ib XX.XXX -32.768 ~ +32.767 kW/kvar Signed integer with unit/LSB of 1 Watt/var
Apparent Power Un×4Ib XX.XXX 0 ~ +32.767 kVA Unsigned integer with unit/LSB of 1 VA
Frequency Reference Frequency 50
Hz XX.XX 45.00~65.00 Hz Signed integer with unit/LSB of 0.01Hz
Power Factor 1.000 X.XXX -1.000 ~ +1.000 Signed integer, LSB/Unit = 0.001
Phase Angle
note 2
180°XXX.X -180° ~ +180°Signed integer, unit/LSB = 0.1°
THD+N
Relative error is
adopted, no Fiducial
Value
XX.XX 0.00%-99.99% Unit is 0.01%
Note 1:
All registers are of 16-bit. For cases when the current or active/reactive/apparent power goes beyond the above range, it is suggested to be handled by MCU in
application. For example, register value can be calibrated to 1/2 of the actual value during calibration, then multiply 2 in application.
Note 2:
Phase angle is obtained when voltage/current crosses zero at the sampling frequency of 256kHz.
100
iu
iuiu
hN
hNh ×
)(
)()(
h
iu )(
hN
iu )(
METERING IC Description
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 65 April 2, 2013
7.3 INTERFACE TIMING
7.3.1 SPI INTERFACE TIMING (SLAVE MODE)
The SPI interface timing is as shown in Figure-17 and Table-16.
Figure-17 SPI Timing Diagram
Table-16 SPI Timing Specification
Symbol Description Min. Typical Max. Unit
tCSH Minimum CS High Level Time 2T
note 1
+10 ns
tCSS CS Setup Time 2T+10 ns
tCSD CS Hold Time 3T+10 ns
tCLD Clock Disable Time 1T ns
tCYC SCLK cycle 7T+10 ns
tCLH Clock High Level Time 5T+10 ns
tCLL Clock Low Level Time 2T+10 ns
tDIS Data Setup Time 2T+10 ns
tDIH Data Hold Time 1T+10 ns
tDW Minimum Data Width 3T+10 ns
tPD Output Delay 2T+20 ns
tDF Output Disable Time 2T+20 ns
Note:
1. T means system clock cycle. T=1/fsys_clk
CS
SCLK
SDI
SDO
tCSH
tCSS
High Impedance High Impedance
tCSD
tCLH tCLL
tDIS tDIH
tPD tDF
Valid Input
Valid Output
tCLD
tDW
tCYC
METERING IC RESET Descrlptlon
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 66 April 2, 2013
7.4 POWER ON RESET TIMING
In most case, the power of 90E32A and MCU are both derived from
220V power lines. To make sure 90E32A is reset and can work properly,
MCU must force 90E32A into idle mode firstly and then into normal
mode. In this operation, RESET is held to high in idle mode and de-
asserted by delay T1 after idle-normal transition. Refer to Figure-18.
Figure-18 Power On Reset Timing (90E32A and MCU are Powered on Simultaneously)
Figure-19 Power On Reset Timing in Normal & Partial Measurement Mode
Table-17 Power On Reset Specification
Symbol Description Min Typ Max Unit
VHPower On Trigger Voltage 2.5 2.7 V
T0Duration forced in idle mode after power on 1 ms
T1Delay time after power on or exit idle mode 5 16 40 ms
PM[1:0] Idle Mode Normal Mode
DVDD
MCU startup
RESET
T1
T0
DVDD
RESET
T1
VH
METERING IC Unh Max WP Descrlptlon Symbol
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 67 April 2, 2013
7.5 ZERO-CROSSING TIMING
Figure-20 Zero-Crossing Timing Diagram (per phase)
Table-18 Zero-Crossing Specification
Symbol Description Min Typ Max Unit
TZX High Level Width 5 ms
TDDelay Time 0.2 0.5 ms
ZX
(Positive zero-crossing)
ZX
(Negative zero-crossing)
ZX
(All zero-crossing)
TZX
TD
V
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90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 68 April 2, 2013
7.6 VOLTAGE SAG AND PHASE LOSS TIMING
Figure-21 Voltage Sag and Phase Loss Timing Diagram
time
Voltage
+ threshold
- threshold
IRQ (if enabled)
11ms window Sag/Phase Loss condition found
in two consecutive windows
Assert of
Voltage Sag / Phase Loss
METERING IC Parameter Maximum lell Reiative Voltage Between AVDD and AGND -0.3V~3.7V Relative Valtage Between DVDD and DGND -0.3V~3.7V Anaiag Input Voltage Digitai Input Valtage -0.3V~3.6V Operating Temperature Range -40<&5 "c="" maximum="" junction="" temperature="" 150="" “c="" thermal="" resistance="" 0="" tqfpab="" 58.5="" “cm="" nd="" airflow="">
90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
Electrical Specification 69 April 2, 2013
7.7 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATING
Parameter Maximum Limit
Relative Voltage Between AVDD and AGND -0.3V~3.7V
Relative Voltage Between DVDD and DGND -0.3V~3.7V
Analog Input Voltage
(I1P, I1N, I2P, I2N, I3P, I3N, V1P, V1N, V2P, V2N, V3P, V3N) -0.6V~AVDD
Digital Input Voltage -0.3V~3.6V
Operating Temperature Range -40~85 °C
Maximum Junction Temperature 150 °C
Package Type Thermal Resistance θJA Unit Condition
TQFP48 58.5 °C/W No Airflow
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90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
70 April 2, 2013
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
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90E32A POLY-PHASE HIGH-PERFORMANCE WIDE-SPAN ENERGY METERING IC
71
ORDERING INFORMATION
DATASHEET DOCUMENT HISTORY
XXXXX XXX X
Device Type
I
Temperature Range
Industry (-40 to +85 )
Poly-Phase High-Performance
Wide-Span Energy Metering IC
ERG TQFP48
90E32A
Package

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