L6585D Datasheet by STMicroelectronics

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25
L6585D
Combo IC for PFC and ballast control
Features
Pre-heating and ignition phases independently
programmable
Ignition voltage control
Transition mode PFC with over-current
protection
Programmable and precise End-of-life
protection compliant with all ballast
configurations
Auto-adjusting half-bridge over-current control
Automatic re-lamp
3% oscillator precision
1.2µs dead time
PFC over-voltage protection and feedback
disconnection
Under voltage lock-out
Applications
Electronic ballast
SO-20
www.st.com
Figure 1. Block diagram
E/A
+
_
LEB
LATCH
2.5V
+_
+
_
0.7V
MULTIPLIER
and THD
OPTIMIZER
STARTER
SR
Q
Vcc
UV
DETECTION
HVG
DRIVER
LEVEL
SHIFTER
SYNCHRONOUS
BOOTSTRAP DIODE
DRIVING
LOGIC LVG DRIVER
Vcc
CONTROL
LOGIC
DEAD
TIME
1.7V
17V
PFG
ZCD
INV
COMP MULT PFCS Vcc
BOOT
HSD
OUT
LSD
GND
HBCS
Tch
OSC EOIRF
EOLR
EOLP
TIMING
MANAGEMENT Vcc
4.6
1.5
1.9V
VCO
2V
1.2V
OL
OL
PWM
COMP. CHOKE
SAT.
3.4V
HB STOP
OVP
OVP
PFSTOP
PFSTOP WINDOW
COMPARATOR
& REF.
CTR
0.75V
DIS
DIS
4.63V
EOL
RELAMP
0.9V
1.6V
2V
E/A
+
_
LEB
LATCH
2.5V
+_
+
_
0.7V
MULTIPLIER
and THD
OPTIMIZER
STARTER
SR
Q
Vcc
UV
DETECTION
HVG
DRIVER
LEVEL
SHIFTER
SYNCHRONOUS
BOOTSTRAP DIODE
DRIVING
LOGIC LVG DRIVER
Vcc
CONTROL
LOGIC
DEAD
TIME
1.7V
17V
PFG
ZCD
INV
COMP MULT PFCS Vcc
BOOT
HSD
OUT
LSD
GND
HBCS
Tch
OSC EOIRF
EOLR
EOLP
TIMING
MANAGEMENT Vcc
4.6
1.5
1.9V
VCO
2V
1.2V
OL
OL
PWM
COMP. CHOKE
SAT.
3.4V
HB STOP
OVP
OVP
PFSTOP
PFSTOP WINDOW
COMPARATOR
& REF.
CTR
0.75V
DIS
DIS
4.63V
EOL
RELAMP
0.9V
1.6V
2V
Contents L6585D
2/25
Contents
1 Device description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2 Pin settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1 Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2 Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3 Electrical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.1 Maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.2 Thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5 Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.1 Start-up sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.1.1 Pre-heating (time interval A Figure 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.1.2 Ignition (time interval B Figure 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.1.3 Run mode (time interval C Figure 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
6 End of life – window comparator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
7 Half-bridge current control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
8 CTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
9 Re–lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10 Package mechanical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
11 Order codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
12 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
m block diagram AC MAws R,
L6585D Device description
3/25
1 Device description
Designed in High-voltage BCD Off-line technology, the L6585D embeds a PFC controller, a
half-bridge controller, the relevant drivers and the logic necessary to build an electronic
ballast.
The advanced and precise logic circuitry, combined with the programmability of the End-of-
Life windows comparator threshold, makes the L6585D compliant with either "lamp-to-
ground" or "block capacitor-to ground" configurations.
Another outstanding feature is the possibility of controlling and limiting the lamp voltage
during the ignition phase.
The pre-heating and ignition durations are independently settable as well as the half-bridge
switching frequencies for each operating phases (pre-heating, ignition and normal mode).
Other features (half-bridge over-current with frequency increase, PFC over-voltage) allow
building a reliable and flexible solution with a reduced part count.
The PFC section achieves current mode control operating in Transition Mode; the highly
linear multiplier includes a special circuit, able to reduce AC input current distortion, that
allows wide-range-mains operation with an extremely low THD, even over a large load
range.
The PFC output voltage is controlled by means of a voltage-mode error amplifier and a
precise internal voltage reference.
The driver of the PFC is able to provide 300mA (source) and 600mA (sink) and the drivers of
the half-bridge provide 290mA source and 480mA sink.
Figure 2. Typical system block diagram
MULT
PFCS
PFG
ZCD INV COMP
GND OSC RF EOI Tch
CTR
EOLP
Vcc BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
HBCS
C
BLOCK
C
IGN
R
RUN
R
PRE
C
OSC
C
BOOT
C
BULK
HV BUS
LAMP
AC MAINS
C
RES
Charge
pump
C
IN
C
D
R
D
R
1
R
2
R
3
R
SNSPF
R
4
R
5
R
6
C
COMP
R
7
R
8
R
SNSHB
L
B
L
PFC
12 3 45
EOL-R
6
7
8
91011
12
13
1415
17 2019
16
18
R
P
L6585D
MULT
PFCS
PFG
ZCD INV COMP
GND OSC RF EOI Tch
CTR
EOLP
Vcc BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
HBCS
C
BLOCK
C
IGN
R
RUN
R
PRE
C
OSC
C
BOOT
C
BULK
HV BUS
LAMP
AC MAINS
C
RES
Charge
pump
C
IN
C
D
R
D
R
1
R
2
R
3
R
SNSPF
R
4
R
5
R
6
C
COMP
R
7
R
8
R
SNSHB
L
B
L
PFC
12 3 45
EOL-R
6
7
8
91011
12
13
1415
17 2019
16
18
R
P
L6585D
4/25 080 I: RF I: EOI I: TCH I: EOLP I: EOL-R I: CTR I: MULT E COMP I: INV I: UUUUUULILILILI
Pin settings L6585D
4/25
2 Pin settings
2.1 Connection
Figure 3. Pin sonnection (Top view)
BOOT
HSD
OUT
GND
LSD
VCC
COMP
INV ZCD
PFCS
PFG
HBCS
EOLP
EOL-R
CTR
MULT
EOI
TCH
OSC
RF
BOOT
HSD
OUT
GND
LSD
VCC
COMP
INV ZCD
PFCS
PFG
HBCS
EOLP
EOL-R
CTR
MULT
EOI
TCH
OSC
RF
L6585D Pin settings
5/25
2.2 Functions
Table 1. Pin functions
Pin num. Name Function
1OSC An external capacitor to GND fixes the half-bridge switching frequency with a
±3% precision.
2RF
Voltage reference able to source up to 240µA; the current sunk from this pin fixes
the switching frequency of the half-bridge for each operating state.
A resistor (RRUN) connected to ground sets the half-bridge operating frequency
combined with the capacitor connected to the pin OSC.
A resistor connected to EOI (RPRE) – in parallel with RRUN – sets the maximum
half-bridge switching frequency during pre-heating.
3EOI
Connected to ground by a capacitor that, combined with RPRE, determines the
ignition duration
Pre-heating: low impedance to set high switching frequency
Ignition and run mode: high impedance with controlled current sink in case of
HBCS threshold triggering.
4Tch
Pin for setting the pre-heating time and the protection intervention.
Connect a RC parallel network (RD and CD) to ground
Pre-heating: the CD is charged by an internal current generator. When the pin
voltage reaches 4.63V the generator is disabled and the capacitor discharges
because of RD; once the voltage drops below 1.52V, the preheating finishes, the
ignition phase starts and the RDCD is discharged to ground.
Run mode: according to the kind of fault (either over-current or EOL) the
internal generator charges the RC parallel network and appropriate actions are
taken to stop the application. During proper behavior of the IC, this pin is low
impedance.
5EOLP
Pin to program the EOL comparator.
It is possible to select both the EOL sensing method and the window comparator
amplitude by connecting a resistor (REOLP) to ground.
6EOL-R
Input for the window comparator and re-lamp function.
It can be used to detect the lamp ageing for either “lamp to ground” and “block
capacitor to ground” configurations.
According to the EOLP pin setting, it is possible to program:
the window amplitude (VW)
the center of the window (VSET) either fixed or in tracking with the PFC output
bus.
This function is blanked during the ignition phase.
In case of either lamp disconnection or removal, a second threshold (VSL-UP)
crossing latches the IC and drives the chip in “ready-mode” so that when the
voltage at EOL-R pin is brought below VSL-DOWN (re-lamp) a new pre-
heating/ignition sequence is repeated.
7CTR
Input pin for:
PFC over-voltage detection: the PFC driver is stopped until the voltage returns
in the proper operating range
Feedback disconnection detection
reference for End-of-life in case tracking reference;
shut-down: forcing the pin to a voltage lower than 0.75V, the IC shuts down in
unlatched condition.
8MULT
Main input to the multiplier. This pin is connected to the rectified mains voltage
via a resistor divider and provides the sinusoidal reference to the PFC current
loop.
Pin settings L6585D
6/25
Pin num. Name Function
9COMP
Output of the error amplifier. A compensation network is placed between this pin
and INV to achieve stability of the PFC voltage control loop and ensure high
power factor and low THD.
10 INV
Inverting input of the error amplifier. The information on the output voltage of the
PFC pre-regulator is fed into the pin through a resistor divider. Input for the
feedback disconnection comparator
11 ZCD
Boost inductor’s demagnetization sensing input for PFC transition-mode
operation. A negative-going edge triggers PFC MOSFET turn-on.
During start-up or when the voltage is not high enough to arm the internal
comparator (e.g. AC Mains peak), the PFC driver is triggered by means of an
internal starter.
12 PFCS
Input to the PFC PWM comparator. The current flowing in the PFC mosfet is
sensed by a resistor; the resulting voltage is applied to this pin and compared
with an internal sinusoidal-shaped reference, generated by the multiplier, to
determine the PFC MOSFET’ s turn-off.
A second comparison level detects abnormal currents (e.g. due to boost inductor
saturation) and, on this occurrence, shuts down and latches the IC reducing its
consumption to the start-up.
An internal LEB prevents undesired function triggering.
13 PFG PFC gate driver output. The totem pole output stage is able to drive power
MOSFET’S with a peak current of 300mA source and 600mA sink.
14 HBCS
2-levels half-bridge current monitor for current control.
The current flowing in the HB mosfet is sensed by a resistor; the resulting
voltage is applied to this pin.
Low threshold (active during run mode): in case of thresholds crossing, the IC
reacts with self-adjusting frequency increase in order to limit the half-bridge
(lamp) current.
High threshold:
ignition: in case of thresholds crossing during the frequency shift, the IC reacts
with self-adjusting frequency increase in order to limit the lamp voltage and
preventing operation below resonance.
run mode: in case of thresholds crossing because of current spikes (due e. g.
to capacitive mode / cross-conduction), the L6585D latches to avoid
MOSFETs damaging,
15 GND Ground. Current return for both the signal part of the IC and the gate driver.
16 LSD Low side driver output: the output stage can deliver 290mA source and 480mA
sink (typ. values).
17 VCC Supply Voltage of both the signal part of the IC and the gate driver.
Clamped with a Zener inside.
18 OUT High Side Driver Floating Reference. This pin must be connected close to the
source of the high side power MOS.
19 HSD High side driver output: the output stage can deliver 290mA source and 480mA
(typ. values).
20 BOOT
Bootstrapped Supply Voltage. Between this pin and VCC, the bootstrap capacitor
must be connected.
A patented integrated circuitry replaces the external bootstrap diode, by means
of a high voltage DMOS, synchronously driven with the low side power MOSFET.
Table 1. Pin functions (continued)
L6585D Electrical data
7/25
3 Electrical data
3.1 Maximum ratings
Note: ESD immunity for pins 18, 19 and 20 is guaranteed up to 900V (Human Body Model)
3.2 Thermal data
Table 2. Absolute maximum ratings
Symbol Pin Parameter Value Unit
VBOOT 20 Floating supply voltage -1 to 618 V
VOUT 18 Floating ground voltage -3 to VBOOT – 18 V
dVOUT /dt 18 Floating ground max. slew rate 50 V/ns
VCC 17 IC Supply voltage (ICC = 20mA)(1)
1. The device has an internal Clamping Zener between GND and the VCC pin, it must not be supplied by a
Low Impedance Voltage Source.
Self-limited V
1, 3, 4,
8, 10,
12
Analog input and outputs -0.3 to 5 V
2, 5 -0.3 to 2.7 V
6Vcc
7 -0.3 to 7 V
14 -5 to 5
9, 11 ZCD clamp (IZCD < 4mA) Self-limited
IRF 2 Current capability 240 µA
IEOLP 5 Current capability 100 µA
FOSC(MAX) Maximum operating frequency 250 KHz
PTOT Power dissipation @TA = 70°C 0.83 W
Table 3. Thermal data
Symbol Description Value Unit
RthJA Max. thermal resistance junction to ambient 120 °C/W
TJJunction operating temperature range -40 to 150 °C
TSTG Storage temperature -55 to 150 °C
Electrical characteristics L6585D
8/25
4 Electrical characteristics
VCC = 15V, TA = 25°C, CL = 1nF, COSC = 470pF, RRUN = 47K, unless otherwise specified
Table 4. Electrical characteristics
Symbol Pin Parameter Test condition Min Typ Max Unit
Supply voltage
Vcc VCC Operating range After turn-on 11 16 V
VCC(on) VCC Turn-on threshold (1) 13.6 14.3 15 V
VCC(OFF) VCC Turn-off threshold (1) 9.6 10.3 11 V
VZ VCC Zener Voltage Icc = 20mA 16.2 17.2 17.7 V
Supply current
IST-UP VCC Start-up current Before turn-on @ 13V 250 370 µA
ICC VCC Operating supply current 7 mA
Iq VCC Residual current IC latched 370 µA
PFC section – multiplier input
IMULT MULT Input bias current VMULT = 0 -1 µA
VMULT MULT Linear operation range VCOMP = 3V 0 to 3 V
VCS
VMULT
MULT Output max. slope VMULT = 0 to 1V,
VCOMP = Upper clamp 0.75 V/V
KMMULT Gain VMULT = 1V, VCOMP= 3V 0.52 1/V
PFC section – error amplifier
VINV INV Voltage feedback input
threshold 2.45 2.5 2.55 V
INV Line regulation VCC = 10.3V to 16V 50 mV
IINV INV Input bias current -1 µA
Gv INV Voltage gain Open loop (2) 60 80 dB
GB INV Gain-bandwidth product (2) 1MHz
ICOMP COMP Source current VCOMP = 4V, VINV = 2.4 V -2.6 mA
Sink current VCOMP = 4V, VINV = 2.6 V 4 mA
VCOMP COMP Upper clamp voltage ISOURCE = 0.5 mA 4.2 V
Lower clamp voltage ISINK = 0.5 mA 2.25 V
VDIS INV Open loop detection
threshold CTR > 3.4 1.2 V
COMP Static OVP threshold 2.1 2.25 2.4 V
L6585D Electrical characteristics
9/25
Symbol Pin Parameter Test condition Min Typ Max Unit
CTR pin
DIS CTR Disable threshold Falling edge 0.75 V
Hysteresys 120 mV
PFOV CTR
Dynamic PFC
overvoltage Rising edge 3.4 V
Hysteresys 140 mV
CTR
Available range as
tracking reference Lower threshold (falling) 1.7 V
Hysteresys 0.12
Higher threshold (rising) 3.4 V
Hysteresys 0.14
PFC section – current sense comparator
ICS PFCS Input bias current VCS = 0 -1 µA
tLEB PFCS Leading edge blanking (2) 100 200 300 ns
VCSdis PFCS IC disable level 1.65 1.75 1.85 V
td(H-L) PFCS Delay to output 120 ns
VCSclamp PFCS Current sense reference
clamp VCOMP = Upper clamp 1.0 1.08 1.16 V
PFC section – zero current detector
VZCDH ZCD Upper clamp voltage IZCD = 2.5 mA 5 V
VZCDL ZCD Lower clamp voltage IZCD = -2.5 mA -0.3 0 0.3 V
VZCDA ZCD Arming voltage
(positive-going edge)
(2) 1.4 V
VZCDT ZCD Triggering voltage
(negative-going edge)
(2) 0.7 V
IZCDb ZCD Input bias current VZCD = 1 to 4.5 V 1 µA
IZCDsrc ZCD Source current capability -4 mA
IZCDsnk ZCD Sink current capability 4 mA
PFC section – gate driver
PFG Output high/low ISINK = 10mA 0.2 V
ISOURCE = 10mA 14.5 V
tf PFG Fall time 40 90 ns
tr PFG Rise time 90 140 ns
ISINK PFG Peak sink current 475 600 mA
ISOURCE PFG Peak source current 200 300 mA
PFG Pull-down resistor 10 k
Table 4. Electrical characteristics (continued)
Electrical characteristics L6585D
10/25
Symbol Pin Parameter Test condition Min Typ Max Unit
Half bridge section – Timing & oscillator
ICH TCH Charge current VTCH = 2.2V 30 µA
VCHP TCH
Charge threshold
(positive going-edge) (1) 4.63 V
VCHN TCH
Discharge threshold
(negative going edge)
(1) 1.50 V
TCH Leakage current 1.5V < VTCH < 4.5V,
falling 0.1 µA
RTCH TCH Internal impedance Run mode 150 200
EOI Open state current VEOI = 2V 0.15 µA
REOI EOI EOI impedance During pre-heating 150
IEOI EOI
EOI current generator
during ignition and run
mode
Tspike = 200ns (3) 20
µA
Tspike = 400ns (3) 100
Tspike = 600ns (3) 200
Tspike = 1µs (3) 270
VEOI EOI EOI threshold (1) 1.83 1.9 1.98 V
VREF RF Reference voltage (1) 1.92 2 2.08 V
IRF RF Max current capability 240 µA
OSC Rising threshold (1) 3.7 V
OSC Falling threshold (1) 0.9 V
D OSC Output duty cycle 48 50 52 %
TDEAD OSC Dead time 0.96 1.2 1.44 µs
fRUN OSC Half-bridge oscillation
frequency (run mode) 58.4 60.2 62 KHz
fPRE OSC Half-bridge oscillation
frequency (pre heating) RPRE=50K 113.2 116.7 120.2 KHz
Half bridge section – End Of Life FUNCTION and re-lamp comparator
EOLP Current capability 100 µA
EOLP Reference voltage 1.92 2 2.08 V
EOL-R Operating range EOLP=27K 0.95 4.15 V
VSEOL-R Window comparator
reference
220K = REOLP = 270K or
22K = REOLP = 27K tracking with CTR
V
REOLP > 620K or
75K = REOLP = 91K 2.5
VWHalf window amplitude
220K = REOLP = 270K or
75K = REOLP = 91K 220 mV
REOLP > 620K or
22K = REOLP = 27K 720 mV
Table 4. Electrical characteristics (continued)
L6585D Electrical characteristics
11/25
Symbol Pin Parameter Test condition Min Typ Max Unit
EOL-R Sink/source capability 2.5 µA
EOL-R Relamp comparator 4.63 V
hysteresys 160 mV
Half bridge section – Half-bridge current sense
HBCSH HBCS Frequency increase
threshold VEOI < 1.9V (ignition) 1.53 1.6 1.66 V
HBCSL HBCS VEOI > 1.9V (run mode) 0.850.910.97 V
HBCS Latched threshold Run mode 1.53 1.6 1.66 V
Half bridge section – Low side gate driver
LSD Output low voltage ISINK = 10mA 0.3 V
LSD Output high voltage ISOURCE = 10mA 14.5 V
LSD Peak source current 200 290 mA
LSD Peak sink current 400 480 mA
TRISE LSD Rise time 120 ns
TFALL LSD Fall time 80 ns
LSD Pull-down resistor ; 45 K
Half bridge section – High side gate driver (voltages referred to OUT)
HSD Output low voltage ISINK = 10mA VOUT +
0.3 V
HSD Output high voltage ISOURCE = 10mA VBOOT
0.5 V
HSD Peak source current 200 290 mA
HSD Peak sink current 400 480 mA
TRISE HSD Rise time 120 ns
TFALL HSD Fall time 80 ns
HSD HSD-OUT pull-down 50 K
High-side floating gate-drive supply
BOOT Leakage current VBOOT = 600V (2) A
OUT Leakage current VOUT = 600V (2) A
Synchronous bootstrap
diode on-resistance VLSD = HIGH 250
1. Parameter in tracking
2. Specification over the -40°C to 125°C junction temperature range are ensured by design, characterization and statistical
correlation
3. A pulse train has been sent to the HBCS pin with f=6KHz; the pulse duration is the one indicated in the notes as "TON"
Table 4. Electrical characteristics (continued)
12/25 grerheating lime
Application information L6585D
12/25
5 Application information
5.1 Start-up sequence
5.1.1 Pre-heating (time interval A Figure 5)
After IC turn-on, unless a lamp absence is detected, the oscillator starts switching at a
frequency (fPRE) set by values of COSC and RRUN and RPRE Figure 4:
Equation 1
The pre-heating time is:
Equation 2
where CD and RD are shown in Figure 4 and ICH is typically 34 µA.
Figure 4. Oscillator, pre-heating and ignition circuitry
fPRE
1.328
COSC RRUN RPRE
||
()
------------------------------------------------------------=
TPRE 4.63 CD
ICH
---------RDCD
4.63
1.52
-----------
ln⋅⋅+=
RF
EOI
Tch
I
MAX
V
REF
LOGIC
R
RUN
R
PRE
C
IGN
R
D
C
D
C
OSC
OSC
RF
EOI
Tch
I
MAX
V
REF
LOGIC
R
RUN
R
PRE
C
IGN
R
D
C
D
C
OSC
OSC
L6585D Application information
13/25
5.1.2 Ignition (time interval B Figure 5)
When the voltage at pin TCH drops down to 1.50V (typ.), the pin EOI is driven in high
impedance state and CIGN is exponentially charged according to the time constant τ given
by CIGN*RPRE that defines the ignition time and the frequency shift starts.
The ignition time is the time necessary to EOI voltage to reach 1.9V, so, by means of simple
calculation:
Equation 3
During this phase, the half-bridge current control can limit the maximum voltage applied
to the lamp by forcing small frequency increases whenever the half-bridge sense resistor
voltage exceeds the HBCSH threshold (see the “Half-Bridge current control” paragraph).
Figure 5, centre and right, shows the L6585D behavior as the lamp gets older; if it doesn’t
ignite for a time longer than the pre-heating one (counted by a cycle charge/discharge of the
TCH pin), the IC is stopped, enters low consumption and waits for either a re-lamp or an
UVLO.
TIGN 3C
IGN RPRE
⋅⋅=
um w an MP
Application information L6585D
14/25
5.1.3 Run mode (time interval C Figure 5)
As the voltage at EOI exceeds 1.9V and the lamp has ignited, the L6585D enters Run mode
and remains in this condition unless one of the protections (all enabled in this mode) is
trigged.
The switching frequency reaches the FRUN value set by RRUN and COSC:
Equation 4
fRUN
1.328
RRUN COSC
-----------------------------------=
Figure 5. Oscillator, pre-heating and ignition sequence
Tch
EOI
4.63V
1.5V
f
PRE
f
RUN
V
CC
τ= R
D
x C
D
2V
V
CC(on)
V
CC(off)
V
LAMP
f
HB
ABC
1.9V
Tch
EOI
4.63V
1.5V
f
PRE
f
RUN
V
CC
2V
V
CC(on)
V
CC(off)
V
LAMP
f
HB
ABC
1.9V
Tch
EOI
4.63V
1.5V
f
PRE
f
RUN
V
CC
2V
V
CC(on)
V
CC(off)
V
LAMP
f
HB
ABC
1.9V
V
HBCS
V
HBCS
V
HBCS
V
Z
Tch
EOI
4.63V
1.5V
f
PRE
f
RUN
V
CC
τ= R
D
x C
D
2V
V
CC(on)
V
CC(off)
V
LAMP
f
HB
ABC
1.9V
Tch
EOI
4.63V
1.5V
f
PRE
f
RUN
V
CC
2V
V
CC(on)
V
CC(off)
V
LAMP
f
HB
ABC
1.9V
Tch
EOI
4.63V
1.5V
f
PRE
f
RUN
V
CC
2V
V
CC(on)
V
CC(off)
V
LAMP
f
HB
ABC
1.9V
V
HBCS
V
HBCS
V
HBCS
V
Z
programmable fixed reference krackmg reference Calock m E mew wwuow common cowwma saw EDtP HVEUS mm m 12mm m, V mm VW 3 cs WWW/Mn.“ m WW CTR VK .1» WWW/MW“, vm . w/z vEOLR V.“ {I vm , w/z VEOLR
L6585D End of life – window comparator
15/25
6 End of life – window comparator
To detect the ageing of the lamp with particular attention to the effect appearing as
asymmetric rectification, a programmable window comparator has been introduced
(centered around “VREF” with amplitude “VW”) that triggers when the EOL-R voltage is
higher than VREF+ VW/2 or lower than VREF – VW/2.
By means of the resistor connected to the EOLP pin, it is possible to select:
1. the sensing mode:
fixed reference: the centre of the window comparator (VREF) is fixed at 2.5V by an
internal reference;
tracking reference: the centre of the window comparator is the voltage at pin CTR
(that is a signal proportional to the PFC output voltage).
2. the half-window amplitude (VW/2): 220mV or 720mV.
Figure 6. End-of-life detection circuitry and waveforms
BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
EOLR
CBLOCK
CBOOT
HV BUS
CTR
EOLP
RFL or RFH
WINDOW
COMPARATOR
AMPLITUDE
INPUT
INTERNAL
FIXED REF.
VZ1
VZ2
RE1
RE2
VK
VLAMP
RP1
RP2
BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
EOLR
CBLOCK
CBOOT
HV BUS
CTR
EOLP
RFL or RFH
WINDOW
COMPARATOR
AMPLITUDE
INPUT
INTERNAL
FIXED REF.
RE1
RE2
VK
VLAMP
HVBUS (100Hz or 120Hz)
CTR
VEOLR
VREF –W/2
VREF + W/2
PFCOUT
PFCOUT/2
VCB
VLAMP
VK
VEOLR
VREF + W/2 + VZ1 + VR2
VREF –W/2V
Z1 –V
R2
VREF
VREF –W/2
VREF + W/2
BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
EOLR
CBLOCK
CBOOT
HV BUS
CTR
EOLP
RFL or RFH
WINDOW
COMPARATOR
AMPLITUDE
INPUT
INTERNAL
FIXED REF.
VZ1
VZ2
RE1
RE2
VK
VLAMP
BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
EOLR
CBLOCK
CBOOT
HV BUS
CTR
EOLP
RFL or RFH
WINDOW
COMPARATOR
AMPLITUDE
INPUT
INTERNAL
FIXED REF.
VZ1
VZ2
RE1
RE2
VK
VLAMP
RP1
RP2
BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
EOLR
CBLOCK
CBOOT
HV BUS
CTR
EOLP
RFL or RFH
WINDOW
COMPARATOR
AMPLITUDE
INPUT
INTERNAL
FIXED REF.
RE1
RE2
VK
VLAMP
RP1
RP2
BOOT
HSD
LSD
OUT
EOLR
CBLOCK
CBOOT
HV BUS
CTR
EOLP
RFL or RFH
WINDOW
COMPARATOR
AMPLITUDE
INPUT
INTERNAL
FIXED REF.
RE1
RE2
VK
VLAMP
HVBUS (100Hz or 120Hz)
CTR
VEOLR
VREF –W/2
VREF + W/2
PFCOUT
PFCOUT/2
VCB
VLAMP
VK
VEOLR
VREF + W/2 + VZ1 + VR2
VREF –W/2V
Z1 –V
R2
VREF
VREF –W/2
VREF + W/2
HVBUS (100Hz or 120Hz)
CTR
VEOLR
VREF –W/2
VREF + W/2
PFCOUT
PFCOUT/2
VCB
VLAMP
VK
VEOLR
VREF + W/2 + VZ1 + VR2
VREF –W/2V
Z1 –V
R2
VREF
VREF –W/2
VREF + W/2
Tracking reference: Fixed reference:
End of life – window comparator L6585D
16/25
The four possible configurations are summarized in the following table, together with the
value of resistance to be connected to the EOLP pin in order to obtain the desired setting:
Tracking reference: this setting is suitable for the block capacitor to ground configuration
(Figure 6, left).
In this case the window comparator centre is set by the CTR voltage that is internally
transferred to the EOL structure.
The effect of rectification appears as shifting of the DC voltage component across the block
capacitor, which, under normal conditions, equals one half of the PFC output voltage.
A signal proportional to the DC block capacitor voltage is sent to the EOL-R pin by means of
a resistive divider (RE1 and RE2); the dividers RE1 and RE2 and RP1 and RP2 must be
designed to set the EOL-R voltage equal to CTR under nominal condition.
Fixed reference: this setting is suitable for the lamp to ground configuration (Figure 6, right).
The effect of rectification appears as shifting of the DC lamp voltage.
A resistive divider (RE1 and RE2) senses the voltage across the lamp under normal
condition, that is an AC signal with zero average value whereas in case of asymmetric
rectification the DC value can shift either in positive or negative direction. Two Zener diodes
can be connected back-to-back between the EOL-R pin and the centre of the resistive
divider.
The Zener voltages should differ by an amount as close as possible to the double of the
internal reference to have a symmetrical detection, as it can easily obtained from the
following equations:
VUP = VREF + W/2 + VZ1 + VR2
VDOWN = VREF – W/2 – VZ2 – VR1
where VUP and VDOWN are the VK values (equal in absolute value) that trigger the window
comparator.
To avoid an immediate intervention of the EOL protection, a filtering is introduced; as long as
the fault condition persists, the Tch internal generator charges the CD up to 4.63V and then
it opens. If this fault condition is still present when the Tch voltage decreases down to 1.5V,
then the half bridge is stopped, otherwise (if the fault disappears) the counting is stopped
and reset.
Table 5. Configuration of the EOLP pin
EOLP resistor Symbol Reference Half–window amplitude
REOLP > 620K RFH Fixed 2.5V ± 720mV
220K = REOLP = 270K RTL Tracking with CTR ± 220mV
75K = REOLP = 91K RFL Fixed 2.5V ± 220mV
22K = REOLP = 27K RTL Tracking with CTR ± 720mV
g ignition run mode
L6585D Half-bridge current control
17/25
7 Half-bridge current control
The information about the lamp current can be obtained by reading the voltage across a
sense resistor placed in series to the source of the half-bridge low side MOS.
This circuitry is enabled at the end of the pre-heating phase and it enriches the L6585D with
two features:
Controlled lamp voltage/current during ignition (Figure 5): by properly setting the
sense resistor (such that the VHBCS level is crossed in correspondence of a lamp
voltage higher than the ignition voltage) it is possible to limit the maximum lamp voltage
during ignition. In case of this occurrence, then the L6585D would react with a small
frequency increase that allows limiting the lamp voltage (V+IGN). This also prevents the
risk of crossing the resonance frequency of the LBALLAST
-CRES circuit. If the lamp
ignites before TCH reaches 1.50V (Figure 5 left) that is EOI has exceeded 1.9V, then:
EOI internal switch opens and its voltage moves asymptotically to 2V
The switching frequency reaches the operating one;
When TCH reaches 1.52, it will be discharged
If instead that the lamp hasn’t ignited after a time equal to the pre-heat time (Figure 5
right) the oscillator stops, the chip enters low consumption mode and this condition is
latched until the mains supply voltage is removed or a re-lamp is detected.
Over-current protection during run mode: if the HBCSL threshold is crossed, the TCH
internal generator is turned on as well as the one at pin EOI causing a frequency
increase: this implements a current control structure.
During run mode another protection is active: a second comparator (HBCSH) on the pin
HBCS detects anomalous current flow through the sense resistor such as the spikes
generated by the capacitive mode; the crossing of this second threshold latches the IC.
PFC overrvolxage: Feedback disconnecxion: Reference Disable
CTR L6585D
18/25
8 CTR
This is a multi-function pin, connected to a resistive divider to the PFC output bus:
PFC over-voltage: in case of PFC output overshoot (e.g. at start-up) that causes a
threshold crossing, the PFC section stops switching until the pin voltage falls below
3.26V (typ.); this is helpful because the bandwidth of the PFC error amplifier is narrow
so the control loop is not fast enough to properly reacts
Feedback disconnection: The OVP function above described (together with the static
one embedded in the PFC error amplifier) is able to handle “normal” over-voltage
conditions, i.e. those resulting from an abrupt load/line change or occurring at start-up.
In case of over-voltage generated when the upper resistor of the feedback output
divider fails open, the control loop can no longer read the information on the output
voltage and will force the PFC pre-regulator to work at maximum ON time; if this occurs
(i.e. the pin INV falls below 1.2V, typ.) and the CTR detects an OVP, the gate drivers
activity is immediately stopped, the device enters low consumption and the condition is
latched as long as the IC supply voltage is above the UVLO threshold;
Reference for EOL in case of tracking reading.
Disable: by forcing the pin below 0.75V an immediate unlatched shut-down is activated;
it can be also used as re-lamp in fact after the pin voltage is above 0.8V a pre-
heating/ignition sequence is repeated.
L6585D Re–lamp
19/25
9 Re–lamp
A second comparator has been introduced on the pin EOL-R; a voltage higher than the
internal threshold is read as lamp absence so the chip suddenly stops switching, enters idle
mode (low consumption) and is ready for a new pre-heating/ignition sequence as soon as a
new lamp is inserted.
In this idle mode the consumption of the chip is reduced so that the current flowing through
the resistors (connected to the high voltage bus for the start-up) is enough to keep the VCC
voltage above the UVLO threshold.
After a re-lamp cycle (that is the EOL-R voltage is brought above 4.63V and then released
below), a new pre-heating/ignition sequence starts.
Table 6. IC configuration
Pre-heating Ignition Run mode
Time duration TCH cycle(1);
It depends on RD and CD
EOI charge from 0 to
1.9V (typ.);
It depends on RD and
CD
Until a fault appears or
the AC Mains is removed
Half-bridge switching
frequency
The frequency shifts
from fPRE to fRUN with
exponential trend
RELAMP comparator ENABLED ENABLED ENABLED
CTR: PFC
overvoltage ENABLED ENABLED ENABLED
CTR: disable function ENABLED ENABLED ENABLED
Half-bridge current
sense DISABLED
ENABLED
low threshold
disabled
high threshold
FSW increase
ENABLED
low threshold
FSW increase
high threshold
latch
EOL: window
comparator DISABLED DISABLED ENABLED
PFC choke saturation ENABLED ENABLED ENABLED
1. TCH cycle: charge of the TCH voltage up to 4.63V and discharge down to 1.50V following the RDCD time constant
fPRE
1.328
COSC RRUN RPRE
||
()
------------------------------------------------------------= fRUN
1.328
RRUN COSC
-----------------------------------=
Re–lamp L6585D
20/25
Table 7. Fault conditions
Fault Condition IC behavior Action required
Lamp absence
(re-lamp comparator)
At turn-on: EOL-R
voltage higher than
4.63V
–The T
CH charge doesn’t start (no
ignition)
Drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped) Lamp replacement
(EOL-R below 4.63V)
Run mode: EOL-R
voltage higher than
4.63V
All drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped)
End of life
EOL-R voltage outside
the limits of window
comparator
–T
CH cycle (1) (reset if the fault
disappears)
drivers stopped at the end of TCH
cycle
IC low consumption (VCC clamped)
Re-lamp cycle (2)
Half-bridge current
sense
Ignition:
HBCS threshold
–T
CH cycle (1) with lamp voltage
control
In case of HBCS at the end of the
TCH cycle, drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped)
Re-lamp cycle (2)
Run mode:
HBCSL threshold
–T
CH cycle (1) with lamp voltage
control (frequency increase)
In case of HBCS at the end of the
TCH cycle, drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped)
Re-lamp cycle (2)
Run mode:
HBCSH threshold
Drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped) Re-lamp cycle (2)
Shut-down CTR voltage lower than
0.8V
Drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped)
When the CTR voltage
returns above 0.8V, the
IC driver restart with a
pre-heating sequence
Choke saturation PFCS voltage higher
than 1.6V
Drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped) Re-lamp cycle (2)(3)
Over-voltage of PFC
output
CTR voltage higher than
3.4V PFC driver stopped
When the CTR voltage
returns below
3.26V (Typ.), the PFC
driver restarts
PFC open loop
(feedback
disconnection)
CTR voltage higher than
3.4V AND INV voltage
lower than 1.2
Drivers stopped
IC low consumption (Vcc clamped) Re-lamp cycle (2)(3)
1. TCH cycle: charge of the TCH voltage up to 4.63V and discharge down to 1.50V following the RDCD time constant;
2. Re-lamp cycle: the voltage at EOL-R pin must be first pulled above 4.63V and then released below it; this typically happens
in case of lamp replacement. After a re-lamp cycle, a new pre-heating sequence will be repeated.
3. This fault actually is a "board" fault so a lamp replacement is not effective to restart the ballast
L6585D Package mechanical data
21/25
10 Package mechanical data
In order to meet environmental requirements, ST offers these devices in ECOPACK®
packages. These packages have a Lead-free second level interconnect. The category of
second Level Interconnect is marked on the package and on the inner box label, in
compliance with JEDEC Standard JESD97. The maximum ratings related to soldering
conditions are also marked on the inner box label. ECOPACK is an ST trademark.
ECOPACK specifications are available at: www.st.com.
4; ¥ A; J—S‘W\—f
Package mechanical data L6585D
22/25
Figure 7. Package dimensions
Table 8. SO-20 mechanical data
Dimensions
Ref.
mm. inch
Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max.
A 2.65 0.104
a1 0.1 0.2 0.004 0.008
a2 2.45 0.096
b 0.35 0.49 0.014 0.019
b1 0.23 0.32 0.009 0.012
C 0.5 0.020
c1 45° (typ.)
D 12.60 13.00 0.496 0.512
E 10.00 10.65 0.393 0.419
e 1.27 0.050
e3 11.43 0.450
F 7.40 7.60 0.291 0.300
L 0.50 1.27 0.020 0.050
M 0.75 0.029
S 8° (max.)
L6585D Order codes
23/25
11 Order codes
Table 9. Order codes
Part Number Package Packaging
L6585D SO-20 Tube
L6585DTR SO-20 Tape and Reel
Revision history L6585D
24/25
12 Revision history
Table 10. Revision history
Date Revision Changes
12-Jan-2006 1Initial release
25-Oct-2006 2 Final datasheet
21-Dec-2006 3 Updated fRUN value on Table 4: Electrical characteristics on
page 8
12-Apr-2007 4 Updated electrical values on Tabl e 4
23-May-2007 5 Updated Figure 1: Block diagram on page 1 and Eq.1 and 4
L6585D
25/25
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