FT232H Datasheet

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FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
Future Technology
Devices International Ltd
FT232H Single Channel Hi-
Speed USB to Multipurpose
UART/FIFO IC
The FT232H is a single channel USB 2.0 Hi-Speed
(480Mb/s) to UART/FIFO IC. It has the capability of
being configured in a variety of industry standard
serial or parallel interfaces. The FT232H has the
following advanced features:
Single channel USB to serial / parallel ports
with a variety of configurations.
Entire USB protocol handled on the chip. No
USB specific firmware programming required.
USB 2.0 Hi-Speed (480Mbits/Second) and Full
Speed (12Mbits/Second) compatible.
Multi-Protocol Synchronous Serial Engine
(MPSSE) to simplify synchronous serial protocol
(USB to JTAG, I2C, SPI (MASTER) or bit-bang)
design.
UART transfer data rate up to 12Mbaud.
(RS232 Data Rate limited by external level
shifter).
USB to asynchronous 245 FIFO mode for
transfer data rate up to 8 Mbyte/Sec.
USB to synchronous 245 parallel FIFO mode for
transfers up to 40 Mbytes/Sec
Supports a proprietary half duplex FT1248
interface with a configurable width, bi-
directional data bus (1, 2, 4 or 8 bits wide).
CPU-style FIFO interface mode simplifies CPU
interface design.
Fast serial interface option.
FTDI’s royalty-free Virtual Com Port (VCP) and
Direct (D2XX) drivers eliminate the
requirement for USB driver development in
most cases.
Adjustable receive buffer timeout.
Option for transmit and receive LED drive
signals.
Bit-bang Mode interface option with RD# and
WR# strobes
Highly integrated design includes 5V to
3.3/+1.8V LDO regulator for VCORE, integrated
POR function
Asynchronous serial UART interface option with
full hardware handshaking and modem
interface signals.
Fully assisted hardware or X-On / X-Off
software handshaking.
UART Interface supports 7/8 bit data, 1/2 stop
bits, and Odd/Even/Mark/Space/No Parity.
Auto transmit enable control for RS485 serial
applications using the TXDEN pin.
Operational mode configuration and USB
Description strings configurable in external
EEPROM over the USB interface.
Configurable I/O drives strength (4, 8, 12 or
16mA) and slew rate.
Low operating and USB suspend current.
Supports self-powered, bus powered and high-
power bus powered USB configurations.
UHCI/OHCI/EHCI host controller compatible.
USB Bulk data transfer mode (512 byte packets
in Hi-Speed mode).
+1.8V (chip core) and +3.3V I/O interfacing
(+5V Tolerant).
Extended -40°C to 85°C industrial operating
temperature range.
Compact 48-pin Lead Free LQFP or QFN
package
Configurable ACBUS I/O pins.
Neither the whole nor any part of the information contained in, or the product described in this manual, may be adapted or reproduced
in any material or electronic form without the prior written consent of the copyright holder. This product and its documentation are
supplied on an as-is basis and no warranty as to their suitability for any particular purpose is either made or implied. Future Technology
Devices International Ltd will not accept any claim for damages howsoever arising as a result of use or failure of this product. Y our
statutory rights are not affected. This product or any variant of it is not intended for use in any medical appliance, device or system in
which the failure of the product might reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. This document provides preliminary
information that may be subject to change without notice. No freedom to use patents or other intellectual property rights is implied by
the publication of this document. Future Technology Devices International Ltd, Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Centurion Business Park,
Glasgow G41 1HH United Kingdom. Scotland Registered Company Number: SC136640
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FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
1 Typical Applications
Single chip USB to UART (RS232, RS422 or
RS485)
USB to FIFO
USB to FT1248
USB to JTAG
USB to SPI
USB to I2C
USB to Bit-Bang
USB to Fast Serial Interface
USB to CPU target interface (as memory)
USB Instrumentation
USB Industrial Control
USB EPOS Control
USB MP3 Player Interface
USB FLASH Card Reader / Writers
Set Top Box - USB interface
USB Digital Camera Interface
USB Bar Code Readers
1.1 Driver Support
The FT232H requires USB device drivers (listed below), available free from http://www.ftdichip.com, to
operate. The VCP version of the driver creates a Virtual COM Port allowing legacy serial port applications
to operate over USB e.g. serial emulator application TTY. Another FTDI USB driver, the D2XX driver, can
also be used with application software to directly access the FT232H through a DLL.
Royalty free VIRTUAL COM PORT
(VCP) DRIVERS for...
Windows 10 and Windows 10 64-bit
Windows 8 and Windows 8 64-bit
Windows 7 and Windows 7 64-bit
Windows Vista and Vista 64-bit
Windows XP and XP 64-bit
Windows XP Embedded
Windows 2000, Server 2003, Server 2008
Windows CE 4.2, 5.0, 5.2 and 6.0
Mac OS-X
Linux (2.6.39 or later)
Royalty free D2XX Direct Drivers
(USB Drivers + DLL S/W Interface)
Windows 10 and Windows 10 64-bit
Windows 8 and Windows 8 64-bit
Windows 7 and Windows 7 64-bit
Windows Vista and Vista 64-bit
Windows XP and XP 64-bit
Windows XP Embedded
Windows 2000, Server 2003, Server 2008
Windows CE 4.2, 5.0, 5.2 and 6.0
Mac OS-X
Linux (2.6.32 or later)
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FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
1.2 Part Numbers
Part Number
FT232HL -xxxx
FT232HQ-xxxx
Note: Packaging codes for xxxx is:
- Reel: Taped and Reel (LQFP = 1500 pieces per reel, QFN = 3000 pieces per reel)
-Tray: Tray packing, (LQFP = 250 pieces per tray, QFN =260 pieces per tray)
Please refer to section 8 for all package mechanical parameters.
1.3 USB Compliant
The FT232H is fully compliant with the USB 2.0 specification and has been given the USB-IF Test-ID
(TID) 40770005.
The timing of the rise/fall time of the USB signals is not only dependant on the USB signal drivers, it is
also dependant system and is affected by factors such as PCB layout, external components and any
transient protection present on the USB signals. For USB compliance these may require a slight
adjustment. This timing can be modified through a programmable setting stored in the same external
EEPROM that is used for the USB descriptors. Timing can also be changed by adding appropriate passive
components to the USB signals.
Copyright © Future Technology Devices International Limited 4
FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
2 FT232H Block Diagram
Figure 2.1 FT232H Block Diagram
A full description of each function is available in section 4.
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FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
Table of Contents
1 Typical Applications ....................................................... 2
1.1 Driver Support ........................................................................... 2
1.2 Part Numbers ............................................................................. 3
1.3 USB Compliant ........................................................................... 3
2 FT232H Block Diagram .................................................. 4
3 Device Pin Out and Signal Descriptions ......................... 8
3.1 Schematic Symbol ...................................................................... 8
3.2 FT232H Pin Descriptions ........................................................... 9
3.3 Signal Description .................................................................... 10
3.4 ACBUS Signal Option ................................................................ 13
3.5 Pin Configurations ................................................................... 14
3.5.1 FT232H pins used in an UART interface ........................................................ 14
3.5.2 FT232H Pins used in an FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface ............................ 15
3.5.3 FT232H Pins used in an FT245 Style Synchronous FIFO Interface .................... 16
3.5.4 FT232H Configured as a Synchronous or Asynchronous Bit-Bang Interface ....... 17
3.5.5 FT232H Pins used in an MPSSE ................................................................... 17
3.5.6 FT232H Pins used as a Fast Serial Interface .................................................. 18
3.5.7 FT232H Pins Configured as a CPU-style FIFO Interface ................................... 19
3.5.8 FT232H Pins Configured as a FT1248 Interface ............................................. 20
4 Function Description ................................................... 21
4.1 Key Features ............................................................................ 21
4.2 Functional Block Descriptions .................................................. 22
4.3 FT232 UART Interface Mode Description .................................. 23
4.3.1 RS232 Configuration .................................................................................. 23
4.3.2 RS422 Configuration .................................................................................. 24
4.3.3 RS485 Configuration .................................................................................. 25
4.4 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface Mode Description .............. 26
4.4.1 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Read Operation ..................................................... 27
4.4.2 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Write Operation .................................................... 27
4.5 FT245 Style Asynchronous FIFO Interface Mode Description ... 28
4.6 FT1248 Interface Mode Description ......................................... 29
4.6.1 Bus Width Protocol Decode ......................................................................... 30
4.6.2 FT1248: 1-bit interface .............................................................................. 31
4.7 Synchronous and Asynchronous Bit-Bang Interface Mode ....... 32
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UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
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4.7.1 Asynchronous Bit-Bang Mode ...................................................................... 32
4.7.2 Synchronous Bit-Bang Mode ....................................................................... 32
4.8 MPSSE Interface Mode Description .......................................... 34
4.8.1 MPSSE Adaptive Clocking ........................................................................... 35
4.9 Fast Serial Interface Mode Description .................................... 37
4.9.1 Outgoing Fast Serial Data .......................................................................... 38
4.9.2 Incoming Fast Serial Data .......................................................................... 38
4.9.3 Fast Serial Data Interface Example .............................................................. 39
4.10 CPU-style FIFO Interface Mode Description ........................... 39
4.11 RS232 UART Mode LDE Interface Description ........................ 41
4.12 Send Immediate/Wake Up (SIWU#) ..................................... 42
4.13 FT232H Mode Selection ......................................................... 43
4.14 Modes Configuration ............................................................. 43
5 Devices Characteristics and Ratings ............................ 44
5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings ...................................................... 44
5.2 DC Characteristics .................................................................... 45
5.3 ESD Tolerance .......................................................................... 47
6 FT232H Configurations ................................................ 48
6.1 USB Bus Powered Configuration .............................................. 48
6.2 USB Self Powered Configuration .............................................. 49
6.2.1 Self-Powered Application Example 1 ............................................................ 49
6.2.2 Self-Powered Application Example 2 ............................................................ 50
6.3 Oscillator Configuration ........................................................... 51
7 EEPROM Configuration................................................. 52
7.1 EEPROM Interface .................................................................... 52
7.2 Default EEPROM Configuration ................................................. 52
8 Package Parameters .................................................... 54
8.1 FT232HQ, QFN-48 Package Dimensions ................................... 54
8.2 FT232HL, LQFP-48 Package Dimensions .................................. 55
8.3 Solder Reflow Profile ............................................................... 56
9 Contact Information .................................................... 58
Appendix A References ................................................... 59
Document References ...................................................................... 59
Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................ 59
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FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
Appendix B List of Figures and Tables ............................. 60
List of Tables .................................................................................... 60
List of Figures .................................................................................. 61
Appendix C Revision History ........................................... 62
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FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
3 Device Pin Out and Signal Descriptions
The 48-pin LQFP and 48-pin QFN have the same pin numbering for specific functions. This pin numbering
is illustrated in the schematic symbol shown in Figure 3.1.
3.1 Schematic Symbol
Figure 3.1 FT232H Schematic Symbol
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FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
3.2 FT232H Pin Descriptions
This section describes the operation of the FT232H pins. Both the LQFP and the QFN packages have the
same function on each pin. The function of many pins is determined by the configuration of the FT232H.
The following table details the function of each pin dependent on the configuration of the interface. Each
of the functions is described in the following table (Note: The convention used throughout this document
for active low signals is the signal name followed by #).
Pins marked * require an EEPROM for assignment to these functions. Default is Tristate, Pull-Up
Pins marked ** default to tri-stated inputs with an internal 75KΩ (approx.) pull up resistor to VCCIO.
Pin marked *** default to GPIO line with an internal 75KΩ pull down resistor to GND. Using the EEPROM
this pin can be enabled USBVCC mode instead of GPIO mode.
FT232H
Pin
Pin functions (depends on configuration)
Pin
#
Pin
Name
ASYNC
Serial
(RS232)
SYNC
245 FIFO
STYLE
ASYNC
245 FIFO
ASYNC
Bit-bang
SYNC
Bit-bang
MPSSE
Fast
Serial
interface
CPU Style
FIFO
FT1248
13
ADBUS
0
TXD
D0
D0
D0
D0
TCK/SK
FSDI
D0
MIOSI0
14
ADBUS
1
RXD
D1
D1
D1
D1
TDI/DO
FSCLK
D1
MIOSI1
15
ADBUS
2
RTS#
D2
D2
D2
D2
TDO/DI
FSDO
D2
MIOSI2
16
ADBUS
3
CTS#
D3
D3
D3
D3
TMS/CS
FSCTS
D3
MIOSI3
17
ADBUS
4
DTR#
D4
D4
D4
D4
GPIOL0
**
TriSt-UP
D4
MIOSI4
18
ADBUS
5
DSR#
D5
D5
D5
D5
GPIOL1
**
TriSt-UP
D5
MIOSI5
19
ADBUS
6
DCD#
D6
D6
D6
D6
GPIOL2
**
TriSt-UP
D6
MIOSI6
20
ADBUS
7
RI#
D7
D7
D7
D7
GPIOL3
**
TriSt-UP
D7
MIOSI7
21
ACBUS
0
*
TXDEN
RXF#
RXF#
ACBUS0
ACBUS0
GPIOH0
**
ACBUS0
CS#
SCLK
25
ACBUS
1
**
ACBUS1
TXE#
TXE#
WRSTB#
WRSTB#
GPIOH1
**
ACBUS1
A0
SS_n
26
ACBUS
2
**
ACBUS2
RD#
RD#
RDSTB#
RDSTB#
GPIOH2
**
ACBUS2
RD#
MISO
27
ACBUS
3
*
RXLED#
WR#
WR#
ACBUS3
ACBUS3
GPIOH3
**
ACBUS3
WR#
ACBUS3
28
ACBUS
4
*
TXLED#
SIWU#
SIWU#
SIWU#
SIWU#
GPIOH4
SIWU#
SIWU#
ACBUS4
29
ACBUS
5
**
ACBUS5
CLKOUT
ACBUS5
**
ACBUS5
**
ACBUS5
GPIOH5
**
ACBUS5
**
ACBUS5
ACBUS5
30
ACBUS
6
**
ACBUS6
OE#
ACBUS6
ACBUS6
ACBUS6
GPIOH6
**
ACBUS6
**
ACBUS6
ACBUS6
31
ACBUS
7
WRSAV#
PWRSAV
#
PWRSAV
#
PWRSAV
#
PWRSAV
#
***
GPIOH7
PWRSAV
#
PWRSAV
#
PWRSAV
#
32
ACBUS
8
**
ACBUS8
**
ACBUS8
**
ACBUS8
**
ACBUS8
**
ACBUS8
**
ACBUS
8
**
ACBUS8
**
ACBUS8
ACBUS8
33
ACBUS
9
**
ACBUS9
**
ACBUS9
**
ACBUS9
**
ACBUS9
**
ACBUS9
**
ACBUS
9
**
ACBUS9
**
ACBUS9
ACBUS9
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UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
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3.3 Signal Description
The operation of the following FT232H pins are the same regardless of the configured mode:-
Pin No.
Name
Type
Description
40
**
VREGIN
POWER
input
+5.0V or 3V3 power supply input.
37
VCCA
POWER
output
+1.8V output. Should not be used. Terminate with
0.1uF capacitor to GND
38
VCORE
POWER
output
+1.8V output. Should not be used. Terminate with a
0.1uF capacitor to GND
39
**
VCCD
POWER
output
or input
+3.3V output or input.
12, 24, 46
VCCIO
POWER
input
+3.3V input. I/O interface power supply input
8
VPLL
POWER
Input
+3.3V input. Internal PLL power supply input. It is
recommended that this supply is filtered using an LC
filter. (See figure 6.1)
3
VPHY
POWER
Input
+3.3V input. Internal USB PHY power supply input. Note
that this cannot be connected directly to the USB
supply. A +3.3V regulator must be used. It is
recommended that this supply is filtered using an LC
filter.(See figure 6.1)
4,9,41
AGND
POWER
Input
0V Ground input.
10,11,22,23,35,36,47,48
GND
POWER
Input
0V Ground input.
Table 3.1 Power and Ground
** If pin 40 (VREGIN) is +5.0V, pin 39 becomes an output and If pin 40 (VREGIN) is 3V3 pin 39 becomes
an input.
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Pin No.
Name
Type
Description
1
OSCI
INPUT
Oscillator input.
2
OSCO
OUTPUT
Oscillator output.
5
REF
INPUT
Current reference connect via a 12KΩ resistor @ 1% to
GND.
6
DM
I/O
USB Data Signal Minus.
7
DP
I/O
USB Data Signal Plus.
42
TEST
INPUT
IC test pin for normal operation must be connected to
GND.
34
RESET#
INPUT
Reset input (active low).
31
PWRSAV#
INPUT
USB Power Save input. This is an EEPROM configurable
option which is set using a ’Suspend on ACBus7 Low’ bit in
FT_PROG. This option is available when the FT232H is on a
self-powered mode and is used to prevent forcing current
down the USB lines when the host or hub is powered off.
PWRSAV# = 1 : Normal Operation
PWRSAV# = 0 : FT232H forced into SUSPEND mode.
PWRSAV# can be connected to VBUS of the USB connector
(via a 39KΩ resistor). When this input goes high, then it
indicates to the FT232H that it is connected to a host PC.
When the host or hub is powered down then the FT232H is
held in SUSPEND mode.
Table 3.2 Common Function Pins
Pin No.
Name
Type
Description
45
EECS
I/O
EEPROM Chip Select. Tri-State during device reset.
44
EECLK
OUTPUT
Clock signal to EEPROM. Tri-State during device reset. When not in
reset, this outputs the EEPROM clock.
43
EEDATA
I/O
EEPROM Data I/O. Connect directly to Data-in of the EEPROM and to
Data-out of the EEPROM via a 2.2K resistor. Also, pull Data-Out of the
EEPROM to VCCD via a 10K resistor for correct operation. Tri-State
during device reset.
Table 3.3 EEPROM Interface Group
Pin No.
Name
Type
Description
13
ADBUS0
Output
Configurable Output Pin, the default configuration is Transmit
Asynchronous Data Output.
14
ADBUS1
Input
Configurable Input Pin, the default configuration is Receiving
Asynchronous Data Input.
15
ADBUS2
Output
Configurable Output Pin, the default configuration is Request to Send
Control Output / Handshake Signal.
16
ADBUS3
Input
Configurable Input Pin, the default configuration is Clear To Send Control
Input / Handshake Signal.
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17
ADBUS4
Output
Configurable Output Pin, the default configuration is Data Terminal Ready
Control Output / Handshake Signal.
18
ADBUS5
Input
Configurable Input Pin, the default configuration is Data Set Ready
Control Input / Handshake Signal.
19
ADBUS6
Input
Configurable Input Pin, the default configuration is Data Carrier Detect
Control Input.
20
ADBUS7
Input
Configurable Input Pin, the default configuration is Ring Indicator Control
Input. When remote wake up is enabled in the EEPROM taking RI# low
can be used to resume the PC USB host controller from suspend. (Also
see note 1, 2, 3 in section Error! Reference source not found.)
21
ACBUS0
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
25
ACBUS1
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
26
ACBUS2
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
27
ACBUS3
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
28
ACBUS4
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
29
ACBUS5
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
30
ACBUS6
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
31
ACBUS7
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PD. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
32
ACBUS8
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
33
ACBUS9
I/O
Configurable ACBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device EEPROM. If the external EEPROM is not fitted the default
configuration is TriSt-PU. See ACBUS Signal Options, Table 3.5.
Table 3.4 UART Interface and ACBUS Group (see note 1)
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Notes:
When used in Input Mode, the input pins are pulled to VCCIO via internal 75kΩ (approx.) resistors. These
pins can be programmed to gently pull low during USB suspend (PWREN# = 1”) by setting an option in
the EEPROM.
3.4 ACBUS Signal Option
If the external EEPROM is fitted, the following options can be configured on the CBUS I/O pins using the
software utility FT_PROG which can be downloaded from the FTDI utilities page. CBUS signal options are
common to both package versions of the FT232H. The default configuration is described in section 7.
ACBUS
Signal
Option
Available On ACBUS Pin
Description
TXDEN
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
TXDEN = (TTL level). Used with RS485 level converters
to enable the line driver during data transmit. TXDEN is
active from one bit time before the start bit is
transmitted on TXD until the end of the stop bit.
*PWREN#
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
Output is low after the device has been configured by
USB, then high during USB suspend mode. This output
can be used to control power to external logic P-Channel
logic level MOSFET switch. Enable the interface pull-down
option when using the PWREN# in this way.*
TXLED#
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
TXLED = Transmit signalling output. Pulses low when
transmitting data (TXD) to the external device. This can
be connected to an LED.
RXLED#
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
RXLED = Receive signalling output. Pulses low when
receiving data (RXD) from the external device. This can
be connected to an LED.
TX&RXLED#
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
LED drive pulses low when transmitting or receiving
data from or to the external device. See Section Error!
Reference source not found. for more details.
SLEEP#
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
Goes low during USB suspend mode. Typically used to
power down an external TTL to RS232 level converter IC
in USB to RS232 converter designs.
**CLK30
ACBUS0, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6,ACBUS8, ACBUS9
30MHz Clock output.
**CLK15
ACBUS0, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6,ACBUS8, ACBUS9
15MHz Clock output.
**CLK7.5
ACBUS0, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6,ACBUS8, ACBUS9
7.5MHz Clock output.
TriSt-PU
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
Input Pull Up
DRIVE 1
ACBUS0, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6,ACBUS8, ACBUS9
Output High
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ACBUS
Signal
Option
Available On ACBUS Pin
Description
DRIVE 0
ACBUS0, ACBUS1, ACBUS2,
ACBUS3, ACBUS4, ACBUS5,
ACBUS6, ACBUS8, ACBUS9
Output Low
I/O mode
ACBUS5, ACBUS6,ACBUS8,
ACBUS9
ACBUS Bit Bang
Table 3.5 ACBUS Configuration Control
* Must be used with a 10kΩ resistor pull up.
**When in USB suspend mode the outputs clocks are also suspended.
3.5 Pin Configurations
The following section describes the function of the pins when the device is configured in different modes
of operation.
3.5.1 FT232H pins used in an UART interface
The FT232H can be configured as a UART interface. When configured in this mode, the pins used and the
descriptions of the signals are shown in Table 3.6.
Pin
No.
Name
Type
UART Configuration Description
13
TXD
OUTPUT
TXD = transmitter output
14
RXD
INPUT
RXD = receiver input
15
RTS#
OUTPUT
RTS# = Ready To send handshake output
16
CTS#
INPUT
CTS# = Clear To Send handshake input
17
DTR#
OUTPUT
DTR# = Data Transmit Ready modem signalling line
18
DSR#
INPUT
DSR# = Data Set Ready modem signalling line
19
DCD#
INPUT
DCD# = Data Carrier Detect modem signalling line
20
RI#
INPUT
RI# = Ring Indicator Control Input. When the Remote Wake up option is
enabled in the EEPROM, taking RI# low can be used to resume the PC USB
Host controller from suspend.
21
**
TXDEN
OUTPUT
TXDEN = (TTL level). Use to enable RS485 level converter
27
**
RXLED
OUTPUT
RXLED = Receive signalling output. Pulses low when receiving data (RXD)
from the external device (UART Interface). This should be connected to an
LED.
28
**
TXLED
OUTPUT
TXLED = Transmit signalling output. Pulses low when transmitting data (TXD)
to the external device (UART Interface). This should be connected to an LED.
Table 3.6 UART Configured Pin Descriptions
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** ACBUS I/O pins
For a functional description of this mode, please refer to section 4.3
Note: UART is the device default mode.
3.5.2 FT232H Pins used in an FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface
The FT232H can be configured as a FT245 synchronous FIFO interface. When configured in this mode, the
pins used and the descriptions of the signals are shown in Table 3.7. To set this mode the external
EEPROM must be set to 245 modes. A software command (FT_SetBitMode) is then sent by the application
to the FTDI D2XX driver to tell the chip to enter 245 synchronous FIFO mode. In this mode, data is
written or read on the rising edge of the CLKOUT. Refer to Figure 4.4 for timing details.
Pin No.
Name
Type
FT245 Configuration Description
13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20
ADBUS[7:0]
I/O
D7 to D0 bidirectional FIFO data. This bus is
normally input unless OE# is low.
21
RXF#
OUTPUT
When high, do not read data from the FIFO. When
low, there is data available in the FIFO which can be
read by driving RD# low. When in synchronous
mode, data is transferred on every clock that RXF#
and RD# are both low. Note that the OE# pin must
be driven low at least 1 clock period before asserting
RD# low.
25
TXE#
OUTPUT
When high, do not write data into the FIFO. When
low, data can be written into the FIFO by driving
WR# low. When in synchronous mode, data is
transferred on every clock that TXE# and WR# are
both low.
26
RD#
INPUT
Enables the current FIFO data byte to be driven onto
D0...D7 when RD# goes low. The next FIFO data
byte (if available) is fetched from the receive FIFO
buffer each CLKOUT cycle until RD# goes high.
27
WR#
INPUT
Enables the data byte on the D0...D7 pins to be
written into the transmit FIFO buffer when WR# is
low. The next FIFO data byte is written to the
transmit FIFO buffer each CLKOUT cycle until WR#
goes high.
28
SIWU#
INPUT
The Send Immediate / WakeUp signal combines two
functions on a single pin. If USB is in suspend mode
(PWREN# = 1) and remote wakeup is enabled in the
EEPROM, strobing this pin low will cause the device
to request a resume on the USB Bus. Normally, this
can be used to wake up the Host PC.
During normal operation (PWREN# = 0), if this pin is
strobed low any data in the device RX buffer will be
sent out over USB on the next Bulk-IN request from
the drivers regardless of the pending packet size.
This can be used to optimize USB transfer speed for
some applications. Tie this pin to VCCIO if not used.
29
CLKOUT
OUTPUT
60 MHz Clock driven from the chip. All signals should
be synchronized to this clock.
30
OE#
INPUT
Output enable when low to drive data onto D0-7.
This should be driven low at least 1 clock period
before driving RD# low to allow for data buffer turn-
around.
Table 3.7 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Configured Pin Descriptions
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For a functional description of this mode, please refer to section 4.4.
3.5.3 FT232H Pins used in an FT245 Style Synchronous FIFO Interface
The FT232H can be configured as a FT245 style asynchronous FIFO interface. When configured in this
mode, the pins used and the descriptions of the signals are shown in Table 3.8. To enter this mode the
external EEPROM must be set to 245 asynchronous FIFO mode. In this mode, data is written or read on
the falling edge of the RD# or WR# signals.
Pin No.
Name
Type
FT245 Configuration Description
13, 14, 15, 16, 17,
18, 19,20
ADBUS[7:0]
I/O
D7 to D0 bidirectional FIFO data. This bus is normally
input unless RD# is low.
21
RXF#
OUTPUT
When high, do not read data from the FIFO. When low,
there is data available in the FIFO which can be read by
driving RD# low. When RD# goes high again RXF# will
always go high and only become low again if there is
another byte to read. During reset this signal pin is
tristate, but pulled up to VCCIO via an internal 200kΩ
resistor.
25
TXE#
OUTPUT
When high, do not write data into the FIFO. When low,
data can be written into the FIFO by strobing WR# high,
then low. During reset this signal pin is tristate, but
pulled up to VCCIO via an internal 200kΩ resistor.
26
RD#
INPUT
Enables the current FIFO data byte to be driven onto
D0...D7 when RD# goes low. Fetches the next FIFO
data byte (if available) from the receive FIFO buffer
when RD# goes high.
27
WR#
INPUT
Writes the data byte on the D0...D7 pins into the
transmit FIFO buffer when WR# goes from high to low.
28
SIWU#
INPUT
The Send Immediate / WakeUp signal combines two
functions on a single pin. If USB is in suspend mode
(PWREN# = 1) and remote wakeup is enabled in the
EEPROM, strobing this pin low will cause the device to
request a resume on the USB Bus. Normally, this can be
used to wake up the Host PC.
During normal operation (PWREN# = 0), if this pin is
strobed low any data in the device RX buffer will be sent
out over USB on the next Bulk-IN request from the
drivers regardless of the pending packet size. This can
be used to optimize USB transfer speed for some
applications. Tie this pin to VCCIO if not used.
Table 3.8 FT245 Style Asynchronous FIFO Configured Pin Descriptions
For a functional description of this mode, please refer to section 4.5.
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3.5.4 FT232H Configured as a Synchronous or Asynchronous Bit-Bang
Interface
Bit-bang mode is an FTDI FT232H device mode that changes the 8 IO lines into an 8 bit bi-directional
data bus. This mode is enabled by sending a software command (FT_SetBitMode) to the FTDI driver.
When configured in any bit-bang mode, the pins used and the descriptions of the signals are shown in
Table 3.9
Pin No.
Name
Type
Configuration Description
13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20
ADBUS[7:0]
I/O
D7 to D0 bidirectional Bit-Bang parallel I/O data pins
25
WRSTB#
OUTPUT
Write strobe, active low output indicates when new
data has been written to the I/O pins from the Host
PC (via the USB interface).
26
RDSTB#
OUTPUT
Read strobe, this output rising edge indicates when
data has been read from the parallel I/O pins and
sent to the Host PC (via the USB interface).
28
SIWU#
INPUT
The Send Immediate / WakeUp signal combines two
functions on a single pin. If USB is in suspend mode
(PWREN# = 1) and remote wakeup is enabled in the
EEPROM, strobing this pin low will cause the device
to request a resume on the USB Bus. Normally, this
can be used to wake up the Host PC.
During normal operation (PWREN# = 0), if this pin is
strobed low any data in the device RX buffer will be
sent out over USB on the next Bulk-IN request from
the drivers regardless of the pending packet size.
This can be used to optimize USB transfer speed for
some applications. Tie this pin to VCCIO if not used.
Table 3.9 Synchronous or Asynchronous Bit-Bang Configured Pin Descriptions
For functional description of this mode, please refer to section 4.6.
3.5.5 FT232H Pins used in an MPSSE
The FT232H has a Multi-Protocol Synchronous Serial Engine (MPSSE). This mode is enabled by sending a
software command (FT_SetBitMode) to the FTDI D2xx driver. The MPSSE can be configured to a number
of industry standard serial interface protocols such as JTAG, I2C or SPI (MASTER), or it can be used to
implement a proprietary bus protocol. For example, it is possible to connect FT232H’s to an SRAM
configurable FPGA such as supplied by Altera or Xilinx. The FPGA device would normally not be configured
(i.e. have no defined function) at power-up. Application software on the PC could use the MPSSE (and
D2XX driver) to download configuration data to the FPGA over USB. This data would define the hardware
function on power up. The MPSSE can be used to control a number of GPIO pins. When configured in this
mode, the pins used and the descriptions of the signals are shown in Table 3.10
Pin No.
Name
Type
MPSSE Configuration Description
13
TCK/SK
OUTPUT
Clock Signal Output. For example:
JTAG TCK, Test interface clock
SPI (MASTER) SK, Serial Clock
14
TDI/DO
OUTPUT
Serial Data Output. For example:
JTAG TDI, Test Data Input
SPI (MASTER) DO
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15
TDO/DI
INPUT
Serial Data Input. For example:
JTAG TDO, Test Data output
SPI (MASTER) DI, Serial Data Input
16
TMS/CS
OUTPUT
Output Signal Select. For example:
JTAG TMS, Test Mode Select
SPI (MASTER) CS, Serial Chip Select
17
GPIOL0
I/O
General Purpose input/output
18
GPIOL1
I/O
General Purpose input/output
19
GPIOL2
I/O
General Purpose input/output
20
GPIOL3
I/O
General Purpose input/output
21
GPIOH0
I/O
General Purpose input/output
25
GPIOH1
I/O
General Purpose input/output
26
GPIOH2
I/O
General Purpose input/output
27
GPIOH3
I/O
General Purpose input/output
28
GPIOH4
I/O
General Purpose input/output
29
GPIOH5
I/O
General Purpose input/output
30
GPIOH6
I/O
General Purpose input/output
31
GPIOH7
I/O
General Purpose input/output
Table 3.10 MPSSE Configured Pin Descriptions
For functional description of this mode, please refer to section 4.8.
3.5.6 FT232H Pins used as a Fast Serial Interface
The FT232H can be configured for use with high-speed bi-directional isolated serial data. A proprietary
FTDI protocol designed to allow galvanic isolated devices to communicate synchronously with the FT232H
using just 4 signal wires (over two dual opto-isolators), and two power lines. The peripheral circuitry
controls the data transfer rate in both directions, whilst maintaining full data integrity. 12 Mbps (USB full
speed) data rates can be achieved when using the proper high speed opto-isolators (see App Note AN-
131).
When configured in this mode, the pins used and the descriptions of the signals are shown in Table 3.11.
Pin
No.
Name
Type
Fast Serial Interface Configuration Description
13
FSDI
INPUT
Fast serial data input.
14
FSCLK
INPUT
Fast serial clock input.
Clock input to FT232H chip to clock data in or out.
15
FSDO
OUTPUT
Fast serial data output.
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16
FSCTS
OUTPUT
Fast serial Clear To Send signal output.
Driven low to indicate that the chip is ready to send data
28
SIWU#
INPUT
The Send Immediate / WakeUp signal combines two functions on a single pin.
If USB is in suspend mode (PWREN# = 1) and remote wakeup is enabled in
the EEPROM, strobing this pin low will cause the device to request a resume
on the USB Bus. Normally, this can be used to wake up the Host PC.
During normal operation (PWREN# = 0), if this pin is strobed low any data in
the device RX buffer will be sent out over USB on the next Bulk-IN request
from the drivers regardless of the pending packet size. This can be used to
optimize USB transfer speed for some applications. Tie this pin to VCCIO if not
used.
Table 3.11 Fast Serial Interface Configured Pin Descriptions
For a functional description of this mode, please refer to section 4.9.
3.5.7 FT232H Pins Configured as a CPU-style FIFO Interface
The FT232H can be configured in a CPU-style FIFO interface mode which allows a CPU to interface to USB
via the FT232H. This mode is enabled in the external EEPROM.
When configured in this mode, the pins used and the descriptions of the signals are shown in Table 3.12.
Pin No.
Name
Type
Fast Serial Interface Configuration Description
13, 14,
15, 16,
17, 18,
19, 20
ADBUS[7:0]
I/O
D7 to D0 bidirectional data bus
21
CS#
INPUT
Active low chip select input
25
A0
INPUT
Address bit A0
26
RD#
INPUT
Active Low FIFO Read input
27
WR#
INPUT
Active Low FIFO Write input
28
SIWU#
INPUT
Tie this pin to VCCIO if not used otherwise, for normal operation
The Send Immediate / WakeUp signal combines two functions on a
single pin. If USB is in suspend mode (PWREN# = 1) and remote
wakeup is enabled in the EEPROM, strobing this pin low will cause the
device to request a resume on the USB Bus. Normally, this can be
used to wake up the Host PC.
During normal operation (PWREN# = 0), if this pin is strobed low any
data in the device RX buffer will be sent out over USB on the next
Bulk-IN request from the drivers regardless of the pending packet size.
This can be used to optimize USB transfer speed for some applications.
Table 3.12 CPU-style FIFO Interface Configured Pin Descriptions
For a functional description of this mode, please refer to section Error! Reference source not found..
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3.5.8 FT232H Pins Configured as a FT1248 Interface
The FT232H can be configured as a proprietary FT1248 interface. This mode is enabled in the external
EEPROM. When configured in this mode, the pins used and the descriptions of the signals are shown in
Table 3.13.
Pin
No.
Name
Type
UART Configuration Description
13
MIOSIO0
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 0 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
14
MIOSIO1
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 1 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
15
MIOSIO2
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 2 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
16
MIOSIO3
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 3 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
17
MIOSIO4
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 4 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
18
MIOSIO5
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 5 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
19
MIOSIO6
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 6 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
20
MIOSIO7
INPUT
/OUTPUT
Bi-directional synchronous command and data bus, bit 7 used to
transmit and receive data from/to the master
21
SCLK
INPUT
Serial clock used to drive the slave device data
25
SS_n
INPUT
Active low slave select 0 from master to slave
26
MISO
OUTPUT
Slave output used to transmit the status of the transmit and receive
buffers are empty and full respectively
Table 3.13 FT1248 Configured Pin Descriptions
For functional description of this mode, please refer to section 4.
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4 Function Description
The FT232H USB 2.0 Hi-Speed (480Mb/s) to UART/FIFO is an FTDI’s 6th generation of ICs. It can be
configured in a variety of industry standard serial or parallel interfaces, such as UART, FIFO, JTAG, SPI
(MASTER) or I2C modes. In addition to these, the FT232H introduces the FT1248 interface and supports a
CPU-Style FIFO mode, bit-bang and a fast serial interface mode.
4.1 Key Features
USB Hi-Speed to UART/FIFO Interface. The FT232H provides USB 2.0 Hi-Speed (480Mbits/s) to
flexible and configurable UART/FIFO Interfaces.
Functional Integration. The FT232H integrates a USB protocol engine which controls the physical
Universal Transceiver Macrocell Interface (UTMI) and handles all aspects of the USB 2.0 Hi-Speed
interface. The FT232H includes an integrated +1.8V/3.3V Low Drop-Out (LDO) regulator. It also includes
1Kbytes Tx and Rx data buffers. The FT232H integrates the entire USB protocol on a chip with no
firmware required.
MPSSE. Multi- Protocol Synchronous Serial Engines (MPSSE), capable of speeds up to 30 Mbits/s,
provides flexible synchronous interface configurations.
FT1248 interface. The FT232H supports a new proprietary half-duplex FT1248 interface with a variable
bi-directional data bus interface that can be configured as 1, 2, 4, or 8-bits wide and this enables the
flexibility to expand the size of the data bus to 8 pins. For details regarding 2-bit, 4-bit and 8-bit modes,
please refer to application note AN_167_FT1248_Serial_Parallel Interface Basics available from the FTDI
website.
Data Transfer rate. The FT232H supports a data transfer rate up to 12 Mbaud when configured as an
RS232/RS422/RS485 UART interface up to 40 Mbytes/second over a synchronous 245 parallel FIFO
interface or up to 8 Mbyte/Sec over an asynchronous 245 FIFO interface. Please note the FT232H does
not support the baud rates of 7 Mbaud 9 Mbaud, 10 Mbaud and 11 Mbaud.
Latency Timer. A feature of the driver used as a timeout to transmit short packets of data back to the
PC. The default is 16ms, but it can be altered between 0ms and 255ms.
Bus (ACBUS) functionality, signal inversion and drive strength selection. There are 11
configurable ACBUS I/O pins. These configurable options are:
1. TXDEN transmit enable for RS485 designs.
2. PWREN# - Power control for high power, bus powered designs.
3. TXLED# - for pulsing an LED upon transmission of data.
4. RXLED# - for pulsing an LED upon receiving data.
5. TX&RXLED# - which will pulse an LED upon transmission OR reception of data.
6. SLEEP# - indicates that the device going into USB suspend mode.
7. CLK30 / CLK15 / CLK7.5 30MHz, 15MHz and 7.5MHz clock output signal options.
8. TriSt-PU Input pulled up, not used
9. DRIVE 1 Output driving high
10. DRIVE 0 Output driving low
11. I/O mode ACBUS Bit Bang
The ACBUS pins can also be individually configured as GPIO pins, similar to asynchronous bit bang mode.
It is possible to use this mode while the UART interface is being used, thus providing up to 4 general
purpose I/O pins which are available during normal operation.
The ACBUS lines can be configured with any one of these input/output options by setting bits in the
external EEPROM see section 0.
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4.2 Functional Block Descriptions
Multi-Purpose UART/FIFO Controllers. The FT232H has one independent UART/FIFO Controller. This
controls the UART data, 245 FIFO data, Fast Serial (opto isolation) or Bit-Bang mode which can be
selected by SETUP (FT_SetBitMode) command. Each Multi-Purpose UART/FIFO Controller also contains
an MPSSE (Multi-Protocol Synchronous Serial Engine). Using this MPSSE, the Multi-Purpose UART/FIFO
Controller can be configured under software command, to have one of the MPSSE (SPI (MASTER), I2C,
and JTAG).
USB Protocol Engine and FIFO control. The USB Protocol Engine controls and manages the interface
between the UTMI PHY and the FIFOs of the chip. It also handles power management and the USB
protocol specification.
Port FIFO TX Buffer (1Kbytes). Data from the Host PC is stored in these buffers to be used by the
Multi-purpose UART/FIFO controllers. This is controlled by the USB Protocol Engine and FIFO control
block.
Port FIFO RX Buffer (1Kbytes). Data from the Multi-purpose UART/FIFO controllers is stored in these
blocks to be sent back to the Host PC when requested. This is controlled by the USB Protocol Engine and
FIFO control block.
RESET Generator The integrated Reset Generator Cell provides a reliable power-on reset to the device
internal circuitry at power up. The RESET# input pin allows an external device to reset the FT232H.
RESET# should be tied to VCCIO (+3.3V) if not being used.
Baud Rate Generators The Baud Rate Generators provides an x16 or an x10 clock input to the
UART’s from a 120MHz reference clock and consists of a 14 bit pre-scaler and 4 register bits which
provide fine tuning of the baud rate (used to divide by a number plus a fraction). This determines the
Baud Rate of the UART which is programmable from 183 baud to 12 Mbaud. See FTDI application note
AN_120 on the FTDI website for more details.
EEPROM Interface. If the external EEPROM is fitted, the FT232H can be configured as an asynchronous
serial UART (default mode), parallel FIFO (245) mode, FT1248, fast serial (opto isolation) or CPU-Style
FIFO. The EEPROM should be a 16 bit wide configuration such as a 93LC56B or equivalent capable of a
1Mbit/s clock rate at VCCIO = +2.97V to 3.63V. The EEPROM is programmable in-circuit over USB using
a utility program called FT_Prog available from FTDI web site. Please note that the 93LC46B is not
compatible with the FT232H device.
+1.8/3.3V LDO Regulator. The +3.3/+1.8V LDO regulator generates +1.8 volts for the core and the
USB transceiver cell and +3.3V for the IO and the internal PLL and USB PHY power supply.
UTMI PHY. The Universal Transceiver Macrocell Interface (UTMI) physical interface cell. This block
handles the Full speed / Hi-Speed SERDES (serialise deserialise) function for the USB TX/RX data. It
also provides the clocks for the rest of the chip. A 12 MHz crystal must be connected to the OSCI and
OSCO pins or 12 MHz Oscillator must be connected to the OSCI, and the OSCO is left unconnected. A 12K
Ohm resistor should be connected between REF and GND on the PCB.
The UTMI PHY functions include:
Supports 480 Mbit/s “Hi-Speed” (HS)/ 12 Mbit/s “Full Speed” (FS).
SYNC/EOP generation and checking
Data and clock recovery from serial stream on the USB.
Bit-stuffing/unstuffing; bit stuff error detection.
Manages USB Resume, Wake Up and Suspend functions.
Single parallel data clock output with on-chip PLL to generate higher speed serial data clocks.
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4.3 FT232 UART Interface Mode Description
The FT232H can be configured as a UART with external line drivers, similar to operation with the FTDI
FT232R devices. The following examples illustrate how to configure the FT232H with an RS232, RS422 or
RS485 interface.
4.3.1 RS232 Configuration
Figure 4.1 illustrates how the FT232H can be configured with an RS232 UART interface.
Figure 4.1 RS232 Configuration
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4.3.2 RS422 Configuration
Figure 4.2 illustrates how the FT232H can be configured as a RS422 interface.
Figure 4.2 Dual RS422 Configuration
In this case the FT232H is configured as UART operating at TTL levels and a level converter device (full
duplex RS485 transceiver) is used to convert the TTL level signals from the FT232H to RS422 levels. The
PWREN# signal is used to power down the level shifters such that they operate in a low quiescent current
when the USB interface is in suspend mode.
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4.3.3 RS485 Configuration
Figure 4.3 illustrates how the FT232H can be configured as a RS485 interface.
Figure 4.3 Dual RS485 Configuration
In this case the FT232H is configured as a UART operating at TTL levels and a level converter device (half
duplex RS485 transceiver) is used to convert the TTL level signals from the FT232H to RS485 levels. With
RS485, the transmitter is only enabled when a character is being transmitted from the UART. The TXDEN
pin on the FT232H is provided for exactly that purpose, and so the transmitter enables are wired to the
TXDEN. RS485 is a multi-drop network i.e. many devices can communicate with each other over a
single two wire cable connection. The RS485 cable requires to be terminated at each end of the cable.
Links are provided to allow the cable to be terminated if the device is physically positioned at either end
of the cable.
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4.4 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface Mode Description
When FT232H is configured in an FT245 Synchronous FIFO interface mode the IO timing of the signals
used are shown in Figure 4.4 which shows details for read and write accesses. The timings are shown in
Figure 4.4.Note that only a read or a write cycle can be performed at any one time. Data is read or
written on the rising edge of the CLKOUT clock.
Figure 4.4 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface Signal Waveforms
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Name
Min
Nom
Max
Units
Comments
t1
16.67
ns
CLKOUT period
t2
7.5
8.33
9.17
ns
CLKOUT high period
t3
7.5
8.33
9.17
ns
CLKOUT low period
t4
0
9
ns
CLKOUT to RXF#
t5
0
9
ns
CLKOUT to read DATA valid
t6
0
9
ns
OE# to read DATA valid
t7
7.5
16.67
ns
OE# setup time
t8
0
ns
OE# hold time
t9
7.5
16.67
ns
RD# setup time to CLKOUT (RD# low after OE# low)
t10
0
ns
RD# hold time
t11
0
9
ns
CLKOUT TO TXE#
t12
7.5
16.67
ns
Write DATA setup time
t13
0
ns
Write DATA hold time
t14
7.5
16.67
ns
WR# setup time to CLKOUT (WR# low after TXE# low)
t15
0
WR# hold time
Table 4.1 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface Signal Timings
This mode uses a synchronous interface to get high data transfer speeds. The chip drives a 60 MHz
CLKOUT clock for the external system to use.
Note that Asynchronous FIFO mode must be selected in the EEPROM before selecting the Synchronous
FIFO mode in software.
4.4.1 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Read Operation
A read operation is started when the chip drives RXF# low. The external system can then drive OE# low
to turn the data bus drivers around before acknowledging the data with the RD# signal going low. The
first data byte is on the bus after OE# is low. The external system can burst the data out of the chip by
keeping RD# low or it can insert wait states in the RD# signal. If there is more data to be read it will
change on the clock following RD# sampled low. Once all the data has been consumed, the chip will drive
RXF# high. Any data that appears on the data bus, after RXF# is high, is invalid and should be ignored.
4.4.2 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Write Operation
A write operation can be started when TXE# is low. WR# is brought low when the data is valid. A burst
operation can be done on every clock providing TXE# is still low. The external system must monitor TXE#
and its own WR# to check that data has been accepted. Both TXE# and WR# must be low for data to be
accepted.
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4.5 FT245 Style Asynchronous FIFO Interface Mode Description
The FT232H can be configured as an asynchronous FIFO interface. This mode is similar to the
synchronous FIFO interface with the exception that the data is written to or read from the FIFO on the
falling edge of the WR# or RD# signals.
This mode does not provide a CLKOUT signal and it does not expect an OE# input signal. The following
diagrams illustrate the asynchronous FIFO mode timing.
Figure 4.5 FT245 Asynchronous FIFO Interface READ Signal Waveforms
Figure 4.6 FT245 Asynchronous FIFO Interface WRITE Signal Waveforms
Time
Description
Min
Max
Units
T1
RD# inactive to RXF#
1
14
ns
T2
RXF# inactive after RD# cycle
49
ns
T3
RD# to DATA
1
14
ns
T4
RD# active pulse width
30
ns
T5
RD# active after RXF#
0
ns
T6
WR# active to TXE# inactive
1
14
ns
T7
TXE# active to TXE# after WR# cycle
49
ns
T8
DATA to WR# active setup time
5
ns
T9
DATA hold time after WR# inactive
5
ns
T10
WR# active pulse width
30
ns
T11
WR# active after TXE#
0
ns
Table 4.2 Asynchronous FIFO Timings (based on standard drive level outputs)
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4.6 FT1248 Interface Mode Description
The FT232H supports a half-duplex FT1248 Interface that provides a flexible data communication and
high performance interface between the FT232H as a FT1248 slave and an external FT1248 master. The
FT1248 protocol is a dynamic bi-directional data bus interface that can be configured as 1, 2, 4, or 8-bits
wide.
[7:0]
SCLK
MIOSIO
MISO
SS#
SCLK
MIOSIO
MISO
SS#
FPGA (FT1248 Master) FT232H (FT1248 Slave)
Figure 4.7 FT1248 Bus with Single Master and Slave.
In the FT1248 there are 3 distinct phases:
While SS_n is inactive, the FT1248 reflects the status of the write buffer and read buffers on the
MIOSIO[0] and MISO wires respectively. Additionally, the FT1248 slave block supports multiple slave
devices where a master can communicate with multiple FT1248 slave devices. When the slave is sharing
buses with other FT1248 slave devices, the write and read buffer status cannot be reflected on the
MIOSIO[0] and MISO wires during SS_n inactivity as this would cause bus contention. Therefore, it is
possible for the user to select whether they wish to have the buffer status switched on or off during
inactivity. When SS_n is active a command/bus size phase occurs first. Following the command phase is
the data phase, for each data byte transferred the FT1248 slave drives an ACK/NAK status onto the MISO
wire. The master can send multiple data bytes so long as SS_n is active, if a unsuccessful data transfer
occurs, i.e. a NAK happens on the MISO wire then the master should immediately abort the transfer by
de-asserting SS_n.
BUS TURNAROUND
WRITE DATA
TXE# CMD
CLK
SCLK
SS_n
MIOSIO[0]
RXF#MISO RXF#
RDATA0 RDATA1 RDATA2 TXE# CMD WDATA 0 WDATA 1 TXE#
WRITE
READ
RXF#
STATUSSTATUS
STATUSSTATUS
STATUS
Figure 4.8 FT1248 Basic Waveform Protocol
Section 4.6.2 illustrates the FT1248 write and read protocol operating in 1-bit mode. For details regarding
2-bit, 4-bit and 8-bit modes, please refer to application note AN_167_FT1248 Parallel Serial Interface
Basics available at http://www.ftdichip.com.
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4.6.1 Bus Width Protocol Decode
In order for the FT1248 master to determine the bus width within the command phase the bus width is
encoded along with the actual commands on the first active clock edge when SS_n is active and has a
data width of 8-bits.
If any of the MIOSIO [7:4] signals are low then the data transfer width equals 8-bits.
If any of the MIOSIO [3:2] signals are low then the data transfer width equals 4-bits.
If MIOSIO [1] signal is low then the data transfer width equals 2-bits.
Else the bus width is defaulted to 1-bit.
Please note that if both of the MIOSIO bit signals are low then the data transfer width is equal to the
width of high priority MIOSIO bit signal. For example if both of the MIOSIO [7:3] signals are low then
the data transfer width equals 8-bits or if both of the MIOSIO [3:1] signals are low then the data transfer
width equals 4-bits.
In order to successfully decode the bus width, all MIOSIO signals must have pull up resistors. By default,
all MIOSIO signals shall be seen by the FT232H in FT1248 mode as logic ‘1’. This means that when a
FT1248 master does not wish to use certain MIOSIO signals the slave (FT232H) is still capable of
determining the requested bus width since any unused MIOSIO signals shall be pull up in the slave.
The remaining bits used during the command phase are used to contain the command itself which means
that it is possible to define up to 16 unique commands.
Figure 4.9 FT1248 Command Structure
For more details about FT1248 Interface, please refer to application note AN_167_FT1248 Parallel Serial
Interface Basics available at http://www.ftdichip.com.
CMD[3] BWID 2-bit BWID 4-bit CMD[2] BWID 8-bit CMD[1] CMD[0] X
LSB MSB
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1-bit Bus
Width CMD[3] X X CMD[2] X CMD[1] CMD[0] X
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2-bit Bus
Width CMD[3] 0 X CMD[2] X CMD[1] CMD[0] X
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
4-bit Bus
Width CMD[3] X 0 CMD[2] X CMD[1] CMD[0] X
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8-bit Bus
Width CMD[3] X X CMD[2] 0 CMD[1] CMD[0] X
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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4.6.2 FT1248: 1-bit interface
The FT1248 Interface transfers data over different bus widths (1-bit, 2-bit, 4-bit and 8-bit). Figure 4.21
and Figure 4.22 illustrates the waveform detailing the FT1248 write and read protocol operating in 1-bit
mode with flow control. Please refer to the application notes AN_167_FT1248 Parallel Serial Interface
Basics available at http://www.ftdichip.com for more details regarding 1-bit without flow control, 2-bit, 4-
bit and 8-bit modes.
BUS TURNAROUND
WRITE DATACOMMAND PHASE
BUS TURNAROUND
TXE# CMD3 000CMD2 CMD1 CMD0 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 TXE#
SCLK
SS_n
MIOSIO[0]
PULLED HIGH
RXF#MISO
MIOSIO[7:1]
TXE# ACK RXF#
BUS TURNAROUND
Figure 4.10 FT1248 1-bit Mode Protocol (WRITE)
BUS TURNAROUND
READ DATACOMMAND PHASE
BUS TURNAROUND
TXE# CMD3 0 0 0CMD2 CMD1 CMD0 B7 B6 B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 TXE#
SCLK
SS_n
MIOSIO[0]
PULLED HIGH
RXF#MISO
MIOSIO[7:1]
RXF# ACK RXF#
Figure 4.11 FT1248 1-bit Mode Protocol (READ)
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When SS_n is inactive the write buffer and read buffer status is reflected on the MIOSIO[0] and MISO
signals respectively. When the master wishes to initiate a data transfer, SS_n becomes active. As soon as
SS_n becomes active the SPI slave immediately stops driving the MIOSIO[0] signal and SPI master is not
allowed to begin driving the MIOSIO[0] signal until the first clock edge, this ensures that bus contention
is avoided.
On the first clock edge the command is shifted out for 7 clocks, on the 8th clock cycle a bus turnaround is
required. The bus turnaround is required as the slave may be required to drive the MIOSIO[0] bus with
read data. The data phase occurs in response to the command and so long as SS_n remains active. The
data phase in 1-bit mode requires 8 clock cycles where the MIOSIO[0] signal transfers the requested
write or read data. The MISO signal indicates to the master the success of the transfer with an ACK or
NAK.
The status is reflected through the whole of the data phase and is valid from the first clock edge. If the
master is writing data to the slave, then on the last clock edge before it de-asserts SS_n must tristate
the MIOSIO[0] signal to enable the bus to be “turned” around as when SS_n becomes inactive the
FT1248 slave shall begin to drive the write buffer status onto the MIOSIO[0] signal. When the SPI slave
is driving the MIOSIO[0] (the master is reading data) no bus turnaround is required as when SS_n
becomes inactive it is required to drive the write buffer status to the FT1248 master.
4.7 Synchronous and Asynchronous Bit-Bang Interface Mode
The FT232H can be configured as a bit-bang interface. There are two types of bit-bang modes:
synchronous and asynchronous.
See application note AN2232-02 Bit Mode Functions for the FT232 for more details and examples of
using both Synchronous and Asynchronous bit-bang modes.
4.7.1 Asynchronous Bit-Bang Mode
Asynchronous Bit-Bang mode is the same as BM-style Bit-Bang mode, except that the internal RD# and
WR# strobes (RDSTB# and WRSTB#) are now brought out of the device to allow external logic to be
clocked by accesses to the bit-bang IO bus.
Any data written to the device in the normal manner will be self-clocked onto the data pins (those which
have been configured as outputs). Each pin can be independently set as an input or an output. The rate
that the data is clocked out at is controlled by the baud rate generator.
New data must be written, and the baud rate clock should tick to change the data. If no new data is
written to the chip, the pins configured for output will hold the last value written.
Asynchronous Bit-Bang mode is enabled using the FT_SetBitMode D2xx driver command with a hex value
of 0x01.
4.7.2 Synchronous Bit-Bang Mode
The synchronous Bit-Bang mode will only update the output parallel port pins whenever data is sent from
the USB interface to the parallel interface. When this is done, the WRSTB# will activate to indicate that
the data has been read from the USB Rx FIFO buffer and written out on the pins. Data can only be
received from the parallel pins (to the USB Tx FIFO interface) after the parallel interface has been written
to.
With Synchronous Bit-Bang mode data will only be sent out by the FT232H if there is space in the
FT232H USB TXFIFO for data to be read from the parallel interface pins. This Synchronous Bit-Bang mode
will read the data bus parallel I/O pins first, before it transmits data from the USB RxFIFO. It is therefore
1 byte behind the output, and so to read the inputs for the byte that you have just sent, another byte
must be sent.
For example:
Figure 1. Pins start at 0xFF
Send 0x55, 0xAA
Pins go to 0x55 and then to 0xAA
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Data read = 0xFF,0x55
(2) Pins start at 0xFF
Send 0x55, 0xAA, 0xAA
(repeat the last byte sent)
Pins go to 0x55 and then to 0xAA
Data read = 0xFF, 0x55, 0xAA
Synchronous Bit-Bang Mode differs from Asynchronous Bit-Bang mode in that the device parallel output
is only read when the parallel output is written to by the USB interface. This makes it easier for the
controlling program to measure the response to a USB output stimulus as the data returned to the USB
interface is synchronous to the output data.
Synchronous Bit-Bang mode is enabled using Set Bit Bang Mode driver command with a hex value of
0x04.
An example of the synchronous bit-bang mode timing is shown in Figure 4.12
WRSTB#
RDSTB#
Figure 4.12 Synchronous Bit-Bang Mode Timing Interface Example
WRSTB# = this output indicates when new data has been written to the I/O pins from the Host PC (via
the USB interface).
Name
Description
t1
Current pin state is read
t2
RDSTB# is set inactive and data on the parallel I/O pins is read and
sent to the USB host.
T3
RDSTB# is set active again, and any pins that are output will change
to their new data
t4
1 clock cycle to allow for data setup
t5
WRSTB# goes active. This indicates that the host PC has written new
data to the I/O parallel data pins
t6
WRSTB# goes inactive
Table 4.3 Synchronous Bit-Bang Mode Timing Interface Example Timings
RDSTB# = this output rising edge indicates when data has been read from the I/O pins and sent to the
Host PC (via the USB interface).
The WRSTB# goes active in t5. The WRSTB# goes active when data is read from the USB RXFIFO (i.e.
sent from the PC). The RDSTB# goes inactive when data is sampled from the pins and written to the USB
TXFIFO (i.e. sent to the PC). The SETUP command to the FT232H is used to setup the bit-mode. This
command also contains a byte wide data mask to set the direction of each bit. The direction on each pin
doesn’t change unless a new SETUP command is used to modify the direction.
The WRSTB# and RDSTB# strobes are only a guide to what may be happening depending on the
direction of the bus. For example if all pins are configured as inputs, it is still necessary to write to these
pins in order to get the FT232H to read those pins even though the data written will never appear on the
pins.
Signals and data-flow are illustrated in Figure 4.13
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USB Rx
FIFO/
Buffer
Parallel I/O
data
Parallel
I/O pins
USB
WRSTB#
RDSTB#
USB Tx
FIFO/
Buffer
Figure 4.13- Bit-bang Mode Dataflow Illustration Diagram
4.8 MPSSE Interface Mode Description
MPSSE Mode is designed to allow the FT232H to interface efficiently with synchronous serial protocols
such as JTAG, I2C and SPI (MASTER) Bus. It can also be used to program SRAM based FPGA’s over USB.
The MPSSE interface is designed to be flexible so that it can be configured to allow any synchronous
serial protocol (industry standard or proprietary) to be implemented using the FT232H.
MPSSE is fully configurable, and is programmed by sending commands down the data stream. These can
be sent individually or more efficiently in packets. MPSSE is capable of a maximum sustained data rate of
30 Mbits/s.
When the FT232H is configured in MPSSE mode, the IO timing and signals used are shown in
Figure 4.14 and Table 4.4 These show timings for CLKOUT=30MHz. CLKOUT can be divided internally to
be provide a slower clock.
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Figure 4.14 MPSSE Signal Waveforms
Name
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Comments
t1
16.67
15.15
ns
CLKOUT period
t2
7.5
8.33
9.17
ns
CLKOUT high period
t3
7.5
8.33
9.17
ns
CLKOUT low period
t4
1
7.15
ns
CLKOUT to TDI/DO delay
t5
0
ns
TDI/DO hold time
t6
11
ns
TDI/DO setup time
Table 4.4 MPSSE Signal Timings
MPSSE mode is enabled using the FT_SetBitMode D2xx driver command with a hex value of 0x02. A hex
value of 0x00 will reset the device. See application note AN135 MPSSE Basics for more details and
examples.
The MPSSE command set is fully described in application note AN108 Command Processor For MPSSE
and MCU Host Bus Emulation Modes.
4.8.1 MPSSE Adaptive Clocking
The Adaptive Clock mode correlates the CLK signal with a return clock RTCK. This is a technique used by
ARM® processors.
The FT232H will assert the TCK line and wait for the RTCK to be returned from the target device to
GPIOL3 line before changing the TDO (data out line).
FT2232H ARM CPU
RTCK
TCK
TDO
GPIOL3
Figure 4.15 Adaptive Clocking Interconnect
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TDO
TCK
RTCK
TDO changes on falling
edge of TCK
Figure 4.16 Adaptive Clocking Waveform
Adaptive clocking is not enabled by default.
For further details on MPSSE adaptive clocking please refer to AN_108 Command Processor For MPSSE
and MCU Host Bus Emulation Modes.
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4.9 Fast Serial Interface Mode Description
Fast Serial Interface Mode provides a method of communicating with an external device over USB using 4
wires that can have opto-isolators in their path, thus providing galvanic isolation between systems. Fast
serial mode is enabled by setting the appropriate bits in the external EEPROM. The fast serial mode can
be held in reset by setting a bit value of 0x10 using the FT_SetBitMode D2XX driver command. While this
bit is set the device is held reset data can be sent to the device, but it will not be sent out by the device
until the device is enabled again. This is done by sending a bit value of 0x00 using the Set Bit Mode
command.
When the FT232H is configured in Fast Serial Interface mode the IO timing of the signals used are shown
in Figure 4.17 and the timings are shown in Table 4.5 Fast Serial Interface Signal Timings.
Figure 4.17 Fast Serial Interface Signal Waveforms
Name Minimum Typical Maximu Units Description
t1 5ns FSDO/FSC TS hold time
t2 5ns FSDO/FSC TS setup time
t3 5ns FSDI hold time
t4 10 ns FSDI Setup Time
t5 10 ns FSC LK low
t6 10 ns FSC LK high
t7 20 ns FSC LK Period
Table 4.5 Fast Serial Interface Signal Timings
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4.9.1 Outgoing Fast Serial Data
To send fast serial data out of the FT232H, the external device must drive the FSCLK clock. If the FT232H
has data ready to send, it will drive FSDO output low to indicate the start bit. It will not do this if it is
currently receiving data from the external device. This is illustrated in Figure 4.18.
Figure 4.18 Fast Serial Interface Output Data
Notes:
1. The first bit output (Start bit) is always 0.
2. FSDO is always sent LSB first.
3. The last serial bit output is the source bit (SRCE) is always 0.
4. If the target device is unable to accept the data when it detects the START bit, it should stop the
FSCLK until it can accept the data.
4.9.2 Incoming Fast Serial Data
An external device is allowed to send data into the FT232H if FSCTS is high. On receipt of a zero START
bit on FSDI, the FT232H will drop FSCTS on the next positive clock edge. The data from bits 0 to 7 are
then clocked in (LSB first). The last bit (DEST) determines where the data will be written to. This bit is
always 0 with the FT232H. This is illustrated in Figure 4.19.
Figure 4.19 Fast Serial Interface Input Data
Notes:
1. The first bit input (Start bit) is always 0.
2. FSDI is always received LSB first.
3. The last received serial bit is the destination bit (DEST) is always 0.
4. The target device should ensure that FSCTS is high before it sends data. FSCTS goes low after
data bit 0 (D0) and stays low until the chip can accept more data.
FSCLK
FSDO 0D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 SRCE
Start
Bit Data Bits - LSB first Source
Bit
FSCLK
FSDI 0D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 DEST
Start
Bit Data Bits - LSB first Destination
Bit
FSCTS
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4.9.3 Fast Serial Data Interface Example
Figure 4.20 shows example of two Agilent HCPL-2430 (see the semiconductor section at
www.avagotech.com) Hi-Speed opto-couplers used to optically isolate an external device which interfaced
to USB using the FT232H. In this example VCC5V is the USB VBUS supply and VCCE is the supply to the
external device.
Care must be taken with the voltage used to power the photo-LED. It must be the same voltage as that
which the FT232H I/Os are driving to, or the LED’s may be permanently on. Limiting resistors should be
fitted in the lines that drive the diodes. The outputs of the opto-couplers are open-collector and require a
pull-up resistor.
Figure 4.20 Fast Serial Interface Example
4.10 CPU-style FIFO Interface Mode Description
CPU-style FIFO interface mode is designed to allow a CPU to interface to USB via the FT232H. This mode
is enabled in the external EEPROM. The interface is achieved using a chip select bit (CS#) and address bit
(A0). When the FT232H is in CPU-style Interface mode, the IO signal lines are configured as given in
Table 4.6. This mode uses a combination of CS# and A0 to determine the operation to be carried out.
The following Truth-Table 4.7 gives the decode values for particular operations.
CS#
A0
RD#
WR#
1
X
X
X
0
0
Read Data Pipe
Write Data Pipe
0
1
Read Status
Send Immediate
Table 4.6 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Select
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The Status read is shown in Table 4.7 -
Data Bit
Data
Status
bit 0
1
Data available (=RXF)
bit 1
1
Space available (=TXE)
bit 2
1
Suspend
bit 3
1
Configured
bit 4
X
X
bit 5
X
X
bit 6
X
X
bit 7
X
X
Table 4.7 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Read Status Description
Note that bits 7 to 4 can be arbitrary values and that X= not used.
The timing of reading and writing in this mode is shown in Figure 4.21 and Table 4.8.
Figure 4.21 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Signal Waveforms
Data Bit
Nom
Max
Units
Comment
t1
5
ns
A0/CS# setup time to WR#
t2
5
ns
A0/CS# hold time after WR# inactive
t3
5
ns
A0/CS# setup time to RD#
t4
5
ns
A0/CS# hold time after RD# inactive
t5
5
ns
D to WR# 40active setup time
t6
5
ns
D hold time after WR# inactive
t7
1
14
ns
RD# to D
t8
30
ns
WR# active pulse width
t9
30
ns
RD# active pulse width
Table 4.8 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Signal Timing
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An example of the CPU-style FIFO interface connection is shown in Figure 4.22
Figure 4.22 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Example
4.11 RS232 UART Mode LDE Interface Description
When configured in UART mode the FT232H has two IO pins dedicated to controlling LED status
indicators, one for transmitted data the other for received data. When data is being transmitted or
received the respective pins drive from tristate to low in order to provide indication on the LED’s of data
transfer. A digital one-shot timer is used so that even a small percentage of data transfer is visible to the
end user.
Figure 4.23 Dual LED UART Configuration
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Figure 4.23 shows a configuration using two individual LED’s one for transmitted data the other for
received data.
Figure 4.24 Single LED UART Configuration
In Figure 4.24 transmit and receive LED indicators are wire-OR’ed together to give a single LED indicator
which indicates any transmit or receive data activity.
Note that the LED’s are connected to the same supply as VCCIO.
4.12 Send Immediate/Wake Up (SIWU#)
The SIWU# pin is available in the FIFO modes and in bit bang mode.
The Send Immediate portion is used to flush data from the chip back to the PC. This can be used to force
short packets of data back to the PC without waiting for the latency timer to expire.
To avoid overrunning, this mechanism should only be used when a process of sending data to the chip
has been stopped.
The data transfer is flagged to the USB host by the falling edge of the SIWU# signal. The USB host will
schedule the data transfer on the next USB packet.
CLKOUT
WR#
SIWU#
D7-D0
Figure 4.25 Using SIWU#
When the pin is being used for a Wake Up function to wake up a sleeping PC a 20ms negative pulse on
this pin is required. When the pin is used to immediately flush the buffer (Send Immediate) a 250ns
negative pulse on this pin is required.
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Notes:
1. When using remote wake-up, ensure the resistors are pulled-up in suspend. Also ensure peripheral
designs do not allow any current sink paths that may partially power the peripheral.
2. If remote wake-up is enabled, a peripheral is allowed to draw up to 2.5mA in suspend. If remote
wake-up is disabled, the peripheral must draw no more than 500uA in suspend.
3. If a Pull-down is enabled, the FT232H will not wake up from suspend when using SIWU#
4. In UART mode the RI# pin acts as the wake up pin.
4.13 FT232H Mode Selection
The FT232H defaults to asynchronous serial interface (UART) mode of operation.
After a reset the required mode is determined by the contents of the external EEPROM which can be
programmed using FT_Prog.
The EEPROM contents determine if the FT232H device is configured as FT232 asynchronous serial
interface, FT245 FIFO interface, CPU-style FIFO interface, FT1248 or Fast Serial Interface.
Following a reset, the EEPROM is read and the FT232H configured for the selected mode. After device
enumeration, the FT_SetBitMode command (refer to D2XX_Programmers_Guide) can be sent to the
USB driver to switch the selected interface into other modes asynchronous bit-bang, synchronous bit-
bang or MPSSE if required.
When in FT245 FIFO mode, the FT_SetBitMode command can be used to select Synchronous FIFO
(FT_SetBitMode = 0x40). Note that FT245 FIFO mode must be configured in the EEPROM before
selecting the Synchronous FIFO mode.
The drive strength selection, slew rate and Schmitt input function can also be configured in the EEPROM.
The MPSSE can be configured directly using the D2XX commands. The D2XX_Programmers_Guide is
available from the FTDI website. The application note AN_108 Command Processor for MPSSE and MCU
Host Bus Emulation Modes gives further explanation and examples for the MPSSE.
4.14 Modes Configuration
This section summarises what modes are configurable using the external EEPROM or the application
software.
ASYNC
Serial
UART
STYLE
ASYNC
245
FIFO
SYNC
245
PARALLEL
FIFO
FT1248
ASYNC
Bit-
Bang
SYNC
Bit-
Bang
MPSSE
Fast
Serial
Interface
CPU-
Style
FIFO
EEPROM
configured
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
NO
YES
YES
Application
Software
configured
NO
NO
YES
NO
YES
YES
YES
RESET
NO
Table 4.9 Configuration Using EEPROM and Application Software
Note:
1. The Synchronous 245 FIFO mode requires both the EEPROM and application software mode
settings
2. The application software can be used to reset the fast serial interface controller
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5 Devices Characteristics and Ratings
5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
The absolute maximum ratings for the FT232H devices are as follows. These are in accordance with the
Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). Exceeding these values may cause permanent damage to
the device.
Parameter
Value
Unit
Conditions
Storage Temperature
-65°C to 150°C
Degrees
C
Floor Life (Out of Bag) At Factory
Ambient
(30°C / 60% Relative Humidity)
168 Hours
(IPC/JEDEC J-STD-033A MSL Level
3 Compliant)*
Hours
Ambient Operating Temperature (Power
Applied)
-40°C to 85°C
Degrees
C
MTTF FT232HL
TBD
Hours
MTTF FT232HL
TBD
Hours
VCORE Supply Voltage
-0.3 to +2.0
V
VCCIO IO Voltage
-0.3 to +4.0
V
DC Input Voltage USBDP and USBDM
-0.5 to +3.63
V
DC Input Voltage High Impedance
Bi-directional (ACBUS and ADBUS
powered from VCCIO)
-0.3 to +5.8
V
DC Output Current Outputs
16
mA
Table 5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
* If devices are stored out of the packaging beyond this time limit the devices should be baked before
use. The devices should be ramped up to a temperature of +125°C and baked for up to 17 hours.
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5.2 DC Characteristics
The I/O pins are +3.3v cells, which are +5V tolerant (except the USB PHY pins).
DC Characteristics (Ambient Temperature = -40°C to +85°C)
Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
VCORE
VCC Core Operating
Supply Voltage
1.62
1.8
1.98
V
VCCIO*
VCCIO Operating Supply
Voltage
2.97
3.63
V
Cells are 5V
tolerant
VREGIN
5 Volts
VREGIN Voltage regulator
Input
3.6
5
5.5
V
5 volt input to
VREGIN
VREGIN
3.3 Volts
VREGIN Voltage regulator
Input
3.3
3.3
3.6
V
3.3 volt input to
VREGIN
Ireg
Regulator Current
54
mA
VREGIN +5V
Ireg
Regulator Current
52
mA
VREGIN +3.3V
Icc1
Core Operating Supply
Current
24
mA
VCORE = +1.8V
Normal Operation
Icc1r
Core Reset Supply
Current
4.3
mA
VCORE = +1.8V
Device in reset
state
Icc1s
Core Suspend Supply
Current
330
µA
VCORE = +1.8V
USB Suspend
Table 5.2 Operating Voltage and Current (except PHY)
Note: Failure to connect all VCCIO pins of the device will have unpredictable behaviour.
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The I/O pins are +3.3v cells, which are +5V tolerant (except the USB PHY pins).
Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
Voh
Output Voltage High
2.4
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
Ioh = +/-2mA
I/O Drive
strength* = 4mA
2.4
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive
strength* = 8mA
2.4
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive
strength* =
12mA
2.4
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive
strength* =
16mA
Vol
Output Voltage Low
0
0.4
V
Iol = +/-2mA
I/O Drive
strength* = 4mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive
strength* = 8mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive
strength* =
12mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive
strength* =
16mA
Vil
Input low Switching
Threshold
0.8
V
LVTTL
Vih
Input High Switching
Threshold
2.0
V
LVTTL
Vt
Switching Threshold
1.5
V
LVTTL
Vt-
Schmitt trigger negative
going threshold voltage
0.8
1.1
V
Vt+
Schmitt trigger positive
going threshold voltage
1.6
2.0
V
Rpu
Input pull-up resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin = 0
Rpd
Input pull-down resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin =VCCIO
Iin
Input Leakage Current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 0
Ioz
Tristate output leakage
current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 5.5V or 0
Table 5.3 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +3.3V (except USB PHY pins)
* The I/O drive strength and slow slew-rate are configurable in the EEPROM.
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DC Characteristics (Ambient Temperature = -40°C to +85°C)
Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
VPHY,
VPLL
PHY Operating Supply
Voltage
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
3.3V I/O
Iccphy
PHY Operating Supply
Current
---
30
60
mA
Hi-speed operation at
480 MHz
Iccphy
(susp)
PHY Operating Supply
Current
---
10
50
μA
USB Suspend
Table 5.4 PHY Operating Voltage and Current
Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
Voh
Output Voltage High
VCORE-0.2
V
Vol
Output Voltage Low
0.2
V
Vil
Input low Switching Threshold
-
0.8
V
Vih
Input High Switching Threshold
2.0
-
V
Table 5.5 PHY I/O Pin Characteristics
5.3 ESD Tolerance
ESD protection for FT232H IO’s
Parameter
Reference
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Human Body Model
(HBM)
JEDEC EIA/JESD22-A114-B,
Class 2
±2kV
kV
Machine Mode (MM)
JEDEC EIA/JESD22-A115-A,
Class B
±200V
V
Charge Device Model
(CDM)
JEDEC EIA/ JESD22-C101-D,
Class-III
±500V
V
Latch-up
JESD78, Trigger Class-II
±200mA
mA
Table 5.6 ESD Tolerance
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6 FT232H Configurations
The following section illustrates possible USB power configurations for the FT232H.
All USB power configurations illustrated apply to both package options for the FT232H device.
6.1 USB Bus Powered Configuration
Bus Powered Application example 1: Bus powered configuration running on +5V.
Figure 6.1 Bus Powered Configuration Example 1
Figure 6.1 illustrates the FT232H in a typical USB bus powered design configuration. A USB bus powered
device gets its power from the VBUS (+5V) which is connected to VREGIN. In this application, the
VREGIN is the +5V input to the on chip +3.3V/1.8V regulator. The output of the on chip LDO regulator
(+1.8V) drives pin 38, (VCORE), and pin 37, (VCCA).
The output of the on chip LDO regulator (3.3V) supplies 3.3V to the VCCIOs, VPLL and VPHY through pin
39, VCCD. Please note that when the FT232H running on +5V (VREGIN), the VCCD becomes an output.
Note:
1. In this application, pin 40 (VREGIN) is the +5V input to the on chip +3.3V/1.8V regulator.
Since the VREGIN is +5.0V, pin 39 (VCCD) becomes 3V3 output and supplies 3.3V to the
VCCIOs, VPLL and VPHY.
2. The output of the on chip LDO +3.3V/1.8V regulator (+1.8V) drives pin 38, the FT232H core
supply (VCORE) and pin 37, the VCCA.
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6.2 USB Self Powered Configuration
6.2.1 Self-Powered Application Example 1
Self-powered configuration running on 5V.
Figure 6.2 Self-Powered Configuration Example 1
Figure 6.2 illustrates the FT232H in a typical USB self-powered configuration. A USB self-powered device
gets its power from its own external power supply which is connected to VREGIN. In this application the
VREGIN is the +5V input to the on chip +3.3V/1.8V regulator. The output of the on chip LDO regulator
(+1.8V) drives pin 38, VCORE and pin 37, VCCA. The output of the on chip LDO regulator (3.3V) supplies
3.3V to the VCCIOs, VPLL and VPHY through VCCD.
Please note that when the FT232H running on +5V (VREGIN), the VCCD becomes an output.
Note that in this set-up, the EEPROM should be configured for self-powered operation and the option
“suspend on ACBUS7 low” is enabled in FT_Prog. This configuration uses the ACBUS7 pin, when this
function is enabled ACBUS7 should not be used as a GPIO in MPSSE mode.
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6.2.2 Self-Powered Application Example 2
Self-powered configuration running on 3.3V.
Figure 6.3 Self-Powered Configuration Example 2
Figure 6.3 illustrates the FT232H in a typical USB self-powered configuration similar to Figure 6.2. The
difference here is that the VREGIN is connected to the external 3V3 LDO regulator output which supplies
3.3V to the VCCIOs, VCCD, VPLL and VPHY. Please note that when the FT232H running on +3V3
(VREGIN), the VCCD becomes an input. In this application the VREGIN is the +3V3 input to the on
chip+3.3V/1.8V regulator. The output of the on chip LDO regulator (+1.8V) drives pin 38, VCORE and pin
37, VCCA.
Note that in this set-up, the EEPROM should be configured for self-powered operation and the option
“suspend on ACBUS7 low” selected in FT_Prog. This configuration uses the ACBUS7 pin, when this
function is enabled ACBUS7 should not be used as a GPIO in MPSSE mode.
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6.3 Oscillator Configuration
Figure 6.4 Recommended FT232H Oscillator Configuration
Figure 6.4 illustrates how to connect the FT232H with a 12MHz ± 0.003% crystal. In this case loading
capacitors should to be added between OSCI, OSCO and GND as shown. A value of 27pF is shown as the
capacitor in the example this will be good for many crystals but it is recommended to select the loading
capacitor value based on the manufacturer’s recommendations wherever possible. It is recommended to
use a fundamental mode, parallel cut type crystal.
It is also possible to use a 12 MHz Oscillator with the FT232H. In this case the output of the oscillator
would drive OSCI, and OSCO should be left unconnected. The oscillator must have a CMOS output drive
capability.
Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
OSCI Vin
Input Voltage
2.97
3.3V
3.63
V
Fin
Input Frequency
12MHz
MHz
± 30ppm
Ji
Cycle to cycle jitter
<150
pS
Table 6.1 OSCI Input characteristics
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7 EEPROM Configuration
7.1 EEPROM Interface
The FT232H uses configuration data from an external EEPROM. The EEPROM must be 16 bits wide
(93LC56B) and powered from the same net as the core supply of +2.97 to +3.63 volts. Adding an
external (93LC56B) EEPROM allows the chip to be configured as a serial UART (RS232 mode), parallel
FIFO (245) mode, FT1248, fast serial (opto isolation) or CPU-Style FIFO.
Figure 7.1 EEPROM Interface
The external EEPROM can also be used to customise the USB VID, PID, Serial Number, Product
Description Strings and Power Descriptor value of the FT232H for OEM applications. Other parameters
controlled by the EEPROM include Remote Wake Up, Soft Pull Down on Power-Off and I/O pin drive
strength.
If the FT232H is used without an external EEPROM the chip defaults to a USB to asynchronous serial
UART (RS232 mode) port device. If no EEPROM is connected (or the EEPROM is blank), the FT232H uses
its built-in default VID (0403), PID (6014) Product Description and Power Descriptor Value. In this case,
the device will not have a serial number as part of the USB descriptor.
7.2 Default EEPROM Configuration
The external EEPROM (if it’s fitted) can be programmed over USB using FT_Prog. This allows a blank part
to be soldered onto the PCB and programmed as part of the manufacturing and test process. Users who
do not have their own USB Vendor ID but who would like to use a unique Product ID in their design can
apply to FTDI for a free block of unique PIDs.
Contact FTDI support for this service.
Parameter
Value
Notes
USB Vendor ID (VID)
0403h
FTDI default VID (hex)
USB Product UD (PID)
6014h
FTDI default PID (hex)
bcd Device
009h
Serial Number
Enabled?
Yes
Serial Number
See Note
None
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Parameter
Value
Notes
Pull down I/O Pins in
USB Suspend
Disabled
Enabling this option will make the device pull down on the UART
interface lines when in USB suspend mode (PWREN# is high).
Manufacturer Name
FTDI
Product Description
Single
RS232-HS
Max Bus Power
Current
500mA
Power Source
Bus
Powered
Device Type
FT232H
USB Version
0200
Returns USB 2.0 device description to the host.
Remote Wake Up
Disabled
Taking RI# low will wake up the USB host controller from suspend
in approximately 20 Ms. If enabled.
Hardware Interface
UART
Allows the user to select the hardware mode of the device.
Options include: RS232 UART, 245 FIFO, CPU 245, OPTO Isolate
and FT1248.
FT1248 Settings
00h
FT1248 can be configured to set: Clock Polarity High; Bit Order
LSB and Flow Control Not Selected.
Suspend ACBus7 Low
Disabled
Enters low power state on ACBus7.
High Current I/Os
Disabled
Enables the high drive level on the UART and ACBUS I/O pins.
Load VCP Driver
Enabled
Makes the device load the VCP driver interface for the device.
ACBUS0
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS0 Input pulled up
ACBUS1
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS1 Input pulled up
ACBUS2
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS2 Input pulled up
ACBUS3
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS3 Input pulled up
ACBUS4
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS4 Input pulled up
ACBUS5
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS5 Input pulled up
ACBUS6
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS6 Input pulled up
ACBUS7
TriSt-PD
Default configuration of ACBUS7 Input pulled down
ACBUS8
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS8 Input pulled up
ACBUS9
TriSt-PU
Default configuration of ACBUS9 Input pulled up
Table 7.1 Default External EEPROM Configuration
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8 Package Parameters
The FT232H is available in two different packages. The FT232HL is the LQFP-48 option and the FT232HQ
is the QFN-48 package option. The solder reflow profile for both packages is described in section 8.3.
8.1 FT232HQ, QFN-48 Package Dimensions
Figure 8.1 48 pin QFN Package Details
Notes:
1. All dimensions are in mm.
2. The date code format is YYXX where XX = 2 digit week number, YY = 2 digit year number. This
is followed by the revision number.
3. The code XXXXXXX is the manufacturing LOT code.
4. The central soldering pad is floating. Connect it to GND.
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8.2 FT232HL, LQFP-48 Package Dimensions
Figure 8.2 48 pin LQFP Package Details
Notes:
1. All dimensions are in mm.
2. The date code format is YYXX where XX = 2 digit week number, YY = 2 digit year number. This
is followed by the revision number.
3. The code XXXXXXX is the manufacturing LOT code.
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8.3 Solder Reflow Profile
Figure 8.3 48 pin LQFP and QFN Reflow Solder Profile
Profile Feature
Pb Free Solder
Process
(green material)
SnPb Eutectic and Pb free (non green
material) Solder Process
Average Ramp Up Rate (Ts to Tp)
3°C / second Max.
3°C / Second Max.
Preheat
- Temperature Min (Ts Min.)
- Temperature Max (Ts Max.)
- Time (ts Min to ts Max)
150°C
200°C
60 to 120 seconds
100°C
150°C
60 to 120 seconds
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Time Maintained Above Critical
Temperature TL:
- Temperature (TL)
- Time (tL)
217°C
60 to 150 seconds
183°C 60
to 150 seconds
Peak Temperature (Tp)
260°C
Time within 5°C of actual Peak
Temperature (tp)
30 to 40 seconds
20 to 40 seconds
Ramp Down Rate
6°C / second Max.
6°C / second Max.
Time for T= 25°C to Peak
Temperature, Tp
8 minutes Max.
6 minutes Max.
Table 8.1 Reflow Profile Parameter Values
SnPb Eutectic and Pb free (non green material)
Package Thickness
Volume mm3 < 350
Volume mm3 >=350
< 2.5 mm
235 +5/-0 deg C
220 +5/-0 deg C
2.5 mm
220 +5/-0 deg C
220 +5/-0 deg C
Pb Free (green material) = 260 +5/-0 deg C
Table 8.2 Package Reflow Peak Temperature
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9 Contact Information
Head Office Glasgow, UK
Future Technology Devices International Limited
Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Centurion Business Park
Glasgow G41 1HH
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 141 429 2777
Fax: +44 (0) 141 429 2758
E-mail (Sales)
sales1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (Support)
support1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (General Enquiries)
admin1@ftdichip.com
Branch Office Taipei, Taiwan
Future Technology Devices International Limited
(Taiwan)
2F, No. 516, Sec. 1, NeiHu Road
Taipei 114
Taiwan , R.O.C.
Tel: +886 (0) 2 8797 1330
Fax: +886 (0) 2 8751 9737
E-mail (Sales)
tw.sales1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (Support)
tw.support1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (General Enquiries)
tw.admin1@ftdichip.com
Branch Office Tigard, Oregon, USA
Future Technology Devices International Limited
(USA)
7130 SW Fir Loop
Tigard, OR 97223-8160
USA
Tel: +1 (503) 547 0988
Fax: +1 (503) 547 0987
E-Mail (Sales)
us.sales@ftdichip.com
E-Mail (Support)
us.support@ftdichip.com
E-Mail (General Enquiries)
us.admin@ftdichip.com
Branch Office Shanghai, China
Future Technology Devices International Limited
(China)
Room 1103, No. 666 West Huaihai Road,
Shanghai, 200052
China
Tel: +86 21 62351596
Fax: +86 21 62351595
E-mail (Sales)
cn.sales@ftdichip.com
E-mail (Support)
cn.support@ftdichip.com
E-mail (General Enquiries)
cn.admin@ftdichip.com
Web Site
http://ftdichip.com
Distributor and Sales Representatives
Please visit the Sales Network page of the FTDI Web site for the contact details of our distributor(s) and sales
representative(s) in your country.
System and equipment manufacturers and designers are responsible to ensure that their systems, and any Future Technology
Devices International Ltd (FTDI) devices incorporated in their systems, meet all applicable safety, regulatory and system-level
performance requirements. All application-related information in this document (including application descriptions, suggested
FTDI devices and other materials) is provided for reference only. While FTDI has taken care to assure it is accurate, this
information is subject to customer confirmation, and FTDI disclaims all liability for system designs and for any applications
assistance provided by FTDI. Use of FTDI devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the user’s risk, a nd the
user agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless FTDI from any and all damages, claims, suits or expense resulting from
such use. This document is subject to change without notice. No freedom to use patents or other intellectual property rights is
implied by the publication of this document. Neither the whole nor any part of the information contained in, or the product
described in this document, may be adapted or reproduced in any material or electronic form without the prior written consent
of the copyright holder. Future Technology Devices International Ltd, Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Centurion Business Park,
Glasgow G41 1HH, United Kingdom. Scotland Registered Company Number: SC136640
.
Copyright © Future Technology Devices International Limited 59
FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
Appendix A References
Document References
AN_108 Command Processor for MPSSE and MCU Host Bus Emulation Modes
AN_113 Interfacing FT2232H Hi-Speed Devices to I2C Bus
AN_114 Interfacing FT2232H Hi-Speed Devices to SPI Bus
AN_129 Interfacing FT2232H Hi-Speed Devices to a JTAG TAP
AN_135 MPSSE Basics
AN_167_FT1248 Parallel Serial Interface Basics
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Terms
Description
CPU
Central Processing Unit
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
FIFO
First In First Out
I2C
Inter-Integrated Circuit
LDO
Low Drop Out
LED
Light Emitting Diode
LSB
Least Significant Bit First
LQFP
Low Profile Quad Flat Pack
MPSSE
Multi- Protocol Synchronous Serial Engines
QFN
Quad Flat Non-leaded package
SPI
Serial Peripheral Interface
TTL
Transistor-Transistor Logic
USB
Universal Serial Bus
UART
Universal Asynchronous Receiver / Transmitter
UTMI
Universal Transceiver Macrocell Interface
Copyright © Future Technology Devices International Limited 60
FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
Appendix B List of Figures and Tables
List of Tables
Table 3.1 Power and Ground ........................................................................................................ 10
Table 3.2 Common Function Pins .................................................................................................. 11
Table 3.3 EEPROM Interface Group ............................................................................................... 11
Table 3.4 UART Interface and ACBUS Group (see note 1) ................................................................ 12
Table 3.5 ACBUS Configuration Control ......................................................................................... 14
Table 3.6 UART Configured Pin Descriptions ................................................................................... 14
Table 3.7 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Configured Pin Descriptions ....................................................... 15
Table 3.8 FT245 Style Asynchronous FIFO Configured Pin Descriptions .............................................. 16
Table 3.9 Synchronous or Asynchronous Bit-Bang Configured Pin Descriptions ................................... 17
Table 3.10 MPSSE Configured Pin Descriptions ............................................................................... 18
Table 3.11 Fast Serial Interface Configured Pin Descriptions............................................................. 19
Table 3.12 CPU-style FIFO Interface Configured Pin Descriptions ...................................................... 19
Table 3.13 FT1248 Configured Pin Descriptions .............................................................................. 20
Table 4.1 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface Signal Timings ............................................................ 27
Table 4.2 Asynchronous FIFO Timings (based on standard drive level outputs) ................................... 28
Table 4.3 Synchronous Bit-Bang Mode Timing Interface Example Timings .......................................... 33
Table 4.4 MPSSE Signal Timings ................................................................................................... 35
Table 4.5 Fast Serial Interface Signal Timings ................................................................................ 37
Table 4.6 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Select ....................................................................... 39
Table 4.7 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Read Status Description .............................................. 40
Table 4.8 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Signal Timing ............................................................ 40
Table 4.9 Configuration Using EEPROM and Application Software ...................................................... 43
Table 5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................................................ 44
Table 5.2 Operating Voltage and Current (except PHY) .................................................................... 45
Table 5.3 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +3.3V (except USB PHY pins) ........................................... 46
Table 5.4 PHY Operating Voltage and Current ................................................................................. 47
Table 5.5 PHY I/O Pin Characteristics ............................................................................................ 47
Table 5.6 ESD Tolerance .............................................................................................................. 47
Table 6.1 OSCI Input characteristics ............................................................................................. 51
Table 7.1 Default External EEPROM Configuration ........................................................................... 53
Table 8.1 Reflow Profile Parameter Values ..................................................................................... 57
Table 8.2 Package Reflow Peak Temperature .................................................................................. 57
Copyright © Future Technology Devices International Limited 61
FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
List of Figures
Figure 2.1 FT232H Block Diagram ................................................................................................... 4
Figure 3.1 FT232H Schematic Symbol ............................................................................................. 8
Figure 4.1 RS232 Configuration .................................................................................................... 23
Figure 4.2 Dual RS422 Configuration ............................................................................................. 24
Figure 4.3 Dual RS485 Configuration ............................................................................................. 25
Figure 4.4 FT245 Synchronous FIFO Interface Signal Waveforms ...................................................... 26
Figure 4.5 FT245 Asynchronous FIFO Interface READ Signal Waveforms ............................................ 28
Figure 4.6 FT245 Asynchronous FIFO Interface WRITE Signal Waveforms .......................................... 28
Figure 4.7 FT1248 Bus with Single Master and Slave. ...................................................................... 29
Figure 4.8 FT1248 Basic Waveform Protocol ................................................................................... 29
Figure 4.9 FT1248 Command Structure ......................................................................................... 30
Figure 4.10 FT1248 1-bit Mode Protocol (WRITE) ............................................................................ 31
Figure 4.11 FT1248 1-bit Mode Protocol (READ) ............................................................................. 31
Figure 4.12 Synchronous Bit-Bang Mode Timing Interface Example ................................................... 33
Figure 4.13- Bit-bang Mode Dataflow Illustration Diagram ............................................................... 34
Figure 4.14 MPSSE Signal Waveforms ........................................................................................... 35
Figure 4.15 Adaptive Clocking Interconnect.................................................................................... 35
Figure 4.16 Adaptive Clocking Waveform ....................................................................................... 36
Figure 4.17 Fast Serial Interface Signal Waveforms......................................................................... 37
Figure 4.18 Fast Serial Interface Output Data ................................................................................. 38
Figure 4.19 Fast Serial Interface Input Data ................................................................................... 38
Figure 4.20 Fast Serial Interface Example ...................................................................................... 39
Figure 4.21 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Operation Signal Waveforms ................................................... 40
Figure 4.22 CPU-Style FIFO Interface Example ............................................................................... 41
Figure 4.23 Dual LED UART Configuration ...................................................................................... 41
Figure 4.24 Single LED UART Configuration .................................................................................... 42
Figure 4.25 Using SIWU# ............................................................................................................ 42
Figure 6.1 Bus Powered Configuration Example 1............................................................................ 48
Figure 6.2 Self-Powered Configuration Example 1 ........................................................................... 49
Figure 6.3 Self-Powered Configuration Example 2 ........................................................................... 50
Figure 6.4 Recommended FT232H Oscillator Configuration ............................................................... 51
Figure 7.1 EEPROM Interface ........................................................................................................ 52
Figure 8.1 48 pin QFN Package Details .......................................................................................... 54
Figure 8.2 48 pin LQFP Package Details ......................................................................................... 55
Figure 8.3 48 pin LQFP and QFN Reflow Solder Profile ..................................................................... 56
Copyright © Future Technology Devices International Limited 62
FT232H SINGLE CHANNEL HI-SPEED USB TO MULTIPURPOSE
UART/FIFO IC Datasheet
Version 1.84
Document No.: FT_000288 Clearance No.: FTDI #199
Appendix C Revision History
Document Title: FT232H Single Channel Hi-Speed USB to Multipurpose UART/FIFO IC
Datasheet
Document Reference No.: FT_000288
Clearance No.: FTDI #199
Product Page: http://www.ftdichip.com/Products/ICs/FT232H.htm
Document Feedback: Send Feedback
Revision
Changes
Date
Version 1.0
Initial Release
2011-02-24
Version 1.1
Changes made to ACBUS7 details; Updated the reset line of the
schematics; Added USB Compliance logo and TID
2011-04-19
Version 1.2
Corrected TID Number
2011-04-29
Version 1.3
Changed the value of recommended capacitor on the Reset# pin;
Changed signal label of WR to WR#
2011-05-16
Version 1.4
Missing #(active low) on WR signal page 8 and page 40; Enhanced
recommended schematics.
2011-09-08
Version 1.5
Added Pin 31 ACBUS7 Description (Table 0.1); Added Package
Dimension Tolerance in Section 8.2; Added a list of unsupported baud
rates to section 4.1 data transfer rate
2011-11-25
Version 1.6
Updated section 1.1, Linux Version; Updated Timing information, Figure
4.21 and Table 4.8; Updated section 7.2 default descriptors
2012-01-25
Version 1.7
Added a note on Section 4.2, EEPROM interface; 93LC46B is not
compatible with the FT232H
2012-06-21
Version 1.8
Modified the IC mark, Figure 8.1 and Figure 8.2; Update contact
information
2012-12-13
Version 1.81
Added detail to QFN drawing regarding the center pad; Corrected figure
6.4; Added clarification for which signals are 5V tolerant; Clarified
ACBUS default functions on P8
2013-01-04
Version 1.82
Updated ADBUS7 to ACBUS7 on page 10; Added support for Windows
10; Removed year from the copyright information
2016-02-05
Version 1.83
Corrected the typo error in table 3.13
2017-11-22
Version 1.84
Updated Section 6.2.2 (Self-Powered Application Example 2- ACBUS7
pin function)
2018-05-11

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