RCM2200 RabbitCore User's Manual Datasheet by Digi

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RabbitCore RCM2200
C-Programmable Module with Ethernet
Users Manual
019–0097 • 090417–G
RabbitCore RCM2200
Digi International Inc.
www.rabbit.com
RabbitCore RCM2200 Users Manual
Part Number 019-0097 • 090417–G • Printed in U.S.A.
©2001–2009 Digi International Inc. • All rights reserved.
Digi International reserves the right to make changes and
improvements to its products without providing notice.
Trademarks
Rabbit and Dynamic C are registered trademarks of Digi International Inc.
Rabbit 2000 and RabbitCore are trademarks of Digi International Inc.
No part of the contents of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means
without the express written permission of Digi International.
Permission is granted to make one or more copies as long as the copyright page contained therein is
included. These copies of the manuals may not be let or sold for any reason without the express written
permission of Digi International.
The latest revision of this manual is available on the Rabbit Web site, www.rabbit.com,
for free, unregistered download.
Users Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 RCM2200 Features...............................................................................................................................1
1.2 Advantages of the RCM2200 ...............................................................................................................2
1.3 Development and Evaluation Tools......................................................................................................3
1.3.1 Development Software..................................................................................................................3
1.4 Development Kit Contents....................................................................................................................3
1.5 How to Use This Manual......................................................................................................................4
1.5.1 Additional Product Information....................................................................................................4
1.5.2 Online Documentation ..................................................................................................................4
Chapter 2. Getting Started 5
2.1 Connections ..........................................................................................................................................6
2.1.1 Attach Module to Prototyping Board............................................................................................6
2.1.2 Connect Programming Cable........................................................................................................7
2.1.3 Connect Power..............................................................................................................................8
2.1.4 Alternate Power Supply Connections ...........................................................................................9
2.2 Run a Sample Program .........................................................................................................................9
2.2.1 Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................9
2.3 Where Do I Go From Here? ...............................................................................................................10
2.3.1 Technical Support .......................................................................................................................10
Chapter 3. Running Sample Programs 11
3.1 Sample Programs ................................................................................................................................11
3.1.1 Getting to Know the RCM2200..................................................................................................12
3.1.2 Serial Communication.................................................................................................................14
3.1.3 Other Sample Programs ..............................................................................................................15
3.1.4 Sample Program Descriptions.....................................................................................................16
3.1.4.1 FLASHLED.C.................................................................................................................... 16
3.1.4.2 FLASHLEDS.C.................................................................................................................. 17
3.1.4.3 TOGGLELED.C ................................................................................................................ 18
Chapter 4. Hardware Reference 19
4.1 RCM2200 Digital Inputs and Outputs................................................................................................19
4.1.1 Dedicated Inputs .........................................................................................................................20
4.1.2 Dedicated Outputs.......................................................................................................................20
4.1.3 Memory I/O Interface .................................................................................................................20
4.1.4 Other Inputs and Outputs............................................................................................................22
4.2 Serial Communication ........................................................................................................................23
4.2.1 Serial Ports..................................................................................................................................23
4.2.2 Ethernet Port ...............................................................................................................................23
4.2.3 Programming Port.......................................................................................................................24
4.3 Serial Programming Cable..................................................................................................................25
4.3.1 Changing Between Program Mode and Run Mode ....................................................................25
4.3.2 Standalone Operation of the RCM2200......................................................................................26
RabbitCore RCM2200
4.4 Memory.............................................................................................................................................. 27
4.4.1 SRAM......................................................................................................................................... 27
4.4.2 Flash EPROM............................................................................................................................. 27
4.4.3 Dynamic C BIOS Source Files................................................................................................... 27
4.5 Other Hardware.................................................................................................................................. 28
4.5.1 Clock Doubler ............................................................................................................................ 28
4.5.2 Spectrum Spreader...................................................................................................................... 29
Chapter 5. Software Reference 31
5.1 More About Dynamic C..................................................................................................................... 31
5.2 I/O....................................................................................................................................................... 33
5.2.1 PCLK Output.............................................................................................................................. 33
5.2.2 External Interrupts...................................................................................................................... 33
5.3 Serial Communication Drivers........................................................................................................... 34
5.4 TCP/IP Drivers................................................................................................................................... 34
5.5 Upgrading Dynamic C ....................................................................................................................... 35
5.5.1 Extras.......................................................................................................................................... 35
Chapter 6. Using the TCP/IP Features 37
6.1 TCP/IP Connections........................................................................................................................... 37
6.2 Running TCP/IP Sample Programs.................................................................................................... 39
6.3 IP Addresses Explained...................................................................................................................... 41
6.4 How IP Addresses are Used............................................................................................................... 42
6.5 Dynamically Assigned Internet Addresses ........................................................................................ 43
6.6 Placing Your Device on the Internet.................................................................................................. 44
6.7 How to Set IP Addresses in the Sample Programs.............................................................................45
6.8 How to Set Up Your Computer for Direct Connect........................................................................... 46
6.9 Run the PINGME.C Sample Programs.............................................................................................. 47
6.10 Running More Sample Programs With Direct Connect................................................................... 47
6.11 Where Do I Go From Here?............................................................................................................. 48
Appendix A. RabbitCore RCM2200 Specifications 49
A.1 Electrical and Mechanical Characteristics ........................................................................................ 50
A.1.1 Headers...................................................................................................................................... 53
A.1.2 Physical Mounting..................................................................................................................... 53
A.2 Bus Loading ...................................................................................................................................... 54
A.3 Rabbit 2000 DC Characteristics........................................................................................................ 56
A.4 I/O Buffer Sourcing and Sinking Limit............................................................................................. 57
A.5 Jumper Configurations ...................................................................................................................... 58
A.6 Conformal Coating............................................................................................................................ 59
Appendix B. Prototyping Board 61
B.1 Prototyping Board.............................................................................................................................. 62
B.1.1 Prototyping Board Features ....................................................................................................... 63
B.1.2 Prototyping Board Expansion.................................................................................................... 64
B.2 Mechanical Dimensions and Layout ................................................................................................. 65
B.3 Power Supply..................................................................................................................................... 66
B.4 Using the Prototyping Board............................................................................................................. 66
B.4.1 Adding Other Components........................................................................................................ 69
Appendix C. Power Supply 71
C.1 Power Supplies.................................................................................................................................. 71
C.1.1 Battery-Backup Circuits ............................................................................................................ 71
C.1.2 Reset Generator.......................................................................................................................... 72
C.2 Chip Select Circuit............................................................................................................................. 73
Users Manual
Appendix D. Sample Circuits 75
D.1 RS-232/RS-485 Serial Communication.............................................................................................76
D.2 Keypad and LCD Connections ..........................................................................................................77
D.3 External Memory ...............................................................................................................................78
D.4 D/A Converter....................................................................................................................................79
Index 81
Schematics 83
RabbitCore RCM2200
Users Manual 1
1. INTRODUCTION
The RCM2200 RabbitCore module is designed to be the heart of
embedded control systems. The RCM2200 features an inte-
grated Ethernet port and provides for LAN and Internet-enabled
systems to be built as easily as serial-communication systems.
Throughout this manual, the term RCM2200 refers to the complete series of RCM2200
RabbitCore modules unless other production models are referred to specifically.
The RCM2200 has a Rabbit 2000 microprocessor operating at 22.1 MHz, static RAM,
flash memory, two clocks (main oscillator and timekeeping), and the circuitry necessary
for reset and management of battery backup of the Rabbit 2000’s internal real-time clock
and the static RAM. Two 26-pin headers bring out the Rabbit 2000 I/O bus lines, address
lines, data lines, parallel ports, and serial ports.
The RCM2200 receives its +5 V power from the user board on which it is mounted. The
RabbitCore RCM2200 can interface with all kinds of CMOS-compatible digital devices
through the user board.
1.1 RCM2200 Features
Small size: 1.60" × 2.30" × 0.86"
(41 mm × 58 mm × 22 mm)
Microprocessor: Rabbit 2000 running
at 22.1 MHz
26 parallel I/O lines: 16 configurable for input or output, 7 fixed inputs, 3 fixed outputs
8 data lines (D0–D7)
4 address lines (A0–A3)
Memory I/0 read, write
External reset input
Five 8-bit timers (cascadable in pairs) and two 10-bit timers
256K–512K flash memory, 128K–512K SRAM
Real-time clock
Watchdog supervisor
2RabbitCore RCM2200
Provision for customer-supplied backup battery via connections on header J5
10/100-compatible RJ-45 Ethernet port with 10Base-T interface (Ethernet jack not
installed on all models)
Raw Ethernet and two associated LED control signals available on 26-pin header
Three CMOS-compatible serial ports: maximum asynchronous baud rate of 691,200 bps
,
maximum synchronous baud rate of 5,529,600 bps. One port is configurable as a
clocked port.
Six additional I/O lines are located on the programming port, can be used as I/O lines
when the programming port is not being used for programming or in-circuit debug-
ging—one synchronous serial port can also be used as two general CMOS inputs and
one general CMOS output, and there are two additional inputs and one additional
output.
Appendix A, “RabbitCore RCM2200 Specifications,” provides detailed specifications for
the RCM2200.
In addition, three different RCM2200 models are available. A variant of the RCM2200,
the RCM2300, omits the Ethernet connectivity but offers a much smaller footprint, one-
half the size of the RCM2200.
1.2 Advantages of the RCM2200
Fast time to market using a fully engineered, “ready to run” microprocessor core.
Competitive pricing when compared with the alternative of purchasing and assembling
individual components.
Easy C-language program development and debugging, including rapid production
loading of programs.
Generous memory size allows large programs with tens of thousands of lines of code,
and substantial data storage.
Integrated Ethernet port for network connectivity, royalty-free TCP/IP software.
User’s Manual 3
1.3 Development and Evaluation Tools
A complete Development Kit, including a Prototyping Board and Dynamic C develop-
ment software, is available for the RCM2200. The Development Kit puts together the
essentials you need to design an embedded microprocessor-based system rapidly and effi-
ciently.
1.3.1 Development Software
The RCM2200 module uses the Dynamic C development environment for rapid creation
and debugging of runtime applications. Dynamic C provides a complete development
environment with integrated editor, compiler and source-level debugger. It interfaces
directly with the target system, eliminating the need for complex and unreliable in-circuit
emulators.
NOTE: The RCM2200 module requires Dynamic C v7.04 or later for development. A
compatible version is included on the Development Kit CD-ROM.
1.4 Development Kit Contents
The RCM2200 Development Kit contains the following items:
RCM2200 module with 10Base-T Ethernet port, 256K flash memory, and 128K
SRAM.
RCM2200/RCM2300 Prototyping Board.
Wall transformer power supply, 12 V DC, 1 A. (Included only with Development Kits
sold for the North American market. Overseas users will have to substitute a power
supply compatible with local mains power.)
10-pin header to DB9 programming cable with integrated level-matching circuitry.
Dynamic C CD-ROM, with complete product documentation on disk.
Getting Started instructions.
Rabbit 2000 Processor Easy Reference poster.
Registration card.
4RabbitCore RCM2200
1.5 How to Use This Manual
This users manual is intended to give users detailed information on the RCM2200 mod-
ule. It does not contain detailed information on the Dynamic C development environment
or the TCP/IP software support for the integrated Ethernet port. Most users will want more
detailed information on some or all of these topics in order to put the RCM2200 module to
effective use.
1.5.1 Additional Product Information
In addition to the product-specific information contained in the RabbitCore RCM2200
Users Manual (this manual), several higher level reference manuals are provided in
HTML and PDF form on the accompanying CD-ROM. Advanced users will find these
references valuable in developing systems based on the RCM2200 modules:
Dynamic C Users Manual
An Introduction to TCP/IP
Dynamic C TCP/IP Users Manual
Rabbit 2000 Microprocessor Users Manual
1.5.2 Online Documentation
The online documentation is installed along with Dynamic C, and an icon for the docu-
mentation menu is placed on the workstation’s desktop. Double-click this icon to reach the
menu. If the icon is missing, use your browser to find and load default.htm in the docs
folder, found in the Dynamic C installation folder.
The latest versions of all documents are always available for free, unregistered download
from our Web sites as well.
User’s Manual 5
2. GETTING STARTED
This chapter describes the RCM2200 hardware in more detail, and
explains how to set up and use the accompanying Prototyping Board.
NOTE: This chapter (and this manual) assume that you have the RCM2200 Development
Kit. If you purchased an RCM2200 module by itself, you will have to adapt the infor-
mation in this chapter and elsewhere to your test and development setup.
coooccaoocco on @% om NH flu “Hue Oevoog . . oocaaoooaaooca o no 838033000 H oo.oocco@occoocccoocccvw hocoooooooooooooocooo 30038033033003 cowooccoocccoocccoocccoo .cocooooooooocoooooooo 0. 3383333803 amaoaaoooaaoooaauoooa no 0033033003 : can coocccoocccoocccoo 5- .ooooocoooooooooooooo ooooooooaooooaooooaooooa a280000033033oonaaooaa on Eoccooocuooocuooocuoooou II o? ooooccoocccoocccnocccoo moo .d'Ubooo r I “ 2/100an ca Figure 1. Installing the Rcmzzan on the Prototyping Board
6RabbitCore RCM2200
2.1 Connections
There are four steps to connecting the Prototyping Board for use with Dynamic C and the
sample programs:
1. Attach the RCM2200 module to the Prototyping Board.
2. Connect the programming cable between the RCM2200 module and the workstation PC.
3. Connect the power supply to the Prototyping Board.
2.1.1 Attach Module to Prototyping Board
Turn the RCM2200 module so that the Ethernet connector end of the module extends off
the Prototyping Board, as shown in Figure 1 below. Align the pins from headers J4 and J5
on the bottom side of the RCM2200 with header sockets J1 and J2 on the Prototyping
Board.
Figure 1. Installing the RCM2200 on the Prototyping Board
J2
J1 R2
C3
D2
R7
C27
R8
R36
RT1
R41
R37
R38
D1
R39
Y2 C2 C1 U8 U7
U3
U6
C7
GND
GND
EGND
DS2
LNK
ACT
DS1
R19
Q3 Q4 Q5
Q2
R1
Y1 C4
C17
C8
R9
R13
R11
U1
BT1
R15
C12
R17
R20 C13
Y3
R16
R22
R21 C14
R18
C25
C28
D3
J2
JP4
JP3
JP1 JP6
C30
JP2
JP5
C29
U2
CAUTION
Battery
J1
Line up the
mounting holes
RCM2200
Prototyping
Board
9°0me , Note Pm 1 Indlcator
User’s Manual 7
Although you can install a single module into either the MASTER or the SLAVE position
on the Prototyping Board, all the Prototyping Board features (switches, LEDs, serial port
drivers, etc.) are connected to the MASTER position. We recommend you install the mod-
ule in the MASTER position.
NOTE: It is important that you line up the pins on headers J4 and J5 of the RCM2200
exactly with the corresponding pins of header sockets J1 and J2 on the Prototyping
Board. The header pins may become bent or damaged if the pin alignment is offset, and
the module will not work. Permanent electrical damage to the module may also result if
a misaligned module is powered up.
Press the module’s pins firmly into the Prototyping Board header sockets.
2.1.2 Connect Programming Cable
The programming cable connects the RCM2200 module to the PC running Dynamic C to
download programs and to monitor the RCM2200 for debugging.
NOTE: COM 1 is the default port used by Dynamic C.
NOTE: Some PCs now come equipped only with a USB port. It may be possible to use
an RS-232/USB converter (Part No. 20-151-0178) with the programming cable sup-
plied with the RCM2200 Development Kit. Note that not all RS-232/USB converters
work with Dynamic C.
Connect the 10-pin connector of the
programming cable labeled PROG
to header J1 on the RCM2200 mod-
ule as shown in Figure 2. Be sure to
orient the marked (usually red) edge
of the cable towards pin 1 of the
connector. (Do not use the DIAG
connector, which is used for a nor-
mal serial connection.)
Connect the other end of the pro-
gramming cable to a COM port on
your PC. Make a note of the port to
which you connect the cable, as
Dynamic C needs to have this
parameter configured when it is
installed. Figure 2. Connect Programming Cable
to RCM2200
RCM2200 QOOOCCOg/ESEEEM) 000000000000. 000000000000 Figure 3. Power Supply Connections Plug in the AC adapter. The power LED on the Prototyping Boar RCM2200 and the Prototyping Board are now ready to be used. NOTE: A RESET button is provided on the Prototyping Boa without disconnecting power.
8RabbitCore RCM2200
2.1.3 Connect Power
When all other connections have been made, you can connect power to the RCM2200
Prototyping Board.
First, prepare the AC adapter for the country where it will be used by selecting the plug.
The RCM2200 Development Kit presently includes Canada/Japan/U.S., Australia/N.Z.,
U.K., and European style plugs. Snap in the top of the plug assembly into the slot at the
top of the AC adapter as shown in Figure 3, then press down on the spring-loaded clip
below the plug assembly to allow the plug assembly to click into place.
Connect the AC adapter to 3-pin header J5 on the Prototyping Board as shown in Figure 3
below. The connector may be attached either way as long as it is not offset to one side.
Figure 3. Power Supply Connections
Plug in the AC adapter. The power LED on the Prototyping Board should light up. The
RCM2200 and the Prototyping Board are now ready to be used.
NOTE: A RESET button is provided on the Prototyping Board to allow hardware reset
without disconnecting power.
Reset
Switch
AC Adapter
Remove slot cover,
insert tab into slot
Snap plug into place
2
1
Assemble
AC Adapter
J1 R2
C3
D2
R7
C27
R8
R36
RT1
R41
R37
R38
D1
R39
Y2 C2 C1 U8 U7
U3
U6
C7
GND
GND
EGND
DS2
LNK
ACT
DS1
R19
Q3 Q4 Q5
Q2
R1
Y1 C4
C17
C8
R9
R13
R11
U1
BT1
R15
C12
R17
R20 C13
Y3
R16
R22
R21 C14
R18
C25
C28
D3
J2
JP4
JP3
JP1 JP6
C30
JP2
JP5
C29
U2
RCM2200
Prototyping
Board
DIAG
PROG
User’s Manual 9
To power down the Prototyping Board, unplug the power connector from J5. You should
disconnect power before making any circuit adjustments in the prototyping area, changing
any connections to the board, or removing the RabbitCore module from the board.
2.1.4 Alternate Power Supply Connections
Development kits sold outside North America before 2009 included a header connector
that could be connected to 3-pin header J5 on the Prototyping Board. The red and black
wires from the connector could then be connected to the positive and negative connections
on your power supply. The power supply should deliver 8 V–24 V DC at 8 W.
2.2 Run a Sample Program
Once the RCM2200 is connected as described in the preceding pages, start Dynamic C by
double-clicking on the Dynamic C icon on your desktop or in your Start menu. Dynamic C
uses the serial port specified during installation.
If you are using a USB port to connect your computer to the RCM2200 module, choose
Options > Project Options and select “Use USB to Serial Converter” under the
Communications tab, then click OK.
Find the file PONG.C, which is in the Dynamic C SAMPLES folder. To run the program,
open it with the File menu (if it is not still open), then compile and run it by pressing F9 or
by selecting Run in the Run menu. The STDIO window will open and will display a small
square bouncing around in a box.
2.2.1 Troubleshooting
If Dynamic C cannot find the target system (error message "No Rabbit Processor
Detected."):
Check that the RCM2200 is powered correctly — the red power LED on the Prototyping
Board should be lit when the RCM2200 is mounted on the Prototyping Board and the AC
adapter is plugged in.
Check both ends of the programming cable to ensure that they are firmly plugged into
the PC and the PROG connector, not the DIAG connector, is plugged in to the program-
ming port on the RCM2200 with the marked (colored) edge of the programming cable
towards pin 1 of the programming header.
Ensure that the RCM2200 module is firmly and correctly installed in its connectors on
the Prototyping Board.
Dynamic C uses the COM port specified during installation. Select a different COM
port within Dynamic C. From the Options menu, select Project Options, then select
Communications. Select another COM port from the list, then click OK. Press
<Ctrl-Y> to force Dynamic C to recompile the BIOS. If Dynamic C still reports it is
unable to locate the target system, repeat the above steps until you locate the COM port
used by the programming cable.
10 RabbitCore RCM2200
If Dynamic C appears to compile the BIOS successfully, but you then receive a communi-
cation error message when you compile and load the sample program, it is possible that
your PC cannot handle the higher program-loading baud rate. Try changing the maximum
download rate to a slower baud rate as follows.
Locate the Serial Options dialog in the Dynamic C Options > Project Options >
Communications menu. Select a slower Max download baud rate.
If a program compiles and loads, but then loses target communication before you can
begin debugging, it is possible that your PC cannot handle the default debugging baud
rate. Try lowering the debugging baud rate as follows.
Locate the Serial Options dialog in the Dynamic C Options > Project Options >
Communications menu. Choose a lower debug baud rate.
2.3 Where Do I Go From Here?
If everything appears to be working, we recommend the following sequence of action:
1. Run all of the sample programs described in Chapter 3 to get a basic familiarity with
Dynamic C and the RCM2200 module’s capabilities.
2. For further development, refer to the RabbitCore RCM2200 Users Manual for details
of the module’s hardware and software components.
A documentation icon should have been installed on your workstation’s desktop; click
on it to reach the documentation menu. You can create a new desktop icon that points to
default.htm in the docs folder in the Dynamic C installation folder.
3. For advanced development topics, refer to the Dynamic C Users Manual and the
Dynamic C TCP/IP Users Manual, also in the online documentation set.
2.3.1 Technical Support
NOTE: If you purchased your RCM2200 through a distributor or through a Rabbit
partner, contact the distributor or partner first for technical support.
If there are any problems at this point:
Use the Dynamic C Help menu to get further assistance with Dynamic C.
Check the Rabbit Technical Bulletin Board and forums at www.rabbit.com/support/bb/
and at www.rabbit.com/forums/.
Use the Technical Support e-mail form at www.rabbit.com/support/.
User’s Manual 11
3. RUNNING SAMPLE PROGRAMS
To develop and debug programs for the RCM2200 (and for all
other Rabbit hardware), you must install and use Dynamic C.
This chapter provides a tour of the sample programs for the
RCM2200.
3.1 Sample Programs
To help familiarize you with the RCM2200 modules, several sample Dynamic C programs
have been included. Loading, executing and studying these programs will give you a solid
hands-on overview of the RC M2200’s capabilities, as well as a quick start with Dynamic C
as an application development tool. These programs are intended to serve as tutorials, but
then can also be used as starting points or building blocks for your own applications.
NOTE: It is assumed in this section that you have at least an elementary grasp of ANSI C.
If you do not, see the introductory pages of the Dynamic C Users Manual for a sug-
gested reading list.
Each sample program has comments that describe the purpose and function of the program.
Before running any of these sample program, make sure that your RCM2200 is connected
to the Prototyping Board and to your PC as described in Section 2.1, “Connections.” To
run a sample program, open it with the File menu (if it is not already open), then compile
and run it by pressing F9 or by selecting Run in the Run menu.
Sample programs are provided in the Dynamic C
SAMPLES
folder. Two folders contain
sample programs that illustrate features unique to the RCM2200.
RCM2200
—Demonstrates the basic operation and the Ethernet functionality of the
RCM2200.
TCPIP
—Demonstrates more advanced TCP/IP programming for Rabbit’s Ethernet-
enabled Rabbit-based boards.
Complete information on Dynamic C is provided in the Dynamic C Users Manual.
12 RabbitCore RCM2200
3.1.1 Getting to Know the RCM2200
The following sample programs can be found in the SAMPLES\RCM2200 folder.
EXTSRAM.C—demonstrates the setup and simple addressing to an external SRAM.
This program first maps the external SRAM to the I/O Bank 7 register with a maximum
of 15 wait states, chip select strobe (PE7), and allows writes. The first 256 bytes of
SRAM are cleared and read back. Values are then written to the same area and are read
back. The Dynamic C STDIO window will indicate if writes and reads did not occur
Connect an external SRAM as shown below before you run this sample program.
FLASHLED.C—repeatedly flashes LED DS3 on the Prototyping Board on and off.
LED DS3 is controlled by Parallel Port E bit 7 (PE7). LED DS2 will remain on
continuously.
FLASHLEDS.C—demonstrates the use of coding with assembly instructions, cofunc-
tions, and costatements to flash LEDs DS2 and DS3 on the Prototyping Board on and
off. LEDs DS2 and DS3 are controlled by Parallel Port E bit 1 (PE1) and Parallel Port E
bit 7 (PE7).Once you have compiled this program and it is running, LEDs DS2 and
DS3 will flash on/off at different rates.
TOGGLELED.C—demonstrates the use of costatements to detect switch presses using
the press-and-release method of debouncing. As soon as the sample program starts run-
ning, LED DS2 on the Prototyping Board (which is controlled by PE1) starts flashing
once per second. Press switch S3 on the Prototyping Board (which is connected to PB3)
to toggle LED DS3 on the Prototyping Board (which is controlled by PE7) on and off.
The pushbutton switch is debounced by the software.
RCM2300
Core Module
SRAM
D0D7
PE7
/IORD
/IOWR
A0A3
D0D7
/WE
/OE
/CE
10 kW
Vcc
A0A3
User’s Manual 13
KEYLCD.C—demonstrates a simple setup for a 2 × 6 keypad and a 2 × 20 LCD.
Connect the keypad to Parallel Ports B, C, and D.
PB0—Keypad Col 0
PC1—Keypad Col 1
PB2—Keypad Col 2
PB3—Keypad Col 3
PB4—Keypad Col 4
PB5—Keypad Col 5
PD3—Keypad Row 0
PD4—Keypad Row 1
Connect the LCD to Parallel Port A.
PA0—backlight (if connected)
PA1LCD /CS
PA2—LCD RS (High = Control,
Low = Data) / LCD Contrast 0
PA3—LCD /WR/ LCD Contrast 1
PA4—LCD D4 / LCD Contrast 2
PA5—LCD D5 / LCD Contrast 3
PA6—LCD D6 / LCD Contrast 4
PA7—LCD D7 / LCD Contrast 5
Once the connections have been made and the sample program is running, the LCD
will display two rows of 6 dots, each dot representing the corresponding key. When a
key is pressed, the corresponding dot will become an asterisk.
PB2
PB0
PB3
PB4
PB5
PC1
VCC
10 kW
resistors
RCM2200/RCM2300
Prototyping Board
J8
J7
11 12
13 14
4
11
10
PD4
PD3
Keypad
Col 1
Row 0
Row 1
NC
NC
Col 0
Col 2
Col 3
Col 4
Col 5
10
7
8
9
10
PA2
PA1
PA3
PA4
PA5
PA6
PA7
VLC
20 kW
10 kW
4.7 kW
2.2 kW
1 kW
470 W
680 W
100 nF
3
6
4
5
11
12
13
14
2
RCM2200/RCM2300
Prototyping Board
J8 2
34
56
78
2x20 LCD
/CS
RS
/WR
D4
D5
D6
D7
D0
D1
D2
D3
VLC
VCC
1.2 Serial Communication The following sample programs can be found in the SAMPLES\RCM2200 folde One sample programs, PUTS . C is available to illustrate RS232 communication this sample program, you will have to add an RS232 transceiver such as the M location U2 and five 100 nF capacitors at C37C7 on the Prototyping Board. Als X 5 IDC header with a pitch of 0.1" at 16 to interface the RS232 signals. The shows the connections. axmmxxam: 100 HF storage , Capacitors; 2! , I , a“ 55‘0“ “ ,\ 00033350 0000000000055 ‘\ Li '\ 00000000 uoooooOOGD-oc ‘ l‘ 00000000.i;t.g&g.4w. mm 000000000000600 000000? e Once the sample program is running, you may use a 10- pin header to DB9 cable (for example, Part No. 540-0009) to connect header 16 to your PC COM port (you will have to disconnect the programming cable from both the RCMZZOO and the PC if you only have one PC COM port, then press the RESET button on the Prototyping Board). Line up the colored edge of the cable with pin 1 on header J6 as shown in the diagram (pin 1 is indicated by a small square on the Prototyping Board silkscreen). This program writes a null terminated string over Serial Port B. Use a serial utility such as HyperTerminal or Tera Term to view the string. Use the following configuration for serial utility. Bits per second: 19200 Data bits: 8 Parity: None Stop bits: 1 Flow control: None 14 HabbitCore RC
14 RabbitCore RCM2200
3.1.2 Serial Communication
The following sample programs can be found in the SAMPLES\RCM2200 folder.
One sample programs, PUTS.C is available to illustrate RS-232 communication. To run
this sample program, you will have to add an RS-232 transceiver such as the MAX232 at
location U2 and five 100 nF capacitors at C3–C7 on the Prototyping Board. Also install a
2 × 5 IDC header with a pitch of 0.1" at J6 to interface the RS-232 signals. The diagram
shows the connections.
This program writes a null terminated string over Serial Port B. Use a serial utility such as
HyperTerminal or Tera Term to view the string. Use the following configuration for your
serial utility.
Bits per second: 19200
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None
Once the sample program is running, you may use a 10-
pin header to DB9 cable (for example, Part No. 540-0009) to
connect header J6 to your PC COM port (you will have to
disconnect the programming cable from both the RCM2200
and the PC if you only have one PC COM port, then press the
RESET button on the Prototyping Board). Line up the
colored edge of the cable with pin 1 on header J6 as shown in
the diagram (pin 1 is indicated by a small square on the
Prototyping Board silkscreen).
MAX232
100 nF
storage
capacitors
ry
ON
J6
TxB
RxB
GND
Colored
edge
User’s Manual 15
Two sample programs, MASTER.C and SLAVE.C, are available to illustrate RS-485 master/
slave communication. To run these sample programs, you will need a second Rabbit-based
system with RS-485, and you will also have to add an RS-485 transceiver such as the
SP483E and bias resistors to the Prototyping Board.
The RS-485 connections between the slave and master devices are as follows.
RS485+ to RS485+
RS485– to RS485–
GND to GND
MASTER.C—This program demonstrates a simple RS-485 transmission of lower case
letters to a slave RCM2200. The slave will send back converted upper case letters back
to the master RCM2200 and display them in the STDIO window. Use SLAVE.C to pro-
gram the slave RCM2200—reset the slave before you run MASTER.C on the master.
SLAVE.C—This program demonstrates a simple RS-485 transmission of lower case
letters to a master RCM2200. The slave will send back converted upper case letters
back to the master RCM2200 and display them in the STDIO window. Compile and run
this program on the slave before you use MASTER.C to program the master.
3.1.3 Other Sample Programs
Section 6.2 covers how to run the TCP/IP sample programs, which are then described in
detail.
The diagram shows the connections.
You will have to connect PC0 and
PC1 (Serial Port D) on the Prototyp-
ing Board to the RS-485 transceiver,
and you will connect PD3 to the RS-
485 transceiver to enable or disable
the RS-485 transmitter.
681 W
220 W
681 W
485+
485
A
B
termi-
nation
bias
bias
Vcc
PC0
PC1
PD3
DI
RO
DE
/RE
Vcc
RS-485
CHIP
47 kW
16 RabbitCore RCM2200
3.1.4 Sample Program Descriptions
3.1.4.1 FLASHLED.C
This program is about as simple as a Dynamic C application can get—the equivalent of
the traditional “Hello, world!” program found in most basic programming tutorials. If you
are familiar with ANSI C, you should have no trouble reading through the source code and
understanding it.
The only new element in this sample application should be Dynamic C’s handling of the
Rabbit microprocessors parallel ports. The program:
4. Initializes the pins of Port A as outputs.
5. Sets all of the pins of Port A high, turning off the attached LEDs.
6. Starts an endless loop with a for(;;) expression, and within that loop:
Writes a bit to turn bit 1 off, lighting LED DS3;
Waits through a delay loop;
Writes a bit to turn bit 1 on, turning off the LED;
Waits through a second delay loop;
These steps repeat as long as the program is allowed to run.
You can change the flash rate of the LED by adjusting the loop values in the two for
expressions. The first loop controls the LED’s “off” time; the second loop controls its “on”
time.
NOTE: Since the variable j is defined as type int, the range for j must be between 0
and 32767. To permit larger values and thus longer delays, change the declaration of j
to unsigned int or long.
More Information
See the section on primitive data types, and the entries for the library functions
WrPortI( ) and BitWrPortI( ) in the Dynamic C Users Manual.
User’s Manual 17
3.1.4.2 FLASHLEDS.C
In addition to Dynamic C’s implementation of C-language programming for embedded
systems, it supports assembly-language programming for very efficient processor-level
control of the module hardware and program flow. This application is similar to
FLASHLED.C and TOGGLELED.C, but uses assembly language for the low-level port con-
trol within cofunctions, another powerful multitasking tool.
Dynamic C permits the use of assembly language statements within C code. This program
creates three functions using assembly language statements, then creates a C cofunction to
call two of them. That cofunction is then called within main().
Within each of the C-like functions, the #asm and #endasm directives are used to indicate
the beginning and end of the assembly language statements.
In the function initialize_ports( ), port A is initialized to be all outputs while bit 0
of port E is initialized to be an output.
In the function ledon(), a 0 is written to the port A bit corresponding to the desired LED
(0, which equals DS3, or 1 which equals DS4), turning that LED on. The ledoff( )
function works exactly the same way except that a 1 is written to the bit, turning the
selected LED off.
Finally, in the cofunction flashled(), the LED to be flashed, the on time in millisec-
onds, and the off time in milliseconds are passed as arguments. This function uses an end-
less for(;;) loop to call the ledon() and ledoff() functions, separated by calls to
the wait function DelayMs(). This sequence will make the indicated LED flash on and
off.
As is proper in C program design, the contents of main() are almost trivial. The program
first calls initialize_ports(), then begins an endless for(;;) loop. Within this
loop, the program:
1. Calls the library function hitwd(), which resets the microprocessors watchdog timer.
(If the watchdog timer is not reset every so often, it will force a hard reset of the sys-
tem. The purpose is to keep an intermittent program or hardware fault from locking up
the system. Normally, this function is taken care of by the virtual driver, but it is called
explicitly here).
2. Sets up a costatement which calls two instances of the flashled() function, one for
each LED. Note that one LED is flashed one second on, one-half second (500 ms) off,
while the other is flashed in the reverse pattern.
Note also the wfd keyword in the costatement. This keyword (an abbreviation for wait-
fordone, which can also be used) must be used when calling cofunctions. For a complete
explanation, see Section 5 and 6 in the Dynamic C Users Manual.
More Information
See the entries for the hitwd() and DelayMs() functions in the Dynamic C Users
Manual, as well as those for the directives #asm and #endasm. For a complete explana-
18 RabbitCore RCM2200
tion of how Dynamic C handles multitasking with costatements and cofunctions, see
Chapter 5, “Multitasking with Dynamic C,” and Chapter 6, “The Virtual Driver,” in the
Dynamic C Users Manual.
3.1.4.3 TOGGLELED.C
One of Dynamic C’s unique and powerful aspects is its ability to efficiently multitask
using cofunctions and costatements. This simple application demonstrates how these pro-
gram elements work.
This sample program uses two costatements to set up and manage the two tasks. Costate-
ments must be contained in a loop that will “tap” each of them at regular intervals. This
program:
1. Initializes the pins of Port A as outputs.
2. Sets all the pins of Port A high, turning off the attached LEDs.
3. Sets the toggled LED status variable vswitch to 0 (LED off).
4. Starts an endless loop using a while(1) expression, and within that loop:
Executes a costatement that flashes LED DS3;
Executes a costatement that checks the state of switch S2 and toggles the state of
vswitch if it is pressed;
Turns LED DS2 on or off, according to the state of vswitch.
These steps repeat as long as the program is allowed to run.
The first costatement is a compressed version of FLASHLED.c, with slightly different
flash timing. It also uses the library function DelayMs() to deliver more accurate timing
than the simple delay loops of the previous program.
The second costatement does more than check the status of S2. Switch contacts often
“bounce” open and closed several times when the switch is actuated, and each bounce can
be interpreted by fast digital logic as an independent press. To clean up this input, the code
in the second costatement “debounces” the switch signal by waiting 50 milliseconds and
checking the state of the switch again. If it is detected as being closed both times, the pro-
gram considers it a valid switch press and toggles vswitch.
Unlike most C statements, the two costatements are not executed in their entirety on each
iteration of the while(1) loop. Instead, the list of statements within each costatement is
initiated on the first loop, and then executed one “slice” at a time on each successive inter-
ation. This mode of operation is known as a state machine, a powerful concept that per-
mits a single processor to efficiently handle a number of independent tasks.
The ability of Dynamic C to manage state machine programs enables you to create very
powerful and efficient embedded systems with much greater ease than other programming
methods.
More Information
See the entries for the DelayMs() function, as well as Section 5, “Multitasking with
Dynamic C,” in the Dynamic C Users Manual.
j: 11 :3
User’s Manual 19
4. HARDWARE REFERENCE
Chapter 2 describes the hardware components and principal hardware
subsystems of the RCM2200. Appendix A, “RabbitCore RCM2200
Specifications,” provides complete physical and electrical specifica-
tions.
4.1 RCM2200 Digital Inputs and Outputs
Figure 4 shows the subsystems designed into the RCM2200.
Figure 4. Rabbit Subsystems
R
ABBIT
2000
Port A Port B
(+synch Serial Port B)
Port D
(+Serial Port B)
Port E
PA0PA7 PB0,
PB2PB5 PB7
PE0PE1,
PE4PE5,
PE7
PD3PD5
A0A3
IORD
IOWR
D0D7
/RESET Data Lines
Address Lines
I/O Control
Watchdog
7 Timers
Clock Doubler
Slave Port
Real-Time Clock
RAM Backup Battery
Support Flash
Port C
(+Serial Ports C & D)
Programming
Port
(Serial Port A)
Ethernet
Port
Misc. I/O
4 Ethernet signals
2 LED outputs
PC6 + 1 more output
PB1, PC7, RES_IN
+ 2 more inputs
PC0, PC2
PC1, PC3
I:- |:u |:u |:u |:u |:u |:u |:u |:u |:u |:u |:u CD a: a: a: a: u:| a: a: a: a: a: a: a: u:| l:- a: CD a: CD a: CD a: Cu u:| CD a: CD a: CD a: |:D a: Cu u:| CD a: CD a: Cu u:|
20 RabbitCore RCM2200
The RCM2200 has 26 parallel I/O lines grouped in five 8-bit ports available on headers J4
and J5. The 16 bidirectional I/O lines are located on pins PA0–PA7, PD3–PD5, and PE0–
PE1, PE4, PE5, and PE7. The pinouts for headers J4 and J5 are shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5. RCM2200 I/O Pinouts
4.1.1 Dedicated Inputs
PB0 is a general CMOS input when the Rabbit 2000 is either not using Serial Port B or is
using Serial Port B in an asynchronous mode. Four other general CMOS input-only pins
are located on PB2–PB5. These pins can also be used for the slave port. PB2 and PB3 are
slave write and slave read strobes, while PB4 and PB5 serve as slave address lines SA0
and SA1, and are used to access the slave registers.
PC1 and PC3 are general CMOS inputs
only. These pins can instead
be selectively enabled to serve as the serial data inputs for
Serial Ports D and C.
4.1.2 Dedicated Outputs
One of the general CMOS output-only pins is located on PB7. PB7 can also be used with
the slave port as the /SLAVEATTN output. This configuration signifies that the slave is
requesting attention from the master. PC0 and PC2 are also output-only pins; PC0 and
PC2 can instead serve as the serial data outputs for Serial Ports D and C.
4.1.3 Memory I/O Interface
Four of the Rabbit 2000 address lines (A0–A3) and all the data lines (D0–D7) are available.
I/0 write (/IOWR) and I/0 read (/IORD) are also available for interfacing to external devices.
The ports on the Rabbit 2000 microprocessor used
in the RCM2200 are configurable, and
so the factory defaults can be reconfigured. Table 1
lists the Rabbit 2000 factory defaults
and the alternate configurations.
Note: These pinouts are as seen on
the Bottom Side of the module.
VCC
PC1
PC3
TPOUT+
PD3
PD5
/IOWR
PE1
TPIN+
PE5
PE7
A2
A0
GND
PC0
PC2
TPOUT-
LNK
PD4
/IORD
PE0
TPIN-
PE4
ACT
A3
A1
J4
PA0
PA2
PA4
PA6
/RES
PB2
PB4
PB7
D6
D4
D2
D0
VCC
PA1
PA3
PA5
PA7
PB0
PB3
PB5
D7
D5
D3
D1
VBAT
GND
J5
User’s Manual 21
Table 1. RCM2200 Pinout Configurations
Pin Pin Name Default Use Alternate Use Notes
Header J4
1GND
2VCC
3 PC0 Output TXD
4 PC1 Input RXD
5 PC2 Output TXC
6 PC3 Input RXC
7 TPOUT– Ethernet transmit port
8 TPOUT+
9LNK Ethernet link (LNK)
LED indicator
10 PD3
Bitwise or parallel
programmable I/O
11 PD4 ATXB output
12 PD5 ARXB input
13 /IORD Input (I/O read
strobe)
14 /IOWR Output (I/O write
strobe)
15 PE0 Bitwise or parallel
programmable I/O
I0 control or INT0A
input
16 PE1 I1 control or INT1A
input
17 TPIN–
Ethernet receive port
18 TPIN+
19 PE4 Bitwise or parallel
programmable I/O
I4 control or INT0B
input
20 PE5 I5 control or INT1B
input
21 ACT Ethernet active (ACT)
LED indicator
22 PE7 Bitwise or parallel
programmable I/O I7 control or slave port
chip select /SCS
23–26 A[3:0] Rabbit 2000 address bus
22 RabbitCore RCM2200
4.1.4 Other Inputs and Outputs
As shown in Table 1, pins PA0–PA7 can be used to allow the Rabbit 2000 to be a slave to
another processor. The slave port also uses PB2–PB5, PB7, and PE7.
PE0, PE1, PE4, and PE5 can be used for up to two external interrupts. PB0 can be used to
access the clock on Serial Port B of the Rabbit microprocessor. PD4 can be programmed
to
be a serial output for Serial Port B. PD5 can
be used as a serial input by Serial Port B.
PC4, PC5, PD0, PD1, PE2, PE3, and PE6 are used for internal communication with the
RealTek Ethernet interface chip.
Header J5
1–8 PA[0:7] Bytewide
programmable
parallel I/O
Slave port data bus
SD0–SD7
9 /RESET Reset output Reset input This weak output can be
driven externally
10 PB0 Input Serial port clock CLKB
input or output
11 PB2 Input Slave port write /SWR
12 PB3 Input Slave port read /SRD
13 PB4 Input SA0 Slave port address lines
14 PB5 Input SA1
15 PB7 Output Slave port attention line
/SLAVEATTN
16–23 D[7:0] Input/Output Rabbit 2000 data bus
24 VBAT 3 V battery input
25 VCC
26 GND
Table 1. RCM2200 Pinout Configurations (continued)
Pin Pin Name Default Use Alternate Use Notes
Q
User’s Manual 23
4.2 Serial Communication
The RCM2200 board does not have an RS-232 or an RS-485 transceiver directly on the
board. However, an RS-232 or RS-485 interface may be incorporated on the board the
RCM2200 is mounted on. For example, the Prototyping Board supports a standard
RS-232 transceiver chip.
4.2.1 Serial Ports
There are four serial ports designated as Serial Ports A, B, C, and D. All four serial ports
can operate in an asynchronous mode up to the baud rate of the system clock divided by
64. An asynchronous port can handle 7 or 8 data bits. A 9th bit address scheme, where an
additional bit is sent to mark the first byte of a message, is also supported. Serial Ports A
and B can also be operated in the clocked serial mode. In this mode, a clock line synchro-
nously clocks the data in or out. Either of the two communicating devices can supply the
clock. When the Rabbit 2000 provides the clock, the baud rate can be up to 80% of the
system clock frequency divided by 128, or 138,240 bps for a 22.1 MHz clock speed.
Serial Port A is available only on the programming port, and so is likely to be inconve-
nient to interface with.
4.2.2 Ethernet Port
Figure 6 shows the pinout for the RJ-45 Ethernet port (J2). Note that some Ethernet con-
nectors are numbered in reverse to the order used here.
Figure 6. RJ-45 Ethernet Port Pinout
Two LEDs are placed next to the RJ-45 Ethernet
jack, one to indicate an Ethernet link (LNK) and one
to indicate Ethernet activity (ACT).
The Ethernet signals are also available on header J4.
The
ACK
and
LNK
signals can be used to drive LEDs
on the user board the RCM2200 is connected to.
The transformer/connector assembly ground is con-
nected to the RCM2200 printed circuit board digital
ground via a 0 resistor, R29, as shown in Figure 7.
Figure 7. Isolation Resistor R29
ETHERNET
RJ-45 Plug
1. E_Tx+
2. E_Tx
3. E_Rx+
6. E_Rx
18
RJ-45 Jack
RJ-45 Ethernet Plug
R29
Chassis
Ground
Board
Ground
24 RabbitCore RCM2200
The RJ-45 connector is shielded to minimize EMI effects to/from the Ethernet signals.
Rabbit recommends that an equivalent RJ-45 connector be used on the user board if the
customer wishes to have an RJ-45 connector on the user board.
NOTE: The RCM2210 is available without the LEDs and the RJ-45 connector if you
plan to use your own RJ-45 connector on your user board.
4.2.3 Programming Port
The RCM2200 has a 10-pin program header labeled J1. The programming port uses the
Rabbit 2000’s Serial Port A for communication. Dynamic C uses the programming port to
download and debug programs.
The programming port is also used for the following operations.
Cold-boot the Rabbit 2000 after a reset.
Remotely download and debug a program over an Ethernet connection using the
RabbitLink EG2110.
Fast copy designated portions of flash memory from one Rabbit-based board (the
master) to another (the slave) using the Rabbit Cloning Board.
Alternate Uses of the Serial Programming Port
All three clocked Serial Port A signals are available as
a synchronous serial port
an asynchronous serial port, with the clock line usable as a general CMOS input
The serial programming port may also be used as a serial port via the DIAG connector on
the serial programming cable.
In addition to Serial Port A, the Rabbit 2000 startup-mode (SMODE0, SMODE1), status,
and reset pins are available on the serial programming port.
The two startup mode pins determine what happens after a reset—the Rabbit 2000 is
either cold-booted or the program begins executing at address 0x0000. These two
SMODE pins can be used as general inputs once the cold boot is complete.
The status pin is used by Dynamic C to determine whether a Rabbit microprocessor is
present. The status output has three different programmable functions:
1. It can be driven low on the first op code fetch cycle.
2. It can be driven low during an interrupt acknowledge cycle.
3. It can also serve as a general-purpose CMOS output.
The /RESET_IN pin is an external input that is used to reset the Rabbit 2000 and the
onboard peripheral circuits on the RabbitCore module. The serial programming port can be
used to force a hard reset on the RabbitCore module by asserting the /RESET_IN signal.
Refer to the Rabbit 2000 Microprocessor Users Manual for more information.
User’s Manual 25
4.3 Serial Programming Cable
The programming cable is used to connect the RCM2200’s programming port to a PC
serial COM port. The programming cable converts the RS-232 voltage levels used by the
PC serial port to the TTL voltage levels used by the Rabbit 2000.
When the PROG connector on the programming cable is connected to the RCM2200’s
programming header, programs can be downloaded and debugged over the serial interface.
The DIAG connector of the programming cable may be used on the RCM2200’s program-
ming header with the RCM2200 operating in the Run Mode. This allows the programming
port to be used as a regular serial port.
4.3.1 Changing Between Program Mode and Run Mode
The RCM2200 is automatically in Program Mode when the PROG connector on the
programming cable is attached to the RCM2200, and is automatically in Run Mode when
no programming cable is attached. When the Rabbit 2000 is reset, the operating mode is
determined by the status of the SMODE pins. When the programming cable’s PROG
connector is attached, the SMODE pins are pulled high, placing the Rabbit 2000 in the
Program Mode. When the programming cable’s PROG connector is not attached, the
SMODE pins are pulled low, causing the Rabbit 2000 to operate in the Run Mode.
Figure 8. Switching Between Program Mode and Run Mode
A program “runs” in either mode, but can only be downloaded and debugged when the
RCM2200 module is in the Program Mode.
Refer to the Rabbit 2000 Microprocessor Users Manual for more information on the pro-
gramming port and the programming cable.
RESET RCM2200 when changing mode:
Press RESET button (if using Prototyping Board), OR
Cycle power off/on
after removing or attaching programming cable.
To PC COM port
Run Mode
Program Mode
26 RabbitCore RCM2200
4.3.2 Standalone Operation of the RCM2200
The RCM2200 must be programmed via the RCM2200/RCM2300 Prototyping Board or
via a similar arrangement on a customer-supplied board. Once the RCM2200 has been
programmed successfully, remove the programming cable from the programming connec-
tor and reset the RCM2200. The RCM2200 may be reset by cycling the power off/on or by
pressing the RESET button on the Prototyping Board. The RCM2200 module may now be
removed from the Prototyping Board for end-use installation.
CAUTION: Power to the Prototyping Board or other boards should be disconnected
when removing or installing your RCM2200 module to protect against inadvertent
shorts across the pins or damage to the RCM2200 if the pins are not plugged in
correctly. Do not reapply power until you have verified that the RCM2200 module is
plugged in correctly.
User’s Manual 27
4.4 Memory
4.4.1 SRAM
The RCM2200 is designed to accept 32K to 512K of SRAM packaged in an SOIC case.
4.4.2 Flash EPROM
The RCM2200 is also designed to accept 128K to 512K of flash EPROM packaged in a
TSOP case.
NOTE: Rabbit recommends that any customer applications should not be constrained by
the sector size of the flash EPROM since it may be necessary to change the sector size
in the future.
Writing to arbitrary flash memory addresses at run time is also discouraged. Instead,
define a “user block” area to store persistent data. The functions writeUserBlock and
readUserBlock are provided for this.
A Flash Memory Bank Select jumper configuration option based on 0 surface-mounted
resistors exists at JP2, JP3, and JP5 (corresponding to the flash memory chips at U8 [second
flash on RCM2250], U3 [RCM2200], and U7 [no flash installed on existing RCM2200
versions]). This option, used in conjunction with some configuration macros, allows
Dynamic C to compile two different co-resident programs for the upper and lower halves
of the 256K flash in such a way that both programs start at logical address 0000. This is
useful for applications that require a resident download manager and a separate down-
loaded program. See Technical Note 218, Implementing a Serial Download Manager for
a 256K Flash, for details.
NOTE: Only the Normal Mode, which corresponds to using the full code space, is sup-
ported at the present time.
4.4.3 Dynamic C BIOS Source Files
The Dynamic C BIOS source files handle different standard RAM and flash EPROM sizes
automatically.
28 RabbitCore RCM2200
4.5 Other Hardware
4.5.1 Clock Doubler
The RCM2200 takes advantage of the Rabbit 2000 microprocessors internal clock dou-
bler. A built-in clock doubler allows half-frequency crystals to be used to reduce radiated
emissions. The 22.1 MHz frequency is generated using an 11.0592 MHz crystal. The
clock doubler is disabled automatically in the BIOS for crystals with a frequency above
12.9 MHz.
The clock doubler may be disabled if 22.1 MHz clock speeds are not required. Disabling
the Rabbit 2000 microprocessors internal clock doubler will reduce power consumption
and further reduce radiated emissions. The clock doubler is disabled with a simple config-
uration macro as shown below.
1. Select the “Defines” tab from the Dynamic C Options > Project Options menu.
2. Add the line CLOCK_DOUBLED=0 to always disable the clock doubler.
The clock doubler is enabled by default, and usually no entry is needed. If you need to
specify that the clock doubler is always enabled, add the line CLOCK_DOUBLED=1 to
always enable the clock doubler. The clock speed will be doubled as long as the crystal
frequency is less than or equal to 26.7264 MHz.
3. Click OK to save the macro. The clock doubler will now remain off whenever you are
in the project file where you defined the macro.
User’s Manual 29
4.5.2 Spectrum Spreader
RCM2200 RabbitCore modules that have a Rabbit 2000 microprocessor labeled IQ4T (or
higher) are equipped with a Rabbit 2000 microprocessor that has a spectrum spreader,
which helps to mitigate EMI problems. By default, the spectrum spreader is on automati-
cally for RCM2200 modules that carry the IQ4T (or higher) marking when used with
Dynamic C 7.30 or later versions, but the spectrum spreader may also be turned off or set
to a stronger setting. The means for doing so is through a simple configuration macro as
shown below.
There is no spectrum spreader functionality for RCM2200 RabbitCore modules that have
a Rabbit 2000 microprocessor labeled IQ1T, IQ2T, or IQ3T, or when using any RCM2200
with a version of Dynamic C prior to 7.30.
1. Select the “Defines” tab from the Dynamic C Options > Project Options menu.
2. Normal spreading is the default, and usually no entry is needed. If you need to specify
normal spreading, add the line
ENABLE_SPREADER=1
For strong spreading, add the line
ENABLE_SPREADER=2
To disable the spectrum spreader, add the line
ENABLE_SPREADER=0
NOTE: The strong spectrum-spreading setting is usually not necessary for the
RCM2200.
3. Click OK to save the macro. The spectrum spreader will now remain off whenever you
are in the project file where you defined the macro.
30 RabbitCore RCM2200
User’s Manual 31
5. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
Dynamic C is an integrated development system for writing
embedded software. It runs on an IBM-compatible PC and is
designed for use with Rabbit single-board computers and other
single-board computers based on the Rabbit microprocessor.
Chapter 4 provides the libraries and function calls related to the
RCM2200.
5.1 More About Dynamic C
Dynamic C has been in use worldwide since 1989. Dynamic C is specially designed for
programming embedded systems, and features quick compile and interactive debugging.
A complete reference to Dynamic C is contained in the Dynamic C Users Manual.
You have a choice of doing your software development in the flash memory or in the static
RAM included on the RCM2200. The flash memory and SRAM options are selected with
the Options > Project Options > Compiler menu.
The advantage of working in RAM is to save wear on the flash memory, which is limited
to about 100,000 write cycles. The disadvantage is that the code and data might not both
fit in RAM.
NOTE: An application can be developed in RAM, but cannot run standalone from RAM
after the programming cable is disconnected. All standalone applications can only run
from flash memory.
NOTE: Do not depend on the flash memory sector size or type. Due to the volatility of
the flash memory market, the RCM2200 and Dynamic C were designed to accommo-
date flash devices with various sector sizes.
RCM2250 and RCM2260 RabbitCore modules have two 256K flash memories. By default,
Dynamic C will use only the first flash memory for program code in these RCM2250 and
RCM2260 RabbitCore modules. Uncomment he BIOS USE_2NDFLASH_CODE macro to
allow the second flash memory to hold any program code that is in excess of the available
memory in the first flash.
32 RabbitCore RCM2200
Developing software with Dynamic C is simple. Users can write, compile, and test C and
assembly code without leaving the Dynamic C development environment. Debugging
occurs while the application runs on the target. Alternatively, users can compile a program
to an image file for later loading. Dynamic C runs on PCs under Windows 95 or later. Pro-
grams can be downloaded at baud rates of up to 460,800 bps after the program compiles.
Dynamic C has a number of standard features:
Full-feature source and/or assembly-level debugger, no in-circuit emulator required.
Royalty-free TCP/IP stack with source code and most common protocols.
Hundreds of functions in source-code libraries and sample programs:
XExceptionally fast support for floating-point arithmetic and transcendental functions.
XRS-232 and RS-485 serial communication.
XAnalog and digital I/O drivers.
XI2C, SPI, GPS, file system.
XLCD display and keypad drivers.
Powerful language extensions for cooperative or preemptive multitasking.
Loader utility program to load binary images into Rabbit targets in the absence of
Dynamic C.
Provision for customers to create their own source code libraries and augment on-line
help by creating “function description” block comments using a special format for
library functions.
Standard debugging features:
XBreakpoints—Set breakpoints that can disable interrupts.
XSingle-stepping—Step into or over functions at a source or machine code level, µC/OS-II aware.
XCode disassembly—The disassembly window displays addresses, opcodes, mnemonics, and
machine cycle times. Switch between debugging at machine-code level and source-code level by
simply opening or closing the disassembly window.
XWatch expressions—Watch expressions are compiled when defined, so complex expressions
including function calls may be placed into watch expressions. Watch expressions can be updated
with or without stopping program execution.
XRegister window—All processor registers and flags are displayed. The contents of general registers
may be modified in the window by the user.
XStack window—shows the contents of the top of the stack.
XHex memory dump—displays the contents of memory at any address.
XSTDIO window—printf outputs to this window and keyboard input on the host PC can be
detected for debugging purposes. printf output may also be sent to a serial port or file.
User’s Manual 33
5.2 I/O
The RCM2200 was designed to interface with other systems, and so there are no drivers
written specifically for the I/O. The general Dynamic C read and write functions allow
you to customize the parallel I/O to meet your specific needs. For example, use
WrPortI(PEDDR, &PEDDRShadow, 0x00);
to set all the port E bits as inputs, or use
WrPortI(PEDDR, &PEDDRShadow, 0xFF);
to set all the Port E bits as outputs.
The sample programs in the Dynamic C
SAMPLES\RCM2200
directory provide further
examples.
5.2.1 PCLK Output
The PCLK output is controlled by bits 7 and 6 of the Global Output Register (GOCR) on
the Rabbit 2000 microprocessor, and so can be enabled or disabled in software. Starting
with Dynamic C v 7.02, the PCLK output is disabled by default at compile time to mini-
mize radiated emissions; the PCLK output is enabled in earlier versions of Dynamic C.
Use the following code to set the PCLK output as needed.
PCLK output driven with peripheral clock:
WrPortI(GOCR, &GOCRShadow, (GOCRShadow&~0xc0));
PCLK output driven with peripheral clock ÷ 2:
WrPortI(GOCR, &GOCRShadow, ((GOCRShadow&~0xc0)| 0x40));
PCLK output off (low):
WrPortI(GOCR, &GOCRShadow, ((GOCRShadow&~0xc0)| 0x80));
PCLK output on (high):
WrPortI(GOCR, &GOCRShadow, (GOCRShadow | 0xc0));
5.2.2 External Interrupts
The Rabbit 2000 microprocessor has four external interrupt inputs on Parallel Port E,
which is accessed through pins PE0, PE1, PE4, and PE5 on header J4. These pins may be
used either as I/O ports or as external interrupt inputs.
Earlier versions of the Rabbit 2000 microprocessor labeled IQ1T or IQ2T would occa-
sionally lose an interrupt request when one of the interrupt inputs was used as a pulse counter.
See Technical Note 301, Rabbit 2000 Microprocessor Interrupt Problem, for further infor-
mation on how to work around this problem if you purchased your RCM2200 before July,
2002, and the Rabbit 2000 microprocessor is labeled IQ1T or IQ2T.
NOTE: Interrupts on RCM2000 series RabbitCore modules sold after July, 2002, work
correctly and do not need this workaround.
34 RabbitCore RCM2200
5.3 Serial Communication Drivers
Library files included with Dynamic C provide a full range of serial communications sup-
port. The
RS232.LIB
library provides a set of circular-buffer-based serial functions. The
PACKET.LIB
library provides packet-based serial functions where packets can be delim-
ited by the 9th bit, by transmission gaps, or with user-defined special characters. Both
libraries provide blocking functions, which do not return until they are finished transmit-
ting or receiving, and nonblocking functions, which must be called repeatedly until they
are finished. For more information, see the Dynamic C Users Manual and Technical
Note 213, Rabbit 2000 Serial Port Software.
5.4 TCP/IP Drivers
The TCP/IP drivers are located in the
TCPIP
directory. Complete information on these
libraries and the TCP/IP functions is provided in the Dynamic C TCP/IP Users Manual.
User’s Manual 35
5.5 Upgrading Dynamic C
Dynamic C patches that focus on bug fixes are available from time to time. Check the Web
site www.rabbit.com/support/ for the latest patches, workarounds, and bug fixes.
The default installation of a patch or bug fix is to install the file in a directory (folder) dif-
ferent from that of the original Dynamic C installation. Rabbit recommends using a differ-
ent directory so that you can verify the operation of the patch without overwriting the
existing Dynamic C installation. If you have made any changes to the BIOS or to libraries,
or if you have programs in the old directory (folder), make these same changes to the
BIOS or libraries in the new directory containing the patch. Do not simply copy over an
entire file since you may overwrite a bug fix; of course, you may copy over any programs
you have written. Once you are sure the new patch works entirely to your satisfaction, you
may retire the existing installation, but keep it available to handle legacy applications.
5.5.1 Extras
Dynamic C installations are designed for use with the board they are included with, and
are included at no charge as part of our low-cost kits.
Starting with Dynamic C version 9.60, Dynamic C includes the popular µC/OS-II real-
time operating system, point-to-point protocol (PPP), FAT file system, RabbitWeb, and
other select libraries. Rabbit also offers for purchase the Rabbit Embedded Security Pack
featuring the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and a specific Advanced Encryption Standard
(AES) library.
In addition to the Web-based technical support included at no extra charge, a one-year
telephone-based technical support subscription is also available for purchase.
Visit our Web site at www.rabbit.com for further information and complete documentation.
36 RabbitCore RCM2200
User’s Manual 37
6. USING THE TCP/IP FEATURES
6.1 TCP/IP Connections
Programming and development can be done with the RCM2200 RabbitCore modules
without connecting the Ethernet port to a network. However, if you will be running the
sample programs that use the Ethernet capability or will be doing Ethernet-enabled devel-
opment, you should connect the RCM2200 module’s Ethernet port at this time.
Before proceeding you will need to have the following items.
If you don’t have Ethernet access, you will need at least a 10Base-T Ethernet card
(available from your favorite computer supplier) installed in a PC.
Two RJ-45 straight through Ethernet cables and a hub, or an RJ-45 crossover Ethernet
cable.
The Ethernet cables and Ethernet hub are available from Rabbit in a TCP/IP tool kit. More
information is available at www.rabbit.com.
1. Connect the AC adapter and the programming cable as shown in Chapter 2, “Getting
Started.”
2. Ethernet Connections
There are four options for connecting the RCM2200 module to a network for develop-
ment and runtime purposes. The first two options permit total freedom in selecting net-
work addresses and use of the “network,” as no action can interfere with other users.
We recommend one of these options for initial development.
No LAN The simplest alternative for desktop development. Connect the
RCM2200’s Ethernet port directly to the PC’s network interface card using an RJ-45
crossover cable. A crossover cable is a special cable that flips some connections
between the two connectors and permits direct connection of two client systems. A
standard RJ-45 network cable will not work for this purpose.
Micro-LAN — Another simple alternative for desktop development. Use a small
Ethernet 10Base-T hub and connect both the PC’s network interface card and the
RCM2200’s Ethernet port to it, using standard network cables.
38 RabbitCore RCM2200
The following options require more care in address selection and testing actions, as
conflicts with other users, servers and systems can occur:
LAN — Connect the RCM2200’s Ethernet port to an existing LAN, preferably one to
which the development PC is already connected. You will need to obtain IP addressing
information from your network administrator.
WAN — The RCM2200 is capable of direct connection to the Internet and other Wide
Area Networks, but exceptional care should be used with IP address settings and all
network-related programming and development. We recommend that development and
debugging be done on a local network before connecting a RabbitCore system to the
Internet.
TIP: Checking and debugging the initial setup on a micro-LAN is recommended before
connecting the system to a LAN or WAN.
The PC running Dynamic C through the serial port on the RCM2200 does not need to
be the PC with the Ethernet card.
3. Apply Power
Plug in the AC adapter. The RCM2200 is now ready to be used.
User’s Manual 39
6.2 Running TCP/IP Sample Programs
We have provided a number of sample programs demonstrating various uses of TCP/IP for
networking embedded systems. These programs require that the user connect his PC and
the RCM2200 board together on the same network. This network can be a local private
network (preferred for initial experimentation and debugging), or a connection via the
Internet.
Obtaining IP addresses to interact over an existing, operating, network can involve a num-
ber of complications, and must usually be done with cooperation from your ISP and/or
network systems administrator (if your company has one). For this reason, it is suggested
that the user begin instead by using a direct connection between a PC and the RCM2200
board using an Ethernet crossover cable or a simple arrangement with a hub. (A crossover
cable should not be confused with regular straight through cables.) The hub and a wide
variety of cables can also be purchased from a local computer store.
In order to set up this direct connection, the user will have to use a PC without networking,
or disconnect a PC from the corporate network, or install a second Ethernet adapter and set
up a separate private network attached to the second Ethernet adapter. Disconnecting your
PC from the corporate network may be easy or nearly impossible, depending on how it is
set up. Mobile PCs, such as laptops, are designed to be connected and disconnected, and
will present the least problem. If your PC boots from the network or is dependent on the
network for some or all of its disks, then it probably should not be disconnected. If a sec-
ond Ethernet adapter is used, be aware that Windows TCP/IP will send messages to one
adapter or the other, depending on the IP address and the binding order in Microsoft prod-
ucts. Thus you should have different ranges of IP addresses on your private network from
those used on the corporate network. If both networks service the same IP address, then
Windows may send a packet intended for your private network to the corporate network.
A similar situation will take place if you use a dial-up line to send a packet to the Internet.
Windows may try to send it via the local Ethernet network if it is also valid for that net-
work.
RCM2200
User’s PC
CAT 5/6
Ethernet
crossover cable
Direct Connection
(network of 2 computers)
RCM2200
Hub
Ethernet
cables To additional
network
elements
Direct Connection Using a Hub
Board Board
CAT 5/6
40 RabbitCore RCM2200
The following IP addresses are set aside for local networks and are not allowed on the
Internet: 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255, 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255, and 192.168.0.0 to
192.168.255.255.
The RCM2200 board uses a 10Base-T type of Ethernet connection, which is the most
common scheme. The RJ-45 connectors are similar to U.S. style telephone connectors,
except they are larger and have 8 contacts.
An alternative to the direct connection using a crossover cable is a direct connection using
a hub. The hub relays packets received on any port to all of the ports on the hub. Hubs are
low in cost and are readily available. The RCM2200 board uses 10 Mbps Ethernet, so the
hub or Ethernet adapter must be either a 10 Mbps unit or a 10/100 unit that adapts to either
10 or 100 Mbps.
In a corporate setting where the Internet is brought in via a high-speed line, there are typi-
cally machines between the outside Internet and the internal network. These machines
include a combination of proxy servers and firewalls that filter and multiplex Internet traf-
fic. In the configuration below, the RCM2200 board could be given a fixed address so any
of the computers on the local network would be able to contact it. It may be possible to
configure the firewall or proxy server to allow hosts on the Internet to directly contact the
controller, but it would probably be easier to place the controller directly on the external
network outside of the firewall. This avoids some of the configuration complications by
sacrificing some security.
If your system administrator can give you an Ethernet cable along with its IP address, the
netmask and the gateway address, then you may be able to run the sample programs with-
out having to setup a direct connection between your computer and the RCM2200 board.
You will also need the IP address of the nameserver, the name or IP address of your mail
server, and your domain name for some of the sample programs.
Hub(s)
Firewall
Proxy
Server
T1 in Adapter
Ethernet Ethernet
Network
RCM2200
Board
Typical Corporate Network
User’s Manual 41
6.3 IP Addresses Explained
IP (Internet Protocol) addresses are expressed as 4 decimal numbers separated by periods,
for example:
216.103.126.155
10.1.1.6
Each decimal number must be between 0 and 255. The total IP address is a 32-bit number
consisting of the 4 bytes expressed as shown above. A local network uses a group of adja-
cent IP addresses. There are always 2N IP addresses in a local network. The netmask (also
called subnet mask) determines how many IP addresses belong to the local network. The
netmask is also a 32-bit address expressed in the same form as the IP address. An example
netmask is:
255.255.255.0
This netmask has 8 zero bits in the least significant portion, and this means that 28
addresses are a part of the local network. Applied to the IP address above
(216.103.126.155), this netmask would indicate that the following IP addresses belong to
the local network:
216.103.126.0
216.103.126.1
216.103.126.2
etc.
216.103.126.254
216.103.126.255
The lowest and highest address are reserved for special purposes. The lowest address
(216.103.126.0) is used to identify the local network. The highest address
(216.103.126.255) is used as a broadcast address. Usually one other address is used for the
address of the gateway out of the network. This leaves 256 - 3 = 253 available IP
addresses for the example given.
42 RabbitCore RCM2200
6.4 How IP Addresses are Used
The actual hardware connection via an Ethernet uses Ethernet adapter addresses (also
called MAC addresses.) These are 48-bit addresses and are unique for every Ethernet
adapter manufactured. In order to send a packet to another computer, given the IP address
of the other computer, it is first determined if the packet needs to be sent directly to the
other computer or to the gateway. In either case, there is an IP address on the local net-
work to which the packet must be sent. A table is maintained to allow the protocol driver
to determine the MAC address corresponding to a particular IP address. If the table is
empty, the MAC address is determined by sending an Ethernet broadcast packet to all
devices on the local network asking the device with the desired IP address to answer with
its MAC address. In this way, the table entry can be filled in. If no device answers, then
the device is nonexistent or inoperative, and the packet cannot be sent.
IP addresses are arbitrary and can be allocated as desired provided that they don’t conflict
with other IP addresses. However, if they are to be used with the Internet, then they must
be numbers that are assigned to your connection by proper authorities, generally by dele-
gation via your service provider.
User’s Manual 43
6.5 Dynamically Assigned Internet Addresses
In many instances, there are no fixed IP addresses. This is the case when, for example, you
are assigned an IP address dynamically by your dial-up Internet service provider (ISP) or
when you have a device that provides your IP addresses using the Dynamic Host Configu-
ration Protocol (DHCP). The RCM2200 can use such IP addresses to send and receive
packets on the Internet, but you must take into account that this IP address may only be
valid for the duration of the call or for a period of time, and could be a private IP address
that is not directly accessible to others on the Internet. These private address can be used
to perform some Internet tasks such as sending e-mail or browsing the Web, but usually
cannot be used to participate in conversations that originate elsewhere on the Internet. If
you want to find out this dynamically assigned IP address, under Windows XP you can
run the ipconfig program while you are connected and look at the interface used to con-
nect to the Internet.
Many networks use private IP addresses that are assigned using DHCP. When your com-
puter comes up, and periodically after that, it requests its networking information from a
DHCP server. The DHCP server may try to give you the same address each time, but a
fixed IP address is usually not guaranteed.
If you are not concerned about accessing the RCM2200 from the Internet, you can place
the RCM2200 on the internal network using a private address assigned either statically or
through DHCP.
44 RabbitCore RCM2200
6.6 Placing Your Device on the Internet
In many corporate settings, users are isolated from the Internet by a firewall and/or a
proxy server. These devices attempt to secure the company from unauthorized network
traffic, and usually work by disallowing traffic that did not originate from inside the net-
work. If you want users on the Internet to communicate with your RCM2200, you have
several options. You can either place the RCM2200 directly on the Internet with a real
Internet address or place it behind the firewall. If you place the RCM2200 behind the fire-
wall, you need to configure the firewall to translate and forward packets from the Internet
to the RCM2200.
User’s Manual 45
6.7 How to Set IP Addresses in the Sample Programs
We have provided a number of sample programs demonstrating various uses of TCP/IP for
networking embedded systems. These programs require that you connect your PC and the
Coyote together on the same network. This network can be a local private network (pre-
ferred for initial experimentation and debugging), or a connection via the Internet.
With the introduction of Dynamic C 7.30 we have taken steps to make it easier to run
many of our sample programs. You will see a TCPCONFIG macro. This macro tells
Dynamic C to select your configuration from a list of default configurations. You will
have three choices when you encounter a sample program with the TCPCONFIG macro.
1. You can replace the TCPCONFIG macro with individual MY_IP_ADDRESS,
MY_NETMASK, MY_GATEWAY, and MY_NAMESERVER macros in each program.
2. You can leave TCPCONFIG at the usual default of 1, which will set the IP configurations
to 10.10.6.100, the netmask to 255.255.255.0, and the nameserver and gateway
to 10.10.6.1. If you would like to change the default values, for example, to use an IP
address of 10.1.1.2 for the Coyote board, and 10.1.1.1 for your PC, you can edit
the values in the section that directly follows the “General Configuration” comment in
the TCP_CONFIG.LIB library. You will find this library in the LIB\TCPIP directory.
3. You can create a CUSTOM_CONFIG.LIB library and use a TCPCONFIG value greater
than 100. Instructions for doing this are at the beginning of the TCP_CONFIG.LIB
library in the LIB\TCPIP directory.
There are some other “standard” configurations for TCPCONFIG that let you select differ-
ent features such as DHCP. Their values are documented at the top of the
TCP_CONFIG.LIB library in the LIB\TCPIP directory. More information is available in
the Dynamic C TCP/IP Users Manual.
IP Addresses Before Dynamic C 7.30
Most of the sample programs use macros to define the IP address assigned to the board and
the IP address of the gateway, if there is a gateway. Instead of the TCPCONFIG macro, you
will see a MY_IP_ADDRESS macro and other macros.
#define MY_IP_ADDRESS "10.10.6.170"
#define MY_NETMASK "255.255.255.0"
#define MY_GATEWAY "10.10.6.1"
#define MY_NAMESERVER "10.10.6.1"
In order to do a direct connection, the following IP addresses can be used for the Coyote:
#define MY_IP_ADDRESS "10.1.1.2"
#define MY_NETMASK "255.255.255.0"
// #define MY_GATEWAY "10.10.6.1"
// #define MY_NAMESERVER "10.10.6.1"
In this case, the gateway and nameserver are not used, and are commented out. The IP
address of the board is defined to be 10.1.1.2. The IP address of your PC can be defined
as 10.1.1.1.
46 RabbitCore RCM2200
6.8 How to Set Up Your Computer for Direct Connect
Follow these instructions to set up your PC or notebook. Check with your administrator if
you are unable to change the settings as described here since you may need administrator
privileges. The instructions are specifically for Windows 2000, but the interface is similar
for other versions of Windows.
TIP: If you are using a PC that is already on a network, you will disconnect the PC from
that network to run these sample programs. Write down the existing settings before
changing them to facilitate restoring them when you are finished with the sample pro-
grams and reconnect your PC to the network.
1. Go to the control panel (Start > Settings > Control Panel), and then double-click the
Network icon.
2. Select the network interface card used for the Ethernet interface you intend to use (e.g.,
TCP/IP Xircom Credit Card Network Adapter) and click on the “Properties” button.
Depending on which version of Windows your PC is running, you may have to select
the “Local Area Connection” first, and then click on the “Properties” button to bring up
the Ethernet interface dialog. Then “Configure” your interface card for a “10Base-T
Half-Duplex” or an “Auto-Negotiation” connection on the “Advanced” tab.
NOTE: Your network interface card will likely have a different name.
3. Now select the IP Address tab, and check Specify an IP Address, or select TCP/IP and
click on “Properties” to assign an IP address to your computer (this will disable “obtain
an IP address automatically”):
IP Address : 10.10.6.101
Netmask : 255.255.255.0
Default gateway : 10.10.6.1
4. Click <OK> or <Close> to exit the various dialog boxes.
RCM2200
User’s PC
CAT 5/6
Ethernet
crossover cable
IP 10.10.6.101
Netmask
255.255.255.0
Direct Connection PC to RCM2200 Board
Board
User’s Manual 47
6.9 Run the PINGME.C Sample Programs
Connect the crossover cable from your computers Ethernet port to the RCM2200 board’s
RJ-45 Ethernet connector. Open this sample program from the SAMPLES\TCPIP\ICMP
folder, compile the program, and start it running under Dynamic C. When the program
starts running, the green LNK light on the RCM2200 board should be on to indicate an
Ethernet connection is made. (Note: If the LNK light does not light, you may not have a
crossover cable, or if you are using a hub perhaps the power is off on the hub.)
The next step is to ping the board from your PC. This can be done by bringing up the MS-
DOS window and running the pingme program:
ping 10.10.6.100
or by Start > Run
and typing the entry
ping 10.10.6.100
Notice that the red ACT light flashes on the RCM2200 board while the ping is taking
place, and indicates the transfer of data. The ping routine will ping the board four times
and write a summary message on the screen describing the operation.
6.10 Running More Sample Programs With Direct Connect
The sample programs discussed here are in the Dynamic C SAMPLES\RCM2200\ folder.
CONSOLE.C—Demonstrates the features of ZCONSOLE.LIB command-oriented con-
sole library. This program is also run in conjunction with SERDCLIENT.C or SPCLI-
ENT.C.
ETHCORE1.C—Creates two “devices” (lights) and two “buttons” in the Web browser to
toggle them. Users can change the status of the lights. If the RCM2200 is plugged into
the MASTER slot on the Prototyping Board, the lights on the Prototyping Board will
track the ones in the Web browser. As long as you have not modified the TCPCONFIG 1
macro in the sample program, enter the following server address in your Web browser
to bring up the Web page served by the sample program.
http://10.10.6.100
Otherwise use the TCP/IP settings you entered in the TCP_CONFIG.LIB library.
MYECHO.C—Operates RCM2200 as a basic server. When a client connects, echoes
back any data sent by the client.
SERDCLIENT.C—Demonstrates the ability of a Rabbit-based target board to update
files on the Web server of the RCM2200 board it is connected to via Serial Port D. This
program is run in conjunction with CONSOLE.C.
SPCLIENT.C—Demonstrates the ability of a Rabbit-based target board to update files
on the Web server of the RCM2200 board it is connected to via the slave port. This pro-
gram is run in conjunction with CONSOLE.C.
48 RabbitCore RCM2200
6.11 Where Do I Go From Here?
NOTE: If you purchased your RCM2200 through a distributor or through a Rabbit
partner, contact the distributor or partner first for technical support.
If there are any problems at this point:
Use the Dynamic C Help menu to get further assistance with Dynamic C.
Check the Rabbit Technical Bulletin Board and forums at www.rabbit.com/support/bb/
and at www.rabbit.com/forums/.
Use the Technical Support e-mail form at www.rabbit.com/support/.
If the sample programs ran fine, you are now ready to go on.
Additional sample programs are described in the Dynamic C TCP/IP Users Manual.
Please refer to the Dynamic C TCP/IP Users Manual to develop your own applications.
An Introduction to TCP/IP provides background information on TCP/IP, and is available
on the CD and on our Web site.
User’s Manual 49
APPENDIX A. RABBITCORE RCM2200
SPECIFICATIONS
Appendix A provides the specifications for the RCM2200, and
describes the conformal coating.
Please refe footprint d appendix loca tions. Figure A- 1. NOTE: All measuremems are in in All dimensions have a manufacxu 50
50 RabbitCore RCM2200
A.1 Electrical and Mechanical Characteristics
Figure A-1 shows the mechanical dimensions for the RCM2200.
Figure A-1. RCM2200 Dimensions
NOTE: All measurements are in inches followed by millimeters enclosed in parentheses.
All dimensions have a manufacturing tolerance of ±0.01" (0.25 mm).
Please refer to the RCM2200
footprint diagram later in this
appendix for precise header
locations.
J1 R2
C3
D2
R7
C27
R8
R36
RT1
R41
R37
R38
D1
R39
Y2 C2 C1 U8 U7
U3
U6
C7
GND
GND
EGND
DS2
LNK
ACT
DS1
R19
Q3 Q4 Q5
Q2
R1
Y1 C4
C17
C8
R9
R13
R11
U1
BT1
R15
C12
R17
R20 C13
Y3
R16
R22
R21 C14
R18
C25
C28
D3
J2
JP4
JP3
JP1 JP6
C30
JP2
JP5
C29
U2
2.300
(58.4)
0.130
dia
(3.3)
1.060
(26.9)
2.300
(58.4)
0.800
(20.3)
0.156
(4.0)
0.10
(2.5)
J4J5
0.10
(2.5)
1.600
(40.6)
1.600
(40.6)
0.602
(15.3)
0.625
(15.7)
0.55
(14)
0.245
(6.2)
0.86
(22)
0.062
(1.6)
0.55
(14)
0.245
(6.2)
0.86
(22)
0.062
(1.6)
User’s Manual 51
It is recommended that you allow for an “exclusion zone” of 0.04" (1 mm) around the
RCM2200 in all directions when the RCM2200 is incorporated into an assembly that
includes other printed circuit boards. An “exclusion zone” of 0.16" (4 mm) is recom-
mended below the RCM2200 when the RCM2200 is plugged into another assembly using
the shortest connectors for headers J4 and J5. Figure A-2 shows this “exclusion zone.”
Figure A-2. RCM2200 “Exclusion Zone”
0.16
(4)
0.16
(4)
0.60
(15
2.38
(60.4)
1.68
(42.6)
0.60
(15)
1.600
(40.6)
2.300
(58.4)
J4J5
Exclusion
Zone
52 RabbitCore RCM2200
Table A-1 lists the electrical, mechanical, and environmental specifications for the RCM2200.
Table A-1. RabbitCore RCM2200 Specifications
Parameter RCM2200 RCM2210 RCM2250 RCM2260
Microprocessor Rabbit 2000® at 22.1 MHz
Ethernet Port
(10/100-compatible with
10Base-T interface) RJ-45, 2 LEDs Raw signals only RJ-45, 2 LEDs Raw signals only
Flash Memory One 256K Two 256K Two 256K
SRAM 128K 512K 512K
Backup Battery Connection for user-supplied backup battery
(to support RTC and SRAM)
General-Purpose I/O
26 parallel I/0 lines grouped in five 8-bit ports (shared with serial ports):
• 16 configurable I/O
• 7 fixed inputs
• 3 fixed outputs
Additional Inputs 2 startup mode, reset
Additional Outputs Status, reset
Memory, I/O Interface 4 address lines, 8 data lines, I/O read/write
Serial Ports
Four 5 V CMOS-compatible ports.
Two ports are configurable as clocked ports, one is a dedicated RS-232
programming port.
Serial Rate Maximum burst rate = CLK/32
Maximum sustained rate = CLK/64
Slave Interface A slave port allows the RCM2200 to be used as an intelligent peripheral
device slaved to a master processor, which may either be another Rabbit 2000
or any other type of processor
Real-Time Clock Yes
Timers Five 8-bit timers cascadable in pairs, one 10-bit timer with 2 match registers
that each have an interrupt
Watchdog/Supervisor Yes
Power 4.75 V to 5.25 V DC, 134 mA
Operating Temperature –40°C to +70°C
Humidity 5% to 95%, noncondensing
Connectors Two IDC headers 2 × 13, 2 mm pitch
Board Size 1.60" × 2.30" × 0.86"
(41 mm × 59 mm × 22 mm)
Figure A-3. Us User's Manual
Users Manual 53
A.1.1 Headers
The RCM2200 uses headers at J4 and J5 for physical connection to other boards. J4 and J5
are 2 × 13 SMT headers with a 2 mm pin spacing. J1, the programming port, is a 2 × 5
header with a 2 mm pin spacing.
Figure A-3 shows the layout of another board for the RCM2200 to be plugged into. These
values are relative to the header connectors.
A.1.2 Physical Mounting
A 9/32” (7 mm) standoff with a 4-40 screw is recommended to attach the RCM2200 to a
user board at the hole position shown in Figure A-3
. Either use plastic hardware, or use
insulating washers to keep any metal hardware from shorting out signals on the RCM2200.
Figure A-3. User Board Footprint for RCM2200
J5
0.960
(24.4)
0.935
(23.7)
J4
J1
RCM2200 Footprint
0.079
(2.0)
0.130 dia
(3.3)
0.020 sq typ
(0.5)
0.079
(2.0)
0.604
(15.3)
0.646
(16.4)
0.715
(18.2)
54 RabbitCore RCM2200
A.2 Bus Loading
You must pay careful attention to bus loading when designing an interface to the
RCM2200. This section provides bus loading information for external devices.
Table A-2 lists the capacitance for the various RCM2200 I/O ports.
Table A-2. Capacitance of Rabbit 2000 I/O Ports
I/O Ports Input
Capacitance
(pF)
Output
Capacitance
(pF)
Parallel Ports A to E 12 14
Data Lines BD0–BD7 10 12
Address Lines BA0–BA12 4 8
+4 +4 F FAR ..,i:
User’s Manual 55
Figure A-4 shows a typical timing diagram for the Rabbit 2000 microprocessor external
I/O read and write cycles.
Figure A-4. External I/O Read and Write Cycles—No Extra Wait States
Tadr is the time required for the address output to reach 0.8 V. This time depends on the
bus loading. Tsetup is the data setup time relative to the clock. Tsetup is specified from
30%/70% of the VDD voltage level.
Tadr
Tadr
External I/O Read (no extra wait states)
CLK
A[15:0]
External I/O Write (no extra wait states)
CLK
A[15:0]
/IORD
valid
T1 Tw
T1 Tw T2
valid
T2
/BUFEN
/IOCSx
/IOWR
/BUFEN
D[7:0] valid
Tsetup
Thold
/CSx
/IOCSx
TCSx
TIOCSx
TIORD
TBUFEN
TCSx
TIOCSx
TIORD
TBUFEN
valid
D[7:0]
/CSx
TCSx
TIOCSx
TIOWR
TCSx
TIOCSx
TIOWR
TBUFEN TBUFEN
TDHZV TDVHZ
56 RabbitCore RCM2200
Table A-3 lists the parameters shown in these figures and provides minimum or measured
values.
A.3 Rabbit 2000 DC Characteristics
Table A-4 outlines the DC characteristics for the Rabbit 2000 at 5.0 V over the recom-
mended operating temperature range from Ta = –40°C to +85°C, VDD = 4.5 V to 5.5 V.
Table A-3. Memory and External I/O Read/Write Parameters
Parameter Description Value
Read Parameters
Tadr Time from CPU clock rising
edge to address valid Max. 7 ns @ 20 pF, 5 V
14 ns @ 70 pF, 5 V
Tsetup Data read setup time Min. 2 ns @ 5 V
Thold Data read hold time Min. 0 ns
Write Parameters
Tadr Time from CPU clock rising
edge to address valid Max. 7 ns @ 20 pF, 5 V
14 ns @ 70 pF, 5 V
Thold Data write hold time from /WEx
or /IOWR Min. ½ CPU clock cycle
Table A-4. 5.0 Volt DC Characteristics
Symbol Parameter Test Conditions Min Typ Max Units
IIH Input Leakage High VIN = VDD, VDD = 5.5 V 10 µA
IIL Input Leakage Low
(no pull-up) VIN = VSS, VDD = 5.5 V -10 µA
IOZ Output Leakage (no pull-up) VIN = VDD or VSS,
VDD = 5.5 V -10 10 µA
VIL CMOS Input Low Voltage 0.3 x VDD V
VIH CMOS Input High Voltage 0.7 x VDD V
VTCMOS Switching Threshold VDD = 5.0 V, 25°C 2.4 V
VOL CMOS Output Low Voltage
IOL = See Table A-5
(sinking)
VDD = 4.5 V
0.2 0.4 V
VOH CMOS Output High Voltage
IOH = See Table A-5
(sourcing)
VDD = 4.5 V
0.7 x VDD 4.2 V
User’s Manual 57
A.4 I/O Buffer Sourcing and Sinking Limit
Unless otherwise specified, the Rabbit I/O buffers are capable of sourcing and sinking
8 mA of current per pin at full AC switching speed. Full AC switching assumes a
25.8 MHz CPU clock and capacitive loading on address and data lines of less than 100 pF
per pin. Address pin A0 and data pin D0 are rated at 16 mA each. Pins A1–A12 and D1–D7
are each rated at 8 mA. The absolute maximum operating voltage on all I/O is VDD + 0.5 V
or 5.5 V.
Table A-5 shows the AC and DC output drive limits of the parallel I/O buffers when the
Rabbit 2000 is used in the RCM2200.
Table A-5. I/O Buffer Sourcing and Sinking Capability
Pin Name
Output Drive
Sourcing*/Sinking Limits
(mA)
* The maximum DC sourcing current for I/O buffers between VDD
pins is 112 mA.
The maximum DC sinking current for I/O buffers between VSS
pins is 150 mA.
Output Port Name Full AC Switching
SRC/SNK
Maximum DC Output
Drive
SRC/SNK
The maximum DC output drive on I/O buffers must be adjusted to
take into consideration the current demands made my AC switch-
ing outputs, capacitive loading on switching outputs, and switching
voltage.
The current drawn by all switching and nonswitching I/O must
not exceed the limits specified in the first two footnotes.
PA [7:0] 8/8 12/12
PB [7:6] 8/8 12/12
PC [6, 2, 0] 8/8 12/12
PD [5:4] 8/8 12/12
PD [3:0]**
** The combined sourcing from Port D [7:0] may need to be adjusted
so as not to exceed the 112 mA sourcing limit requirement speci-
fied in Note 1.
16/16 25/25
PE [7, 5, 4, 1, 0] 8/8 12/12
A.5 Jumper Conf Figure A75 shows 1hr: h Via jumpcrs. Top Side Bottom Side ooocoooaooool ooooooooooooo Figure [1-5. Location of RCMZZUU Configurable Positions Table A76 lisrs rho configuration options. Table A-6. RCM2200 Jumper Configurations . . . F Header Descrlpuon Plns Connected D m FlashMemorySize 1’2 [BK/255K (U87RCM22500n1y) 273 512K JP? FlashMemoryBankSelecr 1’2 NormalMOde ‘ (U87RCM22500n1y) 273 BankMode FlashMemoryBankSelecr 1’2 NormalMOde JP3 (U3) 273 BankMode 172 lZXK/ZSGK 1P4 Flash Memory Size (U3) 273 512K FlashMemoryBankSelecr 1’2 NormalMOde JPS . (U7inolmslalled) 2,3 BankMode FlashMemorySize 1’2 [BK/255K JPfi . (U7inolmslalled) 273 512K 172 128K R JP7 SRAMSize R 273 512K R NOTE: The jumper conneciions are made using 0 Q surface-mounted resistor 58 RabbilCor
58 RabbitCore RCM2200
A.5 Jumper Configurations
Figure A-5 shows the header locations used to configure the various RCM2200 options
via jumpers.
Figure A-5. Location of RCM2200 Configurable Positions
Table A-6 lists the configuration options.
NOTE: The jumper connections are made using 0 surface-mounted resistors.
Table A-6. RCM2200 Jumper Configurations
Header Description Pins Connected Factory
Default
JP1 Flash Memory Size
(U8—RCM2250 only)
1–2 128K/256K ×
23 512K
JP2 Flash Memory Bank Select
(U8—RCM2250 only)
1–2 Normal Mode ×
2–3 Bank Mode
JP3 Flash Memory Bank Select
(U3)
1–2 Normal Mode ×
2–3 Bank Mode
JP4 Flash Memory Size (U3) 1–2 128K/256K ×
23 512K
JP5 Flash Memory Bank Select
(U7—not installed)
1–2 Normal Mode
2–3 Bank Mode
JP6 Flash Memory Size
(U7—not installed)
1–2 128K/256K
23 512K
JP7 SRAM Size 12 128K RCM2200
RCM2210
23 512K RCM2250
Top Side
Flash
EPROM
JP2
JP1 JP6
JP5
JP3
JP4
Bottom Side
SRAM
JP7
Figure A-6. RCM2200 Areas Receiving Conformal Coating Any components in the confonnally coated area may be replaced using standard soldering procedures for surfaceemounted components. A new conformal coating should then he applied to offer continuing protection against the effects of moisture and contaminants. NOTE: For more information on conformal coatings, refer to Technical Note TN303, Conformal Coatings. User's Manual 59
Users Manual 59
A.6 Conformal Coating
The areas around the 32 kHz real-time clock crystal oscillator has had the Dow Corning
silicone-based 1-2620 conformal coating applied. The conformally coated area is shown
in Figure A-6. The conformal coating protects these high-impedance circuits from the
effects of moisture and contaminants over time.
Figure A-6. RCM2200 Areas Receiving Conformal Coating
Any components in the conformally coated area may be replaced using standard soldering
procedures for surface-mounted components. A new conformal coating should then be
applied to offer continuing protection against the effects of moisture and contaminants.
NOTE: For more information on conformal coatings, refer to Technical Note TN303,
Conformal Coatings.
Conformally coated area
J1 R2
C3
D2
R7
C27
R8
R36
RT1
R41
R37
R38
D1
R39
Y2 C2 C1 U8 U7
U3
U6
C7
GND
GND
EGND
DS2
LNK
ACT
DS1
R19
Q3 Q4 Q5
Q2
R1
Y1 C4
C17
C8
R9
R13
R11
U1
BT1
R15
C12
R17
R20 C13
Y3
R16
R22
R21 C14
R18
C25
C28
D3
J2
JP4
JP3
JP1 JP6
C30
JP2
JP5
C29
U2
60 RabbitCore RCM2200
User’s Manual 61
APPENDIX B. PROTOTYPING BOARD
Appendix B describes the features and accessories of the Proto-
typing Board, and explains the use of the Prototyping Board to
demonstrate the RCM2200 and to build prototypes of your own
circuits.
Res Use M2200/R Swi Switc Slave M Volta Con ne Power Regu LED US LE 81300“ oooooooooooooogo E] I 1'! ”mm ooooooooocoo 000000000000 38% Through—Hole SM Prototyping Are Figure 5-1. RCM2200/RCM2300 Prototypin 62
62 RabbitCore RCM2200
B.1 Prototyping Board
The Prototyping Board included in the Development Kit makes it easy to connect an
RCM2200 module to a power supply and a PC workstation for development. It also pro-
vides some basic I/O peripherals (switches and LEDs), as well as a prototyping area for
more advanced hardware development.
For the most basic level of evaluation and development, the Prototyping Board can be
used without modification.
As you progress to more sophisticated experimentation and hardware development, modi-
fications and additions can be made to the board without modifying or damaging the
RCM2200 module itself.
The Prototyping Board is shown below in Figure B-1, with its main features identified.
Figure B-1. RCM2200/RCM2300 Prototyping Board
CAUTION
Battery
RCM2200/RCM2300
Slave Module
Connectors
Voltage
Regulator
Power
Input
Power
LED
Reset
Switch
User
LEDs
SMT Prototyping
Area
Through-Hole
Prototyping Area
Master Module
Extension Headers
Vcc and GND
Buses
RCM2200/RCM2300
Master Module
Connectors
Slave Module
Extension Headers
Battery
RS-232
Signal
Header
User
Switches
User’s Manual 63
B.1.1 Prototyping Board Features
Power Connection—A 3-pin header is provided for connection to the power supply.
Note that it is symmetrical, with both outer pins connected to ground and the center pin
connected to the raw V+ input. The cable of the wall transformer provided with the
North American version of the development kit ends in a connector that is correctly
connected in either orientation.
Users providing their own power supply should ensure that it delivers 8–24 V DC at not
less than 500 mA. The voltage regulator will get warm while in use. (Lower supply
voltages will reduce thermal dissipation from the device.)
Regulated Power Supply—The raw DC voltage provided at the POWER IN jack is
routed to a 5 V linear voltage regulator, which provides stable power to the RCM2200
module and the Prototyping Board. A Shottky diode protects the power supply against
damage from reversed raw power connections.
Power LED—The power LED lights whenever power is connected to the Prototyping
Board.
Reset Switch—A momentary-contact, normally open switch is connected directly to
the RCM2200’s /RES pin. Pressing the switch forces a hardware reset of the system.
I/O Switches and LEDs—Two momentary-contact, normally open switches are con-
nected to the PB2 and PB3 pins of the master RCM2200 module and may be read as
inputs by sample applications.
Two LEDs are connected to the PE1 and PE7 pins of the master module, and may be
driven as output indicators by sample applications.
The LEDs and switches are connected through JP1, which has traces shorting adjacent
pads together. These traces may be cut to disconnect the LEDs, and an 8-pin header sol-
dered into JP1 to permit their selective reconnection with jumpers. See Figure B-4 for
details.
Expansion Areas—The Prototyping Board is provided with several unpopulated areas
for expansion of I/O and interfacing capabilities. See the next section for details.
Prototyping Area—A generous prototyping area has been provided for the installation
of through-hole components. Vcc (5 V DC) and Ground buses run around the edge of
this area. An area for surface-mount devices is provided to the right of the through-hole
area. (Note that there are SMT device pads on both top and bottom of the Prototyping
Board.) Each SMT pad is connected to a hole designed to accept a 30 AWG solid wire.
Slave Module Connectors—A second set of connectors is pre-wired to permit instal-
lation of a second, slave RCM2200 or RCM2300 module. This capability is reserved
for future use, although the schematics in this manual contain all of the details an expe-
rienced developer will need to implement a master-slave system.
64 RabbitCore RCM2200
B.1.2 Prototyping Board Expansion
The Prototyping Board comes with several unpopulated areas, which may be filled with
components to suit the users development needs. After you have experimented with the
sample programs from the RabbitCore RCM2200 Users Manual, you may wish to
expand the board’s capabilities for further experimentation and development. Refer to the
Prototyping Board schematic (090–0122) for details as necessary.
Module Extension Headers—The complete pin sets of both the Master and Slave
RabbitCore modules are duplicated at these two sets of headers. Developers can solder
wires directly into the appropriate holes, or, for more flexible development, 26-pin
header strips can be soldered into place. See Figure B-5 for the header pinouts.
RS-232—Two 2-wire or one 4-wire RS-232 serial port can be added to the Prototyping
Board by installing a driver IC and four capacitors. The Maxim MAX232CPE driver
chip or a similar device is recommended for the U2. Refer to the Prototyping Board
schematic for additional details.
A 10-pin 0.1-inch spacing header strip can be installed at J6 to permit connection of a
ribbon cable leading to a standard DE-9 serial connector.
All RS-232 port components mount to the underside of the Prototyping Board, between
the Master module connectors.
NOTE: The RS-232 chip, capacitors and header strip are available from electronics dis-
tributors such as Digi-Key.
Prototyping Board Component Header—Four I/O pins from the module are hard-
wired to the Prototyping Board LEDs and switches.
5060080 ooooooooooooo% Qoooooooooooooooooo ,..zoomqoooooooooooooooooo ,00 .000000000000000000000 _00300000000000000000000 10O#000ODoODOOD0000000000 oo Roooooooooooooooooooo “0.9000300000008083 909.000000000000000000000 :00 .000000000000000000000 .600000000000000000000 53 0ox5600000000000000000000000 ; 83800000000000000000000000 .5502 000000000000000000000000 a 00 00.0; 00000000000000000 00000000000000 .00 00000000000000. 00 0000000000000000000ww 0000000000000000000 Moooooooooooooooooo 00000000000000000000 0000000000000000000 00000 000000000 000000000 000000000 0000000©o 0000000wa 0000000 imenslo mg Board Spec: 10 Spam Icallon C 0‘7 A at 12 v and 70 lo" (51 mm x 102 mm) lhroughhole :11 space for SMT componenls lAallZVand25° X4 2.4" 4.25" X 525" X 1.00" (108 mm X 133 mm X addition 5% m 95%, noncondensing 4‘ accept 6732 x 3/8 Screws 40°C to +70°C 7.5 V to 25 V DC ,3) (including usemdded circuit RCM2200 Prototyp 1 Figure 3-2. RCM2200 Prototyping Board D 11w Table 8- Parameter ncers Board. Maximum Currenl Dr Prototyping Area Standoffs/Sp Operaling Temperature Input Voltage Board Size Humidity typlng Table B71 lists the electrical, mechanical, and environmental specifi User's Manual
Users Manual 65
B.2 Mechanical Dimensions and Layout
Figure B-2 shows the mechanical dimensions and layout for the RCM2200 Prototyping Board.
Figure B-2. RCM2200 Prototyping Board Dimensions
Table B-1 lists the electrical, mechanical, and environmental specifications for the Proto-
typing Board.
Table B-1. RCM2200 Prototyping Board Specifications
Parameter Specification
Board Size 4.25" × 5.25" × 1.00" (108 mm × 133 mm × 25 mm)
Operating Temperature 40°C to +70°C
Humidity 5% to 95%, noncondensing
Input Voltage 7.5 V to 25 V DC
Maximum Current Draw
(including user-added circuits) 1 A at 12 V and 25°C, 0.7 A at 12 V and 70ºC
Prototyping Area 2.4" × 4.0" (61 mm × 102 mm) throughhole, 0.1" spacing,
additional space for SMT components
Standoffs/Spacers 4, accept 6-32 × 3/8 screws
CAUTION
Battery
5.25
(133)
4.25
(108)
100 nF ‘W—i >74» jfll i; a 3-3. Prototyping Board Power Supply yping Board ctually both a demonstration board and a prototyping an be used to demonstrate the functionality of the RC any modifications to either board. There are no jump misconfigure on the Prototyping Board so that the initia mes with the basic components necessary to demonstr RCM2200. Two LEDs (D52 and D53) are connected to PEI and e connected to PB2 and PB3 to demonstrate the inte ssor. Reset switch $1 is the hardware reset for the R RabbilCor
66 RabbitCore RCM2200
B.3 Power Supply
The RCM2200 requires a regulated 5 V ± 0.25 V DC power source to operate. Depending
on the amount of current required by the application, different regulators can be used to
supply this voltage.
The Prototyping Board has an onboard 7805 or equivalent linear regulator that is easy to
use. Its major drawback is its inefficiency, which is directly proportional to the voltage
drop across it. The voltage drop creates heat and wastes power.
A switching power supply may be used in applications where better efficiency is desir-
able. The LM2575 is an example of an easy-to-use switcher. This part greatly reduces the
heat dissipation of the regulator. The drawback in using a switcher is the increased cost.
The Prototyping Board itself is protected against reverse polarity by a Shottky diode at D2
as shown in Figure B-3.
Figure B-3. Prototyping Board Power Supply
B.4 Using the Prototyping Board
The Prototyping Board is actually both a demonstration board and a prototyping board. As
a demonstration board, it can be used to demonstrate the functionality of the
RCM2200
right out of the box without any modifications to either board. There are no jumpers or dip
switches to configure or misconfigure on the Prototyping Board so that the initial setup is
very straightforward.
The Prototyping Board comes with the basic components necessary to demonstrate the
operation of the RCM2200. Two LEDs (DS2 and DS3) are connected to PE1 and PE7, and
two switches (S2 and S3) are connected to PB2 and PB3 to demonstrate the interface to
the Rabbit 2000 microprocessor. Reset switch S1 is the hardware reset for the RCM2200.
LINEAR POWER SUPPLY
POWER
IN
J5
100 nF
7805
U1
+RAW DCIN
Vcc
C2
C1
1
2
3
1
2
31N5819
D2
10 mF
00 000000000- O 0000000000000 .000000000000 0 000 0000 (II) o" :3 00000000000 00000000000 00000000000 :22228222282 00000000 Figure 5-4. Where to Demonstration H The power LED (PWR) and the RESE appropriate pins on header JPl can be later if needed. Table 5-2. Praia Pins 172 34 576 'u'u'u'u 778 Note that the pinout at location JP] on Figure B74) is a mirror image of the to The Prototyping Board provides the us veniently to labeled points at headers J7 User's Manual
Users Manual 67
To maximize the availability of RCM2200 resources, the demonstration hardware (LEDs
and switches) on the Prototyping Board may be disconnected. This is done by cutting the
traces below the silk-screen outline of header JP1 on the bottom side of the Prototyping
Board. Figure B-4 shows the four places where cuts should be made. Cut the traces
between the rows as shown. An exacto knife would work nicely to cut the traces. Alterna-
tively, a small standard screwdriver may be carefully and forcefully used to wipe through
the PCB traces.Use jumpers across the positions on JP1 if you need to reconnect any of
the devices later on.
Figure B-4. Where to Cut Traces to Permanently Disable
Demonstration Hardware on Prototyping Board
The power LED (PWR) and the RESET switch remain connected. Jumpers across the
appropriate pins on header JP1 can be used to reconnect specific demonstration hardware
later if needed.
Note that the pinout at location JP1 on the bottom side of the Prototyping Board (shown in
Figure B-4) is a mirror image of the top-side pinout.
The
Prototyping Board provides the user with RCM2200 connection points brought out con-
veniently to labeled points at headers
J7 and J8 on the Prototyping Board. Small to medium
Table B-2. Prototyping Board Jumper Settings
Header JP1
Pins Description
1–2 PE1 to LED DS2
3–4 PE7 to LED DS3
5–6 PB2 to Switch S2
7–8 PB3 to Switch S3
JP1
Bottom Side
MASTER
J9
J8
JP1
Cut
PE6/ACT
PE4
TPIN
PE0
/IORD
PD4
LNK
/PD0TPO
PC2
PC0
GND
PE7
PE5
PE3/TPIN+
PE1
/IOWR
PD5
PD3
PD1/TPO+
PC3
PC1
Vcc
Vcc
D0
D2
D4
D6
PB7
PB4
PB2
/RES
PA6
PA4
GND
VBAT
D1
D3
D5
D7
PB5
PB3
PB0
PA7
PA5
VCCnace ooooocoooocooooooooooooooooooooooooooo oooooocooooocoooooocoo oooooooooooooooooooooo ooooooooooooooooooo o o I:- u:l l:l El:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:D r-‘:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:u u:l l:u u:| |:D r-‘:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:D r-‘:| |:D D:| |:D r-‘:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:D r-‘:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:D D:| |:u u:l l:u u:| 000000000000 000000000000 000000000000 00000000000000 000000000 ooflgggooooooooooooooooooooo ooooooooo ‘ 000 000000000000000000000 000000000 00000000000000000000000000000000 3 00000000000000000000000000000000 000 0000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000 {a 000000000000000000000000000000000 oooooocoooooooooooooooooooooooooo S! 000000000000000000000000000000000 H 000000000000000000000000000000000 000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 00000000000000000000000000000000000000 00000000000000000000000000000000000000 fl 0 H 000 coo oooo 000 «mooooooo can 000 o o o Mmgpoooo o GND "ace oooooooooooooooooo 0 Def 0 Figure 5-6. VCC and GND Traces Along Edge of Prototyping 68
68 RabbitCore RCM2200
circuits can be prototyped using point-
to-point wiring with 20 to 30 AWG wire between the
prototyping area and the holes at locations J7 and J8. The holes are spaced at 0.1" (2.5 mm),
and 40-pin headers or sockets may be installed at J7 and J8. The pinouts for locations J7 and
J8, which correspond to headers J1 and J2, are shown in Figure B-5.
Figure B-5. RCM2200 Prototyping Board Pinout
(Top View)
The small holes are also provided for surface-mounted components that may be installed
to the right of the prototyping area.
There is a 2.4" × 4" through-hole prototyping space available on the Prototyping Board.
VCC and GND traces run along the edge of the Prototyping Board for easy access. A
GND pad is also provided at the lower right for alligator clips or probes.
Figure B-6. VCC and GND Traces Along Edge of Prototyping Board
VCC
PC1
PC3
TPOUT+
PD3
PD5
/IOWR
PE1
TPIN+
PE5
PE7
A2
A0
GND
PC0
PC2
TPOUT-
LNK
PD4
/IORD
PE0
TPIN-
PE4
ACT
A3
A1
J7/J9
PA0
PA2
PA4
PA6
/RES
PB2
PB4
PB7
D6
D4
D2
D0
VCC
PA1
PA3
PA5
PA7
PB0
PB3
PB5
D7
D5
D3
D1
VBAT
GND
J8/J10
Note: These pinouts correspond to the
MASTER/SLAVE positions respectively.
GND pad
GND trace
VCC trace
CAUTION
Battery
OVJQHRIMV”HNL ;.. _ m; ooooooodfiggooooooocmooooo oo oouooooooooooooo.ooocooooowo ‘Ioooooooooooo000000000000 ; v: ‘5‘ t 5 t ; i 2 : - - ~ . : 1 2- ooooooooooooooodqo’doqoqoo Figure 3-7. Location for User-Supplied RS-232 Transceiver and Charge Storage Capacitors on Back Side of Prototyping Board NOTE: The board that is supplied with the DeviceMate Development Kit already h RS-232 chip and the storage capacitors installed, and is called the DeviceMate De stration Board. There are two sets of pads that can be used for surface mount prototyping SOIC devi The silk screen layout separates the rows into six 167pin devices (three on each side) However, there are pads between the silk screen layouts giving the user two 527pin (2 SOIC layouts with 50 mil pin spacing. There are six sets of pads that can be 67pm SOT23 packages. There are also 60 sets of pads that can be used for and capacitors in an 0805 SMT package. Each component has every one of connected to a hole in which a 30 AWG wire can be soldered (standard wire be soldered in for pointitoipoint wiring on the Prototyping Board). Because very thin, carefully determine which set of holes is connected to which surf There is also a space above the space for the R57232 transceiver that can ac large surfaceimounted SOIC component. User's Manual
Users Manual 69
B.4.1 Adding Other Components
There is room on the Prototyping Board for a user-supplied RS-232 transceiver chip at
location U2 and a 10-pin header for serial interfacing to external devices at location J6. A
Maxim MAX232 transceiver is recommended. When adding the MAX232 transceiver at
position U2, you must also add 100 nF charge storage capacitors at positions C3–C7 as
shown in Figure B-7.
Figure B-7. Location for User-Supplied RS-232 Transceiver
and Charge Storage Capacitors on Back Side of Prototyping Board
NOTE: The board that is supplied with the DeviceMate Development Kit already has the
RS-232 chip and the storage capacitors installed, and is called the DeviceMate Demon-
stration Board.
There are two sets of pads that can be used for surface mount prototyping SOIC devices.
The silk screen layout separates the rows into six 16-pin devices (three on each side).
However, there are pads between the silk screen layouts giving the user two 52-pin (2×26)
SOIC layouts with 50 mil pin spacing. There are six sets of pads that can be used for 3- to
6-pin SOT23 packages. There are also 60 sets of pads that can be used for SMT resistors
and capacitors in an 0805 SMT package. Each component has every one of its pin pads
connected to a hole in which a 30 AWG wire can be soldered (standard wire wrap wire can
be soldered in for point-to-point wiring on the Prototyping Board). Because the traces are
very thin, carefully determine which set of holes is connected to which surface-mount pad.
There is also a space above the space for the RS-232 transceiver that can accommodate a
large surface-mounted SOIC component.
MAX232
100 nF
storage
capacitors
ry
ON
70 RabbitCore RCM2200
93 3? Li
User’s Manual 71
APPENDIX C. POWER SUPPLY
Appendix C provides information on the current requirements of
the RCM2200, and includes some background on the chip select
circuit used in power management.
C.1 Power Supplies
The RCM2200 requires a regulated 5 V ± 0.25 V DC power source. The RabbitCore
design presumes that the voltage regulator is on the user board, and that the power is made
available to the RabbitCore board through headers J4 and J5.
An RCM2200 with no loading at the outputs operating at 22.1 MHz typically draws 134 mA.
The RCM2200 will consume an additional 10 mA when the programming cable is used to
connect the programming header, J1, to a PC.
C.1.1 Battery-Backup Circuits
The RCM2200 does not have a battery, but there is provision for a customer-supplied bat-
tery to back up SRAM and keep the internal Rabbit 2000 real-time clock running.
Header J5, shown in Figure C-1, allows access to the external battery. This header makes
it possible to connect an external 3 V power supply. This allows the SRAM and the inter-
nal Rabbit 2000 real-time clock to retain data with the RCM2200 powered down.
Figure C-1. External Battery Connections
at Header J5
A lithium battery with a nominal voltage of 3 V and a minimum capacity of 165
mA·h
is
recommended. A lithium battery is strongly recommended because of its nearly constant
nominal voltage over most of its life.
D0
VCC
24
25
23
26
VBAT
GND
External
Battery
72 RabbitCore RCM2200
The drain on the battery by the RCM2200
is typically 16 µA when no other power is sup-
plied. If a 950 mA·h battery is used, the battery can last more than 6 years:
The actual life in your application will depend on the current drawn by components not on
the RCM2200 and the storage capacity of the battery. Note that the shelf life of a lithium ion
battery is ultimately 10 years. The RCM2200 does not drain the battery while it is powered
up normally.
The battery-backup circuit serves three purposes:
It reduces the battery voltage to the SRAM and to the real-time clock, thereby limiting
the current consumed by the real-time clock and lengthening the battery life.
It ensures that current can flow only out of the battery to prevent charging the battery.
A voltage, VOSC, is supplied to U6, which keeps the 32.768 kHz oscillator working
when the voltage begins to drop.
VRAM and Vcc are nearly equal (<100 mV, typically 10 mV) when power is supplied to
the RCM2200.
Figure C-2 shows the RCM2200 battery-backup circuit.
Figure C-2. RCM2200 Battery-Backup Circuit
C.1.2 Reset Generator
The RCM2200 uses a reset generator, U1, to reset the Rabbit 2000 microprocessor when the
voltage drops below the voltage necessary for reliable operation. The reset occurs between
4.50 V and 4.75 V, typically 4.63 V. The RCM2200 has a reset output, pin 9 on header J5.
950 mA·h
16 µA
------------------------ 6.8 years.=
R38
10 kW
VRAM
VBAT-EXT
External Battery
R41
47 kW
2 kW
R39
RT1
22 kW
VBAT
Vcc
22 kW
R37
47 kW
U6
pin 5
R36
D1
D3
D2
Tthermistor
C17
10 nF
C27
10 nF
User’s Manual 73
C.2 Chip Select Circuit
The RCM2200 has provision for battery backup, which kicks in to keep VRAM from
dropping below 2 V.
When the RCM2200 is not powered, the battery keeps the SRAM memory contents and
the real-time clock (RTC) going. The SRAM has a powerdown mode that greatly reduces
power consumption. This powerdown mode is activated by raising the chip select (CS)
signal line. Normally the SRAM requires Vcc to operate. However, only 2 V is required
for data retention in powerdown mode. Thus, when power is removed from the circuit, the
battery voltage needs to be provided to both the SRAM power pin and to the CS signal
line. The CS control switch accomplishes this task for the CS signal line.
Figure C-3 shows a schematic of the chip select control switch.
Figure C-3. Chip Select Control Switch
In a powered-up condition, the CS control switch must allow the processors chip select
signal /CS1 to control the SRAM’s CS signal /CSRAM. So, with power applied, /CSRAM
must be the same signal as /CS1, and with power removed, /CSRAM must be held high
(but only needs to be as high as the battery voltage). Q3 and Q4 are MOSFET transistors
with opposing polarity. They are both turned on when power is applied to the circuit. They
allow the CS signal to pass from the processor to the SRAM so that the processor can peri-
odically access the SRAM. When power is removed from the circuit, the transistors will
turn off and isolate /CSRAM from the processor. The isolated /CSRAM line has a 100 k
pullup resistor to VRAM (R28). This pullup resistor keeps /CSRAM at the VRAM voltage
level (which under no power condition is the backup battery’s regulated voltage at a little
more than 2 V).
Transistors Q3 and Q4 are of opposite polarity so that a rail-to-rail voltages can be passed.
When the /CS1 voltage is low, Q3 will conduct. When the /CS1 voltage is high, Q4 will
conduct. It takes time for the transistors to turn on, creating a propagation delay. This
delay is typically very small, about 10 ns to 15 ns.
/CS1
/CSRAM
/RESET_OUT
Q3
Q4
R28
VRAM
100 kW
VRAM
SWITCH
74 RabbitCore RCM2200
User’s Manual 75
APPENDIX D. SAMPLE CIRCUITS
This appendix details several basic sample circuits that can be
used with the RCM2200 modules.
RS-232/RS-485 Serial Communication
Keypad and LCD Connections
•External Memory
D/A Converter
L if 4T L l 1 L R1 OUT < r1="" in="" rzout="" rzin="" a="">
76 RabbitCore RCM2200
D.1 RS-232/RS-485 Serial Communication
Figure D-1. Sample RS-232 and RS-485 Circuits
Sample Program: PUTS.C in SAMPLES\RCM2200.
VCC
100 nF
100 nF
1
3
4
5
100 nF
100 nF
R2OUT R2IN
R1OUT R1IN
T2OUT
T2IN
T1OUT
T1IN
11
12
10
9
14
7
13
8RXC
RXD
TXC
TXD
PC1
PC2
PC3
PC0
V+
V
2
6
C1+
C1
C2+
C2
J7
6
5
4
3
RS-232
RCM2200
Prototyping Board
J7
3
2
1
4
6
7
A
B
D
R
DE
RE
PC0
PC1
PD3
3
4
10
47 kW
680 W
680 W
220 W
485+
485
VCC
RS-485
SP483EN
RCM2200
Prototyping Board
User’s Manual 77
D.2 Keypad and LCD Connections
Figure D-2. Sample Keypad Connections
Sample Program: KEYLCD.C in SAMPLES\RCM2200.
Figure D-3. Sample LCD Connections
Sample Program: KEYLCD.C in SAMPLES\RCM2200.
PB2
PB0
PB3
PB4
PB5
PC1
VCC
10 kW
resistors
RCM2200
Prototyping Board
Keypad
J8
J7
11
12
13
10
14
4
10
11
PD3
PD4
Row 0
Row 2
Row 3
Row 4
Row 5
Row 1
Col 0
Col 1
NC
NC
7
8
9
10
PA2
PA1
PA3
PA4
PA5
PA6
PA7
VLC
20 kW
10 kW
4.7 kW
2.2 kW
1 kW
470 W
680 W
100 nF
3
6
4
5
11
12
13
14
2
2x20 LCD
/CS
C/D
/WR
D4
D5
D6
D7
D0
D1
D2
D3
VLC
VCC
RCM2200
Prototyping Board
J8 2
3
4
5
6
7
8
78 RabbitCore RCM2200
D.3 External Memory
The sample circuit can be used with an external 64K memory device. Larger SRAMs can
be written to using this scheme by using other available Rabbit 2000 ports (parallel ports
A to E) as address lines.
Figure D-4. Sample External Memory Connections
Sample Program: EXTSRAM.C in SAMPLES\RCM2200.
RCM2200
Prototyping Board
SRAM
D0D7
PE7
/IORD
/IOWR
A0A3 A0A3
D0D7
/WE
/OE
/CE
10 kW
Vcc
User’s Manual 79
D.4 D/A Converter
The output will initially be 0 V to -10.05 V after the first inverting op-amp, and 0 V to
+10.05 V after the second inverting op-amp. All lows produce 0 V out, FF produces 10 V
out. The output can be scaled by changing the feedback resistors on the op-amps. For
example, changing 5.11 k to 2.5 k will produce an output from 0 V to -5 V. Op-amps
with a very low input offset voltage are recommended.
Figure D-5. Sample D/A Converter Connections
+
+
649 kW
324 kW
162 kW
80.6 kW
40.2 kW
20 kW
10 kW
5.11 kW
CT0CT7
PA0PA7
HC374
47 kW
47 kW
CLK E
+5 V +5 V
PE2PE4
1.19 kW
4.99 kW
10 kW
10 kW
5.11 kW
22 pF 22 pF
Vo
V+ > 12 V
V < 12 V
80 RabbitCore RCM2200
User’s Manual 81
INDEX
A
additional information
online documentation .......... 4
B
backup-battery circuit
external battery connections .
71
battery life ............................. 72
battery-backup circuit
reset generator ................... 72
bus loading ............................ 54
C
clock doubler ........................ 28
conformal coating ................. 59
D
Development Kit ..................... 3
DeviceMate ....................... 69
RCM2200 ............................ 3
digital I/O .............................. 19
I/O buffer sourcing and sink-
ing limits ....................... 57
memory interface .............. 20
SMODE0 .......................... 24
SMODE1 .......................... 24
digital inputs ......................... 20
digital outputs ....................... 20
dimensions
Prototyping Board .............65
RCM2200 .......................... 50
Dynamic C ........................ 3, 31
add-on modules ................. 35
Rabbit Embedded Security
Pack ..............................35
sample programs ............... 11
standard features ............... 32
debugging ...................... 32
telephone-based technical
support .......................... 35
upgrades and patches ........ 35
USB port settings ................9
E
EMI
spectrum spreader feature . 29
Ethernet cables ...................... 37
Ethernet connections ....... 37, 40
10Base-T ........................... 40
10Base-T Ethernet card .... 37
additional resources .......... 48
Ethernet cables .................. 40
Ethernet hub ...................... 37
IP addresses ................. 39, 41
steps ............................ 37, 38
Ethernet port ......................... 23
pinout ................................ 23
exclusion zone ...................... 51
external interrupts ................. 33
F
features ................................ 1, 2
Prototyping Board ....... 62, 63
flash memory
using second 256K flash
memory ......................... 31
flash memory addresses
user blocks ........................ 27
H
hardware connections
install RCM2200 on Prototyp-
ing Board ........................ 6
power supply ....................... 8
programming cable ............. 7
hardware reset ......................... 8
I
I/O buffer sourcing and sinking
limits ............................. 57
IP addresses .......................... 41
how to set .......................... 45
how to set PC IP address ... 46
J
JP1
Prototyping Board ............. 67
jumper configurations ........... 58
JP1 (U8 flash memory size)
....................................... 58
JP2 (U8 flash memory bank
select) ...................... 27, 58
JP3 (U3 flash memory bank
select) ...................... 27, 58
JP4 (U3 flash memory size)
....................................... 58
JP5 (U7 flash memory bank
select) ...................... 27, 58
JP6 (U7 flash memory size)
....................................... 58
JP7 (SRAM size) .............. 58
jumper locations ................ 58
M
manuals ................................... 4
P
PCLK output ......................... 33
physical mounting ................. 53
pinout
Ethernet port ..................... 23
Prototyping Board ............. 68
RCM2200 ......................... 20
alternate configurations
............................... 21, 22
power supplies ...................... 71
chip select circuit .............. 71
power supply
connections .........................8
Program Mode ...................... 25
switching modes ............... 25
programming cable
PROG connector ............... 25
RCM2200 connections ....... 7
programming port ................. 24
82 RabbitCore RCM2200
Prototyping Board .................62
adding RS-232 transceiver 69
dimensions .........................65
expansion area ...................64
features ........................62, 63
header JP1 location ............67
mounting RCM2200 ............6
optional connections to Rabbit
2000 parallel ports .........67
optional header JP1 ...........67
pinout .................................68
power supply .....................66
power supply connections ...8
prototyping area .................68
specifications .....................65
Vcc and GND traces ..........68
R
Rabbit subsystems .................19
RCM2200
mounting on Prototyping
Board ...............................6
reset .........................................8
Run Mode ..............................25
switching modes ................25
running TCP/IP sample
programs .......................39
S
sample circuits .......................75
D/A converter ....................79
external memory ................78
sample programs ...................11
getting to know the RCM2200
EXTSRAM.C ................12
FLASHLED.C .........12, 16
FLASHLEDS.C .......12, 17
KEYLCD.C ...................13
TOGGLELED.C ......12, 18
how to set IP address .........45
PONG.C ..............................9
RCM2200 ..........................11
serial communication
MASTER.C ...................15
PUTS.C ..........................14
SLAVE.C ......................15
TCP/IP ...............................39
CONSOLE.C .................47
ETHCORE1.C ...............47
MYECHO.C ..................47
PINGME.C ....................47
running TCP/IP sample
programs .....................39
SERDCLIENT.C ...........47
SPCLIENT.C .................47
TCPIP ................................11
serial communication ............23
serial ports .............................23
Ethernet port ......................23
programming port ..............24
software
I/O drivers .........................33
libraries
PACKET.LIB ................34
RS232.LIB .....................34
TCP/IP ...........................34
macros
USE_2NDFLASH_CODE
.....................................31
PCLK output .....................33
sample programs ...............11
serial communication driv-
ers ..................................34
TCP/IP drivers ...................34
using second 256K flash
memory .........................31
specifications .........................49
bus loading ........................54
digital I/O buffer sourcing and
sinking limits .................57
dimensions .........................50
electrical, mechanical, and en-
vironmental ...................52
exclusion zone ...................51
header footprint .................53
headers ...............................53
physical mounting .............53
Prototyping Board .............65
Rabbit 2000 DC characteris-
tics .................................56
Rabbit 2000 timing dia-
gram ..............................55
relative pin 1 locations ......53
spectrum spreader .................29
subsystems
digital inputs and outputs ..19
switching modes ....................25
T
technical support ...................10
troubleshooting
changing COM port .............9
connections ..........................9
U
USB/serial port converter ........7
Dynamic C settings .............9
user block
function calls
readUserBlock ...............27
writeUserBlock ..............27
Getting Started 83
SCHEMATICS
090-0120 RCM2200 Schematic
www.rabbit.com/documentation/schemat/090-0120.pdf
090-0122 RCM2200 Prototyping Board Schematic
www.rabbit.com/documentation/schemat/090-0122.pdf
090-0128 Programming Cable Schematic
www.rabbit.com/documentation/schemat/090-0128.pdf
You may use the URL information provided above to access the latest schematics directly.

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