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LEDiL Installation Guide

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ver. 1.18
03 / 2019
INSTALLATION GUIDE
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT ASSEMBLING LEDIL PRODUCTS
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 2
LEDiL Installation Guide
READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE USING
LEDIL PRODUCTS TO ENSURE RELIABLE ASSEMBLY.
CONTENTS
MATERIALS 3
PMMA & PC 3
Silicone (as a lens material) 3
Heat durability of different materials 4
CHEMICALS 6
Glues / adhesives / potting / thread lock 6
Chemical resistance 7
Silicone 7
PMMA 7
PC 8
STRESS CRACKING 15
UV-RESISTANCE 16
Plexiglas guarantee 16
Silicone 16
PC 16
FIRE RATING 17
Fire ratings 17
Hot Wire Ignition (HWI) 18
High Amp Arc Ignition (HAI) 18
Outdoor suitability 18
LEDiL materials fire rating 19
TENSILE STRENGTH 20
TOLERANCES 21
INSTALLATION 22
Tape 22
Screw 23
Glue 24
Potting 24
Press-fit 24
Holder 24
Profiles 25
PCB design 26
LED assembly 26
LED chip positions 27
LED height compatibility tolerances 27
Distance between lenses 27
Sealing and ingress protection of LEDiL optics 28
THERMAL MANAGEMENT 29
Heat sink machining 30
Thermal interface materials 30
Thermal measurements 31
METAL COATING 32
Vacuum Evaporation PVD 33
HMDS 33
STORAGE 34
LINKS TO USEFUL INFORMATION 34
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 3
LEDiL Installation Guide
PMMA:
Rigid and hard
Average chemical resistance
Good UV-resistance (naturally UV-stable
technology)
Good light transmission
PC:
Very tough with excellent physical properties
Good chemical resistance
Good heat resistance
Average UV-resistance (LEDiL uses
UV-stabilized clear PC-grade)
In general, PMMA is harder and more fragile than PC, which has greater resistance to impact and
heat. LEDiL uses many different types of PC in its products and the information given here is only valid
for Makrolon 2407. Although other types of PC offer similar properties their performance should be
verified separately.
Transparent polymers can reflect, absorb and refract visible light. Absorption causes the temperature
to increase in a lens and this should be taken into consideration during heat simulations. In general,
PMMA lenses have higher light transmission rates meaning less light is absorbed. PC on the other
hand has better heat resistance, but thicker parts can absorb more light resulting in increased internal
temperatures. LEDiL uses UV-stabilized clear PC for optics and all materials are f1-rated (UL746C-
standard is suitable for outdoor applications and meets UV and water exposure demands).
Silicone has excellent optical properties, great
impact strength, durability and high thermal
stability. Silicone’s elasticity allows complex
optical and functional forms and low viscosity
makes microstructural design possible. Silicone
has high stability in ultraviolet light and ozone
and can be used with UV LEDs where even UV
stabilized plastics are unsuitable.
MATERIALS
PMMA & PC (TRANSPARENT PLASTIC POLYMERS IN OPTICS)
SILICONE (AS A LENS MATERIAL)
Silicone:
Excellent optical properties with even
better efficiency than glass
Elasticity allows complex optical and
functional forms
High thermal and UV stability
Great impact strength
Lightweight design (lighter than glass)
As part of our continuous research and improvement processes LEDiL reserves the right of changing material grades
without further notice to ensure best possible quality and availability of our products.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 4
LEDiL Installation Guide
HEAT DURABILITY OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS
Sources of heat
Choosing the right material
LED lighting consumes much less power compared to other light sources such as bulbs, fluorescent
or energy saving lamps. These tiny light sources are at the focal point of worldwide continuous
improvement constantly pushing the edge of heat resistance and luminous output.
If in the early days of LED lighting the power consumption produced around 80°C or 90°C of heat,
today the extremely large COBs can produce around 150°C. This direction has led to a situation
where luminaire materials need to handle and dispose of more and more heat to ensure safe operation.
As a general rule 1/3 of an LED’s power consumption is turned into visible light and 2/3 into heat.
There are three sources that produce heat in LED lighting: conduction, convection and radiation. All of
these are extremely important when a new luminaire design is made but there are also other things to
consider regarding heat generation.
Some materials absorb more light than others. This means that an optic’s efficiency has a direct link
to how hot the lens will get. All sorts of dirt, dust and grease on the optical surface block some of the
light rays generating more heat inside the luminaire. During the product lifetime both of these effects
tend to increase and therefore speed up the aging process. Every luminaire element and component
that stops or reflects some of the light such as protective glass and shades, may also increase heat
inside the luminaire and therefore speed up the aging process.
Careful consideration should be given to all of these areas when designing a luminaire to ensure a
safe and long product lifetime. LEDiL products are designed and manufactured to meet high efficiency
values to help extend the product lifetime.
On the following page you can find a list of materials and recommended maximum service temperatures.
Please note that because of the complex nature and numerous variables involved in luminaire design
and manufacturing that affect the final product heat control, LEDiL cannot take responsibility for third
party solutions and designs we can’t control. It is always the customer’s responsibility to determine
and verify there is sufficient cooling and maintenance in the final product and its components.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 5
LEDiL Installation Guide
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
70 70
105 120 110 110 125 110 110
80
55
85
150
120
100
Same as base material
1,5 - 3
1,5
> 1,5
> 1,5
1,7
1,5
> 0,75
> 0,75
> 0,75
1,5
> 0,75
> 0,75
> 1
Max recommended service temperature (°C) Specimen thickness (mm) (UL Specification)
MATERIAL
LINK TO DATASHEETS
MAX RECOMMENDED
SERVICE TEMPERATURE (°C)
SPECIMEN THICKNESS (MM)
(UL SPECIFICATION)
ABS 70 1,5 - 3
HRPC1)
70 1,5
HRPC2) (ANGELA, ANGELINA, BARBARA, MIRELLA-G2) 105 > 1,5
HTPC (SPECIAL ORDERS ONLY) 120 > 1,5
PA66GF15 110 1,7
PA66GF30 110 1,5
PBT 125 > 0,75
PC LEXAN 123R 90 (LONG TERM) 110 (SHORT TERM) > 0,75
PC MAKROLON 2407 90 (LONG TERM) 110 (SHORT TERM) > 0,75
PMMA PLEXIGLAS 8N 80 1,5
POLYPROPYLENE 55 > 0,75
POM 85 > 0,75
SILICONE LENSES & SEALS 150 > 1
TAPE 120
METALLIZATION METHODS PRODUCT FAMILIES
PVD + LACQUER
(METALLIZED REFLECTORS) 100 ANGELETTE-WAS, BARBARA, BLONDIE, BOOM,
BOOMERANG, BRIDGET, BRITNEY, BRITNEY-TE, BROOKE,
LENA, LENINA, MINNIE, MIRELLA, REGINA, VENLA
HMDS METALLIZATION SAME AS BASE MATERIAL ANGELA, ANGELETTE, ANGELINA, BARBARA-XX-PF,
BROOKE-G2, MIRELLA-G2, BARBARA-G2, TYRA, TYRA2, TYRA3
(LISA2, RITA-A, RITA-B, RITA-WAS, BRITNEY-XW,
BOOM-MC-XW, LENINA-XW, LAURA-R-XW, LENA-
XWAS, TINA2-R-CLIP16, LEILA-R-CLIP16 LEILA, MINNIE-
XW, MINNIE-LT-XW, SAGA-FRAME, MIRELLAXW,
MIRELLA-40-XW, MIRELLA-50-XW, MIRELLA-50-WW-PF,
REBECCA-RGB-HLD, BROOKE-XW, BARBARA-XW)
COLD TEMPERATUES
Both PMMA and silicone optics can be used in -40°C,
but please note that while PC optics can also be used
in cold temperatures its impact strength decreases
gradually. E.g. in -30°C polycarbonate impact strenght
is equal to PMMA.
Charpy notched
impact strength (kJ/m2)
-30°C
20
0
60
40
23°C
PC 2407
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 6
LEDiL Installation Guide
General instructions of use
We strongly recommend that every customer fully tests and takes the necessary precautions to ensure
there is complete chemical compatibility with each particular product, LEDs and other components.
Testing and verifying adhesives, potting agents, coatings and their combinations are always the
responsibility of the customer. Please also see sealing and ingress protection chapter on page 28.
All surfaces where adhesive is applied must be clean, dry and free from grease and dirt. If the PCB
surfaces need to be cleaned, please follow the LED manufacturer cleaning instructions carefully – this
is important as cleaning should, under no circumstances, damage LEDs or other electronic components
on the PCB. Please note optical components should not be cleaned with chemicals – only a micro
fiber cloth should be used to remove fingerprints or other traces from handling. To clean silicone lenses
use a low-pressure stream of water. We recommend cleaning metallized reflectors with gentle air
pressure or an air ionizer. When using adhesive, please follow the detailed instructions of the adhesive
manufacturer. E.g. note that different humidity and/or temperature levels may slow down the curing
process of the adhesive bond or shorten its lifetime
LEDiL Disclaimer:
LEDiL cannot take responsibility for the results obtained by third party methods we cannot control. It
is always the customer’s responsibility to determine the chemicals suitability for their product and to
take precautions for protection of property and persons against any hazards that may be involved
in the handling and use such of chemicals. LEDiL disclaims all warranties, including warranties of
merchantability or suitability for a particular purpose, arising from use of any adhesive product. LEDiL
disclaims any liability for consequential or incidental damages of any kind, including lost profits.
CHEMICALS
GLUES / ADHESIVES / POTTING / THREAD LOCK
www.ledil.com/cree-chemical-compatibility
Tested materials and test procedure by CREE™ NOTE: These tests have been made only with LEDs and
are not necessarily compatible with optical materials.
Compatibility must be tested in advance by the customer.
www.ledil.com/delo-adhesives
More information about bonding by DELO®
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 7
LEDiL Installation Guide
For more information:
CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
Silicone
LEDiL silicone lenses are made of VMQ, Vinyl Methyl group, general purpose silicone.
www.ledil.com/dow_corning_fluid_resistance_guide
PMMA
The chemical resistance of mouldings made from Plexiglas moulding powder (tables on pages 9-14)
The behaviour in the tables on pages 9 to 14 relate to a test temperature of 23°C, a relative
humidity of 50% and mouldings with few internal stresses.
The behaviour of injection mouldings made from Plexiglas moulding powder depends in practice
on the internal and external stresses, the orientation in the moulding and the change of temperature
in the resistance to solvents and swelling.
Plexiglas moulding powder resists all factors met in normal use such as water, perspiration, ink,
lipstick, alkaline solutions and weak acids.
As a result of the chemical structure, most organic solvents, e.g. aromatics, dissolve Plexiglas
moulding powder which does, however, resist aliphatic hydrocarbons.
Do not join Plexiglas moulding powder to plasticized thermoplastics and elastomers because some
plasticisers migrate at high temperatures.
Mouldings occasionally show residual stresses caused by processing or use, but this does not
have a negative effect on their resistance to fracture. Inducing to solvents or swelling agents may
however cause crazing.
• The material compatibility should be tested in advance in the actual application conditions.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 8
LEDiL Installation Guide
PC
General chemical behaviour
The chemical resistance of Makrolon® depends on the concentration of the substance, the temperature,
contact time and internal tension level of the polycarbonate sheet depending on fabrication. The
following types of damage can arise, sometimes more than one at the same time.
Dissolving / Swelling
Low-molecular, aromatic, halogenated and polar components migrate into the plastic. The
damage can range from a sticky surface to complete dissolving.
Stress cracking
Some chemicals migrate to a minor extend and in very low quantity into the surface, and
lead to relaxation of tensions in the material. This results in stress cracking, which can be
optically disturbing. Because of increased notch occurance, some mechanical properties
are negatively influenced. Stress cracking is usually easy to see in transparent sheets.
Molecular reduction
Some properties of materials are determined by the molecular weight. If a substance
initiates a molecular reduction through a chemical reaction, the impact resistance and
elastic properties of the material will be influenced. Electrical properties are usually not
influenced, thermal properties are only slightly influenced by the molecular weight.
In the following tables (pages 9-14) you can find the resistance of Makrolon® to chemicals and
several other substances. The test results have been obtained at samples with low internal tensions,
which have been stored during 6 months in the substance at a temperature of 20°C, without any
mechanical load.
Apart from the nature of the substances, the chemical resistance also depends on the concentration
of the substance, the temperature during the contact, the contact time and the internal tension of the
tested specimen. This means that our products can be resistant to a number of chemicals for short
contacts, but are not resistant in the case of long exposure, such as performed in these tests. Therefore,
it is always recommended to execute a test in the actual application conditions. The tested substances
have been chosen according to their importance in several areas. In a lot of cases it is possible to
assume similar results for other chemically comparable substances, even if these have not been tested.
Our UV-protected materials (Makrolon® UV) are slightly more sensitive to chemicals in comparison to
unprotected materials, but in general the results shown in the table still comply.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 9
LEDiL Installation Guide
Acetaldehyde X -
Acetic acid, up to 10% solution R -
Acetone X X
Acetylene R -
Acid-containing combustion gasses R -
Acrylate sealing compounds - X
Acrylic paints - O
Acrylonitril X -
Ajax ® R R
Alcohol, concentrated - X
Alcohol, up to 30% - R
All purpose adhesive - O
All-purpose glue O -
Allylalcohol O -
Alum R -
Aluminum chloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Aluminum oxalate R -
Aluminum sulphate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Ammonia X R
Ammonia solution acids - R
Ammoniacal liquor X -
Ammonium chloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Ammonium nitrate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Ammonium sulphate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Ammonium sulphide, saturated aqueous solution X -
Amylo acetate X -
Anfistatic plastics cleaner and preserving agent - R
Aniline X -
Antimony chloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Antistatik C, 5% X -
Antistatikum 58 O -
Antistatischer Kunst-stoff-Reiniger + Pfleger - R
Aqueous solutions of pesticides - O
Aral BG ® 58 R -
Arquad 18 ®, 50% O -
Arsenic acid, 20% solution R -
Baktol®, 5% R -
BAKTOLAN, conc. - X
BAKTOLAN, up to 5% - R
Ballpoint paste Diplomat O -
Ballpoint paste Othello O -
Ballpoint paste V77 (Linz) R -
Basilit ® UAK, 20% in water (wood protection agent) R -
Battery acid R -
Baysilon ® Silicone oil R -
Benzaldehyde X -
Benzene X -
Benzoic acid X -
Benzyl alcohol X -
BFK cleaner - R
Bitumen emulsion - X
Bleach - R
Bleaching agent R -
Blood R -
BOLIMENT - O
Borax, saturated aqueous solution R -
Boric acid R -
BOTTCHERIN - R
BP Energol EM 100 ® R -
BP Energol HL 100 ® R -
BP H LR 65 ® R -
Brake fluid (ATE) X -
Bromic benzene X -
Bromine X -
Bromine vapours, dry - O
BURMAT - R
BURNUS - R
Butane (liquid or gaseous) R -
Butanol R -
Butyl acetate X -
Butyl lactate - X
Butylene glycol R -
Butyric acid X -
Cable isolation oil IG 1402 R -
Cable isolation oil KH 190 R -
Calcium chloride,saturated aqueous solution, R -
Calcium hypochloride R -
Calcium nitrate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Calcium soap, fat/pure R -
Calciumsoap fat R -
Calgonit ® dishwassing X -
Calgonit ® rinsing agent R -
Calgonit D ®, DM, DA, R X -
CALGONIT D, DA, S - R
Calgonit S ®, 1% R -
Camphor oil X -
Carbolic acid X -
Carbolic acid (sas) - X
SUBSTANCE PC PMMA SUBSTANCE PC PMMA
R = Resistant
O = Limited resistance
X = No resistance
v = Vapour
c = Concentrate
g = Gas
m = Metallic
sas = Saturated aqueous solution
i.w. = In water
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 10
LEDiL Installation Guide
Carbon acid, wet R -
Carbon dioxide - R
Carbon disulphide X X
Carbon monoxide R R
Carbon tetrachloride - X
Castor oil R -
Cellux-sticking foils ® R -
Cement R R
CHINOSOL, up to 1% - R
Chlor. lime paste (sas) - R
CHLORAMIN, paste - X
CHLORAMIN, solution - R
Chlorine benzene X -
Chlorine gas, dry O -
Chlorine gas, wet X -
Chlorine lime slurry R -
Chlorine lime, 2% in water R -
Chlorine vapours, dry - O
Chloroamine R -
Chloroform X -
Chrom alum, saturated aqueous solution R -
Chromic acid, 20% in water R -
CILLIT-GRON - R
Citric acid R -
Citric acid, up to 20% (sas) - R
Cleaning gasoline R -
CLOPHEN T 55, A 60 - R
Coal gas, natural gas - R
Cod-liver oil R -
Contact oil 61 R -
Copper sulphate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Corrosive sublimate - R
Cresol X -
Cupric chloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Cuprous chloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Cyclo hexane X -
Cyclo hexanol O -
Cyclo hexanone X -
DDT X -
DEKALIN - O
Dekaline R -
Delegol ®, 5% R -
Delu-Antistatiklösung ® R -
Diamyl phthalate X -
Dibutyl phthalate (plasticizer) X -
DIEGEL liquid film 23922 - R
Diesel oil O -
Diethylene glykol R -
Diethylether X -
Diglycolic acid, saturated aqueous solution R -
Dimamin T, 5% O -
Dimethyl formamide X -
Dinonyl phthalate (plasticizer) O -
Dioctyl phthalate (plasticizer) O -
Dioxane X -
Diphyl 5,3 O -
Dor ® R R
DOSYL - R
DOSYLAN - R
Drilling oil X -
E 605 ®, 0,5% (pesticide) X -
E 605 ®, conc. X -
Electroplating baths - R
ELMOCID GAMMA, up to 2% - R
Esso Estic 42-45 ® R -
Ether X -
Ethyl alcohol, 96% pure R -
Ethyl amine X -
Ethyl bromide X -
Ethylene chlorhydrine X -
Ethylene chloride X -
Ethylene glykol R -
FAKO polish - R
FAKO polishing paste - R
Ferritrichloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Ferro bisulphate R -
Fewa ® R R
Final-photo developer (normal use concentration) R -
Fish oil R -
Foam plastics - R
Foam plastics, plasticise - X
Formaline, 10%ig R -
Formic acid, 30% O -
FRAPPIN - R
Freon ® TF (propellant) R -
Freon ® T-WD 602 (propellant) R -
Frigen ® 113, R113 (propellant) R -
FRIGEN A 12 (CF2 Cl2) - O
SUBSTANCE PC PMMA SUBSTANCE PC PMMA
R = Resistant
O = Limited resistance
X = No resistance
v = Vapour
c = Concentrate
g = Gas
m = Metallic
sas = Saturated aqueous solution
i.w. = In water
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 11
LEDiL Installation Guide
Fuel oil O O -
FULLBOX - R
GASOLIN, depending on the blend - O
Gasoline R -
Gasoline, normal O -
Gasoline, super X -
Geha stamping ink R -
GLYBAL A - X
Glycerine O -
Glycol R -
Green chrom oxide (polish paste) R -
Green soap R -
Gypsum - R
HB 155 - R
Heptane R -
Hexane R -
Horolith M ® R -
Hot bitumen - O
Household soap R -
Hydraulik oil Vac HLP 16 R -
Hydrochloric acid (c) - R
Hydrochloric acid, 20% R -
Hydrochloric acid, conc. X -
Hydrofluoric acid, 5% R -
Hydrofluoric acid, conc. X -
Hydrofluorosilicic acid, 30% R -
Hydrogen peroxide R -
Hydrogen peroxide, 30% R -
Hydrogen peroxide, over 40% i.w. - O
Hydrogen peroxide, up to 40% i.w. - R
Hydrogen sulphide R R
Impact ®, 0,2% O -
Indian ink S X -
Indian ink T R -
Industrial spirit - X
Insulating tape - R
Into-Fensterklar ® R -
Iodine X -
Iodine tincture O -
Isoamyl alcohol O -
Isolation tape R -
Isolation tape R -
Isopropyl alcohol R X
Jet engine fuel JP 4 (Kp 97-209°C) O -
Kaltron ® 113 MDR (propellant) R -
Kerosene (Flugbenzin) X -
KOPPERSCHMIDT covering paste - R
Lactic acid, 10% in water R -
Lactic acid, up to 20% i.w. - O
LAVAPLEX - R
Lead tetraethylene, 10% in gasoline O -
Lighting gas R -
Ligroin (hydrocarbon compound) R -
Lime milk, 30% in water O -
Lubricant based on nafta R -
Lubricant based on paraffin R -
Lubricant R2 Darina ® R -
Lugol solution - R
LYSOFORM - X
Lysoform, 2% R -
Magnesium chloride - R
Magnesium chloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Magnesium sulphate - R
Magnesium sulphate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Maktol ® R -
Manganous sulphate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Marlon ®, 1% (moisturizing agent) R -
MEFAROL, up to 1% - R
MERCKOJOD, up to 1% - R
Mercuro chloride, saturated aqueous solution R -
Mercury R R
Merfen ®, 2% R R
Metasystox ®, 0,5% (pesticide) X -
Methacrylic acid-methyester (MMA) X -
Methane R R
Methanol X -
Methanol, concentrated - X
Methanol, up to 30% - O
Methyl amine X -
Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) X X
Methylene chloride X -
Mobil DTE Oil-Light ® R -
Mobil Special Oil 10 W 30 ® R -
Molikote ® -Paste R -
Molikote ® -Powder R -
Monobromonaphthalene - R
Mortar - R
Motor fuel blend contg. Benzene - X
R = Resistant
O = Limited resistance
X = No resistance
v = Vapour
c = Concentrate
g = Gas
m = Metallic
sas = Saturated aqueous solution
i.w. = In water
SUBSTANCE PC PMMA SUBSTANCE PC PMMA
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 12
LEDiL Installation Guide
Motor fuel blend, free from benzene - R
Multi-Marker (Faber-Castell) O -
Nato-Turbine oil 0-250 R -
Natril ® R -
Natural rubber R -
Nekal BX ®, 2% (moisturizing agent) R -
NEOMOSCAN M, M-powder - R
Neutol ® photo developer (normal use concentration) R -
NEXION stable spray - R
Nickel sulphate (sas) - R
Niroklar GR liquid - R
Niroklar GR powder - R
Nitric acid, 10% R -
Nitric acid, 10-20% O -
Nitric acid, 20 to 70% i.w. - O
Nitric acid, 20% X -
Nitric acid, over 70% i.w. - X
Nitric acid, up to 20% i.w. - O
Nitric Gas, dry X -
Nitrobenzene X -
Nitrocellulose lacquers - X
Nitrogen dioxide - R
Nitrogen monoxide - R
O Sprays (in the surroundings) - O
Oil paints, pure - R
Oktozon ®, 1% R -
Oleic acid, conc. R -
Omo ® R -
Orthozid ® 50, 0,5% (pesticide) R -
Oxalic acid (sas) - R
Oxalic acid, 10% in water R -
Oxygen R R
Ozone R R
P 3 - R
P 3 basic cleaner - O
P3 Asepto ® X -
PALATINOL K - R
PALATINOL O, BB neu - O
Pantex ®, 2% R -
Paraffin oil R -
PATTEX special glue - O
Pelikan Royal Blue 4001 R -
Pentane R -
PERBUNAN - R
Perbunan C ® R -
Perchloric acid, 10% in water R -
Perchloric acid, concentrated O -
Perchloro ethylene X X
Perhydrol R R
Perhydrol, 30% R -
PERODIN - R
Persil ® O R
Persoftal ®, 2% R -
Perspex Polish 3 ® R -
Petrol ether - R
Petrol, contg. aromatic substances - X
Petrol, non-aromatic - R
Petrol, pure - R
Petroleum O O
Petroleum ether O -
Petroleum spirit R -
Phenol X -
Phenols - X
Phenyl ethyl alcohol X -
Phosphates - R
Phosphonc acid, up to 10% i.w. - R
Phosphor trichloride X -
Phosphoric acid, conc. R -
Phosphoric oxichloride X -
Phosphorus trichloride - X
Phosphorus, white - X
Photochemical baths - R
Picric acid, 1% i.w. - R
Plaster R -
Plasticiserfree glazing kit R -
Plexiklar ® R R
PLEXISOL adhesive - O
PLEXIT - O
PLEXTOL adhesive - R
PLK 4 (wood protection agent) R -
Polifac grinding paste ® R -
Polishing wax R -
Polyamide R R
Polyethylene R R
Polymer plasticizer O O -
Polyran ® MM 25 (lubricant) R -
Polyvinylchloride (plasticizer free) R -
Polyvinylchloride, (containing plasticizer) O -
SUBSTANCE PC PMMA SUBSTANCE PC PMMA
R = Resistant
O = Limited resistance
X = No resistance
v = Vapour
c = Concentrate
g = Gas
m = Metallic
sas = Saturated aqueous solution
i.w. = In water
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 13
LEDiL Installation Guide
Potassium aluminum sulpate, (sas) R -
Potassium bichromate, (sas) R -
Potassium bromide, (sas) R -
Potassium carbonate, (sas) R -
Potassium chloride, (sas) R -
Potassium cyanide X -
Potassium hydroxide X -
Potassium metabisulphide, 4% in water R -
Potassium nitrate, saturated aqueous solution R -
Potassium perchlorate, 10% i.w. R -
Potassium permanganate, 10% i.w R -
Potassium persulphate, 10% i.w. R -
Potassium rhodanide, (sas) R -
Potassium sulphate, (sas) R -
Pril ® R R
Propane gas R -
Propargyl alcohol R -
Propionic acid, 20% R -
Propionic acid, conc. X -
Propyl alcohol R -
Propylene - R
Putty R -
PVC - R
PVC, plasticised - X
Pyridine X X
RABOND stable spray - R
Rapdosept ® O -
Rape oil R -
Red lead - R
Register-ink DIA type U rot R -
Rei ® R R
Resorcin oil solution, 1% R -
Resorcinol solutions, 1% R -
Riseptin ® R -
Rubber - R
Rubber, plasticised - X
Sagrotan ®, 5% O O
SAGROTAN, up to 2% - R
SANGAJOL - R
Sea water R -
Sealing strips, (FAKO, TEROSTAT, PRESTIK) - R
SEIFIX - R
Sewing machine oil R -
Shell IP 4 (fuel) X -
Shell Spirax 90 EP ® R -
Shell Tellus 11-33 ® O -
Shell Tellus 33 ® O -
Sidolin ® R X
Silicon tetrachloride - X
Silicone oil R -
Silicone rubber (acetic acid curing) - O
Silicone rubber (Camino curing) - R
Siliconoil emulsion R -
Silver nitrate (sas) - R
Skydrol 500 A ® X -
Soap solution - R
Soap suds O -
Sod. hydroxide soln. - R
Soda R R
Soda water - R
Sodium bicarbonate, (sas) R -
Sodium bisulphate, (sas) R -
Sodium bisulphide, (sas) R -
Sodium bisulphite - R
Sodium carbonate - R
Sodium carbonate, (sas) R -
Sodium chlorate (sas) R R
Sodium chloride (sas) R R
Sodium hydroxide X -
Sodium hypochloride, 5% in water R -
Sodium hypochlorite - R
Sodium soap fat R -
Sodium sulphate - R
Sodium sulphate, (sas) R -
Sodium sulphide - R
Sodium sulphide, (sas) O -
Somat W ® 731 O -
SPECTROL - X
Spirit, pure R -
SPRAYLAT - O
SPULI - R
Stain remover Alkaline solutions - X
Stannous chloride - R
Starch R -
Statexan AN ® R -
Stearic acid - R
Styrene X -
Sublimate R -
R = Resistant
O = Limited resistance
X = No resistance
v = Vapour
c = Concentrate
g = Gas
m = Metallic
sas = Saturated aqueous solution
i.w. = In water
SUBSTANCE PC PMMA SUBSTANCE PC PMMA
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 14
LEDiL Installation Guide
Sublimate, (sas) R -
Sulphur R -
Sulphur (c) - R
Sulphur dioxide O -
Sulphur dioxide (dry) - R
Sulphur dioxide, liquid - X
Sulphuric acid, 50% R -
Sulphuric acid, 70% O -
Sulphuric acid, conc. X -
Sulphuric acid, up to 30% i.w. - R
Sulphurous acid, 10% X -
Sulphurous acid, (c) - O
Sulphurous acid, up to 5% - R
Sulphuryl chloride X R
Suwa ® R -
Sweat, acid (pH 4,7) R -
sweat, alkaline (pH 9,5) O -
Tanigan ® CLS, 30% O -
Tanigan ® CV O -
Tannic acid X -
Tanning oil Brunofix ® R -
Tartaric acid, 10% R -
Tartaric acid, 50% i.w - R
TB Lysoform X -
TERAPIN - R
Terostat ® R -
Tesafilm ® R -
Tesamoll ® R -
Test fuel X -
Tetrachlorocarbon X -
Tetrachloroethane X -
Tetrahydrofurane X -
Tetralin - X
Tetraline X -
Texaco Regal Oil BRUO ® R -
Texaco Regal Oil CRUO ® R -
Thenocalor N R -
Thinners in general - X
Thiokol rubber (one- and two-component grades) - X
Thionyl chloride - X
Thiophene X -
Tincture of iodine, 5% - X
Toluene X X
Trichloro acetic acid, 10% O -
Trichloroacetic acid - X
Trichloroethyl amine X -
Trichloroethyl phosphate (plasticizer) O -
Trichloroethylene X -
Tricresyl phosphate - R
Tricresyl phosphate (plasticizer) X -
Triethylamine - R
Trosilin F ® extra, 2% R -
Trosilin G extra ®, 1,5% R -
Tuba ® carpet shampoo, (c) O -
Turbo oil 29 R -
Turpentine - O
Turpentine ersatz R -
Turpentine substitute - O
Urea, (sas) R -
VALVANOL, up to 2% - O
Valvoline WA 4-7 O -
Varnish O -
Waste gases contg. hydrochloric acid - R
Waste gases contg. sulphuric acid - R
Water R -
WC-00 - R
Whale fat R -
Visor-Pen 7 blau R -
WK 60 ® (Kron-Chemie) R -
X Sprays (applied directly) - X
Xylene X X
Zephirol ® O -
ZEPHIROL, up to 5% - R
Zinc chloride, (sas) R -
Zinc oxide R -
Zinc sulphate, aqueous - R
Zinc sulphate, (sas) R -
Zinc sulphate, solid - R
ÄTHROL, up to 5% - O
SUBSTANCE PC PMMA SUBSTANCE PC PMMA
R = Resistant
O = Limited resistance
X = No resistance
v = Vapour
c = Concentrate
g = Gas
m = Metallic
sas = Saturated aqueous solution
i.w. = In water
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 15
LEDiL Installation Guide
STRESS CRACKING
LEDiL products are designed and manufactured to avoid internal stress as much as possible, but this can’t
be totally avoided. Common optical grade thermoplastics are vulnerable to cracking from a combination of
external or internal stress sources and chemicals.
Even relatively small concentrations of stress-cracking agent may be sufficient to cause the cracking, but in
many cases it´s caused by a combination of several factors.
Possible factors that cause cracking
Manufacturing process
Temperature changes
- Thermal expansion and shrinking
Chemical exposure
- Detergents
- Surface active chemicals
- Lubricants
- Oils
- Ultra-pure water
- Plating additives such as brighteners and wetting agents
- Lock-thread fluids
Screw type, torque and other fastening methods
SEE OUR VIDEO
ABOUT CHEMICALS
IN LED LIGHTING
https://youtu.be/lZUkBsXcnCU
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
For more information:
UV-RESISTANCE
SILICONE
PC
Plastics degenerate differently when exposed to UV-light. Some plastics may show dramatic changes,
turning yellow or losing some of their transmission properties over a long period of time. This must be
considered when choosing materials for your application.
LEDiL has conducted extensive UV-testing over the years for various different materials and found that
even materials that tend to have very heavy yellowing will not significantly suffer from efficiency loss.
However yellowing may cause the colour temperature to change to warmer tones.
PLEXIGLAS® guarantees their materials will not show yellowing and will retain a high level of light
transmission for 30 years.
Dow Corning ® MS silicones have very high UV-resistance with no yellowing, and are highly
transparent to radiation all the way down to IR-wavelengths.
Good for applications that require higher impact resistance, but will show noticeable yellowing over
time when exposed to UV-radiation. Therefore LEDiL does not recommend using products made of PC
in applications where exposure to UV-radiation is high. To avoid yellowing special filtering glasses
can be used to block out all the damaging UV from sunlight. After a very long period of time ultraviolet
light may also cause some brittleness in the material and LEDiL recommends using plastic washers with
fasteners to decrease mechanical stresses.
www.ledil.com/plexiglas_guarantee
Plexiglas guarantee
PMMA
High UV-resistance with no yellowing. For better impact resistance protective glass is needed.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
FIRE RATING
Fire resistance testing is carried out as stated in the UL94 standard. The standard classifies plastics
according to the burning rate in different positions and different-sized pieces. All LEDiL materials have
UL94 standard fire rating. For metallized products UL-class confirmation tests were carried out by
Tampere University of Technology.
• HB Slow burning on a horizontal specimen;
burning rate < 76mm/min for thickness < 3mm or burning stops before 100mm
• V-2 Burning stops within 30 seconds on a vertical specimen;
drips of flaming particles are allowed.
• V-1 Burning stops within 30 seconds on a vertical specimen;
drips of particles allowed as long as they are not inflamed.
• V-0 Burning stops within 10 seconds on a vertical specimen;
drips of particles allowed as long as they are not inflamed.
• 5VB Burning stops within 60 seconds on a vertical specimen;
no drips allowed; plaque specimens may develop a hole.
• 5VA Burning stops within 60 seconds on a vertical specimen;
no drips allowed; plaque specimens may not develop a hole
Fire ratings
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
OUTDOOR SUITABILITY
The number of arc rupture exposures necessary to ignite a material when they are applied at a
standard rate on the surface of the material. Performance Level Categories (PLC) were introduced to
avoid excessive implied precision and bias.
HAI Mean Number of Arcs
PLC0 120 and greater
PLC1 60 through 119
PLC2 30 through 59
PLC3 15 through 29
PLC4 <15
Materials considered suitable for outdoor use have been subjected to ultraviolet (UV) light exposure and/
or water immersion. UV exposure is performed by using either a twin-enclosed carbon weatherometer
for 720 hours, or a xenon-arc weatherometer for 1000 hours. Water immersion testing is performed
for 7 days at 70°C. Specimens are tested before and after exposure for flammability, mechanical
impact and mechanical strength. Materials whose properties are not significantly degraded in any of
these areas are considered to have passed and are suitable for outdoor use.
HIGH AMP ARC IGNITION (HAI)
Test specimens are wrapped with resistance wire that dissipates a specified level of energy. HWI is
the time it takes to either ignite or burn through a specimen. Performance Level Categories (PLC) were
introduced to avoid excessive implied precision and bias.
HWI Mean Ignition Time (sec)
PLC0 120 and longer
PLC1 60 through 119
PLC2 30 through 59
PLC3 15 through 29
PLC4 7 through 14
PLC5 < 7
HOT WIRE IGNITION (HWI)
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
MATERIAL
PMMA PC PC PC PC Silicone Silicone Silicone seal Ultramid
MANUFACTURER
Evonik
plexiglas
8N
Bayer
Makrolon
2407
Sabic
Lexan
123R
HRPC HTPC harder softer Silicone seal BASF
A3EG6
FLAME RATING TEST METHOD VALUE
0,75mm UL 94 V-2 HB HB HB
0,75mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 V-2 HB40 HB75 HB75
1,00mm UL 94 HB HB
1,00mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 HB75 HB75
1,50mm UL 94 HB HB V-0 HB HB
1,50mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 HB75 HB75 V-0 HB75 HB75
1,50mm to 2,60mm UL 94, IEC 60695-11-10,20 V-2
2,50mm UL 94 V-0, 5VB
2,50mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 V-0, 5VB
2,70mm UL 94 HB
2,70mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 HB75
3,00mm UL 94 HB HB V-0, 5VA HB HB HB HB
3,00mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 HB40 HB75 V-0, 5VA HB40 HB40 HB40 HB40
4,00mm - 4,3mm UL 94 V-0
4,00mm - 4,3mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 V-0
6,00mm UL 94 HB HB
6,00mm IEC 60695-11-10,20 HB40 HB40
Hot-wire ignition (HWI)
1,00mm UL746 PLC4 PLC4 PLC4
1,50mm UL746 PLC4
1,50-2,60mm UL746 PLC3
2,70mm UL746 PLC3
3,00mm UL746 PLC2 PLC4 PLC2 PLC4 PLC1
6,00mm UL746 PLC0 PLC0
High Amp Arc Ignition (HAI)
1,00mm UL746 PLC1 PLC0 PLC0
1,50mm UL746 PLC2
1,50-2,60mm UL746 PLC0
2,70mm UL746 PLC0
3,00mm UL746 PLC0 PLC1 PLC0 PLC0 PLC0
6,00mm UL746 PLC0 PLC0
RTI Elec. (1,50mm) UL 94 90°C 125°C 130°C 120°C 140°C 150°C 150°C 150°C
(4,0-4,3mm) 120°C
RTI Imp. (1,50mm) UL 94 90°C 115°C 125°C 105°C 130°C 150°C 150°C 150°C
(4,0-4,3mm) 120°C
RTI Str. (1,50mm) UL 94 90°C 125°C 125°C 120°C 140°C 150°C 150°C 150°C
(4,0-4,3mm) 130°C
Physical Outdoor suitability UL 746C f1 f1 f1 f1 f1
FlammabilityElectricalThermal
Rating Description
f1 The material has met both UV and water immersion requirements.
f2 The material has met either UV or water immersion requirements, or has only been partially tested.
LEDiL materials fire rating
HWI, HAI, RTI and physical
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
TENSILE STRENGTH
LEDiL tests its products to meet or exceed tensile strength requirements and standards; this
includes tape fastening, third party adhesives and mechanical structures such as pins.
LEDiL Disclaimer:
LEDiL cannot take responsibility for the results obtained by third party methods we cannot
control. It is always the customer’s responsibility to determine and verify the sufficient tensile
strenght in the final product and its components.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 21
LEDiL Installation Guide
TOLERANCES
GENERAL TOLERANCES FOR LINEAR
DIMENSIONS (DIN 16901-130)
Linear dimensions (mm) (mm)
a ≤ 1 ± 0,18
1 < a ≤ 3 ± 0,19
3 < a ≤ 6 ± 0,20
6 < a ≤ 10 ± 0,21
10 < a ≤ 15 ± 0,23
15 < a ≤ 22 ± 0,25
22 < a ≤ 30 ± 0,27
30 < a ≤ 40 ± 0,30
40 < a ≤ 53 ± 0,34
53 < a ≤ 70 ± 0,38
70 < a ≤ 90 ± 0,44
90 < a ≤ 120 ± 0,51
120 < a ≤ 160 ± 0,60
160 < a ≤ 200 ± 0,70
200 < a ≤ 250 ± 0,90
250 < a ≤ 315 ± 1,10
315 < a ≤ 400 ± 1,30
GENERAL TOLERANCES FOR PRODUCTS MADE
OUT FROM SILICONE (ISO 3302-1 CLASS M3)
Dimensions (mm) (mm)
a ≤ 6,3 ± 0,40
6,3 < a ≤ 10 ± 0,50
10 < a ≤ 16 ± 0,60
16 < a ≤ 25 ± 0,80
25 < a ≤ 40 ± 1,00
40 < a ≤ 63 ± 1,30
63 < a ≤ 100 ± 1,60
100 < a ≤ 160 ± 2,00
> 160 ± 1,3%
ISO 3302-1 Class M3
International Standard ISO 3302-1 was
prepared by Technical Committee ISO/
TC 45, Rubber and rubber products,
Subcommittee SC 4, Miscellaneous
products.
The tolerances are primarily intended for
use with vulcanized rubber but may also be
suitable for products made of thermoplastic
rubbers.
DIN 16901-130
The tolerances in this standard
are applicable to the dimensions of plastic
mouldings produced from thermoplastic
and thermosetting moulding materials by
compression moulding, transfer moulding,
compression injection moulding or injection
moulding;
are not applicable to extrusions, blow-
moulded or foamed mouldings, deep
drawn parts, sintered parts and parts
produced by a chip removal machining
process.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
INSTALLATION
Unless otherwise stated, all LEDiL products supplied with tape use the same double-sided foam
(polyurethane), with an acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coating on both sides.
All surfaces where tape is applied must be straight, clean, dry and free from grease and dirt. The
taped components should be firmly held for 1-5 seconds to ensure the best possible bond. The tape
will reach its final strength in 72 hours, depending on the material and the ambient conditions.
Any chemical used during the installation process may damage both the LED or the lens. Please
ensure that all harmful chemicals have been fully removed before applying these components. Optical
components should not be cleaned with any chemicals – only a micro fibre cloth should be used for
cleaning.
In extreme conditions (heavy or prolonged exposure to high ultraviolet radiation, moisture, temperature
changes, constant or sudden vibrations etc.) LEDiL recommends using glue or screws to ensure reliable
operation. Alternatively tapes can be used to absorb small vibrations.
Technical properties
Installation pressure: 11N/cm2
Maximum recommended weight load: 15g/cm²
Assembly temperature range: +10°C ... +40°C
Usage temperature range, when cured: -40°C ... +120°C
Resistance to abrasion, corrosion, moisture, dilute acids and alkalis
UV light resistance tested according to ASTM G53-84 by tape manufacturer
1 year expected shelf-life from purchase
TAPE
We ask customers to check and fully test the suitability of the fastening and bonding integrity for
their product. For example, mechanical stress, humidity, temperature fluctuation, vibration and holes
on the surface of the circuit board can weaken the strength of the fastening and bonding. Final
testing and verifying of fastening methods, adhesives and their combinations are always the customer’s
responsibility. Always wear cotton gloves when handling optical parts and their accessories.
www.ledil.com/adhesive_tape
For more information:
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 23
LEDiL Installation Guide
SCREW
The following is only general information and for more details about tightening and exceptions please
download the datasheet for each product.
For most of the products screws are of type M3. (DIN 7985, ISO 7045/ISO 14583 TX), with
maximum tightening torque of 0,6 Nm. Countersunk screws are not allowed, and self-tapping screws
are not recommended.
LEDiL recommends using M3 nylon washers (DIN 125 / ISO 7089) between the screws and the lens
to minimize stresses induced by fastening torque.
k
d
dk
DIN 7985 / ISO 7045 / SFS 2976
Thread Size M3
dk 6mm
d 3mm
k max 2,52mm
L 4-22mm
DIN 965 / ISO 7046 / SFS 2977
Thread Size M3
dk 5,6 mm
d 3 mm
k max 1,65 mm
L 4 – 22 mm
90˚
dk
d
k
Please note:
Differing from other lenses, the CS14145_STRADA-IP-2X6-DWC-90 module needs countersunk
screws of type M3 (DIN 965) for fastening the PCB to the heatsink.
If the design requires it, it is possible to use ultra-low head cap screws.
www.ledil.com/ultra-low-screw
For more information:
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
www.ledil.com/delo-adhesives
www.ledil.com/delo-adhesives
More information about bonding by DELO®
More information about bonding by DELO®
HOLDER
LEDiL´s holders are generally very straightforward and easy to assemble. They can be fastened with either
positioning pins, clips or screws. If there is a certain installation requirement, for example in some of the
ROSE-lenses, it is mentioned in the corresponding datasheet or application note.
LEDiL Disclaimer:
Some holders may allow multiple installations after the optics are removed, but LEDiL does not guarantee
this or accept liability in any circumstances where possible malfunctioning or damage to the product,
component, individual or property is caused by such actions.
PRESS-FIT
Please note that LEDiLs press-fit products are designed to be
assembled only once and pins won’t withstand unfastening.
Align the pins in the socket with the holes in the reflector feet and
press the reflector fully into the socket. Make sure you push the
reflector evenly.
LEDiLs press-fit fasteners for the FLORENCE-3R product family are
designed for electrical appliances that may, for security or safety
reasons, require restricted access. They feature tamper-proof
luminaire assembly and class 1 light fitting.
BARBARA-PF
GLUE
Contact your local bonding manufacturer such as DELO® or LOCTITE® for recommended adhesives
for your product.
Contact your local bonding manufacturer such as DELO® or LOCTITE® for recommended adhesives
for your product.
POTTING
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
PROFILES
Some LEDiL lenses are designed to fit existing aluminium profiles like GIZA from Klus for example.
(https://klusdesign.com/product/42)
Currently supported product families:
FLORENCE-1R
FLORENTINA
ZENIA
LEDiL Clips:
Achieve a sleak and uniform luminaire exterior by connecting
lenses in continuous rows with LEDiL retaining clips.
Clip A and C for installation on a plate and Clip B for profile
installation
C14353_FLORENCE-1R-CLIP-A for 40 mm wide
PCs (like Philips Fortimo) and screw mount
C14409_FLORENCE-1R-CLIP-B fits straight into
aluminum profile, no screws needed.
C14751_FLORENCE-1R-CLIP-C for 24 mm
wide PCB´s and screw mount
C14353_FLORENCE-1R-CLIP-A
C14409_FLORENCE-1R-CLIP-B
FLORENCE-1R assembly
Place the lens in the aluminium profile and fasten it with the clips.
Make sure the whole lens is evened out and that every hole
reserved for connectors are hidden inside the profile.
The fastening clips will be installed on both sides of every
lens. This allows lenses to be connected in a continuous row to
achieve uniform appearance.
SEE OUR VIDEO
ABOUT FLORENCE-1R
ASSEMBLY https://youtu.be/ZP6QxR3hS6Q
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
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LEDiL Installation Guide
PCB DESIGN
Make sure that the LEDs optical center is aligned correctly under the lens, for it may not always be at
the centre of the LEDs frame. For example in the Philips Lumileds Rebel series, the tolerance for LED
positioning is ±0.1mm.
Many LEDiL optics have positioning pins that require holes in the PCB. The holes need to be 0.1
mm larger than the pin size with +0.1/-0 mm tolerance limits. The tolerance for the holes location is
±0.1 mm. Some LEDiL optics have position pins shaped as + and – . In these cases the + shaped pin
needs to have a round hole and the – shaped pin an oblong hole. This leaves more room for thermal
expansion.
Some LEDiL products have clips to fasten the optics straight on to the PCB. The little claws that go under
the PCB need to have enough empty space reserved for them. Note that the clips can only be used
with 1.6 mm thick PCBs. In most cases the PCB needs to be 1.6 mm thick, but in some special cases
this may also vary.
Always remember to check the corresponding product datasheet for any special requirements.
We recommend LED assembly
tolerance of ±0.1 mm. For
accurate positioning good solder
pad design is necessary. If the
solder pad is not the right size
and shape the LED alignment may
suffer significantly.
The amount of solder paste is also
important. The height of the LED
might vary a lot depending on the
quantity of solder paste, and may
even cause the LED to be askew.
LED ASSEMBLY
LED not aligned correctly
Too much solder paste under the LED
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 27
LEDiL Installation Guide
LED COMPATIBILITY TOLERANCES
DISTANCE BETWEEN LENSES
For an LED to be mechanically compatible with our lenses there must be 0.2 mm safety distance
between the LED and the closest part of he lens design. With products that come with installation tape
this safety margin must be 0.3 mm. These numbers come from the fact that the TIM or soldering paste
between the LED and the heat sink is approximately 0.1 mm thick, and installation tape requires an
additional 0.1 mm for natural shrinkage.
Many LEDiL products have a module based structure and can be installed next to each other without
any noticeable shading. Some lenses from the same product family can even be mixed together and
used inside the same luminaire.
As a general guideline, we recommend lens distances follow the same pattern as the LED pitches
inside one module. Usually the easiest way to calculate position to the next module is between the
centre points, rather than using sides or optics.
Please remember to visit our website www.ledil.com to see if there are more recent installation guides
or application notes available for individual products.
LED CHIP POSITIONS
Pleae note that due to varying asymmetric chip
locations, especially on mid-power LEDs, the exact
source of light is not always located at the centre of
the LED packet. Take this into account when making or
choosing PCB designs.
If maximum uniformity is required LEDiL recommends
rotating such LEDs on the PCB in a regular pattern for
smoother results.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 28
LEDiL Installation Guide
Many LEDiL modules are designed to be sealed against
environmental hazards with commonly available potting
compounds. Sealant can be applied with a dispenser either
manually or with an automated XY-table.
Before adding any sealing compounds, ensure the installation
surface, and the optic with its accessories are even.
Modules that have an integrated silicone gasket do not need to
be potted. To ensure intended level of ingress protection, please
make sure that the silicone gasket is correctly in place before
installation.
IP ratings indicated in LEDiL product specifications are based on IEC 60598-1:2014 ed. 8.0 and are
conducted internally. The final IP rating is subject to design and surface finish of luminaire parts and
must be individually tested.
Silicone seal of IP-2X6 module
Only apply potting compound outside the
optical areas. STRADA lenses for example
are designed with barrier walls to keep
the compound out of the lenses.
SEALING AND INGRESS PROTECTION OF LEDiL OPTICS
Note! In order to maintain the desired level of ingress protection, screws with thread-locking fluids
should be thoroughly tested in advance for VOC (volatile organic compounds) or stress cracking,
and any remaining cutting fluids used in heat sink machining must be carefully removed. Solid
thread-locking screws should be used. The temperature and pressure differentials inside and outside
the lens can cause seal performance to degrade over time. If more ventilation is needed inside the
lens this must be done in such a way as to not compromise the ingress protection. E.g. by using
ventilation solutions from 3rd party manufacturers.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 29
LEDiL Installation Guide
When working with LED lighting one important issue to take into consideration is heat.
Good thermal design plays a key role in the performance and lifetime of the application.
There are three different ways for heat to transfer: conduction, convection and radiation.
Always make sure that the thermal management is sufficient enough for the application.
Conduction is the transfer of heat through solid
materials with direct contact. For example the
heat from an LED junction to the heat sink is
transferred by conduction.
Convection is the transfer of heat through the
movement of gases or fluids. A typical example
in LED applications is the heat transferred from
heat sink to air.
Radiation is the transfer of thermal energy by
electromagnetic radiation. This radiation causes
thermal motion of charged particles in matter.
In LED applications transfer through radiation is
found in the light itself. This is extremely important
to remember since LEDs keep getting more and
more powerful.
The best choice of optic is not always the material
that can handle more heat, because some
materials absorb more radiant flux than others.
This basically means that an optics efficiency is
directly linked to how hot the lens will get.
THERMAL MANAGEMENT
LEDiL SECONDARY OPTICS ARE DESIGNED AND MANUFACTURED TO MEET
THE HIGHEST POSSIBLE EFFICIENCY RATES. THIS NOT ONLY PROVIDES GOOD
LIGHTING RESULTS, BUT GIVES THE PRODUCT A LONGER LIFETIME AS WELL.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 30
LEDiL Installation Guide
HEAT SINK MACHINING
THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS
All heat sink machining needs to be done before lens assembly. Some lenses need holes for wires and
for fastening. For example LEDiLs STRADA-IP-2X6 products need to be fastened to the heat sink with
screws. After cable holes and threaded screw holes are machined, ensure that the anodized heat sink
surface is even. Screw thread hole accuracy is ±0.1 mm. Vertical straightness tolerance for screws is
±0.1 mm A. Please be sure to remove all aluminum particles from the holes and the heat sink surface.
For good heat transfer, a thermal interface material must be used between the heat sink and the PCB/
COB LED. This material can be thermal pad, thermal glue, thermal paste, phase change material
or double-sided thermal tape. The material choice depends on the situation and power used by the
application. The thermal resistance of the thermal interface depends on the thermal conductivity of the
material, material thickness, area and the pressure applied to the interface. We recommend using a
thin layer of thermal interface material to minimize thermal resistance.
It is always the customer’s responsibility to ensure reliable and sufficient cooling and heat transfer
between all luminaire components. If a sufficient amount of pressure on the heat sink cannot be
maintained over time we recommended using either thermal glue and/or screws for the PCB/LED
fastening.
While using thermal interface materials, remember that the material needs to be chemically compatible
with the LEDs. Bad material choice might significantly reduce the LEDs lifetime. For example Cree has
created a test method for chemical compatibility. More information about the test can be found on
Cree’s web page.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 31
LEDiL Installation Guide
THERMAL MEASUREMENTS
Infrared (IR) imaging and thermocouple measurement systems can be used for monitoring temperatures
in LED applications, but the following must be acknowledged.
IR imaging is a preferred method for lens and reflector temperature measurements
Low emissivity surfaces are challenging to measure with an IR camera because reflected
temperatures can also be seen in thermal image (1)
Thermocouples cannot be placed on top of a lens due to the absorption of the radiant flux (2)
Tiny thermocouples (AWG 40 recommended) can be used to measure LED case, PCB and heat
sink temperatures where radiant flux doesn’t interfere, and target surfaces cannot be exposed to
the IR camera
LENSES
Switch on the light and let temperatures rise until they stabilize. Remove any obstacles (e.g. glass
cover) quickly to expose the target surface and take an image on the top surface of the lens. Start
to record video sequence and turn the lens over quickly to catch the maximum temperature from the
bottom side of the lens.
REFLECTORS
Attach a thermocouple on the surface of the reflector with a small aluminum tape and monitor
temperatures until they stabilize (3). Paint the target area, attach a tape with known emissivity or
remove metallization on the outer surface of the reflector and take an IR image from that area (4).
COB LEDs
LED case temperature, Tc, can be measured with a thermocouple that is firmly glued/soldered to the
Tc measurement point of the LED module (5).
(1) (2) (2)
(3) (4) (5)
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 32
LEDiL Installation Guide
METAL COATING
Different materials and coatings used by LEDiL have to undergo numerous tests before being accepted.
All the materials and coatings must be permanent, durable and show no signs of peeling, fingerprints,
cracks, black spots, scratches, smudging or discoloration.
We always heat test beyond our recommended limits to fully ensure our products quality. For more
extreme environments some materials have been tested with diluted NaOH liquid and in an artificially
created salt mist. These surfaces should be completely undamaged to pass.
Both the HMDS and lacquer layer increase aluminium coating durability, but the reflector must be
protected from water and other hazards. Weather exposure tests must be carried out during the design
process.
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 33
LEDiL Installation Guide
LEDiL uses vacuum evaporation PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition) to add a reflective aluminum coating
to PC reflectors. Before aluminum can be added, adhesion between the reflectors and the aluminum
coating must be improved. This is conventionally done by adding a layer of lacquer to the reflector
surfaces.
VACUUM EVAPORATION PVD
HMDS
1) Top lacquer (to protect surface)
1) HMDS plasmapolymerisation (to protect surface)
2) Al coat (in vacuum)
2) Al coat (in vacuum)
3) Base lacquer (to improve adhesion)
3) Glow discharge activation of surface (to improve adhesion)
4) Substrate (part to be coated)
4) Substrate (part to be coated)
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
High quality both functionally and decoratively
Reflectors will not be subject to chemical of thermal stress
Good performance in cross-cut test
HMDS is a simplified name for a glow polymerization method. Plasma treatment is first used to clean
the reflector surfaces of any unfavorable materials to improve adhesion. Then the aluminum coating
is added via vacuum evaporation and finally HMDS-monomers are added and a polymerization
reaction takes place.
Thin and protective layer
Good optical performance
Good durability against heat
The information contained herein is the property of LEDiL Oy, Joensuunkatu 13, FI-24100 SALO, Finland and is subject to change without notice. Please visit
www.ledil.com for additional information, such as the latest photometric files, 3D mechanical models, and application notes relating to handling, gluing and taping. 34
LEDiL Installation Guide
LINKS TO USEFUL INFORMATION:
STORAGE
Guides documents and certificates
www.ledil.com/support/
Application related guides and examples
www.ledil.com/application-areas/
Product catalogue
www.ledil.com/product_catalogue
New products catelogue
www.ledil.com/latest_products_catalogue
Search for products
www.ledil.com/search/
Contact Us
www.ledil.com/contacts/
And for all other information, references and to subscribe LEDiL newsletter please visit
www.ledil.com
LIGHT THAT IS RIGHT
To maintain long-term product quality under storage, please ensure that the environment is kept at
normal room temperature without too much humidity and that the products are kept in their original
packaging.
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